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Brave as a lio n — B old as a hawk. 
With Sword or Sgian. 



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XJ o lionraT: co r n^^n on ui ^i 
T)r ^eam ba l>nn beo pn din t^te : 



Irish Version of O'Huidrin, see page 16. 



BY 



JOSEPH CASIMIR O'MEAGHER, 

MBMBBJt OF THB ROYAL IRISH ACADEMY, ETC. 

AMERICAN EDITION, NEW YORK, 1890. 



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Entered according to Act of Congress in the year 1890, by 

DR. WM. O'MEAGHER, 

At the Office of the Librarian of Congress at Washington, D. C. 



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WOV 13 1908 



COMPILED BY 

JOSEPH CASIMIR O' MEAGHER. 

Member of the Royal Irish Academy ^ Fellow of the Royal Historical and 
Archceological Association of Ireland; 

RESPECTFULLY DEDICATED 
TO 

THE CINEL MEACHAIR 

AT HOME AND ABROAD ; 
AND, TO 

ELIZABETH. 
Daughter op the Late Peter Townsend, Esq.. of New York ; 

WIDOW of 
General Thomas Francis Meagher. 



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Intirodaetion. 



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"T^HE writer of this genealogical paper has spared no pains to make 

it interesting, especially to Irish readers- The authorities from 

whom he has derived his information will be found to be numerous^ 

and among the most learned of Irish antiquaries and chronologi$ts. No 

other nation has been so proud or careful of the pedigrees of its old 

I families ; and even at this day^ far advanced as we are in material 

f civilization^ the Irish peasant almost canonizes an O^Neill or an 

O^DonnelL It will be seen that the writer of this paper shares that 

sentiment in common with the generality of his countrymen — those 

especially who take pleasure in the perusal of ancient records^ particularly 

when they relate to Family History. 

C. P. M. 

SS. Michael and John. 
15 — 12 — 86. 



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AUTHORITIES CONSULTED. 



71 DAMNAN'S Life of St. Patrick, 
<2/4 edited by Rev. Dr. Todd, 

/ * F.T.C.D. 

^ Abstract of Decrees from Henry 

VIII.— Public Record Office, Dublin. 

Abstracts of Exchequer Memoranda and 
Plea Rolls.— P.R.O., Dublin. 

Abstracts of Conveyances from Trustees 
of Forfeited Estates, 1688.— P.R.O., 
Dublin. 

Abstracts of Grants under Acts of Settle- 
ment and Explanation. — P.R.O., Dub- 
lin. 

Applications for Dispensation from Trans- 
plantation. — P.R.O., Dublin, and Re- 
cord Tower, Dublin Castle. 

Annals of the IV. Masters, edited by Dr. 
O' Donovan. 

Annals of Loch C^, edited by W. M. Hen- 
nessy, Esq., M.R.I. A. 

Aphorismical Discovery of Treasonable 
Faction. — M.S., T.C., Dublin. 

Archives of Irish College, Salamanca, per 
Mr. J. B. O* Meagher, Knight of San 
Carlos, and Knight of San Fernando, 
and personally. 

Archives of the Irish College, Paris, per 
Very Rev. Dr. MacNamara. 

Archives of the College of Maynooth. 

Archives Nationales, Paris, personally. 

Archives of the French War Office, per 
Monsieur Marshal, Capitaine au long- 
cours. 

Archives of the Palatine Court of Tip- 
perary P.R.O., Dublin. 

Archives of the Austro- Hungarian War- 
Office, Vienna, per Baron de Sacken. 

Archives of German War Office, Berlin, 
per Herr von Zeiger. 

Archives of the Saxon War Office, Dres- 
den, per Herr von Fabiee. 



Archives of the Cathedral of Ivrea, per 
Canon Saroglia. 

Archives of the Russian War Office, per 
General Count Villeski. 

Archives of the Kingdom of Belgium, per 
Monsieur Charles Piot, and personally. 

Archives of the Duchy of Loraine, per 
Monsieur H. Lepage. 

Archives of the Spanish War Office, pre- 
served at Madrid, per Don Juan Guillen 
Burgaras, and personally. 

Archives of the Spanish War Office, pre- 
served in the Castle of Simancas, Prov- 
ince of Leon, personally. 

Archives of the English War Office, per 
Colonel H. G. Deedes. 

Archdall's Monasticon Hibemiae. 

Angel* s History of Ireland, 1581. 

Adventurers for Lands in Ireland. — P.R. 
O., London. 

Account of Ireland, 1576, with Dean New- 
ell's Map lithographed and zincographed 
— T.C., Dublin. 

Almanack, Watson's, Dublin, 1780 to 
1792. 

Almanack, the Treble, 1793 to 1833. 

Almanack, the Dublin, 1834 to 1848. 



Bindons Catalogue of Irish MSS. in the 
Burgundian Library at Brussels, Pro. R. 
LA., Vol. in. 

Books of Survey and Distribution, com- 
piled 1661— 1676. —P.R. O., Dublin. 

Books of Transplanters* Certificates. — 
Ulster's Office, Dublin Casde. 

Book of Leinster, T. C, Dublin, Irish 
MS., per W. M. Hennessy, Esq., M.R. 
LA. 

Book of Munster, R.I. A., Irish MS., per 
W. M. Hennessy, Esq., M.R. I. A. 



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AUTHORITIES CONSULTED. 



Book of Genealogies, R.I. A., Irish M.S., 
per W. M. Hennessy, Esq., M.R.I. A. 

Book of Fenagh, edited by W. M. Hen- 
nessy, M.R.I. A. 

Book of Ballymote, Irish MS., R.I. A., 
per W. M. Hennessy, Esq., M.R.I. A. 

Book of Lismore, O' Curry's Description 
of.— R.I. A. 

Book of Munster, 0'Curry*s Description 
of.— R.I.A. 

Book of Rights, edited by Dr. O' Dono- 
van. 

Book of Court of Claims, Law Library, 
Dublin. 

Book of King's Letters. — British Museum. 

Booke containing a General Map of Irlande. 
with the fower Provinces and Countryes 
thereof, compiled 1685. — Bib. Nat. 
Paris. 

Book of Family Names, both English and 
Irish.— MS., T.C., Dublin. 

Betham MSS. — ^British Museum. 

Betham MSS.— Ulster's Office, Dublin. 

Burke's (Sir Bernard) Landed Gentry. 

Byrne, Myles, Autobiography of. 

Borlace's Reduction of Ireland to the 
Crown of England, 1675. 

Barrington's Personal Reminiscences. 

Brenan's Ecclesiastical History of Ireland. 



Calendar of State Papers, Henry VIII. to 
Elizabeth. 

Calendars of Carew MSS. 

Camden's Anglica. 

Carew MSS. — Lambeth Library. 

Census of Ireland, 1659. — R.I.A. 

Civil List of Ireland, 1654. — British 
Museum. 

Commonwealth Series. — Ulster's Office, 
Dublin. 

Convert Rolls.— P.R.O., Dublin, 

Convert Rolls.— Ulster's Office, Dublin. 

Cromwellian Settlement of Ireland, Pren- 
dergast's. 

Cromwell in Ireland, by Rev. Denis Mur- 
phy, S.J., M.R.LA. 

Chronicon Scotorum, edited by W. M. 
Hennessy, M.R.LA. 

Cox's Hibemia Anglica. 



Conyngham's Irish- American Brigade. 

Cotter MSS. — British Museum. 

Cretineau Joy's Histoire de la Compagnie 
de Jesus. 

Curry's Civil Wars in Ireland. 

Carte MSS., Selection from.— P. R. O., 
Dublin. 

Crossley's Peerage of Ireland, 1726. 

Crown Rental of 1592 — 1640. 

Contemporary History of Irish Affairs be- 
tween the years 1641 and 1652, edited 
by J. T. Gilbert, Librarian R.I.A. 

Carlyle's Letters of Oliver Cromwell. 

Carlyle's History of Frederick the Great. 

Castlehaven's Memoirs. 



D' Alton's King James Army List. 
Depositions taken under Commission is- 

su^ 17th Year of the Reign of Charles 

I., ** touching Murthers done in Cashell 

in 1641." MSS.— T.C., Dublin. 
De Burgo's Hibemia Dominicana. 
Desiderata Curiosa Hibemica. 
De la Boulayne Gouz's Tour in Ireland in 

1644, edited by T. Crofton Croker. 
De Latocnaye's Promenade d'un Francais 

en Irlande, 1791. 
Dossier de M. Hozier, Juge des Armes de 

France. — Archives Nationales, Paris. 
Dossier O'Brien. — Ibid. 
Depositions, ** Rebellion 1798," MS. — 

T.C., Dublin. 
Description of Ireland in 1598, edited by 

Rev. Edmond Hogan, S.J. 
Dublin Penny Journal. 



Extraits des preuves de Noblesse de 
divers families. — Archives Nationales, 
Paris. 

English that came to Ireland in the 12th 
Century, with the Names of the Inhabi- 
tants of the several Provinces of Ireland. 
M.S.— T.C.. Dublin. 



Farmer's Chronicle of Ireland. — British 

Museum. 
Funeral Entries. — British Museum. 



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AUTHORITIES CONSULTED. 



9 



Funeral Entries. — Ulster's Office, Dublin 
Castle. 

Funeral Entries. — Herald's College, Lon- 
don. 

Fiants from 1540 (see Appendix). — P.R. 
O., Dublin. 

Forty-nine Officers, List of the. 

Fenian Poems, edited by John O'Daly, for 
the Ossianic Society. 



Genealogies of the Province of Munster, 
compiled in the Years 1340 to the Reign 
of Henry VIH., to the Reign of James 
L, and brought down to the Reign of 
James H. — Irish MS.. T.C., Dublin, 
per J. J. MacSweeney, Esq., R.LA. 

Genealogies of MacGrath, MacBrodie, 
MacBrodin, and MacCart on. -Irish MS., 
T.C., Dublin, per J. J. MacSweeney, R. 
I.A. 

Genealogies compiled by MacFirbis. — 
Irish MS., per J. J. MacSweeney, R.I. 
A. 

Genealogies compiled by Cucory O'- 
Clery.— Irish MSS., R.LA., per W. 
M. Hennessy, M.R.I. A. 

Genealogies compiled by Lord Burghley. 
Lambeth Library. 

Genealogical Table of diverse Families, 
both m England and Ireland. MS. — 
T.C., Dublin. 

Genealogies and Romances. — Irish MS., 
T.C., Dublin, per J. J. MacSweeney, 
Esq. 

Genealogies of Ireland, by Vincent. — 
Herald's Office, London. 



Harding's Memoir of Mapped Town 

Lands. 
Harding's Memoir of Transactions. — R.I. 

A.. Vol. IL 
Hardmans' Irish Deed Transactions. — R. 

LA. Vol. XV. 
Harding on Official Maps and Surveys 

made in 1641. 
Harleian MSS. — British Museum. 
Hearth Money Rolls.— P.R. O., Dublin. 
Histoire de la Compagnie de Jesus, by Joly. 



Hennessy* s, W. M., Esq., M.R.LA., Tri- 
partite Life of St. Patrick. 

Hennessy' s, W. M., Chronicon Scotorum. 

Hennessy' s W. M., Annals of Loch C6. 

History of Parsonstown, Cooke's. 

History of the Down Survey, by General 
Larcom. 

History of the Irish Confederation, edited 
by J. T. Gilbert, Esq., Librarian, R.LA. 

History of Dublin, edited by J. T. Gilbert, 
Librarian, R.LA. 

History of Prices, edited by Tooke and 
Newman. 

History of Prices, edited by Rogers. 



Irish Record Commissions' Reports, 18 16 

—1825. 
Irish Warre of 1641, edited by Rev. 

Edmund Hogan, S.J. 
Incumbrance Rolls. — P.R.O., Dublin. 
Irish Settlers in America. — T. D. Mc- 

Gee. 
Irish Names of Places. — P. W. Joyce, 

Esq., M.R.LA. 
Index to Enrolments of Innocents. — P.R. 

O., Dublin. 
Index to Enrolments of Certificates granted 

to Adventurers and Soldiers.— P.R. O., 

Dublin. 
Index to Certificates issued by the Court 

of Claims.— P.R. O., Dublin. 
Index of Persons who obtained Grants 

under the Act of Setdelnent, King's 

Inns Library, Dublin. 
Irish Brigade in the Service of France, 

edited by John B. O'Callaghan. 
Irish- American Brigade, edited by Captain 

Conyngham, A. B.C. 
Irish Ecclesiastical Record. 
Irish Topographical Poem, O'Dubhagain 

and O'Huidrin, edited by Dr. O' Dono- 
van. 
Irish Penny Journal. 
Ireland in the Seventeenth Century, Miss 

Hickson's. 



Journals of the Royal Historical and 
Archaeological Association of Ireland. 



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AUTHORITIES CONSULTED. 



Kearney's Memorial of the Warre of 164 1. 
Bodlean Library, Oxford. 

Kflkenny Militia, Muster Roll of.— K. A. 
Society, 1854-5. 

King's Letters, Ireland. — P.R.Q., Lon- 
don, and P.R.O., Dublin. 

Kirwan's Reminiscences of the Franco- 
German War, 1 870-1. 

Kingdom of Ireland, by Walpole. 

Lanier's Pedigrees. — Paris. 

Letter of the Gentry of Tipperary to the 

Marquis of Ormonde. — Carte Papers. 
Life and Times of Florence McCarthy, 

edited by Daniel McCarthy (Glas.) 
Liber munerum publicorum Hibemiae. 
Linea Antiqua, O'Ferrall's. — Ulster's 

Office, Dublin. 
List of Claims sent in to Chichester House 

in 1700. — King's Inn Library. 
Lodge's Extracts of the Rolls. — Ulster's 

Office, Dublin Castle. 
Lodge's Peerage of Ireland. 
List of Popish Parish Priests throughout 

Ireland, 1704.— P.R.O., Dublin. 
Liste of the Irish that shipped themselves 

at Mounster for Spain, 1601. — P.R.O., 

London. 
Liste of Captains of the Irish Army, 1624. 
List of Attorneys and Barristers as have 

taken the Oath in 1734-5. — King's Inn 

Library. 
Loca Patriciana, edited by Rev. J. F. 

Shearman.— M.R.H. A. A.I. 
Lanigan's Ecclesiastical History of Ire- 
land. 

Maps, Jobson's, Plot of Mounster. 
Maps, Petty' s, Down Survey. — P.R.O., 

Dublin. 
Maps, Vallencey's. 
Maps of the **fower provinces." — Bib. 

Nat., Paris. 
Map of Ireland, Dean Newall's.— British 

Museum. 
Map of Mounster, with additions by Sir 

W. Cecil.— P.R.O., London. 
MacFirbes, Annab. — Arche. Soc. M.S.S. 

Vol. I. 



Memoranda Rolls.— P.R.O., Dublin. 
Mageogan, Conel, Chronicle of Ireland, 

1627. — British Museum. 
Meehan's Rev. C. P., Confederation of 

Kilkenny. 
Meehan's, Rev. C. P., Fate and Fortunes 

of O'Neill and O'Donel. 
Meehan's, Rev. C. P., Rise and Fall of 

the Franciscan Monasteries in Ireland. 
Meehan's, Rev. C. P., History of the 

Geraldines of Desmond. 
Meagher, Life of Brigadier-General. 
Morrin's Calendars. 

Muster Roll of the Irish- American Brigade. 
Martyrology of Donegal, edited by Rev. 

J. H. Todd, M.R.I.A., and Rev. Dr. 

Reeves, M.R.I. A. 



A^iV7« newspaper, nth December, 1858, 

and 5th February, 1859. 
Names, ranks, and qualifications of Irish- 
men serving in Foreign States, vide the 

Nation. 
Notes of Gendemen's names within the 

several counties of Ireland. — Add. 4767 

British Museum. 
Notes of Jail Deliveries in Ireland, temp. 

Edward I., II., and Richard 11. — 

British Museum. 
New Description of Ireland, 1610, by 

Barnaby Rych. 



O'Callaghan's Irish Brigades in the ser- 
vice of France. 
O' Conor's Military History of the Irish 

Nation. 
O' Curry's MSS. Materials for Ancient 

Irish History. 
O' Curry's Manners and Customs of the 

Ancient Irish. 
O' Daly's Tribes of Ireland, edited by Dr. 

O' Donovan, M.R.I. A. 
Ordnance Survey of Ireland, Topographi- 
cal and other Notes by John O' Donovan, 

Eugene O'Curry, and others. — R.I. A. 
Ogygia, Roderick O. Flaherty's, London, 

1685. 



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AUTHORITIES CONSULTED. 



11 



Petric's Paper on the Book of Genealogies 

in R.I.A. Transactions. — R.I.A., Vol. 

XVIII. 
Pedigrees compiled under the supervision 

of Lord Thomond. — Lambeth Library. 
Pedigrees with notes by Lord Burghley 

and Sir James Williamson, 1558 — 1576. 

— iLambeth Library. 
Pedigrees of Irish Nobility. — Harlean 

MSS., British Museum. 
Pedig rees of Nobility of Irish descent. — 

Bib. Nat. Paris. 
Pedigrees of Nobility of Irish descent. — 

Archives Nat, Paris. 
Pedigrees traced down to the middle of 

the reign of Queen Elizabeth. MS.^ — 

T.C., Dublin 
Pedigrees of the principal families that 

existed in Ireland in the seventeenth 

century. MSS. — T.C., Dublin. 
Pedigrees and obits of the principal fami- 
lies in the seventeenth century. MS. — 

T.C., Dublin. 
Pedigrees of Noblemen's and Gentlemen's 

families, chiefly in Ireland. MS. — T, 

C, Dublin. 
Pacata Hibernia, by Thomas Stafford. 
Post Mortem Inquisitions. — P.R.O., Dub- 
lin. 
Ponce, dela, MSS.— R.I.A. 
Plantation Papers. MSS.— T.C., Dublin. 
Patent Rolls.— P.R.O., Dublin. 
Pieces OriginalSy per Monsieur Darbois de 

Jubainville and personally. MS. — Bib. 

Nat. Paris. 



Renehan's History of the Irish Church. 
Reports Jof Commissioners respecting the 
Public Records. 



Reports of the Historical MSS. Commis- 
sion. 

Reports of the Deputy Keeper.— PR. O., 
Dublin. 

Recognizances of the Chancery of Ireland, 
1600 — 1625. — British Museum. 

Rentals of the Crown for the years 1592 — 
1640. 

Returns made to the Irish Parliament by 
the Rectors of the Protestant and Po- 
pish inhabitants in their respective Par- 
ishes.— P. R.O., Dublin. 

Records of the High Court of Justice, 
1652. MS.— T.C., Dublin. 

Smith's, Dr., Collections for a History of 
the County Tipperary. M.S. — R.I.A. 

Terrier of Crown Lands, Ireland, 4755. — 

British Museum. 
Topographical Dictionary of Ireland, Lewis. 
Topographia Hiberniae. 
Titus. — British Museum. 
Twiss' Tour in Ireland, 1776. 
Tour through Ireland, 1746. 
Tour in Ireland, 1780, by Arthur Young. 
Todd's Wars of the Gaedhill and the 

Gain. 
Two penny books, showing who paid 

Quit Rent from 1698.— P.R.O., Dublin. 
Transactions of the Spalding Club. 
Transactions of the Royal Irish Academy. 

Warner's History of the Civil War of 1641 . 

Warrant Books. 

Wills of O'Meaghers recorded in the Dio- 
ceses of Cashel, and Emly, Dublin 
Ferns, Leighlin, Limerick, and Ossory. 



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THE O'MEAGHER'S OF IKERRIN. 



^H£ family of O' Meagher, which 
held long sway, played no inglor- 
ious part in the history of Ireland. 

The Cinei Meachair ^ are descended 
from Fionnchada, son of Connla, son of 
Cian, second son of Oiliol Olum, King of 
Munster in the third century.* 

In 1617, it was conceived so important 
to ascertain who were the heads of the 
clanns, that the Earl of Thomond com- 
piled a *' Book ol Pedigrees of the meere 
Irish," in which he records that of Mea- 
chair, who was thirteenth in descent from 
Cian. Sir George Carew, President of 
Munster about this time, also collected for 
the use of Lord Burghley ** Descents of 
the meere Irish," in which he gives five 
generations of the O'Meaghers. ** Pedi- 
grees of the Irish nobility," preserved in 
the British Museum, ^ also record five 
generations of the O'Meaghers ; and be- 
side these there are nine other pedigrees 
of the O' Meaghers in the libraries of Lord 
Roden, of the Royal Irish Academy, and 
of Trinity College. That in possession ol 
Lord Roden, written on vellum by Duald 
Mac Firbis, brings the pedigree down to 
Teige or Thaddeus O' Meagher, who was 
thirty-eighth in descent from Cian ; and a 
pedigree in the Royal Irish Academy, 
which was compiled in 1664 by Cucory 
O'Clery, one of the Four Masters, also 
written on vellum, brings the pedigree 
down to John O' Meagher, who was thirty- 
ninth in descent from Cian.* 

At the foot of this pedigree was inserted 
the following note : ' ' The steed and batde- 

1 Gnel Meachair, descendants of Meachair. 

2 See Appendix A. 
8 Harleian MSS. 

4 See Appendix B. 



dress of every Lord of them belong to the 
Comarba of Cronan ^ and Inchanambeo, and 
these must go thriceround him(thechief of 
the Meachair) when proclaiming him Lord, 
and the Comarba should be at hb shoulder 
(i. e. the place of honour), and he should 
rise before the Comarba, and that Meachair 
was King of Ele. " • 






•^'■:^Msm^'^°' 



[The writer is indebted to the Coundi of the 
Royal Irish Academy for this illustration.] 

The territory of the CiTui Mecu:hair was 
called Ui Cairin, modernized Ikerrin, a 
barony in the north of the County Tip- 
perary, situate at the foot of Beaman Eile, 
i. e. the gapped mountain of Ely, now 
called the Devil's Bit from its curious out- 
line. The barony contains 69,381 acres 
of arable land and land and water, and it 
is subdivided into twelve parishes, rated at 
the annual value of 45,000/.* The rivers 

s St. Cronan was [>atron of Roscrea, the prin- 
cipal town in Ikerrin, and his successor was 
called his Comarb. Inchanatnbeo, or the island 
of living, also in O 'Meagher's country, has been 
described by Geraldus Cambrensis, who visited 
it in 1 185, 

> A gold cap or morion, which may have 
served as a crown, and been used at the inaugu- 
ration of the O' Meagher, was found in a bog at 
the Devil's Bit mountain in 1692. Its ornamen- 
tation was undoubtedly Irish, and was identical 
with some earlier golden articles — UtmUa and 
y{^M^2^— found in Ireland, and consisted of em- 
bossed circles, some parallel and others arranged 
in angles of the chevron pattern. 



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14 



THE a MEAGHER S OF IKERRIN. 



Nore and Suir rise in the parish of Borris- 
nafamy. 

We find the earliest notice of the clann 
in * Colgan's '* Tripartite Life of St Pat- 
rick."* *• Patrick went into Muscraighe- 
tire ^ to baptize and to preach and plant 
the faith there. He met three brothers of 
that nation — men of power — Furic and 
Muinnech and Mechair, the sons of Forat, 
son of Conla (son of Tadg, son of Cian, 
son of OHoll Olum). Muinnech believed 
at once, and Patrick baptized and blessed 
him, and said that illustrious heroes and 
clerics should descend firom him for ever ; 
and that the chief kingship of his country 
should be (filled up) from him for ever, as 
the poet said : 

** Muinnech the Great believes 
In Patrick, l>efore all ; 
That there mi^t be over his country 
Chieftains of his race for ever. 

Mechair believed, 
For he was a. true, just man, 
Patrick gave him a lasting blessing-— 
The companionship of a king." 

And an ancient life of St Columba^ in- 
forms us that one of his disciples named 
Machar received episcopal ordination, and 
undertook to preach the Gospel in the 
northern parts of the Pictish kingdom. 
The l^end adds that Columba admonished 
him to found his church, when he should 
arrive utx>n the bank of a river where it 

*The Rev. John Colgan was a Franciscan 
fiiar in the Irish Convent at Louvain in the 17th 
century. He was a laborious and voluminous 
writer on ecclesiastical antiquities of Ireland, 
his best known works being Acta Sanctorum^ 
NibemuB Louvami, 1645, and Triadis Thau- 
maiurga Lavami 164. He died at Louvain 
1658, having foiled to complete his Acta Sane- 
tanm, 

1 Translated by Wm. M. Hennessy, Esq., (M. 
R.I.A., page4). 

2 Muscraighe-Hre was the anaent name of 
the district adjoining the £>evirs Bit Mountain, 
now called the Barony of Lower Onnond. The 
author of ** Loca Patriciana** (page 453) fixes 
the date of St. Patrick's visitation to Munster at 
A.D. 4/0. 

7 Adamnan's Life of St. Co&tmda, edited by 
Rev. Dr. Reeves, and Transactions of the 
Sjpalding Oub, 



formed by its windings the figure df a 
bishop's crozier. Obeying the injunctions 
of his master, Machar advanced northward 
preaching Christianity, until he found at 
the mouth of the Don the situation indi- 
cated by St. Columba, and finally settled 
there with his Christian colony, and founded 
the church, which fi-om its situation was 
called the Church of Aberdon.^ 

\nO'C\&rf*s Calendar o/thelriskSainis, • 
the feast of < ' The Daughter of Meachair ' ' 
is fixed on the 7th of September, and that 
of Dermod (son of Meachair), Bishop of 
Airthear-Maighe, Tuaih-raiha (Toorah, 
County Fermanagh) on the 6th of January. 

The War of the GaedkiU with GaiU^^ 
and the Chronicon Scotorum ^^ recc«tl that 
King Malachy, Monarch of Erinn in the 
year 1012, "led a plundering expedition 
against the Danes, and he ravaged as br 
as Ben Edair (Howth) ; but Madmordha," 
son of Murchad, and Sitruic.^ son of Amh- 
laidh, and the Danes of Leinster, overtook 
them and killed the whole of one of their 
three plundering parties. There fell then 
Flann, son of Malachy, andLorcan, son of 
Echtigem (King) of Cinel Meachair, and 
two hundred along with them." This was 
the defeat of Drainen, now Drinan, County 
Dublin. 

Seafiriadh Bacagh MacGilla Patraic, the 
Lame, in 1280, married Inghin, daughter 
of O' Meachair, King of Ui Carin (Ikerrin). 

Edmund, fifth Chief Buder of Ireland, 
in 1315, received a grant of the return of 
all writs in his Gmtred of Ormon, Hyo- 
gurty, and Hyocary (Ikerrin); and in 1328, 
James, his son and successor, was created 
Earl of Ormonde by Edward IIL, who 
granted to this nobleman's son, James, the 
royalties, fees, and all other liberties in the 
County Tipperary, and the royal liberty 
thus established continued down to the 

8 See Appendix C. 

• Edited by Rev. Dr. Todd, S.F.T.C.D., and 
Rev. Dr. Reews, now Bishop of Down and 
Connor. 

10 Edited by Rev. Dr. Todd, F.T.C.D. 

11 Edited bv W. M. Hennessy, M.R.LA. 
u King of Leinster. 

IS King of die Danes. 



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THE MEAGHER S OF IKERRIN, 



16 



year 17 14, when by an Act of the Irish 
Parliament, 2 George I., it was abolished. 

King Edward III., in the year 1361, 
sent his son, the Duke of Clarence, to Ire- 
land, to fill the office of Lord Deputy. In 
1367, the memorable Parliament of Kil- 
kenny was held, in which was passed the 
celebrated Statute of Kilkenny. This re- 
markable ordinance, though chiefly directed 
s^ainst the Anglo-Normans who had 
adopted the laws and customs of the na- 
tives, contains some enactments full of the 
jealous and penal spirit which continued 
for centuries after to pervade and infect 
the whole course of English legislation in 
Ireland. 

By this statute it was high treason for 
any person of English origin to contract a 
marriage with an Irish family ; the infrac- 
tion of this stern law, unless dispensed 
with by the King's special permission, was 
punished with unrelenting severity. 

Richard II. granted a license, on the 
23d of December, 1385, to Sir Almaric 
Grace, styled Baron Grace, for the better 
preservation and improvement of the peace 
of the country, to form an allegiance with 
Tibinia, daughter of O' Meagher, dynast 
of Ikerrin, all the laws to the contrary 
notwithstanding. ^^ 

Stephen, Bishop of Meath, on the 20th 
of March, 1372, had an order for 326/., 
equivalent to 13,000/. sterling, granted 
him for having risked his life in various 
parts of Munster with men-at-arms, fighting 
and reducing to peace O'Meaghir, O'Brien 
of Thomond, McConmarre (MacNamara), 
and other rebels. 

The annals of Lough Ok ** record that a 
great slaughter was committed by Art, 
King of Leinster, in Lou^h Garman 
(Wexford), in the year 1401 ; m retaliation 
for this the foreigners of Athcliaih (the 
Danes of Dublin) attacked the Gaidhill of 
Leinster, and a great many of the retained 
Kerns of Munster, under Tadhg O'Mea- 
chair, were slain there. 

About this time Gilla-na-naomh O' Huid- 

14 See Appendiz D. 

i» Edited by W. M. Hennessy, M.R.I.A. 



rin wrote a topographical poem, giving an 
account of the principal £imilies of Lein- 
ster and Munster, and the districts occupied 
by them at that period. ^^ He thus men- 
tions the 0*Meaghers : 

Mightily have they filled the land, 
The O'Meachairs, the territory of Ui Cairin, 
A tribe at the foot of the Beaman Eile ; 
It is no shame to celebrate their triumph. 

In the annals of the Four Masters, the 
death of O' Meagher, chief of Ikerrin, is 
recorded in the year 141 3. 

On the accession of Edward IV., so 
small was the portion of Ireland which 
acknowledged die authority of English 
law, that from four small shires which con- 
stituted the territory of the Pale, were all 
the lords, knights, and burgesses that 
composed its Parliament summoned ; 
and the fierce clans which surrounded the 
Pale were always ready to take advantage 
of the general confusion to which the con- 
test for the English Crown had given rise, 
and the inhabitants of the districts border- 
ing upon the Irish were forced to purchase 
exemption from them by annual pensions 
to their chiefs. 

Mac William (Bourke), of Clanrickard,*'^ 
gathered an army in 1462, and marched 
into Icarin (Ikerrin), where O'Meachayr, 
i. e. Thadg, with his confederates met and 
opposed them, and William Bourke, Mac- 
William's son, was slain by wan cast of 
a dart by O'Meachayr's son, by which wan 
throw 0*Meachayr escaped his army. 
Thady O'Meachayr, King of Icarin, died, 
and his son supplied his place. 

The next notice we find of the O'Meagh- 
ers is in an Irish MS. , preserved in the 
public library of Rennes in Brittany, ia 
being a translation from English, from 
Greek, and from Hebrew into Irish, ** of 
the travels of Sir John Mandevil,'' and 

i> He died in 1420 ; this poem has been edited 
by John O' Donovan, LL.D. 

I7 Translated from the Irish by Dudley Mac- 
Firbis, for Sir. James Ware, Arch, Mis., vol. i., 

■ wfedited by Rev. Dr. Todd, F.S.A, Proc. R. 
LA. (Irish MS. Series)) 



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THE a MEAGHER'S OF IKERRIK 



the age of the Lord when John made this 
journey, was one thousand years and 
three hundred and thirty-two years. ^^ The 
age when Fingift, son of Dermod, son 
of Donnel, son of Fingin, son of Dermod 
mor O'Mahony, put it ultimately into 
Irish was one thousand four hundred and 
seventy-two years, and John was thirty- 
four years visiting the world, and on his 
return to Rome the Pope confirmed his 
book, ** These are the Lords who were 
over the Gaedhiir ' ; and after naming Mac- 
Carthy mor, O' Sullivan, O'Brien, O'Neill, 
O' Kelly, O' Connor, O'Donnell and others, 
the notice continues, **and Gilla-na-naemh, 
son of Tadhg, son of Gilla-na-naemh, was 
over the Ui-Meachair, et alii multi in 
Erinn, from that time forth, who are not 
reckoned for commemoration.*'** 

With the view to the better defence of 
the English territory at this time, it was 
enacted in a Parliament held at Naas that 
every merchant should bring twenty shil- 
lings sterling worth of bows and arrows 
into Ireland for every twenty pounds worth 
of goods he imported from England.^ 
Had the Irish but known their strength, or 
rather had they been capable of that spirit 
of union and concert, the whole military 
force of the Pale could not have withstood 
them. 

Upon the resignation in 1490 of William 
Roche, Bishop of Cork and Cloyne, who 
was concerned in the rebellion of Perkin 
Warbeck, Thaddeus Meachair was ap- 
pointed to succeed him the same year. 
The temporalities of the See were in a 
great part the gifts and grants of the 
Barrys, Fitzmaurices, and other southern 
chieftains, and on being seized by them 
Pope Innocent VIII. issued a brief on the 
1 8th July, 1492, commanding them to 
desist from their usurpation. Bishop 
Meachair in the meantime set out for 
Rome, on his way took mortally sick, and 
died at Ivrea in Piedmont. 

19 Columbus did not start on his first expedi- 
tion until the year 1492. 

20 See Appendix E. 

21 Cox. 




The writer was favoured last May with a 
letter from Canon Saroglia, Chancellor of 
the Cathedral of Ivrea, which contained 
the following narrative translated from the 
Italian : — 

** In 1492 passed to heaven the blessed 
Thaddeus, an Irish Bishop, concerning 
whom we hear the following details : He 
was of the royal stock of O' Meacher, born 
in the town of Cloyne (quere Clonyne in 
Ikerrin), in Ireland, and was probably 
Bishop of Cork. 22 

In the second half of the fifteenth century 
the lay powers in the country set about de- 
priving the Church of its immunities, and 
compelled some of its bishops to seek in 
foreign lands that peace that they could 
not have in their own country. Amongst 
them was the blessed Thaddeus, who set out 
for Rome, and passed through Ivrea, and 
on the night of the 24th October, 1492, 
was admitted as an unrecognized pilgrim 
to the Hospice of St. Anthony ; he was 
broken down by the long journey over the 
Great St. Bernard, then covered with 
snow. On the following night the officials 
beheld a great light gleaming on the bed 
where the stranger lay. Being frightened 
they ran to extinguish it ; but to their great 

22 He was bishpp of Cork and Cloyne 1490-92. 



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THE OMEAGHERS OF IKERRIK 



17 



surprise they discovered that it was a light 
that did not bum, and that the pilgrim, 
breathing an air of paradise, was then dead. 
Next morning the Governors of the Hos- 
pice were prayed to relate to Monseigneur 
Garigliatti the miraculous occurrence, and 
on going to the Hospice and examining 
the papers found on the person of the de- 
ceased pilgrim, they discovered that he 
was a bishop ; they then thought it their 
duty to provide him with a befitting inter- 
ment. The bishop with the chapter and 
clergy, accompanied by all orders of 
citizens, went processionally to the Hos- 
pice, removed the body of the pilgrim, and 
caused it to be clad in bishop's dress. 
The bells of the city were set tolling, and 
the bishop translated the corpse to the 
cathedral, where solemn obsequies were 
held. Remembering the extraordinary 
light at the time of the decease, and know- 
ing that certain miraculous cures had oc- 
curred at that very time, the bishop 
decided that the corpse should be interred 
in the cathedral, and at the altar of St. 
Andrew where reposed the relics of 
St. Eusebius, Bishop of Ivrea. On the 
27th August, 1742, Monseigneur Michele 
Vittorio de Villa caused the sepulchre, 
where were the bodies of St. Eusebius and 
the blessed Thaddeus, to be opened, and 
the body of the latter was found whole, 
and not decayed, clothed in a violet sou- 
tane and rochet, his white beard falling on 
his breast, and a ring on his finger." ^s 

Amongst the Lansdowne MSS.2< there 
is a paper dated i8 Henry VHI. (1526), 
in which the King is recommended to ap- 
point as lieutenant one active and politic 
nobleman, with experience of the land, like 
the Duke of Norfolk, and to give him 
a sufficient army, 4,000 light horse, gun- 
ners, morris-pikes, bows, bills, all quick 
and hardy men, that McMurrough's, 
O'Byme's, and O'Connor's countries 
should be taken ; that they were the key 
of Ireland, and that Melaughlan, O'Mol- 
moye, O'Doyne, O'Dymsye, O'More, 

28 See Appendix F. 

M 2405 Ireland, 15,983 British Museum. 



and O'Mehayr will be dearly won, and as 
each country was won the land should be 
let in freeholds at fourpencean arable acre; 
and when it was once brought to quiet and 
order the King might, by Act of Parlia- 
ment, enlarge his realm as he pleased. 

Eleven years later (i 2th of August, 1537), 
Lord Deputy Grey and his Council report 
to the King that tKey had won a battle in 
O'Magher's country, had taken the gen- 
tleman owner thereof and all that were 
therein prisoners, and forced O'Magher to 
deliver hostages. 

In the month of July, 1538, Lord 
Leonard Grey proceeded on a military 
progress through a greater part of the 
kingdom, receiving submission of all the 
chiefs through whose countries he passed. 
In this progress, attended by the lords of 
the Pale, he traversed Oftaley, Elye- 
O' Carroll, Ormond, and Arnu It is not 
mentioned that he visited the adjacent 
barony of Ikerrin, but it is probable that 
he interviewed its chief, for in the follow- 
ing year (7th August, 1539), an indenture 
was made between the King and GuUer- 
nowe O'Maghyr, captain of his nation. 
The King accepted O'Maghyr as his faith- 
ful subject, and O'Maghyr bound himself, 
his heirs and successors, captains of the 
said country, to pay to the King twelve- 
pence, lawful money of Ireland, annually 
for every carucate of land within his 
country and dominion of Yny Kyryne. 
Whenever a general hosting was made he 
would lead to the Deputy twenty horsemen 
and forty galloglas well armed according 
to the usages of the country, with victuals 
for forty days at his own cost and charges. 
When the deputy came near the borders 
of the said country, O'Maghyr would assist 
him with his whole power for three days, 
and he and his successors would make a 
sufficient open road through their country 
for the more easy passage of the King's 
waggons and other warlike instruments, 
and of the King's men as often as they 
should be required to do so by the deputy.* 

At this period O' Meagher held the 

25 See Appendix G. 



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THE a MEAGHER S OF IKERRIK 



Castle of Roscrea, which belonged to the 
Earl of Ormond by inheritance. 

On the 28th June, 1549, Captain Walter 
ap Poyll reports from the Nenagh a dis- 
sension between the Lord Marshal and 
O' Meagher for certain prey. Nine years 
later a commission was issued to Sir Henry 
Radcliffe, Kn^ht, Lieutenant of the King's 
and Queen's Counties, to parle with, take 
pledges from, and punish with fire and 
sword the O'Maughers, O* Dunnes, O' Car- 
rolls, and others. 



to give over all the Irish tenures and to 
receive staies tail, and that banaught^ 
should be levied upon O' Carroll and 
O'Mawher to the extent of 360/.; and 
later on that year, Lord Sussex reported 
that O'Maugher and other Irish lords on 
this side of the Shenon lived in obedience 
under the rule of Sir Henry Radcliffe, 
Captain of Leise and Offaly, and for the 
most part desired to give over Irish ten- 
ures to hold their lands of the Queen by 
succession, to have their country made 







RUINS OP CLONVNB CASTLE. 



In 1562 the Earl of Sussex reports to 
the Queen (Elizabeth) what he conceived 
for the reducing of her English subjects in 
Ireland to live under o^dience of the 
law and of her Irish subjects, to live under 
certain constitutions more agreeable to 
their natures and customs, and suggests 
when Munster shall be settled the president 
should travail to procure the Irishry inhab- 
iting the other Munster (Upper Munster), 



shire-ground, and to live under the obedi- 
ence of the laws.*'^ * 

In 1567 Sir Henry Sydney, with the 
view of informing himsdf of the actual 
state of Munster, took a journey into that 

^Banaught, a certain allowance unto the 
Queen*s galloglas or kerne by the Irishry. who 
were bound to yield a yearly proportion ot both 
money and victuals for their finding. 

27 Calendar Carew MSS,, p. 346. 

28 See Appendix H. 



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THE OMBAGHERS OF IKERRIK 



19 



province, and the account he has left pre- 
sents a picture of lawlessness and abused 
flower. He reported to the Queen that 
kerrin, called O'Mes^her's country, was 
uninhabited, having been wasted by the 
younger brothers of the Earl of Ormond.* 

Gillemewe O' Meagher, alias The 
O' Meagher, received on the nth January 
I571, a pardon, subject to the payment of 
a fine of 5/. 

Sir Henry Sydney reported five years 
later that the Queen's writ had no cur- 
rency in Tipperary. . 

James Fitzmaurice,** **a champion of the 
Irish cause," in 1579, set sail from Lisbon 
with three ships provided with arms and 
ammunition, a small supply of money, and 
a force of about 100 men, and with this 
means did these sanguine adventurers set 
out on their mission for the relief and 
enfi:anchisement of Ireland, and landed at 
Smerwick in Kerry ; and finding that the 
natives did not repair to him, the small 
band b^an to express discontent, and 
Fitzmaurice, after remaining for a month, 
set off for Holy Cross in Tipperary to seek 
aid for the desperate adventure he had 
embarked in, Tipperary being then the 
region in which, as the chronicler of the 
time tells us, the fiiel of rebellion was 
always most ready to kindle. 

The Earle of Ormonde in the autumn of 
1582, plundered Ui Cairin, Duharra, and 
South Ely ; and at this period it was 
generally remarked that the lowing of a 
cow or the song of a ploughman could 
scarcely be heard fi-om Dun Cairin to 
Cashel. 

Dymoke, in his treatbe, gives a ** par- 
ticular" of the rebel forces then (April, 
1599), employed in the rebellion, and re- 
ports that Keidagh O' Meagher had 60 foot 
and 30 horse under his command, '^ and 
Fynes Morrison confirms his statement 

Sir George Carew was appointed Presi- 

^ Journal Kilkenny Archaological Society. 
vol. i., 1872, p. 158. 
30 Brother of the Earl of Desmond, 
w Page 130. 



dent of Munster in 1599, and the following 
year he offered large rewards for the heacb 
of the leading rebels. In the month of 
September, 1600, he received intelligence 
in Kilkenny that Spanish forces amount- 
ing to 5000 had landed, and taken 
possession of Kinsale. Munster, which 
had been reduced to a tranquil state by the 
stem and vigilent rule of the Lord 
President, remained for some time undis- 
turbed. 

Red Hugh O'DonneU, . marching to 
Kinsale to the assistance of the Spanards, 
crossed the shoulder of Slieve Bloom into 
Ikerrin, and remained twenty-six days on 
the hill of Druim Sailech, awaiting Hugh 
O'Neill, who was marching slowly after 
him ; O' Neill in hb march through Ikerrin, 
encamped at Roscrea and at Templetuohy. 
Sir George Carew, notwithstanding all his 
skill in coercion, found the rebel spirit had 
become too powerful ; and between abet- 
tors abroad and their ruthless masters at 
home, the hapless natives were at once 
lured and goaded into rebellion. He re- 
ported the arrival in Ikerrin of 0*Donnell 
and O'Neill, and that one called Keidagh 
O'Maghir had gathered 300 rogues to- 
gether and did many outrages, and that 
Uie third son of Viscount Mountgarrett, 
some of the Graces, and Thomas Buder 
a kinsman of Sir Edward Butler, with 
200 men, were drawing into Tipperary to 
assist Keidagh O' Meagher, and he sug- 
gested to the Lord Deputy Mountjoy the 
suppression of that upstart rebel. 

Angus O'Daly, a Munster bard, started 
in 1617, at the instance it is stated of 
Carew, on an excursion through the four 
provinces, to bespatter with ridicule and 
contempt every chieftain on his way, and 
such of the descendants of the Anglo-Nor- 
mans as had adopted their customs and 
formed alliances with them. O'Daly 
executed his task by attempting to prove 
in detail, by force of assertion, that the 
Irish chieftains were neither hospitable 
nor generous, and that they were too poor 
to afford being so. He traversed Lein- 
ster, Ulster, and Connaught, but his ex- 



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THE a MEAGHER S OF IKERRIK 



cursion was brought to an end in Tip- 
perary, where he received, it is said, that 
kind of reward which he did not anticipate. 
Whilst staying at Bawnmadnim Castle 
with The O* Meagher, he composed a satire 
on his host, which the servant of the 
chieftain resented by stabbing him to the 
heart. He is said to have composed — 
extempore — the remarkable quatrain re- 
specting his having so recklessly lam- 
pooned his countrymen : 

AH the £alse judgements that I have passed 
Upon the chiefe of Munster I forgive ; 
Tne meagre servant of the grey O* Meagher has 
Passed an equivalent judgement upon me. 
See Appendix O. 

The inquisitions taken between the 
years 1622 and 1637 by the Sovereign's 
escheators give some interesting particulars 
of the 0'Meagher*s of Bamane, Boulybane, 
Clonakenny, Clonyne, Cromlyn, Garry- 
more, Lisnalosky, Louraine, &c., showing 
what lands they were seized of, their 
value, by what services they were held, 
and who, and of what age, were the heirs 
to same. 

Civil war having broken out in 1641,*^ 
Teige-oge O' Meagher, son of the 
O' Meagher, raised a Regiment of Foot, 
which formed part of O'Dwyer's Brigade. 

Lord Casdehaven*® in 1645, on his march 
from Limerick, invested O* Meagher's 
Castle of Clonakenny, that stood in his 
way possessed of by the enemy, and there 
being no other passage, he writes : * * I 
sent to the adjacent villages and got to- 
gether crows of iron, pick-axes, and 
whatever else could be found, and fell 
a-storming of the castle, and in three or 
four hours took it. In this place I left 
100 men, and being over pretty safe I 
lodged that night at my ease." 

This castle is situated at foot of Borris- 
noe mountain, near the sources of the Nore 
and Suir. 

The Sheriff of Tipperary issued a com- 
mission in 1649 to Teige O'Meagher of 

«2 See Appendix J. 

88 He held a command under the Irish Con- 
federates. 



Keilewardy and others to **ymmediately 
raise a body of horse well accommodated 
with swords and pistols, after the rate of 
one horse and means out of every five 
colipes.** 

O'Dwyer's Brigade surrendered to 
Sankey, commander of the Parliamentary 
forces in Munster, on the 23rd of March, 
1652, with all the honours of war, the 
Brigadier and all the commissioned officers 
having the right to enjoy their horses and 
arms, and liberty to transport themselves 
to serve in any foreign army in amity with 
England, persons guilty of **murther," or 
members of the First General Assembly, 
or First Supreme Council, alone excepted. 
Brigadier O'Dwyer availed himself of the 
permission to go abroad, and went, with 
3,500 men, to serve under Cond6 in the 
Low Countries ; but his brother, Lieuten- 
ant-Colonel Donough O'Dwyer, Colonel 
Teige Oge O'Meagher, Theobald Butler, 
Ulick Bourke, and others, were not suffered 
to depart, and Miss Hickson, in her ** Ire- 
land in the Seventeenth Century,"® writes 
that they were put upon their trial at a 
court held at Clonmel, about the 8th ol 
November, 1652, for the murders c^eposed 
to by one EUice Jeanes, were convicted, 
and soon after executed.* 

The writer could not find any notice of 
this trial in the ** Records of the High 
Court of Justice ;' * Miss Hickson informed 
him that she made the statement on the 
authority of Carte. Local tradition bears 
out her statement, and adds that Colonel 
O' Meagher rode to the scaffold on his 
black charger, which after its master was 
hanged escaped and galloped back to Clon- 
akenny where it wandered at large for many 
years. There is a confirmation of Colonel 
O' Meagher's death in Pieces Originals,^ 
preserved in the Biblioth^que Nationale» 
Paris : * * Teige Oge O' Mahar, who suffered 

8* As much pasture as would feed a bullock^ 
cow, or colt for a year. 

85 Longmans, 1882. 

86 See Appendix K. 

87 Vol. 1909. 



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THE a MEAGHER S OF IKERRIK 



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in CromweU's day, married a Buder,® but 
had no heirs/' 

The Irish Confederates were finally sub- 
dued in the summer oi 1652, and then 
took place a scene not witnessed in 
Europe since the conquest of Spain by the 
Vandals. The captains and men ot war 
numbered to 40,000, were suffered to 
embark for the Continent, and forced to 
'*feed themselves by the blades of their 
swords in the service of foreign countries. " • 
Those who stayed behind had families that 
prevented them from following their 
example. They returned to their former 
neighbourhoods, took up their abode in 
the offices attached to their mansions, or 
shared the dwellings of their late tenants 
— ^their mansions being occupied by some 
English officer or soldier — ^and employed 
themselves in tilling the lands they had 
lately owned as lords, until the nth of 
October, 1653, when they were ordered 
to transplant to Connaught, the news be- 
ing proclaimed by beat of drum and sound 
of trumpet in the adjoining town; plough- 
men, labourers, and others of the lower 
order of people excepted, because they 
would be usefiil to the Engli h as earth- 
tillers and herdsmen; and others of them, 
with a crowd of orphan boys and girls, 
were transported to serve the English 
planters in the West Indies; and there- 
upon the conquering army divided ancient 
inheritances amongst them by lot. 

Every person ordered to transplant was 
furnished with a certificate which described 
his. family and friends who intended to 
bear him company to Connaught, and his 
stock and crop in ground. The writer's 
ancestor, John O' Meagher, being then a 
minor, the certificate was made out in 
favour of his mother, Anne O* Meagher, 
of Qonyne Casde, widow, and seventy -five 
persons agreed to accompany her into 
exile. ^ For each acre of winter com she 
left behind, three acres of land were to be 
assigned, summer com and fallow being 

88 She was a daughter of Viscount Ikerrin, a 
member of the Irish confederation. 
80 See Appendix L. 



included; for each cow or bullock (if two 
years old and upwards), three acres; for 
every three sheep, one acre; for every 
garron, nag, or mare (if three years old 
and upwards), four acres; and for goats 
and swine proportionally. These assign- 
ments were only conditional, for at a 
future day other Commissioners were to 
sit at Athlone to determine the extent of 
lands the transplanters had left behind 
them, and to ascertain the extent of dis- 
affection to Parliament, by which the pro- 
portion to be confiscated was to be regu- 
lated. Ikerrin was then parcelled out 
among the Anneslows, Armingers, Bay- 
leys, Boats, Bulkeleys, Buders, Chappels, 
Creuzals, Desbrows, Drakes, Eakins, 
Eames, Foulkes, Gossans, Hales, Heaths, 
Joneses, Lenthalls, Lobbs, Mathers, Min- 
chins, Morrises, Noels, Piercys, Radcliffes, 
Rundalls, Runthoms, Smiths, Thom- 
burys, Sympsons, Weekes and Wood- 
cocks; the Dukes of York and Ormonde 
and Sir Martin Noel getting the largest 
share. 

Of those who went aboard, Theodore 
de Meagher served in 1660 in the Spanish 
Netherlands as Mar^chal de Campo, under 
the Prince of Cond6. 

The O'Meaghers declared for King 
James, and joined his army. When war 
broke out in Ireland in 1689, we find John 
Meagher serving in Sarfield's Horse ; 
Cornelius, Brian, and Edmund O' Meagher 
in Purcell's Horse; Daniel 0*Meagher in 
Butler's Foot; John, Edmund, and 
Thomas O* Meagher in Bagenal's Foot; 
Philip O* Meagher in Oxburg's Foot, and 
Thomas O'Meagher in MountcashePs 
Foot. And after the surrender of Limer- 
ick the remains of the Jacobite army 
volunteered for France and Spain, and 
we find O* Meaghers serving in the French 
regiments of Bulkeley, Clare, Galmoy, 
and Lee; in the Spanish r^ments of 
Hibernia, Irlanda, Wauchop, and Water- 
ford; in the Prussian army in Von Der- 
finger's Dragoons, and in the garrison of 
Ciistrin; and in the Polish Saxon army, 
Thadde de Meagher became a Lieutenant- 



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22 



THE a MEAGHER'S OF IKERRIN, 



General and Colonel Proprietor of the Great a treaty of neutrality on the break- 
Swiss Guard, and Chamberlain to the ing out of the Seven Years' War. *^ 
King: he was commissioned by his ^ssQ^xXyXes History of Frederick the Greal, 
sovereign to negotiate with Frederick the vol. iv., p. 551. See Appendix N. 



.i^'^fc^ 



^ 




Approur< 



I PiOus foiiffigtieii certiBns h tous ttax qu'il appafi 






mUfeptcenr ^Ma^l 




Ufu 














fff^^^ 



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APPENDICES 



APPENDIX A. 




^ROFESSOR O' CURRY in a lec- 
ture delivered in Dublin ^ asserted 
where the governing power or pos- 
session of property could be ques- 
tioned, care was taken to preserve evi- 
dence of descent and identity of the persons 
entitled to succession, and such precau- 
tions were effectually used under the ancient 
customs of Erinn. To obviate all difficul- 
ties in respect of the right of succession 
to the supreme rule, the Monarch of 
Erinn had always an officer of high distinc- 
tion attached to his Court, whose office 
it was to keep from generation to genera- 
tion a geneological record of all the de- 
scending branches of the royal family. 
And the same officer was obliged to keep 
true record, not only of them, but of the 
families of all provincial kings, and of all 
the territorial chiefs in each province, in 
order that in case of dispute among them 
and a final appeal to the Court of the chief 
King he might be in a position to decide 
such a dispute by the solemn authority of 
a pure and impartial public record. 

This public officer, according to law, 
could only be elected from the order of 
Ollamhs, and the Ollamhs may be des- 
cribed as men who had arrived at the 
highest degree of historical learning and of 
general literary attainments under the 
ancient Gaelic system of education. Every 
Ollamh should also, according to the 
Brehon Laws,* know the boundaries of all 
provinces and chieftainries, and should be 

1 March 6, 1856. 

2 The laws of the country popularly known by 
that name. 



able to trace the genealogies of all the 
tribes of Erinn. He should also be civil 
of tongue, unstained by crime and pure in 
morals. The Ollamh was privileged and 
bound to make periodical visits to all the 
chieftains throughout the land ; to inspect 
their records of family history and genealo- 
gies ; to enter the names and number of 
the leading or eldest branches of each 
family, and on his return to Tara to write 
these matters in what was of old called the 
Monarch's Book, but which in modem 
times was designated the Saltair of Tara ; 
and not only had the monarch his Ollamh^ 
but every provincial king and even every 
smaller territorial chief ; and in obedience 
to an ancient law established long before 
the introduction 01 Christianity in the 5th 
century, all the provincial records and 
those of various chieftains were so return- 
able every third year at Tara, when they 
were compared with each other, and with 
the Monarch's Book. 5. 

Every free born man of his tribe was, 
according to the law of the country, en- 
titled by blood, should it come to his turn, 
to succeed to the chieftaincy ; and every 
principal family kept its own pedigree as a 
check 'on the officer of the tribe or pro- 
vince, and as an authority for his own 
claim should the occasion arise. 

Family names or hereditary surnames 
first became fixed in Ireland in the begin- 
ning 'of the eleventh century, and were 
formed from the genitive case singular of 
the name of an ancestor by prefixing O, 

3 0*Curry's "Lectures on MS. materials of 
Ancient Insh History," pp. 203, 204. 



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24 



APPENDIX B. 



otherwise written Ua, literally nepos, or 
grandson or Mac, literally son, like the 
Anglo-Norman prefix Fitz, or the Welsh 
Map or Ap, 

The great genealogical tracts take up 
each province separately and deal with all 
its claims one after another ; the Book of 
Leinster contains some genealogies com- 
piled about 1130 from earlier sources, and 



the Book of BcUlymote, which was compiled 
in 1 39 1, contains the same genealogies en- 
larged and continued, and they occur again 
in the Book of Lecaiyi, written in 1416, 
with still further additions and continu- 
ations ; but the fullest and most perfect is 
Duald MacFirbis' Book of Genealogies, 
compiled in the year 1 650-1 666. 




CATHEDRAL OF ST. MACHAR. 



APPENDIX B. 



INCHANAMBEO,-k church was foun- 
ded in the eighth century on an island 
in a lake near Roscrea, which formerly 
bore the name of Ros Cr6. St. Elair 
or Hilary, described as an * 'anchorite and 
scribe,' ' died on the 7th of September, 807. 
There was a conventual establishment here 
in 1 143, for the Four Masters record'** the 
death of Macraith O'Fiden, head of Ros 
Cr^." Other notices of the place in the 
annals show that it was ret^arded as one of 
the minor monastic establishments of Ire- 



land. But GiRALDUs Cambrensis affords 
us a glimpse of its condition towards the 
close of the twelfth century : ** Est lacus 
in Mononia Boreali duas continens insulas, 
unam majorem et alteram minorem. Ma- 
jor Ecclesiam habet antiquae religionis, 
Minor vero capellam cui pauci caelibes 
quos Caelicolas vel Colideos vocant, devote 
deserviunt.'* ^ 

1 **Camdens Anelica,'* etc., p. 716 ; "Topo- 
graphia Hibemiae,*' Dist. ii., cap. 4. 



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APPENDIX C 



25 



APPENDIX C 



^ HE cathedral of S. Machar^ situate in 

Old Aberdeen — ^now used as the 

parish church of Old Machar — is 

a noble Gothic structure, situated a 

little to the north of the King's College, 

and was begun in 1366. 

The Dean and Chapter taxed themselves 
for years for the fabric, the Bishop surren- 
dered certain revenues, and Pope Clement 
VII. in 1380 granted an indulgence to all 
the faithful who would give a further help- 
ing hand to the work. 

In 1422-1440 Bishop Leighton reared 
the two western towers, and completed the 
walls ol the nave, and founded the northern 
transept. His successor, Bishop Lindsay. 
1441-1459, paved and roofed the edifice. 
It was glazed by Bishop Spens, 1 459-1 480. 
Bishop Elphinstone, 1 487-1 514, built 
the great central tower and wooden spire, 
provided the great bells, and covered 
the roof of the nave, aisles, and transepts 
with lead. Bishop Dunbar, 1549 — etc., 
built the southern transept, and gave the 
nave the flat ceiling of panelled oak, 
which still remains with its forty-eight 
shields glittering with the arms of the Pope, 
the Emperor, St. Margaret, the Kings and 
Princes of Christendom, the Bishops and 
Earls of Scotland. 

In 1577 Bishop Gordon consigned to the 
Canons a portion of the cathedral plate, 
jewels, and vestments, of which an inven- 
tory is given in Hay' s Scotia Sacra, 

The cathedral, which was nearly 200 
years building, was in the year 1580 de- 
faced by Baron Mernes, and some towns- 
men of Aberdeen, having already demol- 
ished the monasteries of the Black and 
Grey Friars, fell to rob the cathedral, 
which they spoiled of all its costly orna- 
ments and jewels, and demolished the 
chancel ; they shipped the lead, bells, and 
utensils, intending to expose them for sale 
in Holland, ''but all their ill-gotten wealth 
sunk (by the judgment of God) not far 
from Girdleness. ' ' The body of the cathe- 
dral was preserved from utter ruin by the 



Earl of Huntly, who (in 1660) repaired the 
structure, and covered it with slates. 

The choir seems never to have been fin- 
ished, and of the transepts only the found- 
ations remain. The nave is nearly perfect, 
and its western front — with two lofty spires, 
built of native granite — is stately in the 
severe symmetry of its simple design. 

Behind the cathedral, standing in a lane, 
is a building known as SL Machar' s Cot- 
tage ; and at Ferryhill, now Aberdeen, 
there is an institution called Old Machar's 
Poor-house.^ 
Another notice of St, Machar, 

St. Machar, Bishop and Confessor, No- 
vember 12th ; also called Mochumma and 
Mauritius. 

It was not at all uncommon for Irish 
Saints to take classical names, and there 
is nothing startling in the fact that St. 
Machar was also called Mauritius. His 
father was Fiachna-Fionnchata an Irish 
chieftain, and his mother Finchoemia. He 
was baptized by St. Colman, who named 
him Mochumma. He early exhibited the 
signs of sanctity, and a pretty scene of 
angels singing around the cradle of the 
holy infant is described. After recalling 
life to his younger brother, who, being 
placed in his bed, was warmed by the 
touch of his flesh, despising the govern- 
ment of his clan, he was handed over to 
the instruction of St. Columba, who sent 
him to preach the gospel on an island call- 
ed Mura. (Here follow injunctions to found 
a church, at the mouth of the Don.) He 
is the Tochaima — mocurjir — cetea of St, 
Columba's family. St. Columba took him 
to Rome, where he was honorably received 
by Pope Gregory, who gave him the name 
of Mauritius, and postulated him for the 
vacant see of Tours. Sanctum virumgignit 
IbemiUy educavit ilium Albania^ cujus cor- 
pus in reverencia Turorensis tenet ecclesia. 

The martyrolog}'^ of Aberdeen, at this 
date, calls him Archbishop of Tours. Re. 

1 Transactions of the Spalding Club, and 
Black's Guide to Scotland. 



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26 



APPENDIX D. 



turning from Italy St. Columba and his com- 
panious turned aside to that city, where they 
were then in search of the remains of St. Mar- 
tin. On being asked to discover them by 
prayer, the saint consented, if he might 
have anything that was found on the 
body (Reeves' Adamna, p. 324). This 
proved to be a missal which the inhabit- 
ants grudged, and only consented to part 
with It if Mauritius was made their bishop. 
This was done, and he accordingly pre- 
sided over them for three years and a half. 
Then came the long waited for day of his 
dissolution, when, visited from heaven by 
St. Martin, and from lona by St. Colum- 



ba, and by the adorable Son of God Him- 
self, surrounded by the heavenly host of 
Apostles and blessed spirits, in the presence 
of his convent, amidst the sounds of celes- 
tial harmony, he went to his reward. 
(^Colgan-Tria Thaum, pp. 4^ a, 4.^6 b; 
also p 391), There is a metrical life of St. 
Machar in the library of Cambridge Uni- 
versity supposed to have been composed by 
Barbour in his extreme old age. Near Kild- 
rummie is a place called Machar's Hough, 
and in Aberdeen there are two parishes of 
that name. — Kalendars of Scottish Saints, 
by Dr. Forbes, Bishop of Brechin. 



APPENDIX D. 




|iQi) ICARDUS DEI GRACIA, Rex 
"^^ Angliae et Franciae, Dominus Hi- 
bemiae. Dux Aquitainae, &c. Om- 
nibus ballivis et fidelibus suis in 
Hibemia salutem. Sciatis quod de gratia 
nostra speciali et pro melioratione pacis 
nostri partium commitis Kylkennensis 
concessimus et licentiam dedimus Almar- 
ico Grace Baroni de Grace quod ipse 
Tibinam filiam O'Meaghir Hibemiae suae 
nationis capatanei ducere possit in uxorem 
quibuscumque statutis ordinationibus in- 
hibitionibus aut proclamationibus inde ante 
haec tempora factis non obstantibus. 
Nolentes quod praedictus Almaricus Baro 
de Grace aut haeredes sui ratione per- 
missorum per nos vel haeredes nostros seu 
magistros qucscumque futuris temporibus 
occasionentur molestentur in aliquo seu 
graventur. In cujus &c. Teste profato 
locum tenente apud Trymm xiii. die 
Decembris per petitionem de consilio. 

Rot C. L. 46 Edward III. 



Herv^ de Monte Marisco, or de 
Montmorency, married in despite of a 
statute law, which rendered it felony in an 
Anglo-Norman subject to intermarry with 
the Melesian Irish, Ownia (Winifrede), 
daughter of O' Meagher of Templemore, 
dynast of Ikerrin, and by her acquired the 
lordship of Ikerrin, etc., etc. His son 
and successor. Sir Janies Morres (anno, 
1649), was the first to adopt the shorter 
name, and the family thenceforth became 
thoroughly Irish ; intermarried with 
O'Ryans, O' Mores, Magans, Callans, and 
Clancys, sided with the Stuarls ; fought at 
Aughrim and the Boyne, and subsequently 
with the Irish Brigades on the Continent. 
They eventually succeeded in saving a 
portion of their possessions, and are now 
represented by Vicount Mount Morres of 
Castle Morres Co., Kilkenny. — Burke's 
Peerage^ 1842. 



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APPENDIX E. 



27" 



APPENDIX E. 



locc -0011 lebatir^ Rorr Btionj a cwcli 
.I|. q&chacl| ^tnaii, 7 peapra 60 Seoii 
^anx>au|t, tiTDeny t>o tnuinx)f:7i\ pis 
Saiaii DO raccaib Saia la veile ^icfijl, 
7 t>o fjblais niojian t>o npraib iij DOtnu- 
m, tna|i ara ^t\ ppaitisc 7 .at) altqaTil» 
7 af|rrlj3er> arTJH co h jaitufaletn : 7 
ciD b£ li bUD ail r>ol D^ecliaiTi ai) ci|ie 
rm an r^n cup C03 C|ii|x ^a popui 
fein h) ttian rj]! cai|ii)5e|tn 7 t>o tri- 
blai3 '^^ choraib fiaetnt:a ipejij 1i), 7 cotj- 
Defifia mopan ret)tt)o|ia 7 cecarrcc t>a 

popui innTn, 7 con *o3 <* inach^in 7 hi 

rein 'oo bpec 7 do aDlacaf) jf)i)«l ; 7 
ttiap a Dubaipc r« cu|i hi ipein iij n^ 
lUDaise ; ap roi| ipebur an ropas rm 
rue ati cip, 7 ap rot| qaeiticachc aq o 
DO rribla?3 h), 7 x>o ro3 a p4ir "do 
^a3bail a poqsc cepc tneD6it| an do- 

ni^in m nj^pwr^tetn, mnur cotnaD sap 

d4 r3^^^)t> 7 T)a cii6)Ditn pocb^^W ^T 

an inf t) nn r aju 7 rj^t** buDDear 7 but 
tuaiD ; 7 ir ^nn ^>o chu)|i r^ an rpniar« 

naetn Docuin a aprcal Doinn^cl) Cins- 
ciDifi* 7 "oo diuTfi ipo cecfiib hajpDib an 
Doinajn Wc DO crilaD cjieiDitn 7 c^iabaD 
•DO cliin«x)a;b an ^oinajn » 7 cjd bS le 
Bud a)l a, tir ^o b«m aiso mc rlJS^D 
buD rejip DO Dul ar each *ip co h j^p- 
fiuratetn 7 na locc n^^tnia acait) n^ 
citnciii, )nt>Mrar6 Bnsin mac 4)jati- 
tnaca mic 4>otnnaiii tnjc T^insm «wc 
4)ia|iinat;a mo'in f|} «0at3athn^ hi* 6j|i 
irr* t)o chujji an lebupr^ ^ beplai 7 ^ 
Ui)Djn> 4 3T*«n5o 7 a habfia a n3^wH3«t 
DO DTMlaD n^ rll36Da an tnuip 7 ap 
tJip CO hi^puraletni iDa sac aen le buD 
nwan x>ol Da oUir|i) annt 7 co rpw* 

Opiiiannaint 7 co rUab rioin* 7 cacJj 
ri)3*'o no s^b^fT rcon orin ainach, 7 'oo 
in^JT^n each msnat) do conn^^pcc re^on 

ap Daeinib 7 ap rypchdib an x>0Tnajn a 
co)cchinQ6; 7 t>ob I do\x an Cj3cpn<* 
an tan 'oo pniDi rcon a eacht:pa 1. tnili 
bliaDan 7 rp; ceD, xiiw bljaDna. a 
^oir m ^narh do cujp F^nsm ^ n5<»o)^ 
*)l3c ro T>eipeD hi .1- tn^J cccc. Ufx. n*, 
btiaDna; 7 ^o b) r«on cejrp) bljaDna' 
.X. ap .XX- ic cuaprusaD an "ooinajn ; 7 



ap nwpoD to DO pojtn x>o DajnsqfD in 
papa a leabap. 

)r jacD fo 4a cYsepnaDa do bj or 
cjnn 3^ojDeijn uaip do cwp Fins;n xo 

•^. n3^or6rt3c'.|. CaDh3 "l^c <t)otnn^lU 
ojcc inic CajD3c n^ inajnjrtjpech tn;c 
4)otnnani oJcc mn^ «Oac Caprhais in6pr. 
7 thapmajt: njac CajDSc inic athlajB 
jna -h. cSulabajn Benpe, 7 43onnch^'D 
inac 4)japtnaca nijc t^oinn^Jll "IJC l^jn- 
3Jn. 7 4)oinnall cona tnbpaicpjb, ox C)n» 

•h- nftchach; 7 Coptnac tnac 4>onn* 

chaDa injc <Doinna)ll piabais orc)r\xs .\\. 
Cajpppe; 7 43)aptna)t; tnac 4)otnn^in 
piaBa;5 ana tnac Capcljais Cajpppech; 

7 ttotnhn^H tnac ^Dotnhn^iU tnic ©otn-^ 
najll cluaraj3h or ann crlechra <D)ap. 
tnaDa pethurp ; 7 Fms^n m^c «l)ejc Con 
tnejc «t)jc Con thjc Fjn3e;n jn^ ejDep- 
rceojl tnfip ; 7 Coptnac tnac Car63 tnic 
Coptnajc or cnin ^urspaiDi; 7 4)onn- 
chaD 03 tnac Tk>ippDealbai3 tnic Bpiain; 

tnic ^at:h3^ttin^ mna ^h. Bpwn; 7 6npi 

tnac 6o3ajn tnic Nejll 0J3 )r\A .\\. Nejll, 
7 rpen rpeana Cons^il as Conn tn^c 
aeDa buro; tn;c Bpjain Ballads, 7 Dep- 
bparhajp a ach^P in^ -h- Nejll bu'jD?; 7 
aeD RuaD tnac Nejll saipb tnic Coipp- 
x)elbaiS an 'Fma ma \ ttotnn^JU; 7> 
tjpen Tchcaip Conn^chc ajsci; 7 Ferolmi 
tnac T:^)ppDelbai3 tqjc SdDa tnjc Coipp-^ 
Delba)3 ^r\A \ Concubajp; 7 raDSC 
caoch tn^ c Uilljatn jCellajj ma \ 
Cellai3; 7 Ujlljam m^c SeDa tnic Bpiam 
ina asajD Don raob ca;p do fucca ; 7 
6o3an mac a}upchaDa hi OjaDUsam 

an rrii nanmch^t>a ; 7 sOupchaD mac 

a}u)pcepDat3 m)c <DonnchaDa Caema* 
najD n4 pj3 ap laisn*; 7 Carhajp tnac 
Cuinn mjc an Calbajs ap )b\\ Concubaip ? 
7 t:aDC tnac lajsen m)c piiaiDpi m^ h.' 
^mn; 7 Sean mac a)haoipudnai3h mjc 
CajDSc micCajDSC n^'pJS ^P '6jljb; 
7 3)ii4 na naotnh mac CaiDs mic Sj^u 
na naotnh ap )b tQeachap ; er alj) m«lci' 

^n 6ipmn o runn amach nach p;m^^pi 
Ap t)aj3 chuimne. 



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•28 



APPENDIX E. 




^HE place of this book is Ross- 
Broin in the territory of Ui- 
Echach-Mumham and the per- 
son (/. e, author) of it, John 
Mandavil, a knight of the people of the 
king of the Saxons, who left Saxonland 
on Michaelmas day, and traversed many 
of the lands of the world, as France and 
Germany, and the way from thence to 
Jerusalem. And, whoever has a desire to 
go and see that land,* because Christ had 
selected it for His own people as a Land 
of Promise, and traversed it with His own 
Holy feet, and uttered many sermons and 
instructions to His people in it, and chose 
that His mother and Himself should be 
born and interred in it, and as He said 
that He Himself was King of the Jews — 
or because of the excellence of the pro- 
duce the land furnished, and the holiness 
of Him who traversed it, and who chose 
to receive His passion in the very central 
point of the world — in Jerusalem — so that 
it might be convenient for His fame and 
His faith ^ to reach from that place east- 
wards, and westwards, southwards and 
northwards. And it was in it that He sent 
the Holy Spirit to His Apostles on Pente- 
cost-Sunday, and sent them to the four 
quarters of the world, to sow the seed of 
faith and devotion in the tribes of the 
world ; — and whosoever would wish to 
know the best way to go from every 
•country to Jerusalem, and to the Holy 
places that are around it, Finghin, son of 
Diarmait, son ofDomhnall, son of Finghin, 
son of Diarmait Mor 0*Mathgamhna 
'(O'Mahony) will tell it ; for it was he that 
put this book from English, and from 
l^atin, from Greek, and from Hebrew, 
"into Irish, to show the ways on sea and on 
land to Jerusalem, to every one who may 
wish to go in pilgrimage thither, and to 
the river Orrthannan (/, e. the Jordan), 
and Mount Zion ; and (to describe) every 
way that John* proceeded from that out ; 
and to relate every prodigy that John saw 

1 The Holy Land. 

* That is faith in Him, or His religion. 

8 1. tf., Sir John Mandeville. 



amongst the peoples and countries of the 
world in general. And the age of the 
Lord when John made his journey was 
one thousand years, and three hundred 
and thirty- two years. His age,* when 
Finghin put it ultimately into Irish was 
one thousand, four hundred and seventy- 
two years. And John was thirty-four 
years visiting the world, and on his return 
to Rome the Pope confirmed his book. 

** These are the Lords who were over 
the Gaedhel when Finghin put this into 
Irish, viz.; — Tadhg,® son of Domhnall 
og, son of Tadhg of the monastery, son of 
Domhnall og, as MacCarthaigh Mor ; and 
Diarmaid, son of Tadhg, son of Amhlabh, 
was the O* Sullivan Berre ; and Donn- 
chadh, son of Diarmaid, son .of Domhnall, 
son of Finghin, and Domhnall, with their 
brothers, over Ui-Echach ; and Cormac, ® 
son of Donnchadh, son of Domhnall Riab- 
hach, over Ui-Cairbre ; and Diarmaid, son 
of Domhnall Riabhach, as the MacCarth- 
aigh Cairbrech ; and Domhnall, son of 
Domhnall, son of Domhnall Clussach over 
Slicht-Diarmada-Remhair "^ ; and Finghin, 
son of Mac Con, son of Mac Con, son of 
Finghin, as 0*Edirsceoil(0'Driscol) Mor; 
and Cormac, son of Tadhg,* son of Cor- 
mac, over Musgraidhe ; and Donnchadh 
og, son of Torrdealbach, son of Brian, son 
of Mathgamhain, as the O'Brien; and 
Henry, son of Eoghan, son of Niall og, as 
the O'Neill ; and the power of Tir- 
Conghail ® was with Conn, son of Aedh 
Buidhe, son of Brian Ballagh ; and the 
brother of his father was the O'Neill 
Buidhe ; and Aedh Ruadh, son of Niall 
Garbh, son of Torrdelbach-an-fhina, was 
the O'Donnell, (and he had the power of 

* i. e.^ Our Lord's age, or the era of a. d. 

6 This was Tadhg, called Liath, or the grey. 
See **Life and Letters of Florence MacCartny," 
by Daniel MacCarthy, p. 452. 

6 See 4 M. 1477, and ** Life of Florence Mac- 
Carthy,** p. 453. 

7 "The descendants of Diarmait Remhair,'* 
or the Fat. 

8 Slain 1495, 4 M. 

• A name for the district of Clanaboy, or in- 
heritance of Clann-Aedha-buidhe. 



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APPENDIX R 



29* 



lower Connacht) ; and Feidhlim, son of 
Torrdelbach, son of Aedh, son of Torr- 
delbach, was the O'Concobhair ; and 
Tadhg Caoch, son of William OXellaigb, 
was the O'Cellaigh ; and William, ^^ son of 
Aedh, son of Brian, was opposed to him 
on the eastern side of the Succ ; and 
Eoghan " son of Murchadh'O'Madughain 
(O^Madden) was over Sil-Anmchada ; 
and Murchadh, son of Muirchertach, son 
of Donnchadh Caemhanach, was king 

w See Geneal. Table, No. 32, in O'Donovan's 
'• Hy Many," p. 96. 
" Ibid,, No. 31. 



over Leinster ; and Cathair, son of Conn,, 
son of the Calbach (the Bald) over the 
Ui-Conchobhair^ ; and Tadhg, son of 
Laighen, son of Ruaidhri, was the O* Duinn ; 
and John, son of Maolriianaigh, son of 
Tadhe, son of Tadhg, was king over the 
Eile ^ \ and Gilla-na-naemh, son of Tadhg, 
son of Gilla-na-naemh, over the Ui-Mea- 
chair ; et alii multi in Erinn from that 
time forth, who are not reckoned for com- 
memoration. 

12 That is, the O'Connor Failghe. 
18 That is, the Eile O'CarroU.. 



APPENDIX F. 



PAPAL BRIEF. 

INNOCENTIUS P. P. VIII, 

Anno 1492. DCCCXC. 

Episcopo Corcagensi et Clonensi dantur con- 
servatores contra nobiles quosdam bona ipsius 
episcopatus invadentes. Secret. Tom., IX, 
fol. 178. 

jl[ NNOCENTius Episcopus, etc.ad futuram 
I rei memoriam. . Exigit protervorum 
^ plectenda rebellio ut hiis qui iuribus, 
literis, provisionibus et mandatis apos- 
tolicis, ac Cathedralium ecclesiarum Prelatis 
parere negligunt, illisque temere obviare non 
expavent, suorum penas sentiant delicto- 
rum, ne fortassis eorum impunitas audaciam 
ceteris tribuat delinquendi, et ut ipsi, ad 
cor reversi, viis obliquis relictis, ad viam 
et ostium redeant veritatis. Dudum siqui- 
dem Corcagensi et Clonensi ecclesiis 
invicem canonice unitis, tunc certis modis 
vacantibus, nos illis sic vacantibus, et 
antea ordinationi et dispositioni apostolice 
reservatis de persona Venerabilis 
fratris nostri Thadei Episcopi Corcagensis 
et Clonensis, nobis et fratribus nostris 
ob suorum exigentiam meritorum accepti, 
de fratrum eorundem consilio, apostolic^ 
duximus auctoritate providendum pro- 
ficiendo cum illis in Episcopum et 
pastorem, ac curam et administrationem 
dictarum ecclesiarum sibi in spiritualibus 



et temporalibus plenarie committendo, 
prout in xiostris inde confectis litteris. 
plenius continetur. Cum autem sicut 
non absque gravi animi displicentia ac- 
cepimus, nonnuUi iniquitatis filii, videlicet 
Mauricius Comes de Simonia, ac Willel- 
mus Barri, ac Edmundus de Gerardimis et 
communitas civitatis Corcagiae, necnon 
universitas Yoghylliae Clonensis diocesis 
ipsorumque Comitis et Willemni ac Ed- 
mundi fratres, eorumque ac ci\dtatis et 
universitatis predictorum subditi, necnon 
Philippus Oronayn clericus Corcagensis 
diocesis, ac alii ipsorum fautores, adher- 
enles, complices et sequaces, tam ecclesias- 
tici quam laici, quorum nomina et cog- 
nomina presentibus haberi volumus pro 
expressis, a quorum occulis Dei timor 
abscessit, nescitur quo spiritu ducti, ipsum 
Thadeum Episcopum, quo minus posses- 
sionem regiminis et administrationis ac 
bonorum dictarum ecclesiarum assequi 
potuerit atque possit, muhipliciter moles- 
tare et perturbare, Dei tinK)re postposito, 
non cessaverint, quinimo res et bona, 
ac fructus, reditus et proventus dic- 
tarum ecclesiarum occupare, et in suos 
damnabiles usus convertere non fbrmidant, 
in animarum suarum periculum, ac sanctae^ 
sedis . apostolicae contemptum et vilipen- 
dium, dictique Thadei Episcopi preiudi- 



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APPENDIX R 



dum et detrimentum, pemiciosum quoque 
^xemplum et scandalum plurimorum. Nos 
dicti Thadei Episcopi indemnitatibus, prout 
nostro incumbit omcio quantum cum deo 
possumus, oportune providere volentes, 
motu proprio, non ad ipsius Thadei Epis- 
-copi vel alterius pro eo nobis super hac 
oblata petitione instantiam, sed de nostra 
mera deliberatione, et ex certa scientia 
equitate et justitia id nobis suadentibus, 
Mauricium, Willelmum, Edmundum, ali- 
osque supradictos, necnon quoscumque 
&utores, adherentes, complices et sequaces, 
•omnesque alios et singulos, ipsum 
Thadeum Episcopum, eiusque procura- 
tores respective, impedientes, molestatores, 
pertubatores, Capitula dictarum eclesi- 
arum, clerum et populum, civitatum et 
diocesum predictarum censuarios debi- 
tores, vassalos, colonos et subditos, ac 
laboratores bonorum dictarum ecdesi- 
arum, et quosvis alios qui super premissis 
vel aliquo ipsorum se intromittere, ac 
contra dictum Thadeum Episcopum 
iacere, adhaerere, ac consilium auxilium 
vel favorem publice vel occulte, directe 
-vel indirecte, quovis quaesito colore, 
praestare presumpserint, etc., (ut in simili 
conservatoria pro Episcopo Ardfertensi). 

Datum Rome, apud S. Petrum, Anno, 
•etc. MCCCCXCII, XV Kal. Augusti, 
Pontificatus nostri anno octavo. 

Vetera Monumenta Hibemorum et 
Scotorum Historiam Illustrantia quae ex 
Vaticani, Neapolis ac Florentiae Tabul- 
ariis Deprompsit, et ordine chronologico 
Disposuit. 

AUGUSTtNUS ThEINER, 

Romae Typis Vaticanis. 1864. 



IL BEATO TADDEO VESCOVO 
IRLANDESE. 

Ear Vescovo d'lvrea S. Veremondo, 
quando Tanno 1005 venne fondato, 
probabilmente da S. Bernardo di 
Mentone, un Ospizio da servire di 
ricovero ai pellegrini, che erano di pas- 
saggio nd venire dalla Francia o dalla 



Germania; ivi avevano vitto e alloggia in 
numero di ventuno, donde T Ospizio era 
detto de VissaH Viginti uno, — ^Era questo 
situato suir antica via d'Aosta (dov' ^ ora 
la chiesa di S. Antonio) Nell'assedio dagli 
Spagnuoli posto alia CittiL, drca Tanno 
1546, fu diroccato unitamente al Convento 
dei Padri Predicatori. 

In quest' Ospizio, ndl'anno 1492, passd 
ad immortale vita U B. Taddeo, Vescovo 
in Irlanda, del quale abbiamo raccolti 
questi brevi cenni. 

II B. Taddeo, ddla regia stirpe deMagher 
nacque nd Castello Clovinense ndl' Irlanda 
e fu probabilmente Arcivescovo di Cork. — 
Ndla seconda m^ta dd secolo XV, la 
potest^ laica di qud regno cercava togliere 
alia Chiesa Cattolica le immunity, e perch^ 
trovava forte resistenza nei Vescovi, zelanti 
nel difendere i diritti della Chiesa, li mol- 
estava con dure violenze, e alcuni costrin- 
geva cercare nell'esilio la pace che non po- 
tevano avere nelle loro Diocesi ; fra questi 
fii il B. Taddeo, il quale incamminato alia 
volta di Roma, la citt^ di rifugio dei Ves- 
covi perseguitati, pass6 da solo per Ivrea, 
e, la notte dd 23 Ottobre 1492, fu ricov- 
erato quale incognito pellegrino ndl' Os- 
pizio de Viginti uno, — Era egli affranto 
dalle fatiche del lungo e difficile viaggio 
fatto per il Gran S. Bernardo, gia coperto 
di neve. — La notte seguente gli astanti vi- 
dero una gran luce, che circondava il letto 
dove il Santo prendeva riposo, e tutti 
sbigottiti, credendo quelle flamme fossero 
effetto di un incendio, corsero per esting- 
uerlo ; ma con loro sorpresa s'awidero 
essere quella uno pura luce che non abbruc- 
iava, e che quel pellegrino, spirante aria 
di paradiso, era allor allora morto. 

Nd mattino i Rettori dello Spedale fur- 
ono soUeciti di riferire a Mgr. Garigliatti 
il prodigioso avvenimento ; questi tosta- 
mente si reed air Ospizio, ed esaminatecon 
diligenza le carte, che seco lui aveva por- 
tato nd viaggio, si venne a conoscere il de- 
funto Pdlegrino essere insignito della Pon- 
tificale dignitiL — Con meraviglia dd Ves- 
covo e degli astanti, si pens6 subito ad on- 
orifica e conveniente sepoltura. —II Vescovo 



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APPENDIX F. 



31 



4C0I Capitolo ed il Oero, ed accompap^nato 
da tutti gli Ordini cittadini, processional- 
mente recossi all'Ospedale» donde levato 
il corpo del Beato» iatto vestire pontifical- 
mente dallo stesso Vescovo, al suono di 
tutte le campane della citH, con religiosa 
pompa lo trasferi alia sua Cattedrale, dove 
gli iiirono cantate solenni esequie. 

Pel fatto della luce straordinaria apparsa 
siel momento del suo decesso, e di alcune 
prodigiose p^uarigioni awenute nello stesso 
di, si giudico conveniente deporlo nella 
fitessa Cattedrale ed all'altare di S, Andrea, 
dov' era riSt il corpo di Sant* Eusebio 
Vescovo alvrea, apponendovi questa is- 
crizione : Cava S. EuseHi Ep. et sepul- 
xhrum S. ThadmEp. Hibemias et Mart. — 
II titolo di Martire gli fu dato appunto per 
i patimenti sostenud in difesa dei diritti 
della Chiesa, e perch^ morto nell'esilio in 
tanta poverty. 

Nell'occasione della Visita Pastorale di 
Mgr. Michele Vittorio De Villa, ad di 22 
Agosto 1742, fii aperto il sepolcro, dov'er- 
.ano i corpi di Santo Eusebio e del B. Tad- 
deo, e fu trovato questo tutto intiero con 
abito di colore violaceo e rochetto coUa 
barba bianchiccia caduta sul petto, e coll' 
.anello in dito. — Ripostolo quindi in altra 
<cassa fu trasferito nel Sacrario delle reliquie 
che sta sotto Taltare maggiore della Catte- 
drale. — II Vescovo voile avere a s^ Tanello, 
per religiosa memoria del Beato. 

Di questo Vescovo si leggono in un'an- 
tica pergamena questi distici : — 

Marmoreis tumulis hoc templo Virginis 
almae 
Corpora Sanctorum plura sepulta jacent. 
Martyris hicBessi, TheguliSanctiqueSabini 
Atque Veremundi molliter ossa cubent. 
Inde Thaddeus adest quern misit Hibemia, 
Praesul, 
Sospite hue venit saepe petita salus. 
Regia progenies, alto de sanguine O'Mach- 
air, 

Quem nostri Genu& nunc Latinique 
vocant. 
Ingemuit moriens quem Hyberno sidere 
cretum 



Non Cariense tenet non Qoviense solum 
Sic vbum superis ; urbs Eporedia ^ corpus 

Templo majori marmore claudit opus. 
Hie jacet Eusebii testutUms ipse sacello, 

Pauperiem Christi divitis inde tulit, 
Hunc darum reddunt miracula sancta, 
beatus 
Exstat, et in toto didtur orbe plus. 
Hue quicumque venis Divum venerare 
Thaddeum, 
Votaque £lc predbus, dicque Viator, 
Ave. 
Annos miUe quatercentum tunc Orbis 
agebat, 
Nonaginta dein, postmodo junge duos. 

'Neath marble tomb, in this the Virgin's shrine 

The bones of many a saint in peace recline, 
Here martyred, Thaddeus there, from Erin's 
shore he came, 

A bishop of O'Meachair's royal name. 
At whose behest were wondrous cures ott made. 

We Latins in Genoa now mvoke his aid. 
Dying, he mourn'd that not on Irish soil. 

Where sped his youth, should close his earthly 
toil; 
Not Dcenin, not Cloyne, but Ivrea owns 

(For God so willed) the saintly bishop's 
bones. 
'Tis meet that they, in marble shrine encased, . 

Should be within the great cathedral placed. 
Like Christ, whose tomb was for another made. 

He in Eusebius' cenotaph is laid. 
Soon sacred prodigies his power attest. 

O ye who hither come, our saint assail 
With prayers and votive gifts ; nor traveller fail 

To greet with reverence the holy dead. 
Since Christ was born a thousand years have fled; 

Four hundred then, and ninety-two beside. 
Had pass'd away when St Thaddeus died. 

(Thb admirable translation is from the pen 
of a young student in the College of Maynooth.) 

E negli Atti ddla Visita Apostolica del 
1585, ddrAltare di Sant' Eusebio nella 
Cattedrale si legge ; In cuius mensa quies- 
cuni ossa B, Tkadai, olim Ep. Hybemia, 
qui decessU in HospUali pauperum^ et D. 

1 L'Eporediese Ivrea. 

Ivrea is the capital of the Piedmontese prov- 
ince of that name, and it is most picturesquely 
situated at the foot of the Alps. It is one of the 
first Italian towns which the traveller meets 
after crossing Mount St Bernard, on his way 
towards Novara or Vercelli. 



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APPENDIX G. 



O. M. corpus suunt mulHs miraculis de- 
coravii, qtuB facta fuerunt de anno 1492,^ 

2 Del B. Taddeo si fa menzione nel Dizion- 
ario del Casalis, Art. Ivrea. Nell' Opera Am- 
madversianes del Dejordanis, page 175. Nella 
Storia del Benvenuti, lib. vi., cap. ii., 8, 9, 10. 
Nelle vite dei Santi, Beati che illustrarono 
questa Diocesi. 



A Dublino, in Irlanda, esiste tuttora la 
famiglia, alia quale apparteneva il B. Tad- 
deo, ed il nobile Casimiro O 'Meagher, con 
lettera 1° Maggio, chiedeva appunto no- 
tizie religiose del Reliquario e dell'Altare 
dedicato al Beato Taddeo. 



IDENTURA facta septimo die Augusti, 
Anno Regni Regis Henrici Octavi 
xxxi., inter illustrissimum ac poten- 
tissimun predictum Regem Henricum 
Octavum Angliae et Franciae regem 
fidei defensorem, et Dominum Hiber- 
niae, in terra supremun caput eccle- 
siae Anglicanae et Hibemicanae ex 
una parte ; et Gillernowe O'Maghir capi- 
taneum sui nacionis ex altera parte ; testa- 
tur quod predictus Dns rex accepit pre- 
dictum Gillernowe O'Maghir esse fidelem 
subditum suum. Et predictus Gillernowe 
O'Maghir convenit concessit et per pre- 
sentes se obligat heredes et successores 
• suos capitaneos patriae predictae eidem 
Dno Regi heredibus et successoribus suis 
regibus Angliae solvere eidem Dno Regi 
heredibus et suis successoribus duodecim 
denarios legalis monetae Hiberniae de 
qualibet carrucata terrae infra patriam et 
dominium suum de Huikyryne. Soluen- 
dum eidem Dno Regi heredibus et suc- 
cessoribus suis annuatim ad festam Pas-* 
chae. Et ulterius predictus Gillernowe 
O'Maghir convenit et concessit et per 
presentes se obligat heredes et successores 
suos capitaneos patriae predictae eidem 
Dno Regi heredibus et successoribus suis 
regibus Angliae quandocumque et quoties- 
cumque contingat commune viagium vocata 
a generall hosting fieri Per locum . tenen . 
sive Deputat .pro tempore .existen . suos 
inimicos aut rebellatores Domini regis infra 
hanc terram Hiberniae aut su.eoru.aliquos, 
quod tunc predictus Gillernowe O'Maghir 
heredes et successores sui capitanei patriae 
predictae ducent in auxilium Domini Regis 
sive heredu . et successoru . suorum diet . 



APPENDIX G. 

7 Aug., xxxi. H. VIII. 



locum tenent.sive Deputat. viginti eques- 
tres et quadragint.turbarios bene armatos 
modo guerrino secundum modum patriae 
servire dicto Domino Regi heredibus et 
successoribus suis regibus Angliae, per 
spacium quadraginta dieru.cum victualli- 
bus pro eisdem sumptibus et expensis suis 
propriis. Et etiam predictus Gillernowe 
O'Maghir convenit et concessit, et per 
presentes se obligat heredes et successores 
suos capitaneos patriae predictae eidem 
Dno regi heredibus et successoribus suis 
Regibus Angliae, quand ocfiqlocum tenens 
sive Deputat. predict. Dni regis pro tem- 
pore existens veniet prope fines patriae pre- 
dict . O' Maghyr, quod tunc Gillernowe 
O' Maghyr obviavit predict . locum tenen- 
tem sive Deputat. cum predict, tota potencia 
dictae patriae suae cum victual . trium 
dierum pro eisdem sumptibus et ex- 
pensis suis propriis, servire eidem Dno 
Regi heredibus et successoribus suis. Et 
ulterius predictus Gillernowe O' Maghyr 
capitan . patriae predictae concessit quod 
ipse et quilibet eoru . qui erunt capitanei 
dictae patriae facient suam sufficientem et 
planam yiam in et P . totam patriam suam 
pro faciliori passagio Regis curru.et alioru. 
suoru . instrument . belHcoru . ad hominem 
dicti Dni regis quandocumque et quoties- 
cumque predict . capitanei patriae predic- 
tae seu eorum aliquis ad hoc requisit . 
fuerint aut per diet . locum tenet . sive 
Deputat . pro tempore existent. 

In cujus rei testimonium huic parti meae 
Indenturae remanent. in custodia Dni regis 
in Cancellaria Hiberniae sua sigillum 
meum apposui Die et Anno Supradictis. — 
Carew MSS., voL 603, p. 109. 



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APPENDIX H. 



tt 



APPENDIX H. 



J 1 ANTS or warrants to the Court of 

Chancery for grants under the Great 

Seal — so called from their usually 

commencing with the words Fiant 

literm paienies — extend from the 12th 

year of Henry VIII. to the present time. 

These State papers, numbering over 
1,300, treat of pardons, attainders, char- 
ters, grants of English liberty, martial 
law, livery, marriage wardships, leases of 
church estates, ecclesiastical commissions, 
tithe com, and tithe turf. Licenses to tan 
leather and sell aquavitae, &c., &c. ; and 
under all these heads the fiants present a 
striking picture of the mode in which the 
concerns of Ireland were administered by 
its English rulers some 300 years ago. 
They show how entirely the English deal- 
ing with the country was based on the 
principle of conquest, and in what thral- 
dom the natives were kept, and long be- 
fore the Penal laws had become the domi- 
nant element of the Constitution. The 
pardons are the most numerous of the 
entries. They were, of course, the con- 
veyance of forgiveness by the Crown to 
those that had been opposing the English 
enemy ; they were conditioned ^ with se- 

iThe conditions annexed to the pardons 
were various. Here is one. ** Provided that if 
any of those persons be of the Nation or Sept of 
the O'Meaghers, who were proclaimed traitors 
and rebels, the pardon to be of no effect in 
fe vour of such . " H ere is another. * ' Provided 
that they shall personally appear and submit 
themselves before the Queen*s Conunissioners 
or Keepers of the Peace in the county in which 
they live at the next or second Sessions after 
pardon, and shall then be sufficiently bound 
with convenient sureties to keep the peace and 
answer in all Sessions when called to satisfy the 
demands of the Queen's subjects accordine to 
justice. The pardon not to include murder, 
hearing of mass ; nor to extend to any person 
in prison or bound for appearance ; nor to any 
Jesuit seminary or mass pnest.'' 



curities and fines and resembled the tickets 
of leave of the present day. If their 
countless number indicates on the one 
hand the universality of the hatred and 
resistance of the natives to the invaders, it 
no less indicates on the other hand the 
spread of the*foreign power and the sub- 
mission of the ravaged and defenceless 
people. 

The submission is also shown by the 
grants of English liberty which were in 
effect permissions to the grantees to be- 
come Englishmen instead of being Irish- 
men, and to have the benefit of the laws 
that were made for the benefit of Aliens. 
The grants of livery and marriage ward- 
ships point to one of the most potent 
engines of legalized oppression that Eng- 
land ever set at work in Ireland. * * Livery, ' ' 
or delivery, means allowing the rightful 
heir to succeed to his inheritance, but this 
right was in no sense to be awarded to an 
Irishman without the sanction of the Court 
of Wards and Liveries, and until he had 
feed and satisfied the officers of that court. 
The whole property of the country was, 
so to say, placed at the disposal of the 
court, and the remorseless proselytizing 
and worrying use that the court made of 
its powers is notorious. It was the same 
in reference to the marriage wardships, 
and these grants were issued in the case of 
minors to favourites and others who paid 
fines for the usufruct of the officer. It is 
easy to imagine the frauds and cruelties 
that were ** lawfully*' perpetrated under 
this iniquitous legislation. Nothing is 
more sickening than the perpetual licenses 
to English captains to execute martial law 
in the several counties and districts, and 
to punish the native^ with **fire and 
sword.** 



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34 



APPENDIX L 



APPENDIX I. 



A CONCISE RELATION ABOUT 
IRELAND AND THE THREE 
CLASSES OF IRISHMEN IN IT. 

^N the kingdom of Ireland there are 
three sorts of Irish, viz.: Ancient 
Anglicised, and mixed. 

The ancient Irish are those who 
descend from the Spaniards who, more 
than 2000 years ago, won that kingdom 
from the Greeks, and governed it by just 
and holy laws, aided by the learning and 
sanctity of many holy and learned men, 
and of those who sprung from them, until 
such time as the Danes came in, who pill- 
aged and destroyed the temples and uni- 
versities of that island, and introduced 
barbarous and evil customs and tyrannies, 
which were soon followed by crimes and 
offences against God on the part of Irish- 
men themselves. A remarkable wicked- 
ness, for instance, was that of Dermod 
O'Morrogh (0*Morjaa) King of Leinster 
(one of the five kingdoms which existed 
in Ireland), who took off the wife of 
O'Ruarc, another great personage of 
(effaced, but no doubt the country is 
meant). 

The principal sovereign of the Island 
(espoused the cause of O'Ruarc, de- 
feated and banished Dermod ; the latter) 
applied to Henry II., King of England, 
who at that time was in France, asking 
for assistance to recover his possessions, 
and Henry gave permission to such of his 
vassab as should desire to volunteer and 
co-operate with him for that object. 

The assisted prince recovered in Ireland 
his own domains and some places besides, 
which having come to the knowledge of 
King Henry, who, moreover, learning 
that the Irish were in dissension among 
themselves, sent an account of the matter 
to Pope Adrian IV., who was of English 
nationality, which account was afHrmed to 
be false, and obtained from his Holiness 
authorization to conquer and collect the 
ecclesiastical revenue which the Apostolic 



See had possessed in Ireland, together 
with the title of Damimis Hibemios, which 
means Lord of Ireland, and to govern and 
maintain justice between the Irish. And 
afterwards when the Kings of England 
abandoned the true Faith, they instituted 
themselves kings of Ireland. 

The English who at first went to Ireland 
with King Dermod, and others who after- 
wards followed them, became divided into 
two classes of people, the noble gentlemen 
and chiefe who entered the country in the 
beginning, married the daughters of the 
ancient Irish (some sentences are here 
effaced in the original manuscript.) 

These families are of the ancient Irish 
blood as nearly as of the English, and in 
language and customs conform for the 
greater part with the ancient ; and these 
are what I call the mixed Irish, sprung as 
they are from Irish and Ei^lish ; such as 
are the Earls of Kildare, Desmond, Clan- 
ricarde, and Tyrone, Viscounts Barry, 
Roche, and others. 

The English who entered Ireland but 
who did not intermarry into ancient Irish 
families, nor ally themselves with them, 
and who did not adopt their language, 
dress, or modes of living, but preserved 
their idiom, customs, and usages as 
English, are denominated Irish Anglicised; 
to this class belong nearly all the merchants 
and tradesmen of all the cities and towns 
of Ireland, as well as some gentlemen 
Hidalgos who live m East Meath near 
Dublin and other parts. 

These three kinds of Irish agree in one 
thing, namely, to be Catholics and sons of 
the Roman Church ; but they differ much 
in their mode of living, as has been already 
said, and in natural inclinations ; and de- 
sire to maintain their princes and the laws 
to which they are accustomed, and each 
class follows its own natural inclination and 
desires to imitate its ancestors. 

And thus the ancient Irish, as des- 
cendants of the Sanaiards, desire to be 
governed by the Kings of Spain from 



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APPENDIX I 



35 



whom they spring ; and they cherish love 
and affection for the Spanish nation, and 
hatred and enmity against their enemies, 
and in acuteness of understanding, and in 
war they imitate them. 

The Anglicised Irish follow the incli- 
nations of the English, and would wish to 
retain the laws and mode of government 
which they have derived from them. And 
if the King of England had only conceded 
to them freedom of conscience, and per- 
mitted them to keep in their houses priests 
to say mass privately and administer, in 
secret, the sacrament, it is probable there 
would not have been in Ireland any change 
of laws, of government, or of King. The 
fact is that, with the exception of some 
ecclesiastical person, nominated by Pope 
Boniface, or of some ecclesiastical revenue, 
the others receive nothing whatever, and 
there never has been any restoration of 
church property, nor public government 
of the church in that kingdom. 

Previously the revenues and lands which 
many of them possessed were taken from 
the church after the Kings of England re- 
fused obedience to it 

The mixed Irish, as they are in blood 
sprung from ancient Irish and English 
women, so they are like them in natural 
inclinations and mode of living ; and the 
fact is that the more noble and eminent 
lihare the inclinations of the ancient Irish ; 
and with all this they follow in practice 
those of the English. 

These three kinds of Irishmen have the 
Slid inclinations so rooted in their nature, 
that in whatever state they live they adhere 
to them, and act conformably to them in 
so far as is permitted by the calling they 
profess. And this not only is true as 
regards men of secular calling, such as 
gentlemen, soldiers, and others, but also 
as regards students, priests, and members 
of the religious orders, and even where 
they have free will and may cease to follow 
these inclinations and adopt contrary ones. 
Thus, it has sometimes been seen that an 
Anglicised Irishman will leave the Angli- 
cised, as in the case of Captain de la Hoyd 



who, though Irish anglicised, fought 
against the English for the King of Spain; 
and, on the other hand, the Earl of Tho- 
mond (Tomandia), though ancient Irish, 
took part with the English. This differ- 
ence pi natural inclination and affection 
was manifested in the late wars which the 
Irish, aided by his Catholic Majesty, 
waged against the English, and in which 
the ancient and the greatest number and 
noblest of the mixed Irish, were on the 
side of the King of Spain ; and the Angli- 
cised, almost all, on that of the King of 
England. 

When peace was made between Spain 
aud England, the persecutions which broke 
out in Ireland against all kinds of Irish, 
without exception of lineage or of persons, 
made it evident to the Anglicised how 
foolishly they had acted in aiding the 
English, and in opposing the others, 
ancient and mixed. They now bitterly 
regret that conduct, and are desirous of 
another occasion in order to make satis- 
faction and serve the King of Spain, to 
which they are the more urged by the 
persecution which they suffer from the 
English ; for if they were not persecuted 
and molested by them, their natural incli- 
nation would be towards the King of Eng- 
land and the English nation. 

And, in order that the advisers and 
ministers of his (Catholic) Majesty, may 
see how well the Irish are capable of serv- 
ing, according to the opportunity offered 
them, there is subjoined a tabular state- 
ment of the names and professions of 
those who have been brought up here 
who know the Spanish language ; and 
who at the present time, serve his 
(Catholic) Majesty in divers parts of his 
dominion. 

Ancient Irish of the Ecclesiastical Profession, 
Don Eugenio Matthew, Archbishop of 
Dublin, the capital of Ireland ; brough up 
and educated in Salamanca by order of his 
Majesty. He is at this moment in Ireland. 
Don Florentio Conorio (Conroy), Arch- 
bishop of Tuam (Tuanica), maintained by 
his Majesty in the States of Flanders. 



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APPENDIX I 



Rev. Father Patricio Colman, formerly 
Provincial of the Order of St. Fxands in 
Ireland, where he now is. 

Father Fray Donato Moneo (Mooney), 
of the same order in Ireland. 

Fray Roche de la Cruz (Cruise), Vicar- 
General of the Order of St. Dominic 

Fray Vincent Hogan, of the same order. 

Fray John de la Cruz, of the same order 
in Lisbon. 

Fray Bernardo O'Brien, of the same 
order in Atocha (Spain). 

Fray P. Hugo Capdo (Capel), of the 
Order of St. Francis in Louvain. 

Fray Cornelius de la Roche, of the 
Society of Jesus, and Rector in Lbbon. 

Fray John Baptist (de la Roche), also 
of the same Society, lately Rector in the 
Seminary of Lisbon. 

Fray William de la Cruz, of the same 
order. Rector in the Seminary of Lisbon. 

Fray Cornelius 0*Driscol, Benedictine ; 
he is going to Ireland. 

Ancient Irish of Secular condition in the 
Dominions of His Majesty, 

Don Juan O'Neill, Earl of Tyrone, 
Colonel of the 3d Flanders tercio (Regi- 
ment) in Flanders. 

Don Hugo O'Donnell, Earl of Tyrcon- 
nd, in the service of the Most Serene 
Infanta in Flanders. 

Don Dermod O* Sullivan, EarlofBira- 
ben (Berehaven, Bantry Bay). 

Don Eugene O'Neill, Officer of the 
Irish Regiment in Flanders. 

Don Archy O'Neill, Captain. 

Don Thadeo O' Sullivan, Captain. 

Don Thadeo McCarthy, Captain. 

Don Daniel O'Donnell, Captain. 

Don Cormack O'Neill, Captain. 

Don Samuel MacDonnell, Captain. 

Don Eugene O' Hanlon, Captain. 

Don Roberto Daniel, Captain, retired. 

Don Cormack O'Ndl, Lieutenant. 

Don Eugene Carthy, Lieutenant. 

Don Mauricio O'Mahony, Lieutenant. 

Don Rodrigo O'Dogherty, Lieutenant* 

Don Philip O 'Sullivan, Cousin of the 
Earl (Conde) of Berehaven. 

Don Edmund O' Moore. 



Don Fdix'0'Miaghir(0' Meagher). 

Don Cornelius O'DriacoU, Captaia. 

Don Fekuio (^Phelim) Sweeny, Captain. 

Don Maurido Sweeny, Captain. 

Don Archy O'Morchta (O' Murphy). 

Don Andrew Hurly, Captain. 

Don Bemado O'Rourke, Captain. 

Don Horatio Sweeny, Captain. 

Don Felim O'Neil, Lieutenant. 

Don Bemado O'Reilly, Lieutenant 

Don Dionysio O'DriscoU, Lieutenant. 

Don Dermoto O'DriscoU, Lieutenant. 

Don Comdius O'DriscoU, Lieutenant. 

Don Thadeo O'DriscoU, Lieutenant. 

Don MoUurio (Myles) Mahony, Lieut. 

Don Juan O'Nefl, Lieutenant. 

Don Edmund Magennis, Lieutenant. 

Don Eugene Brady, Lieutenant. 

Mixed Irish of Ecclesiastical Condition, 

Padre Fray Domingo (Dominic)Nugent, 
of the Order of St Dominic, in St. 
Stephen's, Salamanca. 

Father Robert Nugent, of the Sodety 
of Jesus. 

Father Nicholas Nugent (his brother), 
of the same Order, taken* prisoner by the 
English in Dublin, the Capital of Ireland, 
on account of his Religion. 

Father Christoval Nugent, of the Order 
of St Francis, is now in Ireland. 

Mixed Irish of the Secular Condition, 

Don Raymond de Bourg, Baron of 
Leitrim, employed in Lisbon. 

Don Balthazar de Bourg, one of the 
Pages of his (Catholic) Majesty. 

Don William de Bourg, employed in 
Naples. 

Don Maurice Geraldine, Captain in 
Flanders. 

Don Edward Geraldine, Officer, retired, 
in Flanders. 

Don Thomas Geraldine, Lieutenant in 
Flanders. 

Don Gerald Morris, Lieutenant. 

Anglicised Irish of Ecclesiastical Condition, 
Don Pedro Lombard, Archbishop of 

Armachia (Armagh), Prijnate of Ireland ; 

he is in Rome. 

Don Rosario O'Daly^ 



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APPENDIX I 



37 



Don Thomas Valses (Walsh), Priest of 
the Habit of St. John in Ireland. 

Father Paul Ragutt, Vicar-General of 
the Order of St. Beniard in Ireland. 

Father Fray William Egan, Superior 
of the Order of St. Dominic, late of St 
Thomas of Madrid. 

Father Luke Vadings (Wadding), Vice- 
Secretary of the Council of the Order of 
St. Francis in Rome. 

Father Thomas Vicher (Fisher), of the 
Society of Jesus, Rector of the Irish 
Seminary of Salamanca. 

Father Ricardo Conbeo (Conway), of 
the same Order, and Rector of the Irish 
College in Santiago. 

Father Holland, Superior of the Society 
of Jesus in Ireland; pure English, and 
almost all of those of his Order, and even 
the ancient Irish who have entered this 
Order, almost all became Anglicised, con- 
forming themselves with their Superiors 
not only as regards the rules of the Order, 
but also in those of policy, government, 
and mode of living, and act in conformity 
with the times, and consult the wish of the 
more powerful. 

Don Andrew Wills, of the Habit of St 
John, and Prior of England; employed by 
his Majesty in Naples; he is very English. 

Anglicised Irish of Secular CondiHon, 

Don Nicholas Wills, Nephew of the 
aforesaid Prior. 

Don Thomas Preston, Captain in Flan- 
ders. 

Don James Garlan, Captain in Flanders. 

Don Walter de la Hoyd, Captain (re- 
tired) in Flanders; he took service with 
the ancient Irish in the last war. 

Don George de la Hoyd, Captain, re- 
tired. 

Don William Walsh, Captain. 

Captain Rothe, employed in Sicily. 

Thomas Stanihurst, Captain in Flanders. 

Don John Bath, employed by his Majesty 
in Madrid. 

Don David Cameo (Kearny), Arch- 
bishop of Cashel, and Father Archer, of 
the Society of Jesus. 

In no list of the above do we find place 



for them, as this Archbishop is in receipt 
of a yearly pension of a thousand ducats, 
and in direct line b ancient Irish ; and with 
all this as he is something of the English 
blood, and is not a Theologian, but only a 
Canonist, and is directed by certain 
Fathers of the Society, his relation is of 
Anglicised condition. On the other hand, 
Father Diego Archer, though of Anglicised 
lineage, is of the condition and inclination 
of the ancient Irish, and is devoted to the 
Spaniards, the Crown of Spain, and mode 
of living of the ancient Irish when he 
joined and aided in the last wars. 

These are they who are known here as 
of the three classes of Irishmen. But in 
Ireland there are many more, persons of 
tide, and gendemen untitled, soldiers, and 
divers other persons of different qualities 
and conditions. 

It will be asked which of these three 
kinds is greatest in number, power, or 
quality. 

As to number, the ancient Irish are 
more numerous, both because there are 
among them many personages of tide and 
untitled gendemen, and because there are 
amon^ them vassals of the latter, and of 
the mixed Irish and of the Anglicbed, for 
the greater part ancient Irish ; and in the 
second place the mixed are more numer- 



ous. 



As to the amount of money, the Angli- 
cised have most, as for the greater part 
they and those who have gone before 
them, have been and are merchants and 
officials of the Court; and the^do not dis- 
play the frankness and hospitality which 
the anceint and the mixed Irish give 
gratuitously to strangers and way-farers, 
and therefore it is generally believed that 
they have much treasure amassed. 

Of lands and domains the ancient Irish 
possess more, and also the mixed Irish 
which the ancient lost during the present 
persecution : and the Anglicised beyond 
comparison possess less real property in 
land. The ancient and mixed have more 
power in collecting men of arms and form- 
ing an army ; and it is certain that of 



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38 



APPENDIX J, 



these classes, two serve his (Catholic) 
Majesty excellently as soldiers, and in 
knowledge of the military art in Flanders. 
The ancient and the mixed are not only 
brave soldiers, but great warriors ; but the 
Anglicised have more inclinations for other 
professions than the military one. 

As to quality and noble descent, the 
question is easily solved by the knowledge 
of the origin of each class of the three. 
All the titled and untitled gentlemen of the 
ancient Irish are descendents of the Kings 
of Spain and Ireland, of the royal and 
ancient blood of that kingdom, as they are 
sprung from Iberus (HAer), St. Eremon 
(St Erman) and Luteo, the four sons of 
King Milesius of Egypt, who conquered 
that country some two thousand nine 
hundred years ago, taking it from the 
Greeks, who possessed it, sSter putting to 
death a certain Spanish prince who landed 
in that island. 

The mixed Irish, though they cannot 
boast of this honourable descent in direct 



line from their Others, possess it through 
their mothers, and are thus connected 
with the ancient 

' The Anglicised, though they have it not 
in that way, yet possess other rank which 
was bestowed on them by the Kings of 
England, and by their own Parliament in 
Ir^md, and so ancient that some gentle- 
men and persons of title date near 500 
years back. 

The foregoing is the concise relation 
which may be given of the affairs of Ire- 
land for the said object — ^the service of his 
(Catholic) Majesty.* 

* Translated from the original (in the Spanish 
laneuage) preserved in the archives of the Irish 
College, Salamanca, by the late Mr. J. B. 
O'Meaeher, Times correspondent at Paris. 
The remtion bears no date or signature, but it 
must have been written subsequent to 1621 and 
before 16^10, as the writer, who must have been 
an official person, speaks of Lisbon as beinr 
in the dominions of Philip II., and Portugal dio 
not recover independence until 1640, when 
Philip IV. reigned. 



APPENDIX J. 



^HE publication, in 1633, of Spencer's 
Tractate on Ireland, under the 
patronage of the Lord Deputy, 
accompanied by a suggestion that 
the remedies proposed in the work for 
** reformation of the natives** were 
**for the most part excellent,*' excited 
serious apprehensions amongst the Irish. 
Lord Stafford, during his reign of office, 
hanged every person found travelling 
through the country who could not give a 
good account of himself, his excuse being 
that martial law had been executed at all 
times in Ireland, and never so sparingly as 
by him, so that for many years previous 
to 1 64 1, causes of grave discontent under- 
lay an apparently tranquil surface in Ire- 
land, and conduced to prepare the way 
for that revolt against the existing system 
of government so soon as favourable cir- 
cumstances should present themselves, as 
might be expected in the face of those acts 



of cruelty and oppression. When the war 
broke out the O'Meaghers joined the 
Confederation. The main objects of the 
Confederates were to defend themselves 
against the attacks of the Puritans, to 
maintain the Prerogative of the Crown as 
well as the privileges of the Irish Parlia- 
ment, to reinstate the Roman Catholic 
Church as it stood in the reign of Henry 
VII., and to annul all penal laws against 
its members. Declaring by public oath 
their allegiance to the King but resenting 
the authority of the English Parliament, 
the Confederates, through their Supreme 
Council, organized forces, nominated com- 
manders and officials, collected the public 
revenue, levied taxes, minted coin, treated 
with foreign powers, and governed a con- 
siderable part of Ireland. 

At the breaking out of the war there 
were twenty-seven castles in the Barony 
of Ikerrin, of which Ballyna, Ballinamoe, 



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APPENDIX K. 



39 



Ballyknockane, Ballyviheen, Bamane, 
Bawnmadrum, Boulybane, Carrick, Clona- 
kenny, Clonmore, Clonyne, Cranagh, 
Killawardy, Kiltallan, Killavenoge, Killea, 
Lisdallan, Lisnahalosky, Longford, and 
Rathnaveoge, belonged to the O'Meaghers, 
the mansion of Balinakill, Castleleiny, 
Clonbugh, Glenbeha, Killoskehan, and 
Tullowmacjames Castles, to Richard But- 



ler, John Morris, Lord Ikerrin,^ Edward 
Butler, Theobold Purcell, and Richard 
Butler, and Roscrea, which was erected 
by the English in 1213 ; all are now in 
ruins except Roscrea Castle, which is used 
as a militia barrack. 

1 One of the Ormonde family^ a member of 
the Irish Confederation, and a Lieutenant-Gen- 
eral of the Confederate forces. 



APPENDIX K. 



IN December, 1641, a commission was 
issued to Dean Jones and others to 
take an account of the losses which 
occurred during the outbreak, and 
''what traitorous or disloyal words or 
speeches were uttered or committed;" 
and in January, 1642, it was amended to 
include murders. The Commissioners 
took depositions from the 24th of March, 
1642, until the end of October, 1644. 
The bulk of the evidence is parol upon 
report of common fame. 

EUice Jeanes came before the Commis- 
sioners on the 23d of August, 1642, and 
deposed that she was the wife of Thomas 
Jeanes, of Captain Perry's troop, in Lieut. - 
Gen. Cromwell's regiment, that she was 
formerly married to Peter Porlfry of Cash- 
ell, that she did nurse a child for Richard 
Brown of Cashell, in the year 1641 ; she 
then deposed to the murders of Beane, his 
brewer and tapster, of Carrean, a **schole- 
master," of Carleton, commonly called 
Thomas Saddler, of Lane, and his two 
daughters ; of Lyndsay, of Mr. Bannister, 
of one who was a "taylor," and his wife, 
of a glazier's **sonne," of one Murdo's 
child, of Anderson and six men, whose 
names she could not remember, ' * and 
that the Confederates took many pris- 
oners," and she continued, ** and after 
opening of ye gate they (the prisoners) 
were sent out in froste and snow to Moy- 
drom, two miles from Cashell, where they 
were entertained by James Sail of Moy- 
drom, that all of them after were sent 



away by a convoy towards Clonmell, 
which was commanded by Patrick and 
Peter Bo3rton of Cashell, that three of ye 
Protestants were, by said convoy, killed, 
and Edward Boakes wounded." 

This woman does not in her long depo- 
sition mention the name of Teige oge 
O' Meagher, yet he was convicted on her 
evidence, given ten years later at the 
Clonmell Assizes. 

George Carter, of Loonagh, parish of 
Thurles, Alexander Liston, of Ffymonie, 
County Tipperary, Andrew Sail, Morrish 
Manivell, John M'Donogh McShane, James 
Hamilton, Geoffiy Saul, Edmund Butler, 
Simon Saul, Ulick Bourke, all of Cashell ; 
and John Hackett, mayor of Cashell, also 
made depositions to the effect that in the 
beginning of the ** present*^ rebellion, 
they were robbed and forcibly dispoiled 
of goods and chattels by the hands and 
means of Theobold Purcell, alias The 
Baron Loughmo, Teige oge O' Meagher, 
son and heir to the O' Meagher, Donough 
O'Dwyer, Theobold Butler, &c., com- 
manders of the Irish, but none of them 
charged Teige oge O' Meagher with being 
concerned in the murders deposed to by 
EUice Jeanes. 

The writer may fairly assume that as 
Colonel O' Meagher was not originally 
charged with being concerned in any mur- 
der during the rising in 1641 and follow- 
ing years, that he was found guilty for 
having '* uttered traitorous or dislcyal 
words or speeches, ' ' ' 



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APPENDIX L. 



APPENDIX L. 



TRANSPLANTER'S CERTIFICATE. 

** 16531 January 6, Clonmeil. 
** An O'Machar of Clon3me, widdow, in 
the Countie of Tipperary, hath on the 
seaven and twentieth December, 1652, 
seaventy-five persons, 2 acres of sumer 
come, 4 cowes, and four garonns. 

*' Dated the one and thirtieth day of 
January, 1653. 

' * Sol. Richards, Chas. Blount, 
F. Vaughan." 

It appears from the Commonwealth 
Records preserved in the Bermingham 



Tower, Dublin Castle, that the writer's 
ancestor petitioned the Council'^>ut for 
what purpose he is unable to say, as no 
copy of the petition has been preserved, 
but the fiat upon it as recorded is in these 
terms : 

**Ann O'Meagher and John O'Mea^her. 
Ordered that ye consideration of ye within 
Petition be referred to ye Commis- 
sioners at Loughrea, who are to proceed 
thereon according to Rule. 

'*DublinCasde, 3 December, 1655. , 
* 'Signed Thomas Herbert, 

f'Clerk of the Council.'' 



APPENDIX M. 



3IR WILLIAM PETTY, physician to 
the forces, was employed to make ac- 
curate maps of the forfeited lands by 
articles signed at Dublin Castle, on the 
nth of December, 1654. He completed 
maps of the Baronies within thirteen months; 
it seems he also prepared a set of Barony 
maps for the use of his son, who was at 
the time residing in Lothbury, London. 
A French privateer, cruising in the Chan* 
nel in the year 17 10, captured a ship 
having on board these maps in transit to 
London, and they were carried to Paris 
and deposited in La Bibliotheque du Roi, 
where they have remained ever since. 

The original maps were sent at the Re- 
storation to the Commissioners for execu- 



ting the Act of Setdement, and remained 
amongst the documents to which they 
had recourse, and were nearly all destroyed 
in 17 1 1 by a great fire that burned the 
Council office, where they had been de- 
posited.^ 

A part of the map of the Barony of 
Ikerrin is preserved in the Public Record 
Office, Dublin. The accompanying map 
is a photo-lithograph taken fi-om a copy 
made from the Parisian maps, and made 
in 1790-91, by Colonel Vallencey, R. E., 
by direction of the Irish Parliament. 

1 Hardinge on ** Surveys in Ireland, 1640 to 
1688." Prendergast's *' Cromwellian Settle- 
ment of Ireland." 



APPENDIX N. 



FRENCH SERVICE. 

lEGIMENT IrLANDOIS DE GaLMOY 

was formedin the year 1698 out of 
the Queen's Dismounted Dragoons, 
and Charlemont's Regiment, late 
of King James' Army ; in 1775 it was in- 
corporated with Z> Regiment de Dillon^ 

1 The ci'devarU regiment of Dillon is now 
known as the 87th Regiment d^ In/anterie, a 
number illustriously associated with Irish mili- 
tary fame in the 87tn Royal Irish Fusiliers. 



Edmond O' Meagher, Lieutenant re- 
famit^ served in this regiment. He was 
admitted into 1* Hotel Royal des Invalides, 
1706. Another O* Meagher held the com- 
mission of Lieutenant, 1707. 

Regiment Irlamdois de Lee was 
raised in Ireland in 1683, as Mountcashd's 
Regiment. In 1694 it took the name of 
Regiment Irlandais de Lee, which it re- 
tained until 1734 when it was called the 



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REGIMENT IRLANDOiS DE LEE. 

1733. 



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REOIMENT IRLANOOIS OE CLA^^ff ^^^^8^^ 
1755. 



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APPENDIX N. 



41 



Ji^gimefU JrUmdois de Btdkeley, which 
name it preserved until 1775, when it was 
incorporated with the Regimeni IrlandoU 
de Dtlhn, Thb name it preserved until 
1793, when, according to a new regulation 
brought about by the Revolution, various 
regiments in the French service received 
numbers instead of being named after a 
particular &imily, district, or nation. 

Le Major O' Meagher served in this 
Regiment over thirty years. He was 
present at Kehl ; Munderkirchen and 
Hochstedt, 1703 ; Blenheim, 1704 ; Ram- 
ilies, 1706 ; Oudenarde, 1708 ; Malplaquet, 
1709 ; Arlieux, Quesnoy and Bouchain, 
1712; Kehl, 1733; Philipsburg, 1734. 

Regiment Irlandois de Bulkely — 
Le Major O' Meagher joined this Regi- 
ment in 1 74 1. 

Le Capitaine Patrice O' Meagher spent 
ever thirty years in this Regiment : ist 
Lieutenant, 1745 ; major, 1774. He was 
present at Dettingen, 1743 ; Menin and 
Ypres, 1744 ; Fontenoy, 1745 ; Falkirk 
and Culloden, 1745 ; Roucoux, 1746 ; 
Defence of Malines, 1747 ; Valheim and 
Laffeldt, 1747 ; Siege of Maestricht, 1748 ; 
Hastenbech and Closter-Seven, 1757 ; 
Rosbach 1757 ; Corbach and Warbourg, 
1760; Qostercamp and Wesel, 1760; 
Amoenburg, 1761 ; Felinshausen and 
Scheilnigin, 1761 ; Soest and Unna, 1761 ; 
Taking of Corsica, 1761. 

Regiment Irlandois de Clare was 
raised in Ireland in 1689, by Daniel 
O'Brien III., Lord Clare ; in 1761 it was 
Regiment de Fitzgerald, in 1763 Regiment 
de Betagh, in 1770 Regiment de Meade, 
and in 1775 it was incorporated with Regi- 
ment de Berwick, eighty-five years from 
its first arrival in France. 

Le Captaine PhiUipe O' Meagher, Knight 
of St Louis, 1755, was over thirty years 
in this Regiment He fought at Fribourg, 
Kehl and Philipsburg, 1734; Lintz, 1742 ; 
Dettingen, 1743 J Menin, Ypres and Tur- 
ner, 1744 ; Fontenoy, 1745 ; Siege of 
Toumay, Ghent, Oudenarde, Dender- 
monde, Ostend, Nieuport, 1745; Guems- 



heim, 1745 ; Roucoux, 1746, Defence of 
Maltnes, 1745; Valheim and Laffeldt, 

1747 ; Bilsen, 1748 ; Si^e of Maestridit, 

1748 ; Conquest of Minorca, 1756 ; Cor- 
bach and Warburg, 1760 ; Felinshausen, 
1 76 1. He retired from service, 1764. 

SPANISH SERVICE. 

r 

Regimento de Infanteria de 
Waterford was formed in 1683 fi-om 
levies made in Ireland by permission of 
King Charles I. 

Don Guillermo Meagher, formerly a 
sergeant in the regiment of Berwick, 
French service, passed into the regiment 
of Waterford in 1709. He became a sub- 
lieutenant in 1710, lieutenant 1712, Lieu- 
tenant of Grenadiers 17 18, Captain of 
Grenadiers 1725.* 

Don Juan Meagher, Lieutenant-colonel 
re/armado, served as Captain of Grenadiers 
in the Guards of the Elector of Bavaria. 
He came to Spain in 17 10, and same year 
entered the Regiment of Waterford, 

Regimento de Infanteria de 
HiBERNiA was formed in 1703 from 
soldiers and reformed officers obtained 
through Prance. 

Don Bernardo Meagher was a lieutenant 
in this r^ment in the year 1722. The 
writer's maternal grandfather, Don Juan 
Brett, was a Captain of Grenadiers in this 
Regiment in 1777 ; his maternal grand 
uncle, Don Diego Brett, was Colonel of 
this regiment in 1799, and his son, Don 
Eduardo Brett-y-Offrey, was a cadet in 
this regiment in his ninth year. 

Regimento de Infanteria de Ir- 
landa was raised from swordsmen who 
volunteered for the Spanish service after 
the iall of Limerick, 1691. 

Don Guillermo O* Meagher, sergeant, 
1709, Sub-lieutenant 17 10, Lieutenant 
reformado 17 12, Lieutenant ref armada of 
Grenadiers 17 18, Captain 1725. 

s A Captain of Grenadiers in an Irish Rep- 
ment ranked as Brevet Colonel in the Spamsh 
Araiy. 



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42 



APPENDIX N. 



Don Miguel O' Meagher, bom 1767, 
^^ soldado distinguido^' * cadet, 1781 ; Sub- 
lieutenant 1784, Sub-lieutenant of Grena- 
diers 1790, Lieutenant of Grenadiers 1794, 
Captain of Grenadiers 1795, Lieutenant- 
Colonel of Grenadiers 1803. 

In 17 15 the Regiment of Bourke 
(French service), was granted to Lieuten- 
ant-Colonel Wauchop, and in the same 
year he passed with his regiment into 
the Spanish service, where it was known 
as Regimento de Infanieria de Wauchop 
and also Regimento de Conacia^ apparantly 
in reference to its late Colonel (Count 
Walter Bourke), and its composition 
through his connection with the Province 
of Connaught. 

Don Thomas Meagher served in this 
regiment as lieutenant, as did also 

Don Guillermo Member, bom 1663, 
served eighteen years in France, entered 
this regiment in 171 1, being then forty- 
eight years old ; he was Lieutenant of 
Grenadiers in 17 15, and Captain of Grena- 
diers 1725. 

s Soldado disiinguido.^^^'^VL^ 
noble birth, but wiUiout fortune to subsist as a 
cadet, who was allowed a sword and was ex- 
empted from mechanical labour. 

POLISH-SAXON SERVICE. 
Thad6e de Meagher entered the service 
of the King of Poland and Elector of Sax- 
ony in the year 1734, and, according 
to the Muster rolls of the staff of the two 
first battalions of the Life Guards, he was a 
native of Ireland, and at that time forty-four 
years old, that before entering the Polish- 
Saxon army he had served in France.^- In 
the year 1739 he was appointed Chamber- 
lain to the King by Letters Patent, of which 
the following is a translation. 

**We, by the grace of God, Fred- 
erick Augustus, King of Poland, 
Dnke of Saxony, Julich, Cleves, 
Berg, Enger, and Westphalia, Elec- 
tor. 

1 Memoranda taken from Archives of the 
Royal Saxon War Office, Dresden, N0.450, 1. A, 
kindly furnished to the writer by the Kriegs 
Ministerium. 



'' Dear and faithful councillors, wherea» 
We, on the 27th of this month, have ap- 
pointed Thadee de Meagher, Lieute- 
nant-Colonel of our Foot Body-Guards, 
to be our Chamberlain from special 
favour and on account of his good qualities- 
and valiant services heretofore rendered Us, 
Now We, herewith graciously require that 
you will in future on all accasions which 
present themselves treat and style him 
accordingly. 

** Thereto accords Our Will and 
Pleasure. We remain graciously 
yours affectionately. 

''Given at Dresden on the 25th of 
June, 1739. 

* * B. Baron Von Zede. ' ' 

* * Ernest Gottlief Becker. ' ' 

On the I St of July, 1740, Thad6e de 
Meagher was promoted to the Colonelcy 
of the I St Battadion of Foot Body-Guard ; 
on the 7th of September, 1742, he was ap- 
pointed Captain Proprietor of the Swiss 
Guard ; on the 19th of December, 1744, a 
Major-General of Infentry, and on the 25th 
of May, 1752, a Lieutenant-General.*- 

** 1756-28 August, September 9th." 

* * Seven years war begins. At Wilsdruf 
Friederick first learns for certain that the 
Saxon army with the King, withBriihl,^ and 
other chief personages, were withdrawn to 
Pima and the Rock country. The Saxon 
army had begun assembling there Septem- 
ber ist, directly the news that Friederick 
was across the border. 

** September 9th. On Friederick' s ap- 
proach the King and the Dignitaries move 
off thither out of his way. Excellency Brog- 
lie put them on that plan, which may have 
its complexities for Friederick, hopes Brog- 
lie, though it is greater for some other 
parties concerned ! For Briihl and Polish 
majesty,* as will appear by and by, nothing 
could have turned out worse. Meantime 

2 Archives of R.S. War-Office, No. 450, 1. A. 
8 Prime Minister of Poland. 
4 Frederick Augustus II., King of Poland and 
Elector of Saxony. 



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APPENDIX N. 



43 



Frederick pushes on, 'Forward all the 
-same.' Polish majesty, dating from Strup- 
pen in the Pima country has begun a corre- 
spondence with Friederick, very polite on 
both hands; and his. Adjutant-General, 
Chevalier Meagher (Chevalier de Maar, 
as Valori calls him, Ma'ar as he calls him- 
self in Irish), has just had at Wilsdruf an 
interview with Friederick, but is far from 
having got settlement on the terms he 
wished. Polish majesty magnanimously 
assenting to a ' Road through his country 
for militaiy purposes,' offers strictest neu- 
trality, strictest friendship even ; has done 
and will do no injury to hb Prussian Majesty 
(Did we ever si^ anything ? whisper BriiU 
and he to one another) — expects that 
his Prussian Majestv will march on whither 
he is bound and leave him unmolested 
here. That was Meagher's message, 
that is the purport of aU his Polish 
Majesty's eleven letters to Friederick which 
precede or follow, reiterating with a cer- 
tain ovine obstinacy insensible to time or 
chanee. . . . Frederick's answer will rise 
and his terms, like the Sibyl's, become 
worse and worse. This is the utmost 
Meagher at Wilsdruf can make of it." * 

The Marquis de Valori,* in his report to 
M. Rouille, Minfatre Secretaire d'Etat, 
Paris, remarks : 

'' Ce qui m'a le plus etonn6 dans ce que 
m'a rapport6 le Marquis de Fraignc, c'est 
que le roi de Prusse ne s'est point jusqu'^ 
pr^nt expliqu^ sur ce qu'il exige du roi 
de Pologne et qu'il a m6me reius6 d' en- 
tendre Monsieur de Maare que ce prince 
lui avait d6p6ch6. Jamais ce me semble 
personne n'a lev6 I'dtendard de 1' injustice 
avec plus de velleit6 (insolence)." ^ 

Lieutenant-General de Meagher died in 
May, 1765, at Dresden. No documents 
exist in the Saxon War-Office regulating 
his inheritance, but from a special decree 
a translation of which is hereunder given, 

« Carlyle's " History of Frederick the Great," 
page 551, vol. iv. 

^ French Minister at Berlin. 

7 Choix de correspondence de Marquis de 
Vatori, tome ii., p. 178. 



it may be concluded that Lieutenant, 
Colonel Von Brown was his universal- 
legatee. 

** Whereas His Royal Highness, the 
Adminstrator of Electoral Saxony, has 
under two days' date given orders to the 
Electoral Marshal's office, that the inheri- 
tance of the late deceased Swiss Captain 
and Lieutenant-General de Meagher, 
which had been officially appropriated by 
the same office and which Lieutenant- 
Colonel Von Brown has claimed as^ 
universal legatee and duly proved his 
claim to, shall now be given up in the 
presence of the sub-lieutenant of the Swiss 
Guard, Major Von Weissenbach, and be 
handed over to the said testamentary lega- 
tee, afler previous separation of all 
documents, accounts, moneys, and other 
articles belonging to the said Swiss Guard. 
Now His Royal Highness, as guardian 
of his cousin. The Electoral Prince 
OF Saxony,* graciously orders the Cap- 
tain-Lieutenant of the Swiss Guard, and 
Major-General Count Von der Horst, to 
appoint the said Major Von Weissen- 
bach for this duty, and to have all 
documents, accounts, moneys, and other 
articles belonging to the Swiss Guard 
taken over by the latter with due transfer, 
and also to account with Lieutenant* 
Colonel VoN Brown for those guns and 
military stores which, according to the 
humble statement of the 14th of this 
month, at the inspection of the said guard, 
were missing, and to demand from the 
latter the reparation which had been 
incumbent on his testator the deceased 
Captain de Meagher, and then to send 
into His Royal Highness a complete 
specification of all articles belonging to the 
Gun and War material dep6t of the Swiss 
Guard. His Royal Highness further 
gives Major-General Count Von der 
HoRST to understand that his late pious 

8 Augustus III. Through the intrigues of 
Catharine of Russia and Frederick the Great, 
Frederick Augustus was, in 1764, dethroned, 
and Stanislaus [Poniatovsky] raised to the 
throne of Poland. 



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APPENDIX O. 



Royal Majesty,* of most glorius mem- 
ory, gave his gracious assuiance to the 
late Lieutenant-General de Meagher by 
a decree drawn up on the 12th Deoember, 
1752, that inasmuch as on entering on the 
functions of Swiss Captain he had for the 
first two years to give up 183 thalers 8 
groschen monthly of the salary drawn by 
his predecessor, Major - General Baron 
Von Diesbach, for the payment of Dies- 
bach's debts, this sum should after his 
death be made good to his heirs, and that 
the future successor should not sooner 
obtain possession ; And whereas the 
said decree has been graciously con- 
firmed by His Royal Highness, the 
Electoral Adminstrator, on the ist 
March, 1764. Now His Royal High- 
ness has resolved not to fill up the post of 
Swiss Captain, and to employ the salary 
attached to that post of no thalers 12 
^groschen per month for pajrment by 

^ Frederick Augustus. 



instalments of the above-mentioned sum 
assured to. the deceased Lieutenant-Gen- 
eral de Meagher, amounting altogether 
to the sum of 4400 thalers. His Royal 
Highness accordingly ordains that until 
this claim has been satisfied, the said 1 10 
thalers 12 groshen shall be handed over 
by the said Swiss Guard to Lieutenant- 
Colonel VoN Brown against his receipt 
and by virtue of these presents be passed 
in his accounts. Furthermore Major- 
General Count Von der Horst shall in 
fiiture take charge of the Swiss Guard as 
Captain-General, and draw fi-om the Elec- 
toral Treasury against his receipt 1000 
thalers per month, appropriated for the 
maintenance of the said Guard, and apply 
it in manner as heretofore, but shall keep 
proper account of it until further order. 

** Given under His Royal High- 
ness' own hand at Dresden, 
the 22nd Ma)?, 1765. 

**Xaverius.'* 
"Count Von Einsiedel." 



APPENDIX O. 

O'MEAGHER, OF CLONYNE AND GRANGE CASTLES, 
COUNTY TIPPERARY. 

.57 OiLiOL Olum, King of Munster, a. d. 67 Donnchuan, his son. 

1^ 212—234. J 

58 Clan, his son. 68 Lughaidh, his son. 



69 Fergna, his son. 

70 Aodh-mor, his son. 

71 Meachair, **King of Ele,** his son [a 



59 Thadg, his son. 

'60 Connla, his son. 

'^i Fionnachta, his second son. 

^2 Eochaid Faebhasdearg, his son [Eochy 72 Cuchoi 
I of the sharp swordj. | 

63 Etchu, his son. 73 Ceallaidh, his son 

'64 Lughaid, his son. 74 Meachair, his son. 



I quo the sept], 

ule, his son. 



65 Fiachu, his son. 
'66 Feilimidh, his son. 



75 Dlutacn, his son. 

76 Thadg, his son. 



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APPENDIX O. 



45 



77 Eij^nech, his son. 
73 Domhnall, his son. 

79 Murchad Ua-Meachair, his son. 

80 Murchad-og Ua-Meachair, his son. 

81 Fiacha Ua-Me^chair, his son. 

82 larann Ua-Meachair, his son. 

83 Donnchad Ua-Meachair, his son. 

84 Muirchertach Ua-Meachair, his son. 

85 Mealsechlainn Ua-Meachair, his son. 

86 Fionn O'Meachair, his son. 

87 Diarmuid O'Meachair, his son. 

88 Gillanaomh [gilla-na-neeve, servant of 

the saints] 0*Meachair, 
his son. 

89 Thadg O'Meachair, his son. 

90 Gilleneuffe [rectius GiUa - na - neeve] 
O* Meagher, his son, 

An inquisition taken at Clon- 
mel on the 30 of May, 1629, found 
that this Gilleneuffe O' Meagher on 
the 30th of August, 155 1, executed 
a deed by which he covenanted 
to pay John O* Meagher, of Clona- 
kenny Castle — who was then 
chief of his name, and father of 
Colonel Teige-oge O' Meagher 
and of Ellen, wife of Dr. Gerard 
Ffennell, member of the Supreme 
Council of Confederation — and 
his heirs a rent of twelve shillings; 
that he was father of Daniel [91], 
who was father of John [92] ; that 
John was in his lifetime seized of 
the lands of Ballybeg Camlin, 
Clonjme, Cloughmuile Grange, 
and Gortvollin, situated in the 
barony of Ikerrin and couuty of 
Tipperary, which he held by 
knight service, and that John 



0*Meagher [93] was his son and 
heir-at-law, of full age, and 
married. 

91 Daniel O' Meagher, his son, born 1508, 

I died 1576. 

92 John O' Meagher, his son, born 1541^ 

I died 1599. 

93 John O' Meagher, his son, bom 1570, 

I died 1640. 

94 Thaddeus O' Meagher, his son, bom 

I 1603, died 1650. 

95 John O' Meagher, his son, bom 1635, 
died 1705. 

. This John 0*Meagher and his 
mother, Anne 0*Meagher, were, 
on the 31st ofjanuary, 1653, or- 
dered by the Commissioners sit- 
ting at Clonmel to transplant to 
Connaught. By an order in Coun- 
cil dated Dublin Castle, the 3d of 
December, 1655, their petition to 
the Council was referred to the 
Commissioners of Revenue at 
Loughrea. 

96 Thaddeus O' Meagher, his son, bom 

I 1662, died 1732. 

97 John O* Meagher, his son, bom 1706, 

I died 1775. 

98 Thaddeus O* Meagher, his son, bom 

I 1739, died 181 1. 

99 John O' Meagher, his son, bom 1772, 

I died 1844. 

100 Joseph T. O' Meagher, his son, born 

I 1803, died 1882. 

loi John William O'Meagher, his son, 
born 1829, d. s. p. 1854 ; 
Joseph Casimir O' Meagher, 
his son, born 1831. 



102 Joseph Dermod O' Meagher, his son, 
bom 1864, B. A. of Dublin Univer- 
sity, 1884, has had four brothers : 
(i) John Kevin, born 1866, B. A. 
of the Royal University, 1886; (2) 
Donn Casimir, born 1872, died 
1S74 J (3) Malachy Marie, born 
1873 ; (4) Fergal Thaddeus, born 
1876, and a sister, Mary Nuala. 



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APPENDIX a 



AENGUS O'DALY. 



(Dr. John O 'Donovan in his introduction 
to O'Dal/s ''Tribes of Ireland'' says: 
'' He received that kind of reward which 
he did not anticipate, but which all re- 
creant betrayers of their race richly deserve; 



for, on appearing at a banquet in the sweet 
Palatine County of Tipperary, he was stab- 
bed to the heart by order of O' Meagher, 
chief of Ikerrin, to whom the knife and 
sword were equally familiar.") 



Koittce-dnt). 

Ceipe rb6|% a b-cij Ul ^eA6A]|i, 
Fin A5ur reoil |ODA ipocAifi; 
Coine mdn i}A b-|rior)-5-cAO|i 6-r]uccA, 
F^o] ioT)Uo5Ar bd Ui ^cACAiYt. 

6]|ij3eAf ireA&iD^ijAC bo ii)U|t)Ci[i ^^aca]|i^ A5ur a 
oiibAiiic i)3k bA0|i|:A6 ai) " B«i]ib Kua&/' 2t)eACA|ft 50 b]i^c, 
fAi) ci i)^]i Abipa^il f fe ft A i)-AO|i)reACC Aitj^ip ; ASttf leir 
riTj rio tu5 r^cAb f ADDCAc bo'v rsiD r5<>l^^lf* ^*^ ^1* '"^ 
U|rt) 6eA3-CApA beir, a rD-b|i^3Aib 2lei)5U|r, 50 1*^1^ ^5 
bnuccAb foIa a cu^itp a|i ad \^jU\^ ri^ • Vl^^^ V^ ^1* V^^'S 
f ^ A bubA||tc : — 

5ac A|i ctt3Af b'A|p5|ieACA|b [i|aid, 
9|t ri^A|t]b 2t)uii7AD^ mAiqiiy f Ab ; 
4)0 ntt5 d5&i)AC ^eACAin Ifeic, lon), 
2li} 0]iieAb bViDbfteACAib 0[wd * 



A large fire in the house of 0*Meagher, 

Men and meat beside it ; 
A large cauldron of fermented wine grapes, 

Under which O' Meagher's cow calves. 

A servant of trust of Muinter Mheachair 
stood up and said that the ** Red Bard ** 
should never satirize any Meagher, 
because he did not at once acknowledge 
him ; and with that he made a fierce 
thrust of the sharp knife which he held in 
his dexterous right hand, in the neck of 
Aenghus, so that he began to throw up 
his heart's blood on the spot ; but before 
he expired he said : 

All the i2\s^ judgements that I have ever passed. 
Upon the chiefs of Munster, I forgive (repent), 

The meagre servant of the grey Meagher has 
Passed an equivalent judgement upon me. 

—Extract from O' Daly's Satire. 



Last O'Meagher for yourself— last though 

certes not least, 
You're a prince, and are partial to mirth and 

the feast : 
Huge cauldrons, vast fires with fat sheep, calves, 

and cows and 
Harp music, distinguish your house 'mid a 

thousand. 

Many are the bitter satires that I acknowledge 
(alas !) to have written 
On tne nobles and clans of Munster, but none 
ever requited me with a blow, 
'Till O'Meagher gave me my death wound — I 
perish down-smitten 
By a chieflain whom I eulogized — this is my 
lamentation and my woe 1 
—Qarence Mangan's Versified Paraphrase. 



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HISTORICAL NOTICES. 



A. D., I2IO — King John sold to William, 
nephew of Philip De Braos, for four 
thousand marks, the lands of oCar- 
rol, oMeagher, oKennedy, oFogar- 
ty, oRyan, oHiffeman, &c., which 
his father Henry had given to Philip 
DeWorcester and to Theobald 
Fitzwalter. 

1352 — A fragment of a medical M.S. 
written in the Irish language and 
character on twenty-eight leaves of 
parchment folio, is preserved in the 
library of the Royal Irish Academy, 
catalogued 23F. fol. 24, Col. A. 

O' Curry describes the writing as 
very good, but very much con- 
tracted and orthography quite cor- 
rect. At folio 24, the following 
advertisement occurs : **The age of 
our Lord, when this book was 
made, was one thousand years and 
three hundred years and twice 
twenty years and twelve years more 
(1352). This book was finished 
in the year that Shane og, the son 
of Cuathin, was killed, and it was 
written in the house of the son of 
Diarmaid oMaghir, may the merci- 
ful God have mercy on us all." 
O' Curry adds : * * The name of Don- 
nal oKerin as owner of the book, and 
the date 17 10 appear on page 103. 
The family of oKerin lived at Bal- 
lyrohan, County Clare, which is 
N. W. of Ennis.'' 

1383 — Honoria, daughter of William 
Bourke and wife of oMeagher, 
died of the plague. 



1 41 3 — oMeagher, chief of Ikerrin, died ; 
also Honoria, his wife. 

1417 — Thomas Fitzgerald VIII., Earl of 
Desmond, was executed in 141 7, 
his offence was that of *' having 
broken his allegiance by an Irish 
alliance and fosterage." In the 
same spirit of permanent hostility, 
the term enemy was officially ap- 
plied to Irish offenders in contra- 
distinction to that of rebel to Eng- 
lish malcontents. 

1462 — Teige oMeagher, chief of Ikerrin, 
died. 

1 5 14 — State of Irelande and plan for its 
reformation. Who lyste make sur- 
myse to the King for the reforma- 
tion of his lande of Ireland, yt is 
necessarye to shewe to him the 
state of all the noble folke of the 
same as well of the Kinges sub- 
jectes and Englishe rebells as of 
Iryshe enymyes, and first of all to 
make His Grace understande that 
there byn more than sixty coun- 
tryes called Regyons in Irelande 
inhabited with the Kinges Irishe 
enymyes ; some regyon as bygge 
as a shyre ; some more, some lesse, 
unto a lytyll ; some as bygge as 
half a shyre, and some a lytyll 
lesse, where reygneith more than 
sixty chyef captyaines, whereof 
some callyth themseUTes Kinges, 
some Kings Peiresin their language, 
some Prynces, some Dukes, some 
Archdukes and lyvyeth by the 



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HISTORICAL NOTICES. 



sworde and obeyeth to no temper- 
all person, but only to himself that 
is stronge, and every of the said 
Capytaynes makeyth warre and 
peace for himself and holdeth by 
the sworde and hath imperiall juris- 
diction within his rome and obey- 
eth to noo other person, Englyshe 
ne Iryshe, except only to such per- 
sons as may subdue him by the 
sworde ; of which regyons and 
Capytaynes of the same the names 
followeth immediate. 

Fyrste, of the Irish rayons, and 
Capytaines of Desmond in Mown- 
ster. 

McHarryc, of Desmounde, chyef 
of his nation.^ 

Cormoke McTuygge de Mous- 
krye ny dermod, chyef capytaine 
of his nation.' 

Odonogho, of Loghlene, chyef 
capytaine of his nation.' 

Osolyvan de Bearhe, chyef capy- 
taine of his nation.^ 

Ochoner der Kerry, chyef capy- 
taine of his nation.' 

McHerry Ry Weghc de Car- 
berry, chyef capytaine of his nation 

OhyddryscoU de Guone Enty- 

mer, chyef capytaine of his nation 
7 ^ 

Omannhonede Fouseraghe, chyef 
capytaine of his nation.' 

Hereafter followyth the names of 
the chyef Irishe rayons and coun- 

1 MacCarthy mor. 

2 Coimac MacTeige MacCarthy of Muskerry. 
8 oDonohue of Lough Lene. 

< oConnor Kerry. 

^ oSuUivan of Beare. 

s MacCarthy Reagh of Carberry. 

7 oDriscoll of Baltimore. 

8 oMahony of West Carberry. 



tryes of Twomounde and chyef 
capytaines of the same. 

Obryen de Tobryen, chyef capy- 
taine of his nation.^ 

Okenedye de Oromounde, chyef 
capytaine of his nation.^® 

Ocherchall de Ely, chyef capy- 
taine of his nation.^ 

OMeagkyr de Ikery, chyef capy- 
taine of his nation.^ 

McMahunde de Bruye Colla de 
Corkvaskyn, chyef capytaine of his 
nation.^ 

Ochonochur deCorkenroo, chyef 
capytaine of his nation." 

Ologhlyn de Boryn, chyef capy- 
taine of his nation.^ 

Ograde de Kenall Downall, chyef 
capytaine of his nation.^' 

Obren, of Ara, chyef capytaine 
of his nation.^'' 

Omolryan de Wehen, chyef capy- 
taine of his nation." 

Odowre de Kylnemanaghe, chyef 
capytaine of his nation." 

McBren de Oghonagh, chyef 
capytaine of his nation.'^ 

1537-48 — By act of 28, Henry VHL, c. c 
8-^ (1537)1 and by a subsequent 
statute, 33, Henry VIII., c. 5. 
(1542), all the property of religious 
houses, which had been or ought 

» oBrien of Ibricken County Clare, 
w ©Kennedy of Ormond. 
11 oCarroll of Ely. 
13 oMeagher of Ikerrin. 
IS MacMahon of Corcobaskin County Clare. 
M oConnor of Corcomroe. 
1* oLoughlin of Burrin. 
w oGrady of Kilballyowen. 
17 oBrien of Arra. 
w oRyan of Owny. 
1* oDwyer of Kiinamanagh. 
90 MacBrien of Cronagh County Limerick. 



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HISTORICAL NOTICES. 



51 



to be surrendered to his Majesty, 
was vested in the Crown. A com- 
mission under these acts was issued 
to Sir Anthony St. Leger and others 
to suppress all friaries in Ireland. 
The total number was rather under 
200, of which the Franciscans had 
more than half, the Dominicans 43, 
the Augustinians 24, and the Car- 
melites 21. The houses within 
reach were at once dissolved and 
the rest were perforce respited. 
Most of the men who had been 
useful in carrying out the suppres- 
sion received a share of the spoil — 
St. L^er, Brabazon, Chief Justice 
Luttrell, Sir Thomas Cusack, Sir 
John Alen were all enriched in this 
way, and the house of Ormonde 
profited largely by the dissolution. 
Sometimes the plunder was too 
small to excite cupidity and then 
the friars were spared and respited 
during the King's pleasure on 
condition of assuming a secular 
habit. A like indulgence was given 
to the Canons of Toome* whom 
the oMeaghers had been able to 
prevent the Royal commissioners 
fi-om visiting. 

1547 — Henry VIII. 

Over the entire of Mounster and 
land S. E. of Leinster, the great 
body of the common people were 
of the Irish race, side by side with 
the Geraldines of Desmond, and 
all around were scattered in Tho- 
mond the oBrien's, oKennedy's, 
oMeaghers, and oLoughlin's.^* 

1548 — ^The Pale was constantly threatened 
and the border was never quiet for 
a moment. If a cow strayed, an 
alarm was raised, and while soldiers 
were sent on fooPs errands in one 
direction, the natives had their 

*Toome was a cell oi Inchanambeo, Archdall's 
Monasticon Hibemicum, 
21 Calendar of State papers. 



time to themselves. oMoore came 
to the Barrow and carried off cows 
and sheep, McHugh oB)rme who 
was serving the English as a '' re- 
tained captain of Kerns," skirm- 
ished with him, but was offered 6s. 
8d. a fortnight to serve him oMoore. 
Lord Dunboyne complained that 
his manor of Fishmoyne near Thur- 
bes was plundered by the oMeagh- 
ers and oCarrolls, and this because 
he had discharged his men by the 
Lord Deputy's orders. ' 

1549 — June 28, Edward VI. 

The Nenagh, Captain Walter ap 
Poyll (ap Howard), to Lord Deputy 
Bellingham, reports dissention be- 
tween the Lord Marshall and 
oMeagher for certain prey. 

1549 — July 18, Edward VI. 

** What Ireland is and how much.*' 
'* Here followeth the names of the 
chief regions and countries and the 
chief Irish of Ireland as follows," 
and after mentioning Ulster Lein- 
ster and Munster, the following 
particulars are given : 

*■ Thomond-oBreneof Tiva Ibrene ; 
McNamara of Clanghwllan ; oKyn- 
edy of Ormonde ; oKerowyll of 
Elye ; o Meagher of Ikerryn ; Mc- 
Mahon of Bruyse, otherwise Kork- 
evasky ; oConnor of Corckanroe ; 
oLaghlyn of Boryn ; oGrade of 
Kenaldownall ; oBrene of Arragh ; 
oMolryan of Wehen ; oDoyre of 
Kylenemanagh ; McBrene of ligh- 
onaght.^ 

1560 — Sussex, the Queen's favorite, sug- 
gested to his mistress, among other 
things: **The Queen has certain 
bonnaughts for galloglas upon 
Irishmen that border on the Eng- 
lish pale, viz.: Upon the Byrnes 
120 for one-quarter of the year ; 
the Cavanaghes, 120 ; the Baron of 
Upper Ossory, 80 ; oCarroll, 80 ; 

22 Ibid. 



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HISTORICAL NOTICES. 



oMaugher, 40 ; oMulloy, 60 ; 
McCoughlin, 40 ; oMulloughlin; 
60 ; the Kellys, 120 ; oMadden, 
60 ; the Annaly (oFarrell), 120; 
McGenysse, 80 ; McMahon, 80 ; 
which amount in the whole to 1060 
for a quarter, or ;^4,ooo yearly.*' 

1562 — oCairoU and oMeagher paid bon- 
naught or tax of ;^36o. 

Id. Donal oByrne, with Tho- 
mond (oBrien), oCarroll, oKendy, 
oMore, oConnor, oMulloy, Mc- 
Coughlan, oMadden, oMaugher, 
and all other Irish lords on this 
side of the river Shenan, held a 
parley with the deputy in oCarroUs 
country, holding three (3) barons 
and the deputy's son as hostages 
for safe return. They refused to 
accept any terms, drove the Eng- 
lish out of Leise and Offaly, de- 
stroyed the castles built by Ber- 
mingham and repossessed their 
whole countries ! 

1564 — August 6 Dublin-Elizabeth. 

Lord Justice and council to oMea- 
gher^ report that some of his peo- 
ple have joined the rebels of the 
Moores and Connors, strict injunc- 
tion to apprehend any shall return 
in order for their punishment. No 
private quarrell to be followed dur- 
ing the time of their services.^ 

1570 — oMeagher and his kinsmen in 
Ykyrn paid ;^ 100 for the privilege 
of living on their own lands. 

1570 — * 'Names of the gentlemen inhabiting 
the County Tipperary, with the ex- 
tent of their lands." 

Manors of Nenaghe, Roscre, 
Templemore and Thurles. The 
White Knights lands there ;^ioo, 
Walter Bourke and his kinsman 
;^ioo, John Bourke and his kins- 
man ;^40, oNaght by the year ;^ 10, 
oDwire and his kinsman ;^20o, 
The Ryans ;^i5o, McBrien arre 

28 Ibid. 



;^i5o, Ormond and all the Kenne- 
dies ;^300, oCarroll and his kins- 
men of Ely ;^400. oMeagher and 
his kinsmen of Ykyrn ;^ioo, oKa- 
hill ;^20, John oFogerte and his 
kinsmen ;^4o, Walter Bourke and 
his kinsmen ;^4o, John Ashpole 
and his kinsmen ;^5o, Thomas Pur- 
cell and his kinsmen £iQO, Richard 
Beaghe Butler ;^2o, John Fitzger- 
ald Butler and his cousin ;^3o, 
Walter Archer ;^40, Edmond Fitz- 
thomas Heding and his kinsmen 
;^4o, Thomas Fitzjohn Butler and 
his cousin ;^20, Miles Cantwell 
;^io, Piers Cantwell ;^3o, Piers 
Butler ;^50, the Archbishop of 
Cashel ;^io. Total ;^2,ooo.^ 

1578 — The extensive influence of the 
Earls of Thomond and Ormond, 
and the Baron of Inchiquin, marred 
the good intentions of the Mc- 
Mahons, McNamaras, oConnors, 
oLoughlins of Thomond, oDwyers, 
oFogartys, oMeaghers, oMulryans, 
oKennedys, and other noblemen of 
Tipperary, and withheld them from 
uniting against Elizabeth. 

1580 — A plot for Mounster by Lord Jus- 
tice Pelham, July 28. * * The 
Earl of Ormondes liberty and his 
country of Ormond to be reduced 
• to order and restrained from enter- 
taining of loose men. His neigh- 
bours of Ellie and Upper Ormond 
to be tied to like conditions.^ 

1583 — The Earl of Ormond to Walsing- 
ham reports Waterford and Tip- 
perary spoiled.* 

1584 — After reducing the Earl of Des- 
mond's rebellion in 1584, his for- 
feited lands and those of his follow- 
ers, extending over the greater part 
of Limerick, Kerry, Cork, Water- 
ford and Tipperary, were inhabited 

2* Calendar Carew MSS. 
25 Calendar State Papers. 
28 Ibid. 



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63 



by colonists from Cheshire, Devon- 
shire, Lancashire and Somerset- 
shire.^ 

1 589 — Note of the good service and worthy 
exploits of Piers Butler (Fitzed- 
mond), of Roscrea, hath done in 
Ireland by direction of the Duke of 
Ormonde. In the month of Febru- 
ary, 1584, at Ikerrin, in the County 
Tipperary, being in pursuit of 
Thomas of the mill (son of Pierce 
Grace), Piers Butler apprehended 
Shane Begge oMeagher, who was 
sent to Kilkenny and there hanged 
as a traitor. 28 

1 592 — John oMeagher, of the Glen, died. 

1599 — Elizabeth. 

Sir Thomas Norris, President of 
Munster, marched to Kilmallock 
to oppose Owny oMoore and the 
Leinster chieftains, but was obliged 
to retire to Cork, leaving a garri- 
son behind him, and on his retreat 
his' rear guard was roughly handled 
by the forces of oMoore, and in 
one of these forays he was mortally 
wounded by Thomas Burke, brother 
of the Lord of Castleconnell, and 
died a few weeks after at Mallow. 
The success of oMoore almost pro- 
duced an universal uprising of the 
noblemen of Munster against the 
Queen, but the Earls of Ormonde 
and Thomond and the Baron of 
Inchiquin did not join in the 

27 By the articles of 1586, reflating the plan- 
tation of Munster, the forfeited lands were 
grouped into seignories of 6,000 and 1,200 acres. 
The colonists were to be of English birth, and 
the heirs, female, were not to intermarry with 
any but of English birth or with the descen- 
dants of the first patentees of the English 
plantation, and none of the **nieere Irish" 
should be permitted or maintained in any 
family. Each grantor was required to build 
his capital mansion on the premises and twelve 
other houses for the freeholders of the manor 
and other tenants. The whole of this plantation 
was swept away in Tyrone's rebellion in 1596. 

28 Calendar of State papers relating to Ireland, 
1580 to 1592. Vol. CXLIX. 



league, and their influence pre- 
vented the MacMahons, the Mac- 
Namaras, the ©Connor's, the 
oLoughlins of Thomond, the 
oMeaghers, the oDwyers, the 
oFogartys, oMulryans, the ©Ken- 
nedys, and other chiefs of North 
Munster from uniting against the 
Queen.28 
1600 — Freeholders of Crosse Tipperary ; 
Eliogartie-Hugh oMeagher, of Kil- 
oskehane, Conogher oMeagher, 
Donogh oMeagher and Philip 
oMeagher, of same place ; Middle- 
third, James Meagher, of Burdens- 
grange. 

Id. oMeaghers enumerated 
among the principal inhabitants 
of Waterford County. 

Id. A tomb in the Augustinian 
Abbey, Fethard, Tipperary, records: 

Hie jacent Thadeus oMeagher 
de Ballydine et Anastasia Purtil 
ejus uxor qui me fieri facerunt 20 
Maii, Anno Salutis, 1600. 

A marble tablet records the 
name of John oMeagher and his 
services and liberality in restoring 
the ruined abbey, and a fine Celtic 
cross has been placed over the 
grave of his son, Daniel Costello 
oMeagher, by public subscription. 
Another son. Reverend John 
oMeagher, was curate of Temple- 
more, and an only daughter are 
also buried in the abbey. 
1600 — August 30, Sir George Carew to 
the Privy Council * * * in 
the aforesaid letter, August 27, 
1600, I was advised that Redmond 
Bourke and Captain Tyrrell, with 
HOC bonaghts are at present in 
oMeaghers country with a purpose 
to come further into Munster.*^ 
1600 — Nov. 2, Carew writes to the Privy 
Council : '* Piers Lacey (as James 



29 Haverty His. Ireland, p. 461. 
His. Limerick, p. 122. 
80 Calendar Carew MSS. 



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HISTORICAL NOTICES. 



Fitzthomas), hath shrouded himself 
in the County of Tipperary among 
the Butlers, and of late (as I under- 
stand), hath gathered together of 
the oMaughers Ossory men, the 
Purcells and other such loose vaga- 
bonds, to the number of 500, and 
is lately joined with Redmond 
Bourke.'' 

Augiist 30, Carew to the Privy 
Council : ** In the letter of the 
White Knight, I was advised 
that Redmond Bourke and Captain 
Tyrel, with 11 00 bonachts, are at 
present in oMagher's country." 

1601 — Siege of Kinsale, 2d James I. Col- 
lections by way of a journal of the 
difficulties and impediments in our 
proceedings since the discovery of 
the Spanish fleet and forces before 
their entry into Kinsale. 

1 601 — October 25, * * * The Lord 
President returned to the camp at 
his departure. oDonnell was in 
oCarroirs country towards whom 
the Lord President made all possi- 
ble haste, and by that time he was 
come near to the HoUycross in 
Tipperary, the enemy was in 
oMeagher*s country lodged in a 
strong fastness not above six miles 
from him, but not daring (accord- 
ing to his promise), to make his 
passage to Cashel * * fearing 
the Lord President. 

1 60 1 — November 25, Carew reports : 
** The Lord President returned to 
the camp. At his departure, 
oDonnel was in oCarroll's 
country, towards whom he made all 
possible haste, and by the time he 
was come near Holy Cross in Tip- 
perary the enemy was in oMeagh- 
er's country, lodged in a strong 
fastness, not above six miles from 
him. 

1601 — The Connaught Burkes were sur- 
prised in oMeagher^s country, and 



many of them were slain through- 
out their tents and booths. 

In this year, the oMeagher's of 
Kilballyhine and Ballyfoline are 
recorded among the prominent 
families of the county. 

Id. Carew writes to Mountjoy : 
** I thought good to discover to 
you the distempered state of Kil- 
kenny and Tipperary. Keddaghe 
oMagher hath gathered together 
300 rogues. In Osserie the Baron 
of Upper Osserie* s nephews are 
entered into rebellion. In Kilkenny 
the third son of Viscount Mount- 
garret and some of the Graces 
ransacked the country and do join 
with Keddaghe oMagher ; and, 
lastly, 200 men under the leading of 
Theobald Butler, a son of Sir 
Edmond Butler, are drawing into 
Tipperary to assist Kedagh 
oMagher." 

Id. oDonnell made his famous 
march from oMagher' s country — 
* * the greatest march with carriage 
that hath been heard of — an un- 
reasonable infinite long march, 
incredible, but upon my reputation 
'tis true, Carew.'* 

1609 — October 18, Sir Robert Jacob to 
Salisbury * * * There are at 
least 2000 Idlemen in Connaught, 
who have neither home land trade 
or other means, but live idly and 
feed upon the gentlemen of the 
country, and when the lords and 
gentlemen meet upon parley, he is 
accounted the bravest man who 
comes attended with most of these 
followers. There are 4000 of that 
quality yet lefl in Ulster, 3000 in 
Leinster, and as many in Munster. 
These are they that fill the heads 
of the gentlemen with treason, and 
when they see a fit opportunity 
they thrust them into open action. 
The course that is now taken, is to 
send them away to Sweveland 



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HISTORICAL NOTICES. 



65 



(Sweden), may do much good, and 
if there could be a colourable means 
devised to send away 1060 more 
out of every province this next 
summer, they would be better able 
to govern those that remain. Many 
of the Idlemen are soldiers lately 
returned from the low countries. "^ 

The following curious estimate 
appears amongst the State Papers 
under the date of 3d of August, 
1609 • **An estimate of what charge 
of transport, victualling and appar- 
elling of 1000 men into Sweveland 
will amount unto :" 

First for their transport after 10 
shillings the man £ 500.00 

For their victualling at sd. per 
diem a man, amounting per 
diem to /'20.16.8 ; amount- 
ing for one month of 50 days. 635.00 

For their apparel : one cas- 
sock, one pair of hose, one 
pair of stocking, one pair 
of shoes, one shirt, one cap, 
at 20 shillings the man . ... 1000.00 



Sum total of the whole charge 

of 1000 men /'2125.00 

A very modest outfit indeed ! 

1 6 10 — September 23, six hundred Irish 
idlemen and rapparees were sent to 
Sweden, 200 of whom were Ulster- 
men, and the remainder were from 
Munster and Connaught. They 
were for the most part swordsmen 
that served on one side or the other 
in Tyrone's war, or under 
oDogherty. They were sent in 
charge of Donnell oCahan, Neal 
oDonnell, Art og oNeale, Ortiol og 
oHanlon, Shane oQuinn oNeale, 
Captain Neale og McArt oNeale, 
Edmund McKenna, Dunlecht Mc 
Kenna, Donnough McQuinn og 
oCahane, DonneU McArt oMuIlan, 

»i Ibid. 



Shane oReyley, Conn McRurey 
McMahon, and Hugh buy oNeale. 

1 6 14 — Chichester, the Lord Deputy, 
boasted to the Prime Minister, that 
beside cutting off many bad and 
disloyal offenders within the land, 
he had sent away 6000 of them to 
Sweden to fight under Gustavus 
AdolphusIL, King of Sweden, who • 
with Tsar Feodor of Russia, was 
then at war with Sigismund III., 
King of Poland. 

1627 — A tomb at Dangan records : Hie 
jacet Thadeus Gankagh o' Meagh- 
er, generosus, qui obiit 19 Decem- 
ber, 1627, Cujus animam propitie- 
tur Deus. 

oMeagher lived at Drumsai- 
leach, near Roscrea. 

1660 — King Charles the Second in his 
declaration of thanks for services 
beyond the seas, embodied in the 
Act of Settlement, included Lieu- 
tenant John Meagher of Grange, 
County Tipperary. 

1689 — John oMeagher of Grange, was 
assessor of taxes, and Thadeus 
oMeagher was member of Parlia- 
ment for Callan, County Kilkenny, 
in this year. 

1690 — William Wolseley wrote to Secre- 
tary Southwell, on the loth of 
August: "From the camp near 
Mullingar my party had an en- 
counter with seven tories whom 
they sent into a bog and took two 
of them. One was a Captain, his 
name was John Meagher, a notor- 
ious ringleader of the rogues, and 
one that had done great mischief 
in that country. I carried him and 
his comrade to Maryborough and 
hanged them." 

(This Wolseley was ancestor of 
the present Lord Wolseley). 



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PARDONS EXTENDED TO THE oMEAGHERS, ETC., AS FOLLOW : 



1548 — Edward VI. 

Felim oConnor oMeagher ,of Clo- 
dyle County Kilkenny. Donald 
McPhilip oMeagher of same place. 
Donatus Lieghe oMeagher of Bally- 
molin. Philip FitzDermod Mea- 
gher of Ballylorty County Tipper- 
ary, horseman, and Donogh Mea- 
gher of same place. 

1549 — Phelim oConogher oMeagher of 
Clodile County Kilkenny, and 
Donogh McPhilip oMeagher of 
same place. Philip riaghe oMea- 
gher of Loughmoy. Philip Moyle 
oMeagher of Clonconne, Kern. 

1550 — ^Thomas oMeagher. Dermod Mac- 
Conor oMeagher of Ballycannon, 
husbandman. 

1 55 1 — Edmund Butler, Knight, Baron of 
Dunboyne. Richard Meagher of 
Ballylorty County Tipperary, and 
Donogh Mes^her of same place. 
John Meagher of Killaloo County 
Kilkenny. Gillernew McTeige 
oMaghir. 

1552 — Philip and Mary, 

Thomas Magher of Clare, horse- 
man. Edmund Magher of Myles- 
town. John Meagher, Philip Mea- 
gher, footmen, and Cornelius Mea- 
gher of Bannockstown. 

1556 — Gillemowe oMeagher and Donogh- 
more oMeagher. 



1 560 — Elizabeth, 

James Cantwell of Kilkenny, bur- 
gess, hitherto dwelling in Baiting - 
lass, for receiving goods from sus- 
pected persons, especially for buy- 
ing two boxes of a confection of 
quinces, pears and plums, called 
marmelot^ a garya and a half of 
sugar and six pounds of spices, 
geriffe ginger and nutmegs from 
James Meagher, late of Gillton 
County Kildare, idleman. 

1560 — Note to Fiant, 1^60-1^61, JameS 
Meagher, Idleman,^ 

1565-6, 812. Pardon to Teigroo' Magher. 

1566 — k 973. Lease under commission 
exhibit to Wm. oCarroll or oKer- 
roU and John, his son, of the site of 

* Idol or Idlemen. — In every clan there were 
two castes, freemen and bondsmen. The first 
traced their descent from the same stem as the 
head of their name, the latter represented slaves 
purchased in early ages or subjected aborigines. 
All Idlemen were essentially swordsmen, they 
disdained to be ought but warriors. If poor, 
they carried their darts and skenes as kernes ; 
if in possession of a horse, they bore staves or 
lances, but all wore swords. Those near in 
blood to the Righ or chief had fertile districts 
allowed for their support, and bore themselves 
in war with gallant impetuosity. While the 
servile class did the work of the country the 
free class performed the duty of defence. 

Annuary for 1868-9 of the Royal Historical 
and Archeological Society of Ireland, p. 140. 



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57 



the hoiise of the B. V. M. in the 
Island of Life, otherwise called 
Inchenambeo in oMeagher's coun- 
try. 

956. Pardon to Gillenenew 
oMaghir, Donnell Moyle oMaghir, 
Teig and Hugh oMagher of Ross- 
con. 
1566 — Donal Moyle oMagher, Gillernow 
oMeagher, Hugh FitzDonal Moyle 
oMeagher, Teig and Hugh oMea- 
gher of Rosscon. 

1566 — Philip FitzDonogho oMeagher of 
Ballinakill, County Kilkenny, Kern. 
Provided that within six months he 
appears before commissioners in his 
county and gives security to keep 
the peace and answer at sessions 
when called upon, No. 1008. 

1567 — Teige oMaghir and Hugh oMaghir 
of Rossecon, County Kilkenny, 
Kern, security as in 1008. Donal 
Moyle McTeige oMeaghir of Rosse- 
con, County Kilkenny. Gillernow 
McTeige oMeagher of Ballytobin. 
Thady McDonnyl oMaghir of Ros- 
secon. Thomas Fitz Teige oMaghir 
of Kilder, same county. Hugh Mc- 
RoryeoMaghirof Castle-leam, Coun- 
ty Tipperary. Wm. og Fitz Wm. 
oMaghirof Ballyphilip,same county. 
Thady Fitz Wm. oMeagher of the 
same. Hugh Fitz Wm. oMagher 
and Darby Fitz Wm. oMaghir of 
same ; security as in 1008. 

1567 — 1068. Pardon to Shane rowe 
oMagher of Castell-liffe in the 
County of Kilkenny ; to Dermod 
oMagher, gentleman. 

1568-9 — 1298. Pardon to John Moore 
McTeig Geankagh oMeagher of 
Boytonrath, County Tipperary. 

1568-9 — ^John Fitz Connor oMaghir of 
Ballytierny. William oMaghir Mc 
Teige Geankagh of Drangan, same 
county, husbandman. Thomas roo 
McTeige oMaghir of Granndg of 
Athfath, security as in 1008. Cor- 



nelius Meagher of Baneoge, County 
Tipperary. John roo oMeagher of 
Burdonsgrange, same county ; se- 
curity as in 1008. Hugh oMaghir 
MacDonnell Moyle of Roscon, 
Kern. Teige oMagher MacDon- 
nell moyle of the same, Kern. 
Donogh oMaghir MacTeige of 
Roscon, Kern. Dermod Maghir 
of Newtown, County Tipperary, 
horseman. 

157 1 — Edmund ruo Fitz Philip oMaghir 
and Teige oMeagher, Kerns ; fines 
ten shillings each. Philip duffe 
oVaughere, Maurice oMaghir, fine 
five shillings. Teige Fitz Wm. 
oMaghir, Hugh Fitz Wm. oMagher, 
fines five shillings each. Donald 
oMagher, Kern. Hugh McDonell 
McTeige oMaghir. Teige McDon- 
ell McTeige oMaghir, Conor- 
more oMaghir, Mortagh beg oMa- 
ghir, Melaughlin oMaghir, Kerns ; 
fines ten shillings each. Thomas 
oMaghir, fine forty shillings. Giller- 
newe oMaghir, alias oMeagher, in 
Tipperary, fine £fi, Dermod 
oMaghir, late of Castielife, fine 
twenty shillings. Donnell McWm. 
oMaghir. Thomas McFire oMa- 
ghir. Dermod McWilliam oMagher, 
and Thomas oMaghir, fines ten 
shillings each. Gillernew McTeige 
oMaghir, fine £^^, 

1 57 1 — Pardon to Hugh McDonnell, Mc- 
Teig E. Magher, Wm. McE. 
Vagher, Conogher oMagher, Me- 
laghlin beg oMagher, Kerns. Fine 

IDS. 

1 889. Pardon to Thomas McFire 
oMagher, Dermod McWm. oMa- 
gher, Thomas oMagher, Kerns. 
Fine los. 

19 10. Pardon to Gillernew 
McTeige oMagher. Fine £\, 

1 57 1 — 19 1 8. Pardon to Dermod oMagher, 
late of Castel-lifT, County Kilkenny, 
Kern. 



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FIANTS. 



1 57 1-2 — 2029. Pardon to Dermod 
oMagher row of Killferagh, County 
Kilkenny. 

1572 — Dermod oMaghir of Kilferagh. 
Philip oMaghir McDonough, late 
of Melagh. ThomasoMaghirreaghe, 

• late of Ballymakan. John oMaghir 

of Garrancase. Shan Magher, late 
of Gowran, County Kilkenny ; fines 
ten shillings each. Thomas oMa- 
ghir of Garrick, Kern ; fine five 
shillings. Conoghermore oMaghir, 
Kern. Dermode Ugh oMaghir of 
Ballicowdihie ; fine ten shillings. 
William roo oMaghir, fine ten 
shillings. William oMar McTeige 
of Comisagh Butier ; fine ten shil- 
lings. Donell McE. oMagher and 
Melaghlin McRorye oMagher, 
Kerns ; fines ten shillings each. 
Thomas oMaghir, fine forty shil- 
lings. 

1573—2308. Pardon to James Butler, 
Lord Baron Dunboyn, Donogh 
McShane oMeagher, yeoman. Fine 
one fat cow each. 

2309. Pardon to Teig Geankagh 
oMeagher of Drangan ; Donnill 
McDonnill I. Meagher of Tullagh- 
main ; Malaghlin fitz Tho. I. Mea- 
gher, yeoman. Fine one fat cow 
each. 

2319. Pardon to Wm. McArt 
and Teig oMeachair. 

2416. Pardon to Teig oMeagher 
McDonnell of Carlesk, County Kil- 
kenny, Kern. 

1573 — William mor oMaghir. Conogher 
beg oMaghir. Teige Gankagh 
oMeagher of Drangan. Donogh 
McDonell oMeagher of TuUagh- 
main ; Donogh McThomas I. 
Meagher of Kiltynan, fine one fat 
cow each. Dermod ro oMagher of 
Carrignisherragh. Conogher Mc- 
Teige Meagher of Ballylosky, foot- 
man. Teige McDonogh I. Meagher 
of Ballynenane. Richard Fitz John 



I. Meagher of Ballytarsny, yeoman. 
John McConogher I. Meagher of 
Boytonrath, yeoman ; fines one fat 
cow each. 

1573-4 — William Fitz John oMagher, se- 
curity as in No. 1008. 

1575 — Thady McDonoU oMagher of The- 
quier, Kern. 

1575 — 2637. Pardon to Shane ban oMea- 
gher of Glenbeag, gentieman ; 
Thady McDonnell Moyle oMagher, 
Gillenewe McTeig oMagher of Bor- 
resleigh. Kerns. 

1577 — William Maghir of Knockea, 
County Carlow, and Conochor 
oMaghir of same, Kerns. 

1578 — John oMeagher of Buolybane, 
County of Tipperary and Cross, 
gentleman. Dermod oMeagher and 
Conor oMeagher, security as in 
No. 1008. 

1578 — 3501. Pardon to Gillenowe oMa- 
gher, Kern. 

1 579 — John oMeagher of Grange. Thomas 
oMeagher of the same. Teige Mc- 
Donyl Moyle oMaghir. 

1582 — Conogher McKeda oMeagher of 
Clonmore and John McPrior oMea- 
gher, alias oMeagher of Roskre, 
provided that if any of those per- 
sons be of the nation or sept of the 
oMeaghers who were proclaimed 
traitors and rebels, the pardon to 
be of no effect in favor of such, 
Donogho Maghir and others : 
' • These persons are tenants of Ger- 
ald Fitzgerald, and claim the benefit 
of Her Majesty's proclamation." 
Gillenenof McTeige oMaghir. Teige 
McDonnel oMaghir, John oMaghir 
and William McTheobold, grooms. 
Thomas oMagher neferony and 
Peter oMagher of the County Kil- 
kenny. John oMagher of Bally- 
phelin, County Tipperary, gentle- 
man. Darby oMagher of the 
Knock. 



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1582 — 3960. Pardon to John oMagher 
and Wm. McTheobold, grooms ; 
3880, pardon to Gillenenef McTeig 
and Teig McDonnell I. Magher. 

1583 — Edward Geogh, late sheriff of the 
County of Cross, Tipperary. Teige 
Geankagh oMeagher of Drangan, 
horseman. Teige McDonogh 
oMeagher of Ballydoyle, farmer. 

1584— Walter Butler of Kilcash, Esquire. ^ 
Philip Purcell of Loughmoe.^ 
William McDermod oMeagher, 
provided that he appears before 
the commissioners in this county 
and gives security to keep the 
peace and answer when called upon. 
Thomas oMeagher of Carnegale, 
County Kilkenny. Thomas Mc- 
Knoghor oMeagher, yeoman ; se- 
curity as in No. 1008. John Magher 
of Boulybane, security as in No. 
1008. Tei^e oMagher McDonogh 
of Ballydoile. Richard oMagher 
McDonogh of same. Philip Mc- 
Teige oMeagher of Cloinogheady. 
Melaghlin oMeagher Fitz Thomas 
of Ballydoile. Edmund oMeagher- 
McDonogh of Rathgowell. Teige 
Gankagh . oMeagher, Drangan, 
County Tipperary ; provisions as 
in No. 1008. Sane beg oMeagher, 
apprehended by Piers Butler Fitz 
Edmund of Butler's Wood, Kil- 
kenny, who sent him to Kilkenny 
and there executed as a traitor. 

1584.— 4385. Pardon to Philip McTeig 
oMeagher of Cloinoghady ; 4386, 
Melaghlin oMeagher fitz Thomas 
of Ballidoil; 4398, Edmond oMea- 
gher McDonagh of Rathgarrett ; 
4531, Teig Geankagh oMaghir of 
Drangan. 

1585 — 4637. Pardon to Teig McRorye 
fitz Thomas oMeagher ; 4639. To 
John oMeagher of Bolybane and 
Margaret ny Vagher of Aughes- 

1 Afterwards II Earl of Ormond. 

s Afterwards titular Baron Loughmoe. 



mere ; 4744, to Onoria fitz Thomas 
oMeagher and Dermond oMeagher; 
4774, to Conogher McGilleneneeve 
oMeagher, Teig oMeagher of Clone, 
County Kilkenny ; Wm. McDon- 
ough oMeagher of Keoghan and 
Margaret fitz Conogher Meagher ; 
4832, to Gilleneneeve oMagher, 
freeholder ; 4838, to John oMea- 
gher of Gracetown, Kern ; 4884, 
to Hugh McRorye and Wm. Mc- 
Donogh Meagher of Templemore, 
County Tipperary ; 4916, to John 
beg oMagher, yeoman ; 4923, 
lease under the Queen's letter to 
Sir Lucas Dillon, Chief Baron, of 
the site of the religious house of 
the B.V. M. on the Island of Lyffe 
called Inchenambeo in oMagher' s 
Country. 

1585 — Richard Fitz John Meagher of 
Bealladrohide. John beg oMeagher, 
Queens County, yeoman. Teige 
oMeagher, Cluoin-in-kenny (Clona- 
kenny). County Tipperary. Cono- 
ghor McGilleduff oMeagher of Kil- 
cormayche. William Mc Donogh 
oMeagher of Killeagh. Margaret 
Fitz Conogher Meagher. Anstace 
Fitz Wm. Meagher. Teige Mc- 
Rorye oMeagher. Philip oMeagher 
Fitz Thomas ; provisions as in No. 
1008. Helen Fitzgerald, daughter 
to the Knight of Kerrie, and Der- 
mod oMeagher ; provisions as in 
No. 1008, William oMagher of 
Cloghlea, husbandman ; provision 
as in No. 1008. Hugh McRorye 
oMagher, and Wm. McDonogh 
oMagher ; provisions as in No. 
1008. 

1586 — John beg oMeagher, yeoman ; pro- 
vision as in No. 1008. Richard 
Roe oMeagher of Drangan. Wm. 
oMeagher of Clonenkenny, County 
Tipperary, fi-eeholder. Connocher 
McThomas oMagher, and Piers 
McThomas oMagher of the Feart, 
County Tipperary, freeholders ; 



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60 



FIANTS. 



provisions as in No. 1008, and they 
were not concerned in the slaying 
of the son of John McCoughlan. 

1586 — 4264. Pardon of Teig Gankagh 
oMaghir of Drangan, horseman, 
and Teig McDonnell oMagher of 
Ballidine, County Tipperary, far- 
mer. 

1587 — Shane McThomas oMagher of Kil- 
teynan County Kilkenny. The 
pardon not to include murder, 
hearing of mass, and that he should 
appear before the justices at assizes 
in that county at the next sessions, 
and be sufficientiy bound with sure- 
ties to keep the peace and answer 
at sessions, when summoned, the 
just demands of all subjects. The 
pardon not to include any fine or 
alienation and intrusion into Crown 
lands or debts to the Crown. 

1587 — 5102. Pardon to Shane McTho 
oMagher of Kilteynan ; 5144, to 
Wm. McDonogh oMagher of Tem- 
plemore and Philip McDonogh 
oMagher of same, gentlemen ; 
5169, to John Mc Tho oMachair of 
Glenvogher ; 5185, to Wm. Fitz 
Hue oMeagher of Moneyslath, 
yeoman, and others to abide any 
order of the Lord Deputy affecting 
their lands and any who have been 
in actual rebellion to find ;^20o 
security to obey such order. 

1588 — Donnill oMeagher of Glenbeigh- 
William oMeagher of Carinlea, and 
William Fitz Thomas oMeagher of 
Little Grange, County of the Cross 
of Tipperary. Proviso, that par- 
don to extend only to those who 
are willing to submit and fulfil such 
articles as the Lord Deputy shall 
ordain concerning the lands which 
any of them had in use or possession 
at the time when any of the treasons 
or felonies were committed, whether 
the lands were found by inquisition 
or not. 



1588— 521 1. Pardon to Donnill oMagher 
ofGlanbeigh; W. oMagher of Carin- 
lea, and Wm. fitz Thomas oMagher 
of Little Grange,- County of Crosse 
Tipperary, to submit to such orders 
as the Lord Deputy may make 
concerning their lands. 

1590—5524. To Edm. L Maghery Mc- 
Laughlin donne of Lemger. 

1597 — 6130. Pardon to Katherine ny 
Magher of Any molt ; 61 10, to 
Keadagh oMagher, Owny boy 
oMagher; 6122, to John and Philip 
McDonogh oMagher; 6136, to 
Dermod oMacher of Cowlefine, 
County Tipperary, and Thady 
oMacher. 

1597 — Keadagh oMeagher. Conor Mc- 
Loughlin oMaghir. Gillernow 
oMagher. Owny boy oMagher, 
recommended by the Earl of Or- 
mond. Donogh Granagh oMagher. 
Shane McDermod McFynon oMa- 
gher. Donogh McFynon oMagher. 
Edmund McFynon McTeig oMa- 
gher. Keadagh oMagher. Conor 
McLoughlin oMaghir. Gillenewe 
oMagher. Shane McEdmund off- 
aly oMeagher. Ferdoragh oMea- 
gher. William oMeagher of Grange. 
Richard oMeagher of Anemolt, and 
Soive Morrfy, his wife. Edmund 
riaghe oMagher. Owny boy oMa- 
gher at the suit of Lord Upper 
Ossory. Donnell McShane oMea- 
gher. Donogh oMagher of Kilcowle. 
Teige oMagher Donogh oMea- 
gher of Mongan, Donogh ban 
oMeagher. 

1598 — 6248. Pardon to Melaghlin and 
Philip oMagher, Donogh McShane 
roo, and Donogh McWm. oMagher 
of Clonmore, County Tipperary ; 
6222, to Donnill McDonogh oMau- 
gher. 

1598 — Donill oMagher, Philip oMagher, 
Donell Mc Wm. oMagher of Clon- 
more, County Tipperary. Donogh 



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FIANTS, 



61 



McShane reagh oMeagher of same. 
^ Edmund oMagher of same, and 
Gillenuffe oMagher of same. 

1599 — 6309. Pardon to Philip Thady 
Tho. and Wm. oMaher, not to ex- 
tend to any person in prison or on 
bail, also to Edward Viscount 
Mountgarrett and Richard Butler 
his son and heir of all recognizances 
for their appearance ; 6314, to 
Rorye Edmd. and Dermod oMaher 
of Ballyteig. 

1599 — Sarah ny Maher. Wm. Fitz Thomas 
oMaher. Philip oMaher, Thady 
oMahar, Teige Mc Gillernowe 
oMaher, William oMahar, Thomas 
Fitz John oMaher, and William 
oMaher of the County Kilkenny. 

1600 — ^Teige oMagher of Longhmo, hus- 
bandman. Edmund Mc Shane 
oMagher. DonnoU McShane reagh 
oMeagher of Tullogh County Car- 
low, yeoman ; provisions as in No. 
6109, murder and treason against 
the Queen's life excepted. 

1600—6432, 6440. Pardon to Hugh, 
Edmd. McShane, Philip Laghlin, 
and Donnill oMagher. 

1 601 — 6495. Pardon to Robert oMeagher; 
6519, to Donough Moore oMaher 
of Coolcormuck, Tho oge oMagher 
of Gortenin, Teig McWm. oMagher 
of Parke, Philip oMagher of 
Castellmoyle, Connor and Wm. 
oMagher, and Wm. Stapleton of 
Cloniwillstn, Donogh ban oMagher 
of Ballybriste ; and -6537, to Wm. 
Magher McShane of Dorreloskan, 
County Tipperary, husbandman ; 
6564, to Teig oMagher of Bresagh; 
6577, to James oMagher ; 6583, to 
Philip McDonohoe oMeagher of 
Rathlesse ; yeoman, John Mc- 
William oMeagher of Ballingarry ; 
Teig McHugh and Conogher 
McHugh oMeagher of Mogourie, 
yeomen. 

1 601 — John Reagh Macher of Balline- 
muck. Teige McWilliam oMacher 



of Parke ; Donogh moor o Macher 
of Cowlcormuck. Thomas oge 
oMachar of Gortenan ; Thomas 
oMacher of Garrynnegri ; Philip 
oMachar of Thurles ; Darby 
oMacher of Castiemoyle, excepting 
from pardon any in prison or bound 
to appear at sessions, and any who 
do not live in Tipperary. Conor 
oMagher. Wm. McTeige oMeagher. 
John McTeige oMagher. Teige 
(^eankagh oMeagher. Richard 
bane oMeagher. John oMeagher 
alias Shane neSafregh (of the 
heifers). Daniel McDonogh oMea- 
gher, provided that they appear 
and submit before the President of 
Munster, Sir N. Welsh, Kt. Chief 
Justice, and the Queen's Attorney 
of Munster, and John Everard Esq. , 
Justice of the Liberty of Tipperary 
within three months, and be suffi- 
ciently bound with sureties, and 
that all recognizance be recorded 
in the Council Book of the prov- 
ince at the next sessions to be held 
there within three months. If any 
fail to find the required security, 
the pardon as regards them, to be 
void. The pardon shall not extend 
to any in prison or bound for ap- 
pearance at sessions ; nor to any 
jesuite, seminary, or mass priest, 
nor any freeman of any city or in- 
corporated town who lives in the 
town. It shall also not include any 
offense committed after the date of 
the President's letter to the Deputy 
for pardon, nor any intrusion on 
possessions of the Crown, or any 
debts or arrears due to the Crown, 
No. 6521. Darby oMeagher of 
Reighlill, husbandman ; same con- 
dition as No. 6521. William Fyne 
. oMagher of Behamghe. Teige 
oMagher of Brensagh, and Richard 
dufTFitzredmond oMagher of same 
William Maher of Brenor, County 
Kilkenny. John oMagher of Bal- 
lengarry, and Thomas oMagher of 



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62 



FIANTS. 



same, husbandmen. Provided that 
they shall personally appear and 
submit themselves before the 
Queen's Commissioners or Keepers 
of the Peace in the county in which 
they live at the next or second ses- 
sions after pardon, &nd shall then 
be sufficiently bound with con- 
venient sureties to keep the peace 
and answer at all sessions when 
called upon to answer the demands 
of the Queen's subjects according 
to justice, provided also that the 
pardon shall not extend to any 
murder committed by them before 
their entry into rebellion ; nor to 
any intrusion of possessions of the 
Crown ; nor to remit or release 
any debt, account, or fine, or alien- 
ation due to the Crown. The par- 
don recommended by the Earl of 
Ormonde. To Richard Fitz Hubert 
Stapleton, of Thurlesbeg, gentle- 
man. 

ito2— James L 

Mulroony Mc Wm. oCarroU of 
Leam Ivanan, chief of his name, 
Margret ni Magher his wife, and 
Teige oMaugher of Clonekinee, 
gentleman. Wm. oge oMagher of 
Kelnecr .rie. John F i t z w i 1 1 i a m 
oMeagher of Hoare Abbey. Wm. 
oMacher of Athlongporte. Teige 
oMeagher of Ardmaile. William 
oMagher of Balleneclogher. Dono- 
gh oMagher of Ballybriste. Wm. 
McDermot oMagher, yeoman in 
Eally. 

i6o2 — 6227, to Muh-oony McWm. oCar- 
roU of Leame Ivanan, chief of his 
name, Margaret ni Magher, his 
wife, and Teig oMaugher of Clone- 
kenie, gentleman ; 6618, to Don- 
nell McShane oMagher of Cloghan 
and Donogh Kedagh oMeagher of 
Ballingowan, cottiers ; 6636, to 
Wm. McDermod oMeagher, yeo- 
man in Eally; 6628-9 to Wm. 
oMeagher of Killinahone and Wm. 



oMeagher of the Inscor ; 6701, to 
Juan, Lady of Lixnawe, and John 
fitz Wm. oMeagher and others ; 
6706, to Teig oMeagher of Mori- 
gan, and Donogh bane oMeagher 
of Ballybriste ; 6770, to Wm. 
oMeagher of Burrisleigh ; 6772, to 
Dermod oMeagher, yeoman. 

1602-3 — Rorye McDonniU oMeagher of 
Knockloight, Goldsmith, Philip 
oMyagher of Newcastle, and Hugh 
oMeagher, carpenters, of the same. 
William oMeagher of Ballyquillane, 
and EUice ny Meagher, widow. 
Teige Fitzwilliam oMeagher of Bur- 
risleigh, husbandman. Dermod 
oMeagher. 

1603 — Kedagh oMeagher of Bolebane, 
County Tipperary, gentleman. 
More ny Carroll his wife. Thomas 
Reach oMagher of Cloneckey. Hugh 
oMagher of Bolebane, gentleman. 
Shane oMagher of Graigue, gentle- 
man. Donnell oMagher of Bally- 
Henry, gentleman. Gillenowe 
oMagher and Donogh boy oMagher 
of the same, gentlemen. Shane 
oMagher of Killeagh, gentleman. 
Thomas oMagher of the same, gen- 
tleman. Thomas oMagher of Gor- 
temaine, gentleman. William 
oMagher of Crommlyn. Shane 
oMagher of Bally henry, gentleman. 
Donogh oMeagher of Corbally. 
gentleman. Hugh oMagher of 
Bamane, gentleman. 

1604 — Shane oMagher ot KillduflTe, gen- 
deman. Shane oMagher of Killea, 
gentleman. Teige oMagher of Gor- 
teyne, gentleman. Donnell oMagher 
of Bolebane, gentleman. Thomas 
oMagher of Loraine, and Philip 
oMagher of Dryrina-mc-care. 

1626 — Charles L 

Teige McShane oMeagher and 
livery of possession of his lands 
and license to alienate them. 



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li^ILLS MEMORANDA. 



63 



1628 — Pierce Fitzjames Meagher and like 
license. 

1632 — Johi oMeagher of Clonyne and 
livery of possession of his lands 
and like license. Teige oMeagher 
and like license. 

1633 — Teige M: Shane oMeagher and like 
license. Donnough oMeagher and 



like license. William Meagher of 

Cort, with like license. 
1634 — Margaret Meagher, alias Curran, 

with a license to alienate. 
1636 — Darby Meagher, and a license to 

ask and receive a benevolence. 

The Editor is indebted to Mr. James Mills, 
M. S. A. I., of the Public Record Office, for 
valuable aid given in the preparation of this 
list. 



WILLS MEMORANDA. 



1610 — April 13. Prerogative. 

In dei nomine Amen. I, EUice 
Meagher, daughter unto Gillemoof 
oMeagher,^ wydowe, being sick of 
bodye, and of perfect memory and 
understanding, doe make this my 
last will and testament in manner 
following this xiij day of Apriell, 
1610. 

Item : I first doe bequeath my 
sole to the Almighty, the blessed 
virgyn Mary and to the holy com- 
pany of heaven, and my bodye to 
be buried in my ancestors' chapel 
at Fedart.2 Item : I have in the 
hands of Thomas Oge of Bally beg- 
gan seaven milche cowes, three 
barran cowes, five yearlings and 
five young bullocks. The goods I 
•have ensue. Item first : I have in 
the hands of Teige oCarran at 
Curraghloie fifty-one shepe and 
fifteen lambes. Item : I have in the 
hands and keeping of James Fitz- 
thomas of Knockgraffon fifty shepe 
and ther lambs. Item : I have one 
old warming pan, two bandes, a 
payer of Toppes, a flock bead, a 
chest and some lynnings at Patrick 

1 Gillemowe oMeagher, of Ballyhenry, gen- 
tleman, pardoned 1604. 

2 Vide tombstone, in Fethard Abbey, erected 
in 1627, to Thaddeus oMeagher. 



Meagher Smith's house Kolerty. 
Item : I have within a chest I bor- 
rowed of Ceale White Fitztheobold 
of Clonmelle, that lies in the north 
rome next his hale my litle stock of 
money and other trifles. I doe be- 
queth unto the church to pray for 
me sixtye pounds st., the rest to 
be delivered to my Executors to 
pay my deptes and legacies and to 
be bestowed on my funeral monts 
mynd and twelve monts mind, and 
yf ther be an3rthing over and above, 
the same to be ther own. Item: I 
have in the hands of Richard Power 
of Powerstown one milch cowe and 
one ox of three years ould. Item : 
I have chest wherein ther is fower 
seuts, a tick bead, a pound of woole 
and a small silvar jewell at Richard 
Fitzthomasis house. 

Legacies. Item : I leave unto 
my godly father, Sr. Thomas 
Fahie, a marke st. and xxi's to say 
XXX masses for my sole. Item : 
I leave and bequeth unto Sr. 
William Fitzedmond i marke st. 
and xxviij's bandlands of lynings 
to say XXX for my sole if he will 
undertake to doe soe. Item : I 
leave and bequeth unto Teige 
McDennoUy oMeagher of Carranlea, 
one milch cowe and a barren cowe, 



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64 



WILLS MEMORANDA, 



six shepe and six lambes. Item : I 
leave unto my brother Phillipe 
oMeagher a milch cowe and a young 
heffer. Item : I leave and bequeth 
unto Maloghlin oCarran of Carran- 
lea a milch cowe, if any ther be, 
six shepe, six lambs, and to his wife 
the jewall that is in my house of 
Knockgraffen. Item: I bequeth to 
my nephew, Donnell oCarran, 
xxi shillings. Item : I bequeth to 
James Fitzrichard of Carranlea a 
milch cowe and a barran cowe, and 
to each of his daughters, Kathe- 
rine and Margrett, six shepe and 
six lambes. Item : I bequeth to 
Maloghlin McDermott of Knock- 
barnay xxx shillings. Item : I be- 
queth to my brother Teige oMea- 
gher of Clonebrogan, xxx shillings. 
Item : I .bequeth unto my cossen, 
John White, of Banshagh, all the 
deptes due unto me and the wri- 
tings I have conferming. Item : I 
leave and bequeth unto John Mor- 
ris, the property I have at Knock- 
graffen. Deptes due unto me. Item: 
Thomas oBrien, of Cashell Smith, 
owes xxx shillings. James Flan- 
nery, of Logheane, wilnes. Item : 
William Ffitzthomas, the dean, his 
son owes x shillings. Item : Theo- 
bold Ffitzjohn Butler, of Knock ellin, 
owes XX shillings. Item : Dono- 
ghow oCarran, of Fedart taylor, 
owes XX shillings. Item : I doe 
constitute and appoint my cossen, 
John White, of Banshagh, Gent; 
James Ffitzrichard, of Carranlea and 
Teige McDennothy oMeagher^ of 
the same, executors of this my last 
will and testament, and I appoint 
my said cossen, John White, the 
tutor over my executors and admin- 
istrators of this, my will, and doe 
desire him to have care of my 
funeral and monts mynd. I bequeth 
Katherin ny Vagher^ of Carronlea, 
six shepe, if there be so mouch. 



Item : I bequeth to Teige McCon- 
nor oCarran fewer shfepe. Witnes 
this to be my last will and testa- 
ment, I have hereunto put my 
firme the xiij of Apriell, 1610. EUie 
Meagher is marke. 

Being present on the perfecting 
and delivery of this will as the act 
and deede of Ellie Meagher unto 
John White, in the name of him and 
rest whose names ensueth. 

Sir Thomas Fahie, priest. 

Walter Ffitzthomas Bourke. 

Richard White, witness. 

Margrett oBrin, witness. 

Teige McConnor is marke. 

Teige oCarran is marke. 

Probate to Teige McDermothy 
oMeagher, 18 April, 16 10. 

1626 — January 21. Prerogative. 

Will of Teige Geankagh oMeagher^ 
of Ballynemayne, County Tippera- 
ry, appoints his neighbours James 
Brittyn, of Kill Richard, Comerford 
Ffitzedmond, of Creaghan, and 
Thomas Mc Teige oMeagher^ of 
Rathfallah, joint executors, wife 
Ellinor Meagher^ alias Butler, wife's 
son Richard Comerford, sons 
Thomas Mc Teige Meagher , John 
Meagher y Dermod oMeagher ^ Phil- 
lipe oMeagher, Teige oMeagher^ 
Richard oMeagher , Connor Mc Teige 
oMeagher y daughter Honor oMea- 
gher y son-in-law Thonuis McWil- 
Ham o Meagher y Lands CoUeagh- 
more, County Kilkenny, Bally- 
mayne and Mogowry, County Tip- 
perary. . To Lady Dowager Dun- 
boyne, £Af in token of his love, and 
to Lord Baron Dunboyne a similar 
legacy. 

1663 — November 29. 

Will dated 29th November, 1663, 
of Gerald Ffennell, of Kilkenny, 
Doctor of Physic, devised lands of 
Ballygriffin to his wife, Ellen Ffen- 
nell, alias oMeaghery during her 



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Hf/LLS MEMORANDA. 



6B 



life, remainder to Gerald Ffennell, 
son to Colonel Edmund Ffennell, 
and all the interest he had or ought 
to h <ve in his wife's right, namely 
the estate she then had in Con- 
naught, and likewise her own estate, 
when she should be restored to it, 
and he declared it be his will that if 
his said wife should be restored to 
her father's estate in Tipperary, 
that loan oMeagher alias Butler, 
the relict of Teige oMeagher should 
enjoy the castle town and lands of 
Keylewarde during her life, and 
what besides was intended for her 
jointure and was in the possession 
of her husband. Proved 1665.* 
Gerald Ffennell and John oMea- 
gher were proprietors in 1641 of 
the lands of Borri^^noe and Bealana- 
brogg. Doctor Ffennel was physi- 
cian to the Ormond femily, inas- 
much as he implores the Duke of 
Ormond and the Duchess of Or- 
mond to -"ontinue their favors to 
persons of his name, especially to 
his kinsman and namesake Doctor 
Gerald Ffennell, Junior. 

f 666^Diocese Cashel and Emly. 

Will of the Reverend Daniel Mea- 
gher, curate of Thurles, brother 
William Meagher, Thomas Mea- 
gher, his son ; nieces, EUice Saul, 
alias Meagher, EUice Bourke, alias 
Meagher, Anne Meagher, daughter 
to William Meagher, Ellen Creagh, 
alias Meagher,^vsiQr Ellen Meagher ^ 
nephew John McRichard, nephew 
of Philip Meagher, 

1666 — Cashel and Emlv. 

V^XWoi Christopher Meagher. Will 
missing. 

1 67 1. May 9. — Prerogative. 

Administration of the Goods, etc., 

♦This lady died in 1681, as will appear by the 
inscription on her tomb in Holy Cross Abbe);: 
Hic jacet Ellena iilia et heres viri Joannis 
oMsagher^^ Cloinakeneyqui obiit 3 luini 1681. 
Linea AnHqtui, p, ij2. 



of Mary Meagher alias Cantweil 
late of the City of Dublin, granted 
to Ellen Meagher of same place her 
lawful daughter. 

1 67 1 — January 9. 

Assignment dated January 9, 1671, 
made between Ellen PTennell alias 
O' Meagher, daughter and sole heir- 
ess of John O* Meagher, of Clona- 
keanny, Co. Tipperary, of the 
one part, and Jasper Ffrende of the 
other part, whereby in considera- 
tion of the sum of £hhh the said 
Ellen Ffennell assigned to Jasper 
Ffrende the castle and lands of 
Clogher, the lands of Gortrathy, 
Gortaphisha and Cloonard. Cloon- 
einy, Esker, Coolgreene, Clonaha- 
lowna, Farranakilty, Yowrwonga, 
Gaula, Carrannella, Dufferviein and 
Poulnamulke, situated in the County 
of Gal way.* 

1684. June 28. — Prerogative. 

Will of John Meagher, late of 
Cloneen, County Tipperary, be- 
queaths to his wife Mary Meagher^ 
the jointure made over to her on 
her marriage, or one-third part of 
his real Estate at her election dur- 
ing: her life, and to his son Denis 
Meagher the residue of his Es- 
tate, and to his heirs male, and for 
want of such issue to the heirs 
male of his brother Philip Meagher^ 
and for want of such issue to his 
brother Francis and his heirs male, 
and Testator directed his debts to 
be paid out of the issues and profits 
accruing out of his real Estate, and 
that his son Denis Meagher should 
pay such marriage portions to each 
of Testator's younger children as 
his wife Mary Afeagher should think 
reasonable. 

1685 — Diocese Cashel and Emly. 

Will of Thomas Meagher, of Rath- 

* See page 64. 



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WILLS MEMORANDA. 



macafthy, farmer. Directs his body 
to be buried in Chapel of Knock- 
anetemple. To his wife, Ellen 
Cornyne, a third of his substance 
and a brewing pan. To oldest son, 
John Meagher, one-third part of 
farm and substance; to second son, 
James Meagher, a like bequest. 
Daughter Ellen Meagher alias Dan- 
iell. Ellen Meagher, eldest daughter 
of his son John Meagher, Ellen 
Meagher, daughter of his son James 
Meagher. 

1686 — ^October 13. Limerick. 

Will of Thomas Meagher, late of 
the City of Limerick, surgeon, wife 
Katherine Meagher, son Thomas 
Meagher,daughterJoanneMeagher, 
grandchild Catherine Nash, niece 
Elizabeth Griffin. 

1694 — October 18. Ossory. 

Will of Darby Meagher/ grand- 
children Darby Meagher, Bryan 
Meagher, John Meagher. Henry 
Meagher and Winifred Meagher, 
uncle Darby Dvvyre, manager. 

1 701 — October 10. Prerogative. 

Grant of administration to the 
goods, &c., of Elizabeth Quinni- 
gan alias Meagher, wife of John 
Quinnigan. sister Maria Duigan 
a]i«is Meagher. 

1703 — August 5. Diocese Ossory. 

Will of John Meagher, late of the 
City of Kilkenny, stated Testator 
was possessed of considerable per- 
sonal estate, for which **he prais d 
God, but at the same time he had a 
numerous charge of children," wife 
Ellis Meagher alias 0*Boe, sons 
William Meagher and Patrick 
Meagher, daugliter Mary Meagher, 
son-in-law Edmund Meagher, niece 
Sarah Meagher. 

17 10 — Cashel and Emly. 

Will ol William Meagher, ofDerry- 
luskane, bequeatlis certain property 



to Philip Meagher, to take care of 
Testator's brother John Meagher 
and his charge. 

171 3 — Cashel and Emly. 

Will of Philip Meagher, of Cross- 
ard. County Tipperary, farmer, be- 
queaths to his four nephews Philip 
Meagher, 'Thomas Meagher, Wil- 
liam Meagher and Teige Meagher, 
his farm at Garryduffe, and to his 
nephew Cornelius Meagher the re- 
sidue of his property. Will wit- 
nessed by Richard Kent, of Feth- 
ard, and by Philip Meagher and 
Therlogh Kealy, of Barnetsgrange. 

1 7 15 — Cashel and Emly. 

Will of Thomas Meagher, of Bal- 
lintaggart, County Tipperary, wife 
Mary Meagher alias Lanagan, 
daughter of Richard Lanagan, 
daughter Katherine Meagher, uncle 
William Meagher. 

1716 — October 19. Prerogative. 

Will of Thomas Meagher, of the 
City of Kilkenny, vintner, daugh- 
ter Mary, wife of John Birch, and 
Ellen, wife of William Cullen, un- 
married daughters Margaret Mea- 
gher and Anne Meagher, sons 
Stephen and William. 

17 1 7 — Diocese Cashel and Emly. 

Will of Edmund Meagher, of Thur- 
les, daughter Barbara Meagher, 
four grandchildren, son - in - law 
Charles Meagher. 

1727 — Cashel and Emly. 

Will of Nicholas Meagher, of Bal- 
lyherbery. County Tipperary, gen- 
tleman, wife Catherine Meagher 
alias English, left his only son 
Thomas Meagher two-thirds of his 
property and his only daughter 
Joan Meagher the remainder, broth- 
ers Pierse Meagher and Martin 
Meagher, cousin german Pierse 
Meagher, nephews Pierse Butler 
and Richard Stapleton. 



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WILLS MEMORANDA. 



1739 — Prerogative, 

Will of Nicholas Meagher, of Gold- 
en Bridge, County Tipperary, wife 
Mary Meagher alias Carroll, nephew 
William Meagher, eldest son of 
brother James Meagher, of Killin- 
lough, in same county, nephew 
William Farrell, nieces Joan Scully 
and Mary Farrell, lands Kilin- 
lougb and Relickgummery. 

1733 — October 20. Prerogative. 

Will of Dorothy Meagher, of Dub- 
lin, widow, son Philip Meagher, 
daughters Mary and Elizabeth 
Meagher. 

174^ — ^April 7. Diocese Cashel and Emly. 
Will of John Meagher, of Fethard, 
innholder, wife Ellen Meagher, two 
unmarried daughters^ Mary and 
Cornelia Meagher, married daugh- 
ters Catherine Meagher, wife of 
William Morriss, Elizabeth Mea- 
gher, wife of John Archer. Mar- 
garet Meagher, wife of Richard 
Bourke, Ellen Meagher, wife of 
Patrick Hanraghan. 

1753 — ^February 23. Prerogative. 

Will of James Meagher, of the 
City of Kilkenny, innholder, wife 
Margaret Meagher. 

'755 — October 3. Prerogative. 

Commission granted by the Most 
Rev. Fatlier George, &c.. to swear 
Mary Meagher alias Flanagan, 
widow of Cornelius Meagher, late 
of Bealla, in the County Tipperary, 
dh-ected to Thomas St. John, 
George St. John and Richard 
Hackett, Esqs. 

1755 — November 14. Prerogative. 

Grant of administration of the 
goods, &a, of Cornelius Meagher, 
late of Bealla, in the County Tip- 
perary, made to Mary Meagher, 
his widow. 

1756— March 8. Prerogative. 

Will of Elizabeth Meagher, of the 



City of Dublin,, bequeaithed certain 
legacies to her brctfihers, Phillipe 
Meagher and Thadee Meagher, the 
latter* s portrait, and that of the 
Countess of Shrewsbury she be- 
queathed to her kinsman John 
Brown, of Castle Brown, Esq., sole 
executor. 

1759 — October 22. Prerogative. 

Will of James Meagher, of Kill, 
County Kildare, Daughters Anne 
Meagher, Bridget Meagher, Maria 
alias Ennis, Hanna alias Cullen, 
son Mathias Meagher, wife Elinor 
Meagher and William Ennis, of 
Garredstown, County Meath, ex- 
ecutors. 

1 759 — October 23. Prerogative. 

Will of James Meagher, of Kill, 
County Kildare. Daughters Mar- 
garet Meagher, Anne Meagher and 
Bridget Meagher, Mary sJias En- 
nis, Katharine alias Sheridan, son 
John Meagher. 

1761— Will of John Meagher, of TuUow- 
mac James, County Tipperary, 
wife Catherine Meagher alias Lan- 
nigan, brother-in-law William Lan- 
nigan, sons Nicholas Meagher, 
John Meagher, Gilbert Meagher, 
William Meagher and Matthias 
Meagher. Lands Donoghmore, 
Killmachill, Templequet and Tul- 
lowmagames held by lease. Rob- 
ert Scully, of Dually, and Gilbert 
Meagher, of Lisduff, appointed ex- 
ecutors. John Lloyd, of Cranagh, 
John Lalor, of Longorchard. John 
Lalor, of Killough and George 
Lidwell, of Lisseiiure, or such of 
them as should be living appointed 
referees to determine any dispute 
that should at any time oome be- 
tween hb children. 

1763 — ^May 5. Diocese Ossory. 

Will of Anne Meagher, widow of 
John Meagher, late of the City of 



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WILLS MEMORANDA. 



Kilkenny, son Dominick Meagher, 
daughter Mary Anne Mes^her. 

1763 — Cashel and Emly. 

Will of William Meagher, of Bally- 
water, County Tipperary, wife 
Mary Meagher, daughters Margaret 
Meagher and Catherine Meagher, 
son-in-law John Fogarty, husband 
of daughter Ellen. 

1765 — January 25. Ossory. 

Will of Denis Meagh^T, of Mount 
Juliet, County Kilkenny, directed 
interment in the churchyard of 
Rothertown nqar Clonmel, Chris- 
tian names of brothers and sisters 
not mentioned. 

1766 — November 12. Prerogative. 

Will of Peter Maugher. of Cullahy,' 
County Wicklow, nephew Peter 
Maugher, sister Margaret Redmond 
alias Maugher, cousin Jo^ n Maugh- 
er, of Ballina park, son of Francis 
Maugher, Stephen and Patrick 
Maugher sons of Andrew Mau- 
gher, nephew Tim Maugher, 
then in London, Peter Maugher, 
John Maugher and Bartholomew 
Redmond, Executors. 

66— June 25. Prerogative. 

Commission granted by the Most 
Rev. Father, &c. , to swear Thomas 
Connell.admor of Thomas Meagher, 
of Fethard, County Tipperary, 
gentleman, directed to William 
Barton, Hugh Baker and James 
Lowe, Esqs. 

1768 — December 7. Diocese Cashel and 
Emly. 

Will of James Meagher, of Cashel 
[condemed by decree], left his 
property to be divided between 
three persons, i, e.y Samuel Neve 
and Thomas Bourke, of Cashel, 
and Austin Cully, his servant. 

1769 — Ossory. 

Will of Thomas Meagher, of New- 



town, in the County Kilkenny. 
Widow Eleanor Meagher. 

1 77 1 — Prerogative. 

Will of Thomas Meagher, of Glyn- 
askaugh. County Tipperary, farmer, 
wife Joanna Meagher alias Daniel, 
only son John Meagher, *'out of 
the kingdom," daughter Ellen, wife 
of John Keating. 

1774 — Diocese Ossory. 

Will of Ellen Meagher, of the cor- 
poration and liberties of Kilkenny, 
widow of Thomas Meagher. 

1777 — Cashel and Emly. 

Will of Patrick Meagher, of Keil, 
in the County Tipperary, farmer, 
seized of a farm willed to him by 
his uncle Timothy Meagher at 
Carrick E. Roslihy, County Lim- 
erick, which with his farm at Keil 
he willed in equal shares to his sons 
Michael Meagher, Patrick Meagher, 
wife Mary, daughters Honora 
Meagher. Mary Mullony, and 
Winefred, James Kilmartin*s widow. 
Executors Timothy Quinlivan and 
John Mumane. Witnesses Thomas 
E vines and Daniel Ryan; proved 
17 May. 

1778 — Cashel. 

Will of John Meagher bequeathed 
all his fortune to his daughter 
Winefred Bolane, widow of John 
Bolane. Brother Thomas Meagher, 
of Cullin, deceased. 

1 78 1 — Cashel and Emly. 

Will of Rev. Andrew Meagher, 
clerk, dated 29 August, 1781, di- 
rected his property to be divided 
between his niece Martha Meagher 
and sister Anne Meagher, of Glass- 
mill, near Tullamore, in equal 
shares, save his silver watch and 
books which he bequeathed to his 
nephew Andrew Brown. H is books 
in Oriental languages to be lodged 



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WILLS MEMORANDA. 



in the Library of the See of Cashel 
for the use of such clerical gentle- 
men as should be disposed to use 
them. His manuscripts, called a 
Historico-Theological Essay on 
Religion, to be deposited ' with 
Philip Gowing, Esq. , of Knockan, 
with a request that he would find 
some Divine who would be able to 
furnish the preface. Testator di- 
rected as soon as he was washed 
and stretched on his bed all the 
doors should be locked and no 
person should be admitted to his 
wake, and within twenty-four hours 
after his departure from life his body 
should be coffined and then laid in 
the churchyard of Thurles, in the 
grave of his brother Peter Meagher. 
Executors John MoUoy and Edward 
Pitman. Witnesses Edward Pitman, 
Richard Brown and Stephen Boyn- 
ton. Endorsed Dr. Meagher died 
I October, 1781.* 

1782 — Prerogative. 

Will of Luke Meagher, of Killy- 
goot. Wife Mary Meaghei, sister- 
in-law Ann Brehon, nephew Barna- 
by Murphy, of Cadiz, Spain. 

1783 — June 24. Diocese Cashel and Emly. 
Will of Rev. William Meagher, 
Parish Priest of Ballingarry, di- 
rected his mortal remains to be in- 
terred under tomb erected by him- 
self in the churchyard of Li^malin. 
Sister Anne Meagher alias Fox, 
nephews James Fox, John Fox and 
The Rev. Patrick Fox. 

Proved 1796. 

1 783 — Prerogative. 

Administration with will annexed of 

*See Convert Rolls Z^--'* Andrew Meajrher, 
formerly a priest of the Church of Rome 
and Doctor of Sorbonne, but now of the Es- 
tablished Church of Ireland, author of The 
Popish Mass, celebrated by the Heathen Priest 
for the living; and the dead several years before 
Christ. Limerick, 1771. Bvo. Rare.** Survey- 
ins: Extract from AUibnne's Critical Dictionary 
of British and American Authors. 



John Meagher, late of Cloneen, 
County Tipperary, granted to 
Thomas Meagher, of the City of 
Dublin, the lawful grandson of de- 
deceased, and also the administrator 
of Denis Meagher, his father. 

1 783 — Prerogative. 

Administration of the goods, &c., 
of Mary Meagher, late of the City 
of Dublin, who died intestate, 
granted to her lawful grandson 
Thomas Meagher. 

1 784 — Prerogative. 

Will of Edmond Meagher, of Feth- 
ard, wife Bridget Meagher, sister 
Margaret Roberts, daughter Elenor 
Devine, legatee H. Price, of Feth- 
ard. 

1784 — Diocese Ossory. 

Will of Edmund Maher; names of 
wife and children not given, brother 
Kedagh Maher. 

1784 — Ossory. 

Will of Luke Maher, of the City of 
Kilkenny. 

1785 — Limerick. 

Will of William Meagher of Rath- 
keale. County Limerick, wife Ellen 
Meagher, brother David Meagher. 

1787 — Cashel and Emly. 

Will of Edmund Meagher of Bally- 
morris. 

1787 — Cashel and Emly. 

Will of James Maher of Donore, 
sons Thomas of Lohun, William, 
Patrick, James and Daniel, daugh- 
ters Anne, Mary, Johanna and 
Margaret. 

1 790 — Prerogative. 

Will of Dominick Meagher of Irish- 
town, City of Kilkenny, wife Anne 
Meagher, daughter and only child 



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WILLS MEUORANDA. 



Margaret, wife of John Vernazee or 
Vernigail. Executor Conndl Lough- 
nan. 

1 791 — Prerogative. 

Will of Henry Meagher of Doan, 
County Tipperary, daughters Mary 
Kearney, Mary Walsh, Ellen Mea* 
gher, Catherine Meagher, Margaret 
Meagher and Nancy Meagher; sons 
Robert Meagher, Jeremiah Mea- 
gher and Henry Meagher; brothers 
Jeremiah Meagher, William Mea- 
gher and Lawrence Meagher. Lands 
Milertown. 

1795 — Diocese Cashel and Emly. . 

Will of Daniel Meagher of Tullow- 
mcjames, County *ripperary, gen- 
tleman, directs his body to be 
buried in Templetuohy churchyard, 
and bequeathed his lands of Tullow- 
mcjames^ commonly called Lessa- 
tinnch and Finnvanes, held by lease 
joinriy with John Byrne of Boul- 
rogy, Queen's County, from Nicho- 
las Maher of Thurles and Gilbert 
Meagher of Loughmoe, County 
Tipperary, to his mother Mary 
Meagher otherwise Bourke; sister 
Bridget Dwyer, wife of John Dwyer, 
sister Margaret Green, wife of Nicho- 
las Green, nephew Charles Byrne. 
Executors Gilbert Meagher, John 
Byrne and John Dwyer. Witnesses 
Samuel Talbot McDolany and 
Daniel Meagher. 

1795 — Prerogative. 

Will of Phillipe Meagher of Snug- 
boro, in the County Limerick, wUe 
Elinor Meagher alias Elligott; sons 
John Meagher and Lawrence Mea- 
gher; farm at ShanbaUy to son 
John, bsxn at Snugboro and Tine^ 
kill to son Lawrence. To daugh- 
ter Mary Donally alias Meagher 
his farm at Kilbeg, County Kerry. , 
subject >to am annuity of ;f 20, to his 
Bon Phillipe Meagher. Executors 
Henrjr Porter cif Curra^ County 



Limerick, and Martin Dwyer of 
of Ballycaheen, in same county. 

1 796 — Prerogative. 

Win of William Maher of Glane- 
harry and Lorum, County Carlow. 
Daughter Honor Moran, grand- 
daughter Eleanor Keeffe, brothers 
Thomas Maher, Patrick Maher 
and Daniel Maher. 

1796— -Administration of the goods, &c., 
of Mary Meagher of Thurles, in- 
testate, granted to her husband 
Thomas Meagher of same place. 

1 796 — Prerogative. 

Will of William Meagher of Cor- 
ville, in the County Tipperary, his 
brothers Martin Meagher and 
Michael Meagher, to be tenants in 
common of his lands. 

2 796 — Prerogative. 

Will of Thomas Maher of Leighlin, 
in the County Carlow, wife Bridget 
Maher alias Wabh, brother John 
Maher. 

1796 — Diocese. Waterford and Lismore. 
Will of James Meagher. 

1796 — Cashel and Emly. 

Win of the Rev. John Meagher. 

1796 — Cashel and Emly. 

Will of William Meagher. 

1796 — Ossor}'. 

Administration of the Goods, &c., 
of Mary Meagher of Eden Hall, 
County Kilkenny, granted to James. 

1797— rLeighlin and Ferns. 

Will of William Meagher, no par- 
ticulars. 

1798 — Leighlin and Ferns. 

Will of Timothy Meagher, no par- 
ticulars. 

1799— Cashel and Emly. 

Will of James Meagher of Kilna- 
hone, in the County Tipperary, di- 
rected bis body to be interred in 



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WILLS MEMORANDA. 



71 



Killenaule, in his ancestors' tomb. 
To his son John Meagher half of 
his lands, enjoyed by lease from 
Daniel Gahan, Esq. To his son 
James Meagher the other half. 
Daughters Mary Ahern, Catherine 
Meagher, Juliana Meagher and El- 
len Meagher. Father Cornelius 
Meagher, sister Catherine Con- 
way. 



1 800 — Prerogative. 

Will of John Meagher of Bally- 
morris, County Tipperary. 

1 800 — Prerogative. 

Will of Elizabeth Maher of Eden 
Hall, County Kilkenny, proved by 
James Maher, her sole Executor. 
(Public Record Office, Dublin.) 



INQUISITIONS POST MORTEM. 

Translated From the Public Records, Dublin. 



162^ — No. 35. — Dermod McTeige O' Mea- 
gher of Bamane CasUe, — Inquisi- 
tion taken at the town of Clonmel on 
the/y/AflSay of January, 1622, be- 
fore Geoffry Mockler (and others) 
by the oaths oi good & lawful men 
who say that Dermod McTeige 
O'Magher, late of Barnan, in the 
aforesaid county, was during his 
whole life seized as of fee & in 
the castle & fiity acres of land, in 
the Town & lands of Barnan, in 
the said county; and that aforesaid 
Dermod being so seized by his own 
writing dated the 29th day of May, 
1604, enfeoffed Peter Stapleton of 
Drom & Walter fitz-Patrick fitz- 
Talbot Stapleton, his heirs & as- 
signs, for ever, and in the one castle 
with its appurtenances, together 
with his lands & territory in the 
town of Barnan, in the said county, 
for the use of the following; for the 
work & use of Darby O'Magher 
during his life, & after his death 
to the said Dermot, that the afore- 
said feoffes & their heirs being seized 
and in one-half of the aforesaid 
castle, together with twenty-five 
acres of arable land with its ap- 
purtenances; to the work & use 



of Philip 0*Magher, second begot- 
ten son of the aforesaid Dermot 
O'Magher, &c. And in default of 
such heirs male of Philip's body, 
to the work & use of anotlier son 
of ihe aforesaid Dermot and the 
heirs male begotten of the bodies of 
his younger sons. And Cornelius 
O'Magher was the son & heir of 
the aloresaid Dermot and of full 
age. And that after the death of 
his father he entered into all & 
singular & being so seized the afore- 
said Cornelius O'Magher, together 
with the aforesaid Peter Stapleton 
& Walter Stapleton, the feofees 
& Philip O'Magher. cestui que vie 
of the other half of the premises 
by their writing dated the 13th 
December, 16 19, enfeoffed Moel- 
murry McSwyny of Ballindowny, 
in the aforesaid county, his heirs & 
assigns, for ever, and in the two 
parts of the castle with three paits 
of one acre of land, in the town 
and land of Barnan, with the ap- 
purtenances, subject to this coh- 
dition, viz.: that whenever the 
aforesaid Cornelius & Philip C Ma- 
gher & their heirs & assigns shall 
pay or be made pay to the afore- 



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INQUISITIONS POST MORTEM. 



said Moelmurry McSwyny, his 
heirs & assigns, the sum of £io^ 
that it will be lawful for the aforesaid 
Cornelius and Philip, his heirs and 
assigns, to re-enter their premises. 
And that the aforesaid Cornelius 
died on the 2d day of May, 1622, 
and that Gulleneave 0*Magher is 
the son & heir of ihe aforesaid 
Cornelius and is 7 years of age and 
is not married, and that all and 
singular premises, with the appurte- 
nances, are held from our Lord the 
King in full by Knight Service. 

1624 — No. 53. — ^Thadeus O'Magher of 
Clonakenny Castle. — Inquisition 
taken at the town of Clonmell on 
5th day of April, 1624, before 
John Southwell (and another) by 
the oaths of good & law lul men who 
say that Thadeus O'Magher during 
his whole life was seized as of fee 
& in the castle, town and land 
of Clonkeany, in the aforesaid 
County, containing one colpe of 
land, and that Thadeus being so 
seized died in the month of August, 
1615. & that John 0*Magher is 
his son & heir & was of full age & 
was married. And that the pre- 
mises are held from the King, but 
of what service they are entirely 
ignorant, and that the Lord King 
James by his letters patent, given 
at Dublin on the yih day of March, 
in the nth year of his reign, gave 
& conceded all & sinj^ular premises 
(among others) to a certain John 
Denis, soldier, for ever to be held 
from the King in free & common 
socage as of his own Castle of Dub- 
lin. 

1624 — No. 69. — Thadeus 0*Magher. — 
Inquisition taken at the town of 
Clonmel, in the County of Tip- 
perary, on the 4th of October, 162 1, 
before John Southwell and (others) 
by the oaths of good & lawful men, 



who say that Thadeus O'Magher 
was seized as of fee of and in the 
town of Ballinegurtin, containing 
half a carrucate of land, of and in 
the town and land of Ballyhaury 
& Behagh, containing one quarter 
of a carrucate of land, of & in the 
castle town & land of Lissnahalo- 
sky, containg a quarter of a carru- 
cate of land, of and in the town & 
land of Lackanventare, containing 
three parts of a quarter of a car- 
rucate of land, of and in the town 
and land of Ballybeg, containing 
three parts of a quarter ol a carru- 
cate of land, of and in Cappagh 
Ikaurowrane, containing half a 
carrucate of land, of and in the 
town & land of Rathnaveog, con- 
taining one carrucate of land, of 
and in the town & land of Crom- 
lin, containing half a carrucate of 
land & two acres, of and in town & 
land of Gortimashaugane, contain- 
ing the sixth part of one carru- 
cate of land, the town & land of 
Burresnoe, containing one carrucate 
of land & the fourth part of one 
carrucate of land, of and in Gurtin 
McPhilip, containing one quarter 
and a half of one carrucate of land, 
of and in the town & land of 
Teaghuokelly, containing a quarter 
of one carrucate of land, of and in 
the town & land of Clorehane, in 
Glanorallowrane, containing half a 
quarter of one carrucate of land, 
the town & land of Killeoghie, con- 
taining one quarter of one carrucate 
of land, of and in one acre of land 
in Grangegeagh, of Shane McDer- 
mott O' Magher. the town and land 
of Gortronane. containing a quarter 
of one carrucate of land, the town 
& lands of Bealanamoe and the 
ruins of the castle and twelve acres 
of land. Which premises all & sin- 
gular lie & are in the County Tip- 
perary, and that the aforesaid 
Thadeus being so seized died, and 



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INQUISITIONS POST MORTEM. 



78 



that the premises all and singular 
are held from the Lord King in 
full by Knight Service. And that 
Thadeus was so seized as of fee of 
and in 35 shillings and 4 pence, 
coming out of and from the town 
and land of Borisnefearny, in the 
said County, one carrucate of land 
and half one carrucate of land ; that 
the aforesaid Thadeus alienated a 
certain Owen McSwyny, his heirs 
and assigns for ever, and that the 
aforesaid Thadeus was seized as of 
fee of and in the town and & land 
of Killewardy, in the said County, 
containing one carrucate of land, 
the town & land of Ballymccrier, 
containing one quarter of a carru- 
cate of land, of and in the town & 
land of Ballyea, in the said County, 
containing a half of one carrucate 
of land, of and in twenty acres of 
land in Barnane, in the said 
County, of and in Derry Ikeal- 
laglian & Keerowe (Invanoattae), 
in the said county, containing one 
carrucate of land, and that the afore- 
said Thadeus beinjy so seized of the 
premises enfeoffed thence John Mc- 
Dermod & Patrick 6 Reardane of 
Doindrome to the use of Margaret 
McDwyrc,latewifeofthe said John 
0*Magher, during her natural life 
& afterwards to the use of the afore- 
said John & the heirs male of his 
body begotten & to be begotten, 
to remain with the divisions, to re- 
turn then to the right heirs the 
ieoffees for ever by a deed bearing 
date in October, 1601. that the pre- 
mises were held by Knight Service 
and are now held by the same 
service. 

1624 — No. 77. — Thaddeus O'Magher of 
Barnane. — Inquisition taken at the 
town of Clonmel, in the County 
Tipperary, on the 17th day of 
March, 1624, before John South- 
well (and others) by the oaths of 



good and lawful men, who say that 
Thadeus 0*Magher in his whole life 
was seized as if of fee and in nine 
acres of land, county measure, in 
Barnane, in the County Tipperary, 
which is now occupied by Thomas 
O'Magher for the annual rent of 
five shillings and other casualties; 
sixteen small acres of land, in the 
town and land of Kilbally-Luakim, 
in the possession of Gillerneaff 
O'Magher, and three acres of land 
of the measure aforesaid, in Tagh- 
uakellie, for the annual rent of 
nine shillings and sixpence and 
other casualties; sixteen acres of 
land of the measure aforesaid in 
Killymickenand three acres in Tagh- 
uekellie, in the possession of Philip 
O'Magher, for the yearly rent of 
9 shillings and 7 pence, with other 
casualties, and of and in 6 acres 
of land, small measure, in Curragh- 
duffe, in the possession of Thadeus 
0*Magher, for the yearly rent of 
3 shillings, six acres of land of Owen 
O'Magher, for the yearly rent of 
3 shillings, with other casualties; 
6 acres of land in Curraghduffe, in 
the possession of Daniel O'Magher, 
of the measure of aforesaid, in Cur- 
raghduffe, for the annual rent of 8 
shillings and other casualties, 8 
acres in Bealanamoe, small measure, 
and 2 acres and a half in Leaken- 
lehie, and one acre of land and a 
half in Gortnecrossie, in the possess- 
ion of Gilleneaff McEgan, for the 
yearly rent of 6 shillings sterling 
and other casualties, a quarter of 
carrucate of land in Kilduff, in the 
possession of John O'Magfher, for 
the yearly rent of 10 shillings and 
other casualties; 8 acres of land, 
small measure, in Goririan. in the 
possession of Melaghlin O'Magher, 
for the yearly rent of 7 shillings 
and other casualties; 16 acres of 
land in Helisueryline. in the po- 
ssession of Daniel O'Magher and 



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INQUISITIONS POST MORTEM. 



Thadeus O'Magher, for the yearly 
rent of 7 shillings and 7 pence and 
other casualties; 10 acres of land 
and a half, small county measure, 
in Colcormuck, in the possession of 
Melaghlin O'Magher, for the yearly 
rent of 5 shillings and 7 pence and 
other cisualties; 10 acres of land, 
small county measure, in Coulcor- 
mucke, in the possession of Donat 
O'Miiirher, for the yearly rent of 
5 shillings and 7 pence and other 
casualties, half a carrucate of land 
(except) two acres of land in Crom- 
lin, in the possession of William 
O'Magher, and 10 acres in Taghue- 
Kellie, 8 acres in Garranebalemo. 
in the possession of the aforesaid 
William, for the yearly rent of 20 
shillings and other casualties then 
due. A fourth part of the half of 
one carrucate of land in Gurtin, 
in the |JOssession of Thadeus O' Ma- 
gher, for the yearly rent of 5 shil- 
lings and other casualties; and of 
and in a fourth of one carrucate 
of land in Burresnoe, in the possess- 
ion of Cornelius 0*Magher fitz Ed- 
mond, and of and in 12 acres of 
land in Beallane, 3 acres of land 
and a half in Leigh enlehie, and 
one acre in Gortnecrossie, in the 
possession of Flan McEgan, for the 
yearly rent of 8 shillings and other 
casualties; 14 acres of land in Bal- 
linamoe, 4 acres in Leighnybeagh, 
and 3 acres in Gortnegrossie, in 
the possession of Banagh McEgan, 
for the yearly rent of 10 shillings 
and other casualties. 13 acres of land 
in Clorane, in the possession of 
Thomas O'Magher and Thadeus 
O'Magher, for the yearly rent of 
7 shillings and 8 pence and other 
casualties, the town and land of 
Killogha, containing one acre of 
one carrucate of land in the possess- 
ion of Thadeus O'Magher, for the 
yearly rent of 7 shillings and 6 
pence and other casualties, and that 



Thadeus O' Meagher died in the 
year of Our Lord 16 15, and that 
John O'Magher was the sonand- 
heir of the said Thadeus, and was 
aged 24 and was married, that all and 
singular the premises are held of our 
Lord King in full by Knight Service. 

1629— No. 88.— John O'Magher of Clon- 
yne Castle. — Inquisition taken at 
the town of Clonmel, in the County 
of Tipperary, the 30th of May, 
1629. before John Southwell (and 
others), by the oath^ of good and 
lawful men, who say that John 
O'Meagher, late of Clonyne, in the 
aforesaid county, was seized of fee 
and in the town, &c., of Clonyne, 
aforesaid, Grange, Cloghmuile, 
Gortinevoline, Camlone and Bally- 
beg, in the Barony of Ikerin, in the 
aforesaid county, containing one 
colpe. And that the aforesaid John 
being so seized died about 30 years 
last past, and John O'Magher is 
his son-and-heir and is of full age 
and is married, and that the prem- 
ises all and singular are held from 
the Lord King in full by Knight 
Service. That there is a certain 
yearly rent due and payable an- 
nually to John O'Magher of Clon- 
keanye and his heirs by virtue of 
a certain deed given the 12th of 
August, 1 55 1, then made by Gil- 
leneufTe O'Magher, grandfather to 
the aforesaid John Senior, to a 
certain Daniel O'Magher, father 
of the said John, and his heirs, for 
the yearly rent aforesaid. 

1632— No. 162. — John O* Magher of Bou- 
lybane Castle. — Inquisition taken 
at the town of Clonmel, in the 
County Tipperary, the 21st of 
April, 1632, before Francis Whyte 
(and others), by the oaths of good 
and lawful men, who say tl^at John 
O'Magher of Boulybane, in the 
aforesaid county, was seized as of 
fee of and in the lands of Bouly- 



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INQUISITIONS POST MORTEM. 



bane and Polinstown, and the vil- 
lages and lands of Bawnmaygrane, 
containing one carrucate» and the 
hnds of Cappalie, containing half 
a carrucate, and Ballycreyne, con- 
taining half a carrucate, and also 
of the land of Derry Managhan 
and Carrowreaghe, and that said 
lands were of the value of 20 shil- 
lings in the time of the said John 
0*Magher. 

1632 — No. 180.— Thomas O'Magher of 
Garrymore. — Inquisition taken at 
the town of Clonmel, in the afore- 
said county, on the last day of Oc- 
tober, 1632, before Francis White 
and others, by the oaths of good 
and lawful men» who say that 
Thomas O'Magherof Garrymore, 
in the aforesaid county, was seized 
during his life as of fee of and 
in one quarter of one colpe of land, 
in the town and lands of Garry- 
more, with appurtenances, and 
being so seized died * * * in the 
year of Our Lord * * * and that 
William 0*Magher ishis son-and- 
heir, and is of full age and is mar- 
ried, and that the premises all and 
singular are held from the King in 
full by Knight Service. 

#6311 — No. 183. — ^Thomas 0*Magher of 
Louraine — Inquisition taken at the 
town of Clonmel, in the County 
Tipperary, on the 3d of January, 
1632, before Francis Whyte (and 
others), by the oaths of good and 
lawful men, who say that Thomas 
0*Magher, late of Louraine, in the 
aforesaid county, was during his life 
seized as of fee of and in one quar- 
ter of one colpe of land, in the 
town and land of Louraine Gort- 
derrevoy Derrindufle in the afore- 
said county, and that Thomas 
0*Magher being so seized died 
three years ago, and that Percy 
O'Magher b his son-and-heir, and 



was of full age and was married, 
that the premises all and singular 
were held from the King in ftill by 
Knight Service. 

1633 — No. 191. — "j ohn O ' Magher of Clo- 
nyne. -Inquisition taken at Qonmel, 
in the County Tipperary, on the 
29th of April, 1633. before Thomas 
Gough (and others), by the oaths 
of good and lawful men, who say 
that John O' Magher, late of Clo- 
nyiie, in the County Tipperary, was 
seized as of fee of and in the 
towns, &c., of Grannge, Qonyne, 
Cloghmeale, GortinvuUin, Camol- 
len, Gortinultully, Coologedoty, 
and Buolebegg, all which premises 
are parcels of Grannge, and contain 
all together one colpe of land in 
the Barony of Ikerine, in the afore- 
said couiity, and that John O' Ma- 
gher being so seized then by his 
own writing dated on the 6th of 
May. 1 63 1, enfeoffed Donogh Car- 
roll of Ballinloghie, in the King's 
County, and Donald Carroll of 
Ballymonine, in the si^me county, 
their heirs and assigns, for the 
use of John O' Magher, and after 
his death to the use of Roger O' Ma- 
gher, son-and-heir to the said John 
and to the use of John O'Magher, 
son-and-heir to the aforesaid Roger 
O* Magher, and in default of such 
issue to the use of Derraot O' Ma- 
gher, together with the other son 
John O' Magher aforesaid the feo- 
iees, &c. In virtue of which writ- 
ing aforesaid Donogh & Donald 
Carroll were seized as of fee of and 
in the pn:mises all & singular for 
the aforesaid separate uses. And 
being so seized the aforesaid John 
O* Magher. the feofee, died on the 
13th of July, 1632, and that Roger 
O* Magher was son-and-heir, and 
was aged 26 years & was married, 
and that the premises all i& sing- 
ular were held and are-i^pw held 



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INQUISITIONS POST MORTEM. 



from the King in full by Knight 
Service. 

1 635 — No. 250 — Dermot O' Magher of Bar- 
nane. — Inquisition taken at the 
town of Clonmel, in the County Tip- 
perary, on the loth of September, 
1635, before Philip Percival (and 
others), by the oaths of good and 
lawful men, who say that Dermot 
O' Magher, in the County Tipper- 
ary , was seized as of fee of and in 
the third part of one carrucate of 
land in Barnane, in the aforesaid 
county, and the aforesaid Dermot 
being so seized of the premises died 
on the loth of November, 1618, 
and that Philip O'Majjher is his 
srn-&-heir, & is of full age & is 
married, and that the aforesaid 
Philip being so seized of the prem- 
ises, in the time of King James' 
reign, enfeoffed, Moelmurry Mc- 
Swyny & his heirs of and in the 
aioresaid premises, and that after 
the 23d of July. 1633, the aforesaid 
Philip redeemed the premises from 
Charles McSwyny, son-&-heir of 
the aforesaid Moelmurry, that the 
premises all & singular were held 
from the King in full by Knight 
Service. 

1636 — No. 804. — ^Thadeus O* Magher of 
KnockballyMagher. — Inquisition 
taken at the town of Clonmel, in 
the County Tipperary, on the i6th 
of September, 1636, before Thomas 
Whyte (and others), by the oaths 
of good & lawful men, who say 
thatThadeus O* Magher was seized 
as of fee of and in the village & 
hamlets of Gortycleynoe, contain- 
mg one acre of land, Sraghbraike 
containing two acres of land, Bally- 
begge containing one acre, two 
houses & one garden in Bally- 
keely, two houses in Cnoc-Bally- 
Meagher, in the County Tipperary, 
and being so seized of the premises 



of his own deed on the 9th of Jan- 
uary, 1629, enfeoffed, the same 
premises to Edmond Wall of Cnoc- 
ballyMagher and his heirs, that 
the premises were held of the King 
by Knight Service, &c. 

1636 — 305. — ^Thomas O' Magher of Bouli- 
bane Castle. — Inquisition taken at 
the town of Clonmel. in the County 
Tipperary, on the i6ih of Septem- 
ber, 1636, before John Whyte (and 
others) by the oaths of good & 
lawful men, who say that Thomas 
O* Magher of Boulibane, in the 
aforesaid county, was seized as of 
fee of the town of Boulibane, con- 
taining one-half colpe of land, and 
that the said Thomas alienated the 
same premises twenty years ago to 
Walter Walsh of Castlehoile, under 
the condition of redemption, and 
that the lands of Boulibane after 
the redemption were, and that the 
premises are, held from the King 
by Knight Service, &c. 

1637 — No. 325. — Shane O* Magher. of 
Crumlin. — Inquisition taken at 
Clonmel, in the aforesaid County, 
on the 3rd of April, 1637, before 
John Whyte fitzMichaell (and 
others) by the oaths of good & 
lawful men, who say that Shane 
O' Magher, late of Cromlyn. in the 
aforesaid county, during his life 
was seized as of fee of and in half 
an acre of one carrucate of land 
in Cromlyn. ten acres of land, 
small measure, in Tenokilly, in 
the county aforesaid, eight acres of 
land, small measure, in Garrybal- 
lynoe, in the county aforesaid, three 
acres of land, small measure, in 
Skehanagh, in the county afore- 
said, and being so seized died sixty 
years ago, and that William O' Ma- 
gher is his son & heir & of full 
agre, is married; that the premises 
all & singular were held in full, &c. 



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DEPOSITIONS 



TOUCHING THE ACTS OF CONFEDERATE OFFICERS 

IN CASHELL. 



1641 — 23d December. The Lords Justi- 
ces granted a commission to the 
Rev. Henry Jones. Dean of Kil- 
more, with seven other clergymen, 
to call before them and examine on 
oath * * * as well all such 
persons as have been robbed and 
despoiled, as all the witnesses that 
can give testimony therein, what 
robberies and spoils have been com- 
mitted on them since 22d October 
last, or shall hereafter be committed 
on them or any of them ; what par- 
ticulars were or are whereof they 
are or shall be so robbed or de- 
spoiled, to what value, by whom, 
what their names are, or where they 
now or last dwelt that committed 
tliese robberies, on what day or 
night the said robberies or spoils 
were committed * * * what 
traitorous or disloyal words, speech- 
es or actions were then or any other 
time uttered or committed by those 
robbers and how often, &c. On 1 8th 
January, 1643, the Lords Justices 
issued, another commission to the 
same persons, with additional in- 
structions * *to inquire whatlands had 
been seized, what numbers of British 
protestants had perished on the way 
to Dublin, or any place whither they 
had fled, and how many had turned 
papist since the 22d October." 
The Commissioners accordingly 
took depositions from 24th March, 
till October, 1644. and the exami- 
nations fill 32 large volumes, folio. 
The truthfulness of the deposi- 
tions was publickly impugned by 
the Earl of Castlehaven, an English 



Peer, who had taken an active part 
in the affairs of Ireland. Writing on 
this subject, Castlehaven, referred 
to the misleading muster rolls of 
Sir John Temple* of whom he says 
the subsequent scribblers borrow- 
ed all their catalogues, ** Temple," 
adds Castlehaven " 'repeats the same 
people with the same circumstances 
twice or thrice, and numbers hund- 
reds as those murdered that lived 
years after, nay even are alive this 
day.-'* 

After diligent inspection of the 
depositions, the Rev. Ferdinando 
Warner, LLD., observes that, in 
the greatest number of them, the 
words being duly sworn, have the 
pen drawn through them with the 
same ink with which the exami- 
nations were written, and in several 
of them, where such words remain, 
many parts of the examination are 
crossed out,* u hich shows that the 
bulk of this immense collection b 
partial evidence, and upon report 
of common fame. 

Lingard says: — "Let the reader 
consider the purport of this com- 
mission and he will certainly think 
it strange that if a general massacre 
of the protestants had taken place, 
if 200.000 as May says, or even a 
smaller number of 40,000 or 50,000 
had been murdered, the said Justi- 

iHistory of the Irish Rebellion of 1641. 

^Memoirs of the Earl of Castlehaven, Dub- 
lin, 1815. 

^Warner's History of the Rebellion and Civil 
Wars in Ireland. 



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DEPOSITIONS. 



ces should have omitted to extend 
the inquiry to so bloody a transac- 
tion.* 

1642 — Feb. 17 — Page 923 — Alexander 
Liston, late of Ffynow, in th€ 
barony of Eliogarty, in ye County 
Tipperary, to this deposes, that up- 
on ye 1 6th day of December, 1641, 
or thereabouts, your Deponent lost 
was robbed and forceably despoiled 
of his goods and chatties, worth 
7©*^ & 7.« That Deponent further 
saith that on the 17th November, 
1 64 1, or thereabouts, this Deponent 
being one of ye warders of Roches- 
town Castle, in ye said County, be- 
longing to one Mr. Harvey S. 
Defly, Theobald Purcell Baron of 
Loughmoy, the Lord of Dunboyne, 
ye Lord of Ikerrin, alias Tibbott 
Purcell, of Kyloskehane, in ye said 
County Esquire, Teige oge 0*Mag- 
her of Tuothc, Esquire, in said 
County, with collors flying, their 
forces consisting, at the first block- 
ing up of the said castle, of fifteen 
hundred men or thereabouts, came * 
about ye day and year last above 
written, and layd siege to ye said 
Castle and continued siege to ye 
same till about mid-summer follow- 
ing, during which time of ye siege, 
the besieged were brought to great 
extremity, all relief being kept from 
them they were driven to eat horses 
and also asses. Remainder illegible. 
Not verified. 

1642 — May — Page 384 — Anna Hamilton, 
wife to Archibold. now Lord Arch- 
bishop of Cashell, duly sworn and 
examined deposrthand sayeth, that 
about the first day of January last, 
being at the City of Cashell, these 
Rebells following, viz. : Phillip O* 
Dwver, of Dundrum. in the County 
of Tipperary, Esquire, Teige oge 

Wfstory of England, Vol. X, p. 405. 
See also Mitchell's refutation of Froud«. 



0*Magher. Esquire, Tibbott But- 
ler of Drom. Esquire, Walter But- 
ler of Moddestowu, Esquire, Gerald 
Butler, Esquire, two servants to 
said Tibbott, all of the County of 
Tipperary, and divers others, whose 
names nor place of abode this 
examinant knoweth not, came to 
Cashell aforesaid, in a rebellious 
manner, and then and there force- 
ably robbed, expelled, deprived or 
otherwise despoyled this examinant 
of the goods and chatdes of her 
husband, to the value following, 
viz.: the househould goods and 
wearing apparell, one thousand two 
hundred pounds, a Library of 
Books worth three hundred pounds; 
in sheepe 2,000 of English breede, 
worth six hundred pounds; two 
hundred head of English cows and 
oxen worth fower hundred pounds; 
one coache and eight coache horses, 
worth one hundred and fortie 
pounds; twelve siiddle horses and 
geldings, worth one hundred and 
twelve pounds ; fortie horses and 
mares, worth one hundred pounds; 
in ready money, eighty pounds, 
and likewise was despoyled by the 
rebells of lands mortgaged to her 
husband, for which her husband 
payeth j^ 1.330, and ye deeds of 
the Mortgages, also taken by the 
rebells, by means whereof the same 
will be lost, severall debts due by 
Bill, and penalties from severall 
persons now in rebellion, or soe 
robbed by the rebells, that ihey are 
disabled to satisfie ye saki debts 
amounting to ;^i,220 13.6. and 
penalties being likewise taken away 
by the rebells, the arrears of rent 
due at the begininge of this re- 
bellion ;^550. for the monev payed 
for loan of tythes /'300, the writ- 
ings whereof being likewise taken 
awav by the rebells, soe that the 
totall of her said husbands losses 
sustayned by means of this Re- 



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DEPOSITIONS. 



79 



belHon amounts to nyne thousand 
and nynte pounds. 

Anna Hamilton. 
Iwit. 

John Watson. 

Will Aldrich. 

John Segrue. 

1642 — Aug. 27 — Page 423 — The exami- 
nation taken upon Oath before us 
touching the murthers in Cashell 
on the ist January, 1641, {sic) 

Andrew Hackett of Cashell afore- 
said, aged 30 years, deposeth up- 
on Oath that he knew Phillip O' 
Dwyer to be thereof in command, 
when the English were murlhered 
in Cashell aforesaid, together with 
Theobald Buder of Killoskehane, 
Teijje Meagher of Clonakenny, 
Richard Butler of Ballynakelly, 
Donagh O* Dwyer, brother unto 
said Phillip and Charles O* Dwyer of 
Commons, John O* Dwyer of 
Knockballygormand, and sayeth 
that Charles O' Dwyer took away 
Deane Howlett his goods, and 
further sayeth that he saw Uliick 
Bourke of Lyslowryne and Bryen 
Kearney of Ballybegg very active 
and busie at that time and further 
he sayeth not. 

No. 8. Page 425 — Piers Hack- 
ett of Cashell. aforesaid, aged 30 
yeans, being sworn uppon the holly 
evangelist, sayeth, that he was in 
Cashell aforesaid, when Philip O' 
Dwyer of Dundrum. together with 
his brother Donagh O' Dwyer, Theo- 
bald Butler of Killoskehan, Teige 
0*Magher of Qonnakenny, came 
with several others under their com- 
mand, which have been very active 
and busy about the plundering of 
the English, and as he remembers 
one Teige 0*Ryan of Logh (il- 
legible) alias Naghbeald, Bryan 
Kearney of Ballybegg, Uliick 
Bourke, and several others whose 
names this Deponent does not well 



remember, and further sayeth that 
he heard that one James Roche of 
Griffinstown, was one of the afore- 
said actors for murthering the Eng- 
lish at that time, and further he 
sayeth not. 

The above persons deposed be- 
fore us. 

John Hackett, 
J. O. BooKE. Mayer of Cashell 
Ffaltha Wilmer. 

1642 — Aug. 23 — Page 1029. — Deposition 
of George Carter of Loonagh in the 
Parish of Thurles and Barony of 
Eliogarty, sayeth that on or about 
the 1 6th December last, |>ast and 
beginning of the present rebellion, 
he was robbed and forceably de- 
spoiled of his goods and chattels to 
the value of ^^3295 7.0. — of cows, 
steers, mares, geldings, g»rrones 
and colts, sheep, young cattle, of 
debts which before this rebellion 
were sound good debts, but now 
become desperate by reason some 
of the debts owing are due by im- 
poverished protestants, of debts due 
from papists or rebels, as John O* 
Kennedy of Downeally, in ye Ba- 
rony of Upper Ormond, in ye 
Countie of Tipperary, Garrold 
Grace of Garran, in said Barony, 
gent, Slainy O' Bryan near Castle- 
town in the Barony of Duhallow, 
with others; this Deponent cannot 
get any snti^faction from them. He 
also sayeth he was robbed as afore- 
said of said goods by ye hands 
and means of Theobald Purcell, 
alias The Baron Lotighmo of 
Loughmo,in the CountieTipperary, 
by Teige oge O' Meagher near 
Thurles in said County, Esq., by 
Owen McSwiney of Burrisnafamie, 
in said County, gent, Callagh Me 
Swiney of the same, gent, by John 
OThogarty of Donnv, in said 
County, gent, by William Sweet- 
man. nearLoughmo, in said County, 



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DEPOSITIONS. 



, gent, by Walter Fitzjohn Butler of 
CJoghbrody, in said County, gent, 
with divers others to ye number of 
200 rebels whose names this De- 
ponent knoweth not. 

Geo. Carter. 
Jurat coram nobis, 23d Aug. 1642. 
Phil. Bisse. Jam. Wallis. 

(No date) — Page 475 — James Hamilton 
of Cashell saith the rebells entered 
New Years eve to Cashell, and he 
saw Tybott Butler and Donnogh 
0*Dwyer come in with the first of 
them, that he saw no murthers 
committed, they being under a 
guard, kept in a house of safety, 
upper part of town, that several! 
townsmen came into the house 
where he was and tould him par- 
ticularly of the murther of severall 
English, in all about 18. That the 
Gate of Cashell was first broke open 
before the said Butler and Dwyer 
came in, that said Butler came in 
with the first, armed with sword & 
tirget, that the keys of the Towne 
were delivered, soon after about 12 
o'clock, to said Phillip O'Dwyer. 
That their first action was to rifle, 
plunder and secure the English. 
That the examinant and severall 
English* were toi^eiher prisoners 
. in VVm. Young's house, whilst 
much of the English goods were 
brought and laid up in a magazine 
towards providing for the morro. 
That Rory McShane and Teige O' 
Maher were chief men in command 
of ye guard, and Teige O' Meagher 
was present whilst ye goods were 
carrying out of said house. That 
they gave out they were for the 
King, whom the Parliament they said 
abused. That Charles O'Dwyer 
was with the rebells at that time. 

•In every Charter of Incorporation of Towns, 
the Irish were forbidden to hold office or to 
occupy a house, conseauently the Townsmen in 
1641 were of Eng^lish blood. They were called 
by Sidney, *' the Queen's unpaid garrisons." 



That he heard by common report, 
that UUick Bourke hung up Wm. 
Moone for a while and ailer let him 
down, (not verified). 

1641 — 2d January — Page 499. — ^What 
happened at Cashell when the Irish 
came in on New Years & the 
tragedies acted by them next morn- 
ing; Phillip O* Dwyer of Dundrom, 
Chief in Command, Theobald But- 
ler of Killoskehan, and his brother 
Richard; Teige Meagher, son and 
heir to O* Meagher; Thomas Pur- 
cell, brother to the Barron Luugh- 
mo; Donnagh Dwyer, brother to 
Phillip of Dundrom: Piiillip Ma- 
grath, son to Brian of Blene in Or- 
mond. 

The above commanders (illegi- 
ble) themselves that night about the 
castle had thereof been watching, 
till about 4 of the clock, after mid- 
night, had not such care over 
tired soldiers as to keepe them from 
the barbarous & inhuman killing of 
18 of the English Neighbors, to- 
gether with a woman, and she being 
with child, whose corps were buried, 
some by John Hackett, and some 
by me, and Edward Salle; then the 
maire sent by his wife six sheets to 
the said John Hackett, the said 
Edward being in the Castle, where 
he had the Charter, his badges, 
vidt. , the sword & 2 maces, came to 
Phillip O'Dwyer, being sent for, 
and delivered then the same unto 
him and the keys of the gates, im- 
mediately, up to the said Phillip O' 
Dwyer, who employed the above 
and divers others to gather all the 
goods belonging, to the English 
and bring them to my (fathers 
house, beinof then in the occupation 
of Mr. Will'm Beane. Innkeeper, 
they also seized on all the come 
now in the Deanes ground. Soon 
after the said Phillip O'Dwyer and 
all the crew fled Cashell, having 



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DEPOSITIONS. 



81 



left his brother Donogh his deputy 
with some companions and intrust- 
ing Edward O'Dwyer and his 
brother John of Cnock-gorman, 
with the guardianship and keeping 
of the store house; before he went 
he hanged one for the said (il- 
legible). 

These came to Cashell afterwards, 
without any long delay and divided 
all the goods of the English by lotts; 
among the above commanders or 
captains was Owney O'Dwyer 
who received a share of the division, 
Thomas Dwyer withe litle George 
of Ardmaile. Alexander Boy ton of 
Cashell tould myself that it was he 
invited Mr. Dwyer by letters, & the 
Barron Loughmoe likewise, and 
had ladders ready for them in his 
orchard ; it was he that appointed 
where to cut the gate. 

Phillip Dwyer kiird Bannister. 
Wiirm McPhillip taylor killed Tho. 
Sadler & Lhisy. Phillip McShane 
of Clonoulty his children killed 
Die lane the tyler, Mr. Carre & Mr. 
Beane, Phillip Magrath killed 
Beane's tapster and the tylers wife 
as I found out. 

Barron Loughmoe came to Cash- 
ell some days before the said New 
Years eve, with a great party of 
horse and foot, and who reposed 
themselves at St. Patricks church 
that night, and in the houses with- 
out Cashell & St. Domnicks moore, 
which partie rifled Doctor PuUeins 
house, and the Deanes, and one 
Phillip Magrath brook the paire of 
wind instruments which lay at Doc- 
tor Pulleins. They seized also up- 
pon Mr. Oliver Jones his hay, corne 
& such like, he and his wife being 
then at Clonmel. 

I being arrived at Cashell on 
Christmas eave, being in England 
all the summer and winter hitherto, 
saw much of this and heard of 
several sortes both of those Englbh 



sworn by my wife and myself, and 
of the townsmen, also, what I wrott 
which I doubt not is true. 

Simon Salle. 

Persons served and suported by 
my wife & me for 14 dales upon a 
cock-loft : 

Christopher Guin Saddler & his 

wife. 
Thomas Chiston. 
R'd Hope & his daughter. 
Mr. Prior & his wife. 
Ye Millers wife. 
Stephen Sadler & his wife. 
Anne Harding. 

I sent to the above named per- 
sons to my chamber on the 2d Jan- 
uary, and desireth them to give me 
as near as they could an account 
of the murtherers, by whose re- 
lacions and by n^y owne inquirie 
further of the matter. I took in 
hand what is contained in the paper. 

Francis Sailer. Ellen Creagh. 
WiU'm Kearney. Ellen Sutton. 
Margaret Morine.Geoffry Salle. 
Walter Fleming. Thomas Kearney 
Edward Butler. 

Simon Salle. 
(Not verified). 

1652 — Aug. 21 — Page 483 — The exami- 
nation of Edmond Butler of Cashel, 
in the County of Tipperary, taken 
before us the 21st of August, 1652, 
{sic). 

This examinant, aged thirty years 
or thereabouts, sworn and ex- 
amined, saith he was in Cashell 
aforesaid, when Col'l Phillip O' 
Dwyer entered the city aforesaid, 
on the 31st of December, 1641, 
{sic), and that there came in with 
the Col'l aforesaid, one Teige O' 
Meagher, eldest sonne to O'Mea- 
)>her of Clonicaney, in the County of 
Tipperary, Thomas PurceU of Gur- 
taney, in the County aforesaid, Ul- 
lick Bourke Lisbowmie, Dermott 



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DEPOSITIONS. 



McKnogher 0*Dwyer, servant to 
the said CoFl Phillip O'Dwyer, 
John O'Dwyer, servant, to Phillip; 
being demanded concerning the 
murthers of Cashell, aforesaid, then 
and there committed, saith yt he 
was present when Mr. Beane was 
killed by James Roche, of bally- 
grifiin, whose name he has since 
understood or learned, knowing 
his person and yt there were then 
there with them three men in that 
action, one of them having a sword 
and the others two half pikes, but 
their names he remembereth not; 
further saith that Thomas a. Sadler 
was killed by Will'm McPhillip 
Dwyer, and further saith not. 

His Mark. 

Edmund X Butler. 

Deposed before us the day and 
year first above written. 

Hen. Jones. 
Char. Blount. 

1652 — Aug. 23d. — The examination of 
Ellice Jeanes, taken at Clonmel, in 
the County of Tipperary. 

The examinant, sworn and ex- 
amined, saith, that she is aged 33 
years, and is now wife of Thomas 
Jeanes of Captain Perry's troop, in 
Lt Gen*l Cromwell's Reg't, that 
she was formerly married to Peter 
Portfry of Cashell, that she did 
nurse a child for Richard Brown of 
Cashell, in the year 1641. That at 
ye later end of Deer, on ye 30th 
day of ye month, 1641, Philip O* 
Dwyer of Dundrum. in ye Co. of 
Tiperary, entered Cashell, about 
eight of ye clock in ye morning, 
with a great number of Irish in 
armes among us, ye principall were 
CoUonell Donogh O* Dwyer, ye 
said Phillip's brother, Theobold 
Butler of Killoskehan, Richard But- 
ler of Ballinakill, Thomas Purcell 
of Gartranny, Ullick Burke of Lis- 
bowrnie, Charles O* Dwyer of Cul- 
lefionn. Darby McKnogher, Mc 



Mongy O' Dwyer, Phillip McTeige 
of Lysingeddy, Hugh Ryan of 
Ballinlough, Hugh McShane Ryan 
of Clonoulty, William O* Dwyer of 
Crossine, Pierce Boyton, ye sonne 
of Alexander Boyton of Cashell, 
Anthony O' Kennedy of Cashell, 
John O' Dwyer of Gortnaskeaghy, 
and others whom examinant re- 
membereth not. That being entered 
in ye towne, they plundered all ye 
English and protestants in ye said 
towne, that the next day ye first 
of Jany., they sett upon killing and 
wounding of ye English and protes- 
tants, aforesaid, of whome were 
murthered, Mr. John Beane, Inn- 
keeper, with his brewer and tapster, 
whose names she knoweth not, 
Ralph Carre, schole master, about 
80 years old, Thomas Carleton, 
(commonly called Thomas Saddler), 
Richard Lane and his two daugh- 
ters, John Lyndsay, Mr. Bannister, 
minister, one who was a Taylor, 
and his wife (greate with child), 
John (illegible) a glaziers sonne 
1 1 years of age, Peter Murdo, his 
child about 7 years of age, John 
Anderson another old man, about 
80 years of age, and six more whose 
names ye Examinant remembereth 
not, but she saw them lye dead. That 
the same Examinant had 1 1 wounds, 
and many others, men, women 
and children were then and there 
wounded. That of ye murtherers 
at that time, Philip English, Rich- 
ard O'Molowney of Captain Boy- 
ton's Company, William Conoway, 
John O'Herrit, Thomas O'Gaho- 
rah, Richard Fleming and William 
Fleming, James Minoge, were after 
killed, or are since dead, whose 
names she remembereth not, they 
being of ye towne of Cashell, as for 
others who also acted in these rob- 
berys and cruelties, she remem- 
bereth them not by name, they be- 
ing strangers to her, and she know- 



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n 



eth not who wounded this Exami- 
nant. That between thirty and 
forty women and children were 
kept together in guard, under the 
upper gate, three or four hours, 
and, after opening of the gate, they 
were sent out to Moydrum, two 
miles from Cashell, where they were 
entertained by James Sail of Moy- 
drum, aforesaid, until about ten 
days or a fortnight after they were 
sent for to be returned to Cashell, 
by order from Philip 0*Dwyer, 
aforesaid, the Governor of Cashell, 
by whom they were committed to 
Pryson, that while the said women 
& children were at Moydrum as 
aforesaid, all ye English and pro- 
' testants were cast into a dungeon 
in Cashell, being in water to the 
knees. That all of them after were 
sent away by a convoy towards 
Clonmel, which convoy was com- 
manded by Patrick Boyton, Captain, 
and Pierce Boyton, now of Cashell, 
his Lieutenant. That three of ye 
said Protestants were by said con- 
voy killed, John Herrit, ol Captain 
Boyton' s Company, aforesaid, kill- 
ed ye glovers sonne. That three 
men followed said convoy com- 
manding persons to kill Edward 
Boakes, one of the said protestants 
whom they wounded, but he was 
rescued by Richard Cornwall of 
Cashell, who went with said con- 
voy. That she this Examinant 
in presence of the said John O* 
Herrit, long after in said Boyton' s 
Company, did hinder the said per- 
sons of their Company from killing 
ye English, on ye way as aforesaid. 
This Examinant further saith that 
one named George, an Englishman, 
was murthered on ye way between 
Ardmaile and Cashell, but by whom 
this Examinant knoweth not, and 
farther deposeth not. 

Her 

Ellen XJeanes. 

Mark. 



Deposed before us ye day and 
year above written. 

Hen. Jones. 
Char. Blount. 

1652 — Aug. 24th {sic) — Page 495 — ^The 
Examination of Mr. Simon Salle of 
Cashell, in the County of Tip- 
perary, taken the 24th of August,' 
1652. 

This Examinant sworn and ex- 
amined, saith he is aged forty years, 
or thereabouts, and that he was att 
Cashell when the towne was plun- 
dered by the Irish who entered the 
citty, the one and thirteth of 
Deer., in the year 1641, the chief 
of which party of the Irish, were 
vidcet. Phillip O'Dwyer of Dun- 
drum, Chieie in command, Theo- 
bald Butler of Killoskehan, and his 
Brother Richard, TeigeO' Meagher, 
sonne and heir to O' Meagher, 
Thomas Purcell, brother to Barron 
Loughmoe, Donoge O'Dwyer, 
brother to Phillip of Dundrum, 
Phillip Magrath, sonne to brion 
Magrath of Bleane in Ormond, and 
the day of^theyr entering the towne, 
they fell aplundering & striping 
the English and the protestants, 
and early the next morning began 
to murther of many of them, of 
whom ten men and a woman with 
child so murthered were buried 
by this Examinant, and by Mr. 
John Hackett, now maior, and Ed- 
ward Sail the then maior, who sent 
six winding sheets for burying some 
of the said persons; this Examinant 
further saith yt Phillip McThomas 
O'Dwyer of Morton, alias Balli- 
nemoone, killed Ffrancis Bannister, 
Will'm McPhillip of Ardmaile, 
Tailor, killed Thomas Sadler and 
John Lonney, and further saith that 
Phillip McShane of Clonoulty, his 
sonnes, and Thomas Ro Ryan & 
Hugh McShane Ryan of Clonoulty, 
aforesaid, then killed Richard Lane 
& Will'm Merryfelld, alias Kalke- 



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DEPOSITIONS. 



roge and Mr. Carre & Mr. Beane, 
Phillip Magrath of Bleane aforesaid 
killed the said Beane's tapster and 
the said tapster's wife, great with 
child, and James Roche of bally- 
griffin killed some and pticularily 
one Robert Andersonne, a Scoch- 
man. This Examinant further saith 
yt for discovering the truth of the 
aforesaid relation, he the said next 
day of the said murthers vid. on the 
second of January 1641, while the 
particulars were fresh in memory 
did in his chamber att Cashell, 
aforesaid, privately advise and con- 
fer with certain friends, inhabitants 
of Cashell, by whose relation and 
in whose preasanse this Examinant 
did sett down in writeing what the 
said persons relatted to Examinant, 
desiring them to give the names of 
the persons then so murthered and 
murthering, as is more att exprese 
in this examination and in the paper 
annexed, the names of which per- 
sons so informing him are by the 
Examinant sett forth in the paper 
anext; this Examinant further saith 
yt Alexander Boyton tould to this 
Examinant that it was he yt in- * 
vited the said Phillip O' Dwyer, the 
said Coll. of Dundrom, by his let- 1652- 
ters, to attempt Cashell, as afore- 
said,- and that he had before ye 
time invited the Barron of Lough- 
moe for the like desine, and yt he, 
the said Boyton had Laders redy 
(for them) in his orchard, and yt 
was he that appointed where to cutt 
ye gatte, whereby the enemy got 
entrance into yt citty; and further 
saith that the townsmen of Cashell, 
to vindicatte ye corporation from 
the aspersion of the murthers and 
robcrys aforesaid, did con^itut 
appoynt William Young, one of the 
burgesses of Cashell, theyre agent, 
in the year 1646, or theyreabouts, 
to soHcett the then Justice of the 
Assises, sitting att Clonmel, to in- - 



quire after, by presentment of a 
Grand Jury and other ways, the 
actors in the murthers and roberys 
aforesayd, and to proceed against 
them according to Justice, but yet 
nothing was therein done effeck- 
tually att ye time, although given 
in charge to the Grand Jury, by 
reson (as the Examinant hath heard 
and beeleveth) of the power of the 
persons therein concerned, but now 
hoopeth and desireth, yt the same 
may be taken into consideration, 
and accordingly Examinant further 
saith that ye sonnes of the said 
Alexander Boyton, Vidt., Patrick 
and Peirce, the one being a cap- 
tain and the other a leftenant of a 
foot company, maintained by the 
town for a time for theyre defence, 
notwithstanding joyned with ye 
enemy against the said citty after 
the town was surrendered by the 
English, and further sayeth not. 
SiMON« Salle. 
Deposed before us, the^ 

day and yeare first >• 

above written. } 

Hen. Jones, 

J. O. BOOKE. 

-Aug. 27 — Page 479 — The examina- 
tion of Geoffry Sail of Cashell, in 
the County of Tipperary, taken be- 
fore us the 27 August, 1652: 

The Examinant, aged 35 years, 
or thereabouts, sworn and examin- 
ed, saith that he lived in Cashel 
aforesaid, and that in the beginning 
of the rebellion, when Cashel was 
taken by Col. Phillip O' Dwyer, the 
31 Dec, 1641, and that he heard 
yt William Beane was murthered 
by one James Roche of Ballygriffin, 
and yt John Lining was killed by 
Knogher boy O'Mulrian and afore- 
said boy, brethern of Polevarta, and 
yt Thomas Sadler was killed by 
William McPhillip O' Dwyer of Ard- 
maille, and further saith yt when 



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DEPOSITIONS. 



85 



the English were conveyed from 
Cashell to Clonmel there was a boy 
amongst the said English which 
was killed by the way, about a milo 
from Cashell, by one John Herick 
and Donagh Dwyer of ye company, 
' of which Patrick Boyton was cap- 
tain, and foresaid Boyton, leftenant, 
and Robert Boyton, ensme, which 
company had the conveying of the 
English as aforesaid, in which com- 
pany the Examinant saw the partys 
for months after, during which time, 
notwithstanding the Examinant 
heard them often spoken of for the 
murther aforesayd, yt (illegible), 
see or heard them to be punished 
or questioned for the same, and 
further saith he credibly heard one 
Phillip McThomas Dwyer of Bally- 
money killed one Bannister, a min* 
ister, before the sayd Col. O* Dwyer 
entering of Cashell aforesaid, near 
the well without the gate, and fur- 
ther saith yt the 3 sonnes of Phillip 
McShane of Clononlty ware very 
active in the murthers of Cashell 
aforesayd, and joyned with Phillip 
McGrath of Bleane in the bloody 
actions and murthers att that time, 
and heard yt and did see Tibbott 
Butler of Killoskehan, and Richard 
Butler, his brother, of Ballinekill, 
Walter Butler of Nodstown, Teige 
oge O' Magher and Edmund Dwyer 
of Knockgorman, and John Dwyer, 
his brother, and their followers, to 
be great plunderers of the English 
at the time aforesaid, and further he 
saith not. 

Geoffry Sall. 
Deposed before us, the") 
day and year first >• 
above written. ) 

Hen. Jones, 
Char. Blount. 
1652 — Aug. 24 — Page 487 — The Exami- 
nation of John Hackett, now Maior 
of CasheU, taken the 24th August, 
1652. 



This Examinant, sworn and ex- 
amined, aged fifty-three years, or 
theyareabouts, saith yt he was an 
inhabitant in Cashell, and then 
present when the rebels entered the 
Citty of Cashell aforesaid, being on 
New Year's Eve, in the year 1641, 
and ye chief commander of the first 
party was one Phillip O' Dwyer, a 
colonel, and with him there entered 
into the townfe aforesayd Teige oge 
O' Magher, Donnagh O' Dwyer, 
brother to the said Phillip, Thomas 
Purcell, brother to the barron of 
Lochmoe, Phillip McGragh, of 
Bleane, in Ormond, in the County 
of Tipperary, Phillip McThomas 
O* Dwyer of Mourstown, Phillip 
McTeigh Ryan of Liflfenselly, 
Thomas Ro Ryan of Clonoulty, 
Hugh McShane Ryan of Clonoulty, 
James Roche of Ballygrifin, James 
Bourke of Scarte and many others 
whom this deponent knoweth not, 
all active, began ye same day to 
plunder and strip the English of 
ye said citty and cast them into 
prison and the next day being 
New Year's (St. David's day), in 
the morning by breake of the day, 
ttiey began to murther & wound 
the said English, killing out- right 
sixteen men and one woman 
videlecit, Ralph Carre, William 
Beane, John Lindly, Richard Lane, 
Thomas Charlton, Thomas Browne 
a cooper, William' Merifelld alias 
Capt. Kareg & his wife, William 
Beane' s Hostler whose name he 
remembereth not ; further saith yt 
James Roch of Ballygriffin and the 
three sonnes of Daniell McMaghu- 
nogh O' Dwyer of Crossalley, Tho- 
mas Ro Ryan of Clonoulty and 
Hugh McShane Ryan of Clonoulty 
aforesaid, Bryan Cavanagh of Kil- 
knockin, were cheefe actors of the 
murthers of the protestants afore- 
said; and further saith yt Edmund 
McWilliam O* Dwyer of Knock- 



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86 



DEPOSITIONS. 



gormund, Owney McWilUam O* 
Dwyer of the same, and John Mc 
William O* Dwyer of Cnockgorman 
was the keeper of the Magazene 
and John McGrath ofblane in Or- 
mond in the County of Tipperary, 
Tege oge 0*Magher, Donogh O* 
Dwyer aforesaid, Thomas Purcell 
aforeaid, Phillip McThomas O' 
Dwyer of ballimonie, Phillip Mc 
Tege Ryan of Lissourdelly, James 
Bourke aforesaid were some of the 
dhefe plunderers, and further saith 
yt James Roche atoresaid bragd 
that he had revenged the death of 
his wife by "the killing of two En- 
glish with his one hands, Phillip 
McShane being slain by Capt. 
Peaslys troupe, the sonne of the 
said Phillip McShane made his 
brags that he revenged the death 
of his father, for that he had killed 
twice so many of the English in 
Cashell and yt he had killed 
Thomas Charlton by name for that 
ye said Thomas Charlton was one 
of the tropes being under the com- 
mand of Capt. Peasley aforesaid, 
and yt he hard yt ye said Charlton 
was he which killed his father, 
further he saith not. 

John Hackett, 

Maior of Cashell. 

Deposed before us the^ 
day and year first >• 
above written. ) 

Hen. Jones. 
J. O. Booker. 

1652— Sept. 12 — Page 463 — Morrish 
Manivell of Cashell, aged 50 years, 
being sworn uppon the holly evan- 
gelist sayeth that UUick Bourke of 
Lysbournie, came with one Will 
Moonie unto this Informants house 
for to hang him, the said Moonie 
being committed unto his charge 
by Phillipp O* Dwyer, this Depo- 
nent being Marshal of the Court, 

-.:-. and' fiHther sayeth the -said Will 



Moonie tould this Informant that the 
said UUick Bourke hanged him 
almost quite for not giving him 
some monies before his committal 
unto this Deponent, and sayeth also 
one of Oliver Joanes' servants be- 
ing condemned by said Phillipp 
O' Dwyer and the rest of said 
Commanders-in-Cheefe that were 
then in the Cashell, when the Eng- 
lish were murthered, the said ser- 
vant being also committed unto 
this Deponent* s charge should be 
executed next morning, one Bryan 
Kearny of Ballybegg, came unto 
this Informants house (he being 
at home himself at that time) and 
hanged the servant with a rope 
within the chamber where he laye, 
until this informant, running in 
knowing thereof, (illegible) and 
cutted the rope with his skeane 
and saved the man's life, and fur- 
ther sayeth that Phillipp O' Dwyer 
' of Dondruim, Teige Meagher of 
Clonnakanny, Theobald Butler of 
Killoskehane, Donnogh O* Dwyer, 
brother unto said Phillipp, were 
thereof commanders, together with 
several others, that he dooth not 
well know at thb present, and 
that the said UUick Bourke of 
Lysbournie, Charles O' Dwyer (U- 
legible), Bryon Kearney of Bally- 
b^, James Bourke of Scarte 
John Dwyer of KnockbaUygor- 
mand, Hugh McPhUlipp Ryan of 
Clonnoultie, and his brother, 
Keadagh Meagher of Ballymac- 
keogh ; several others were verrie 
active and busie about the plunder- 
ings of the English in Cashell at 
the beginning of the RebeUion, &c. 
(Not verified). 

(No date). — Page 464 — ^John Donnagh Mc 
Shane of Cashell aged about 45 
years, deposeth that he, having 
been sent from Yeaghill by his Mas- 
ter Leut. CoUonell OUver Jbanes to 



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Cashell, for to bring alonge with 
him tnither backe one of his said 

-Masters children left behind in 
Cashell aforesaid, and one Lieut. 
CoUonell Donnagh O'Dwyer to- 
gether with Teige oge O' Meagher 
and Bryan Kearny of Ballybegge 
were along with the said Don- 
nagh, questioned him where his 
master was to which he replyed 
that he^ was in Yeaghill, uppon 
which answer the said Donnogh 
Teige and Bryan took the said 
Donnogh McShane with them into 

. Ffrancis Sails house and tould they 
would use him like they would use 
his master, that was to hang him, 
upon which he was brought before 
Phillip O'Dwyer and condemned 
to death, being for noe other cause 
but that he was the said Oliver's 
servant — ^At length James Sail the 
Lawyer with much adoe saved his 
life ; and further sayeth that the 
said Bryan Kearney would quite 
hang him the said Donnogh Mc 
Shane, after being committed unto 
the marshalls house, had it not 
been that the said Marshall Mor- 
rish Manivall saved his life, and 
further sayeth not. 

Not signed. 
Ffaltha Wilmer. 
John Hackett. 

1652 — Nov. II, (^0 — Page 503 — ^The 
Examination of Ullick Bourke taken 
at Clonmell the nth November, 
1652. 

Sayeth that uppon the march of 
Phillip O'Dwyer to Cashell he called 
uppon the house of this Examinant 
desired him with his tenants & 
servants to goe alonge with him 
that night, and when he came 
uppon the way tould him the de- 
syne, that his business was to 
march to Cashell, and afterwards 
Enquiringe of his brother the said 
Phillip concerninge the said desyne 



and what hopes he had of the 
takeing of Cashell, he answered he 
was sure of itt allreddy, and saith 
their were with the said Phillip, 
Teage oge O' Meagher, Edmond 
Boy O* Morris, Theobald Butler of 
Killoskehan, Richard Butler of 
Ballinakill, Tho. Purcell of Gur- 
tanine, Bryen Kearney of Bally- 
begg & Lt. to the said Theobald 
and severall others who entered 
Cashell on New Years Eve in the 
year 1641, the gate being broken 
open with a hatchett, whereupon 
one Beane an Innkeeper of Cashell 
spoke alowede to the Inabittants of 
Cashell that it was by theyre meanes 
that the Irish men was suffered to 
come in, & that they woulde now 
plunder and kill the English and 
(illegible") as the Examinant be- 
leeveth, into the celler within "his 
House for refuge, and that ojie 
Richard Salle of Cashell said that 
if they suffered the said Beane to 
live that he would hereafter make 
foul work of them, & thereuppon 
Phillip Magrath of Bleane, to whom 
the said word was spoaken to by 
the said Sail, went into the said 
celler and sought him out and 
brought him into the Street and 
there killed him, and sayeth that 
Bryen Kearney aforesaid was ac- 
tive in the murthers of Cashell, & 
particularly did kill one Carre a 
schoolmaster, his cause of know- 
ledge is that beinge in the street 
he saw the said Bryen in the street 
with many others, with theyre 
swordes drawne, when the said 
Carre was killed; he saith alsoe that 
he had seen Edmond Boy O' Morris 
aforesaid, who dwelt neere Temple- 
more, with his sworde drawn 
wounde an Englishman -and he 
would spare none of them that he 
met. and that Thomas Mandivill of 
Cashell did stir upp the Irish not 
to spare the English, and that he 



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DEPOSltlONS. 



threatened to kill an English 
woman if she would nott deliver 
her money to him, but what became 
of the woman he knoweth not, and 
beinge demanded what he knoweth 
concernning the murther att Gowld- 
inge Bridge, he sayth that after the 
murthers of Cashell he heard that 
many were killed there, and further 
he sayth not. 

Ullicke Bourke. 

Deposed before us, 

Geo. Sankey. 
Hen. Jones. 

The Salls. — Andrew Sail was born in 
Cashell, (1612), sent abroad in his youth 
(1639), became eventually Professor at 
Salamanca, Pampeluna, Placentia and 
Toledo. He returned to Cashell in 1673, 
and 1674 publickly embraced the Protes- 
tant Religion. Later in the same year he 
became D.D. of T.C.D. and in 1675 a 



D.D. of Oxford — He died in 1682 August 
7. — Ware's Irish Writers. 

The Bishop of Ferns wrote the Doelful 
fall of Andrew Sail. 

Dr. Samuel Pullein, Chancellor o 
Cashel and Dean of Clonfert, who with 
his wife and children fell into the hands 
of the insurgents, were friendly watched 
over and kept safe from all danger by , a 
Jesuit James Saul — Moore, His. Ire. 333, 
Vol. IV. Nevertheless, he made a depo- 
sition that he was robbed and despoiled 
by the Irish who entered Cashell on New 
Years Eve, at the instigation of Lord 
Dunboyne, other Butlers & the Baron 
Loughmoe but he made no charge against 
Teige oge O' Meagher. 

The reader will observe that the depo- 
sitions of Edmund Butler, EUie Jeanes, 
Simon Salle, Geofrey Sail, John Hackett, 
Morrish Manivell, and Ullick Bourke, 
were taken in 1652, although the com- 
mission closed in October 164^, which 
fact would seem to invalidate if not 
discredit their testimony. 



CONFEDERATE ASSESSMENTS. 



KILKENNY. 



1645— Arrears Received of Philip Mea- 
gher and James Rothe in full of fi 
of the tythes of Coolaghmore, anno 

1644, ;^4.6.8. 

i646~April 9; Barony of Galmoy; Re- 
ceived of Philip Meagher, John 
Walshe and James Rothe in full 
out against ^ of the tythes of 
Coolaghmore ;^2.6.i. 

1646 — September 16; Barony of Gowran; 
Received of John Meagher of Ses- 
kin and others, 72.00.00. 

1646— September 30; Barony of Gowran; 
Received of John Meagher of Ses- 
kin, and Richard Meagher of Roli- 
flucke and others, 63.00.00. 



Id. — Barony of Galmoy; Received of Tho* 
mas Meagher of Bawnballagh, by 
directions of Piers Butler, Esq., 
Sheriff, 45.00.00. 

Id. — November 5; Received of Dermod 
O' Meagher in full of ^ of the tythes 
of Aghmartin Rectory against ye 
year 1645 ye sum of /i. 15.00. 

1648 — April 7; Barony of Galmoye; Re- 
ceived of John Butler and Thomas 
O' Meagher collection of ye Barony 
of Galmoye * * in the pound 
♦ * * 10/10, imposed on ye 6 
April, 1648. 

Commonwealth Papers, Dublin Castle. 



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CONFEDERATE LEVIES. 



89 



CONFEDERATE LEVIES, ETC 

BY THE GENTRY OF THE COUNTY TIPPERARY. 



1649, October 14. 

1. That 140 horse well accommodat- 
ed with swords and pistolls be ym medi- 
ately raised in the said county, after the 
rate of one horse and means out of every 
5 colipes. 

2. That they shall have one moneths 
means out of their quarters. 

3. That no place shall go free other 
than those allowed for waste lands 
already by the former vote of the coun- 
try. 

4. That said horse be all ready on 
Monday the 2 2d of this present moneth 
at Balliowen. 

5. That those hereafter named be 
Commissioners in each Barony to raise 
the said horses and armes and see the 
p'prietor ymmediately payed. 

6. That the Commissioners shall use 
all wayes and meanes for compassinge 
this work, and that the Commissioners 
shall be at the place of Rendezvous with 
the meanes, being i2d. per diem, the 
Sheriffe to be present to gett an accompt. 



COMMISSIONERS IN EACH 
BARONY. 

Ikerrin & Eliogarty. — Teige O'Mea- 
gher of Kilvardy ; Theobold Butler of 
Kiloskehan ; Thomas Porsell of Gor- 
tanna. 

Middlethird.—TheoboldButler of Ard- 
mayle ; James Butler of Boytonrath ; 
Michael Kearney of Ballilooby ; Sir 
Murtagh Magrath Barronett ; James 
Butler of Kivoelashie ; William Ryan 
of Sallahode. 



Iflfay & Offay.— Theobold Butler of 
Knockmanny ; Edmund Mandervyle of 
Bally dine; Richard Keatinge of Nichols- 
town ; James Butler of Roskagh. 

Kilnamanagh. — Owny O'Duire of 
Clonthurstown; Richard Bourke of Bor- 
ris ; Lieut. Collo. Donogh O'Duire. 

County of the Cross & Slieveardagh. 
— James Tobyn of Killahee ; Morsy Laf- 
fan of Gracetown ; Thomas Tobyn of 
Keilnagranagh. 

Lower Ormond. — John Grace of Bally- 
voneene ; John M'Egan of Cloghvistar- 
ney ; Daniel O'Hogen of Grange. 

Upper Ormond. — Daniel O'Kennedy 
of Bally (indistinct) ; Gerald Grace of 
Kilboy; Thebold Butler of Comynstown. 

Owny & Arra. — Conor O'Brien of 
Knockanerrebegg; John Ryan of Cregge. 

Signed by the Sheriffe of the said 
Countie of Tipperary, by Commande of 
the Gentry. Richard Butler. 



CONFEDERATE STRONGHOLDS. 

1650 : Knockelly Castle, near Fethard, 
was stoutly defended against the Par- 
liamentary forces, by Big John Meagher 
of Slanestown Castle, until he was forced 
to abandon the position by a battery of 
artillery posted on an adjacent hill. He 
retired with the garrison to Fethard and 
ably assisted Colonel Butler, the Military 
Commander, in his masterly defense of 
the town, which was surrendered on very 
honorable terms, on the 3d of February 
1650, the garrison marching out "with 
horses, arms and other goods, bag and 
baggage, colors flying, matches lighted, 
balle en bouche" 



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CONFEDERATE LEVIES. 



Big John was long remembered and re- 
nowned as the local hero, whose exploits 
shed a lustre on the locality, especially 
among his kindred of Slanestown, who 
were also distinguished for their great 
stature, love of blooded horses, and loyal- 
ty to faith, fatherland, family and friends. 

As is usual with popular heroes, extra- 
ordinary stories are told of his great 
size, strength and horsemanship, and 
how, when Cromwell stood amid a crowd 
of officers, in the porch of Sir Edward 
Everard's house in Fethard, big John 
dashed suddenly into the throng, and, 
with one powerful blow of his sword, 
would have cut him down, if Cromwell 
had not retired into the porch, and thus 
escaped the furious assault, the sword 
striking one of the pillars, hacking off 
a piece of the stone, and leaving a con- 
spicuous mark, often exhibited to admir- 
ing spectators. In the confusion inci- 
dent to such a daring onset, Big John 
mounted his horse and escaped to the 
continent, where he appeared later as 
Don Juan Meagher, Captain in the Span- 



ish Netherlands in 1660. His property, 
including the castle and townsland of 
Slanestown, and several hundred acres 
extending from Coolmore to Knockelly 
and Peppardstown, was subsequently 
confiscated and given to Sankey, one of 
Cromwell's Generals, while his kindred 
were made tenants of the new proprie- 
tor. 

The siege of Clonmell was maintained 
by Hugh O'Neill, one of Owen Roe's 
Lieutenants, with 1200 men, so skilfully 
and valiantly, that in the first assault 
2000 of Cromwell's men were slain, and 
the siege turned into a blockade. After 
a stubborn defence of two months, the 
garrison, hopeless of relief, withdrew to 
Waterford, and the inhabitants surrend- 
ered upon honorable terms, in the Spring 
of 1650. 

1652. — Colonel John O 'Meagher, Colo- 
nel Edmond O'Dwyer, and other Con- 
federate officers, entered into articles of 
agreement with General Sankey, the 
Parliamentary Commander, March 23, 
1652. 



IRISH TERRITORIES FITT FOR 
PLANTATION. 



1620. 18 year, James I. 

The territory of Kilnemanagh inhabit- 
ed by the O'Dwyers, &c. 

The territory of Kilnelongort, inhabit- 
ed by the O'Rians, &c. 

The territory of Heigh, inhabited by 
the Spellans, O'Shanaghans, &c. 

The territory of Upper and Lower 
Ormond, inhabited by O'Kennedies, O'- 
Mearas, &c. 

The territory of Ikerrin, inhabited by 
the O'Maghers, &c. 

The territory of Arragh, inhabited by 
the O'Briens, &c. 

The territory of Owney Mulrian, inhab- 



ited by the O'Rians, &c. 

(This report was made in the early 
part of the century (*) for the purpose 
of finding free land for English and 
Scotch adventurers, followers of James 
I., but, owing to the troubles arising 
from the weak, vacillating and fatal 
policy of the Stuarts, no general action 
could be taken, especially as the greater 
part of Ireland was practically inde- 
pendent, during the Kilkenny Confed- 
eration, until Cromwell's sweeping trans- 
plantation carried out the original de- 
sign with savage brutality.) 

♦Plantation papers 1605 to 1683, class F, 
Table 3. No. 15. T. C. D. 



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CHARLES II. 



91 



CHARLES II 



1650-1660. — In the month of May, 
1650, Charles II. amid the acclamations 
of his subjects returned to the throne of 
his ancestors. This restoration of the 
legitimate sovereign it was hoped would 
terminate the misfortunes of Ireland. 
The whole nation had shared his father's 
sufferings, and had conbatted to the last 
for the royal cause. Even when exiled 
in France they signalized themselves by 
their loyalty ; and when through politi- 
cal combinations the English monarch 
was compelled to seek an asylum in the 
Low Countries, thither he was followed 
by the Irish Regiments, though all his 
English subjects abandoned him. This 
fidelity won for them the admiration and 
esteem of the continental nations, and 
the prince himself after his restoration 
publickly acknowledged their loyalty and 
services, and declared that they were on 
that account deserving of his special 
protection, favor and justice.* 

On the first announcement of the res- 
toration of the king, the Cromwellian 
settlers were filled with alarm, and agents 
were at once dispatched by them to the 
monarch to represent the Irish Catholics 
as rebels, ill affected to the cause of 
order and royalty. Whilst the royal 
ears were dinned with these representa- 
tions, the severest ordinances lately 
made against Irish Roman Catholics 
were strictly executed. They were not 
allowed to pass from one province to 
another on their ordinary business ; 
many of them were imprisoned ; their 
letters were intercepted ; their gentry 
were forbidden to meet, and thus de- 
prived of the opportunity of choosing 
agents or representing their grievances. 
No sooner had the king's deputy arrived 
in Ireland than he was obliged to pub- 

*See his address to both houses of Parlia- 
ment, 27 July. 1650, and 30th Nov., 1650. 



lish a proclamation for apprehending 
and prosecuting all Irish rebels, and 
commanding that adventurers, soldiers 
and others, who were possessed of their 
manors houses or lands should not be 
disturbed in their possessions, until le- 
gally evicted, or his Majesty by advice 
of Parliament should take further order 
thereon.f 

Lord Clare in his remarkable speech 
in favor of the Union, after quoting from 
the Act of Settlement continues, "Having 
thus in the first instance vested three- 
fourths of the land and personal pro- 
perty of the inhabitants of the Island in 
the King, commissioners were appointed, 
with full and exclusive authority to hear 
and determine all claims upon the gen- 
eral fund, whether of officers and sol- 
diers for arrears of pay, of adventurers 
who had advanced money for carrying 
on the war, or of innocent Papists as 
they were called — in other words — of 
the old inhabitants of the island, who 
had taken part in the rebellion against 
the English Crown, from their attach- 
ment to the fortunes of Charles the 
Second. But with respect to this class 
of sufferers, who might naturally have 
expected a preference of claim, a clause 
was introduced by which they are post- 
poned, after a decree of innocence by 
the commissioners, until previous repri- 
sal shall be made to Cromwell's soldiers 
and adventurers who had obtained pos- 
session of their inheritance. I will not 
detain the House with a minute detail 
of the provisions of this Act thus pass- 
ed for the settlement of Ireland ; but I 
wish gentlemen, who call themselves the 
independent Irish nation, to know that 
seven millions eight hundred thousand 
acres of land were set out under the 

fLeland's History of Ireland, Vol. III. p. 
410. 



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92 



CHARLES II. 



authority of this Act to a motley crew 
of English adventurers, civil and mili- 
tary, nearly to the total exclusion of the 
old inhabitants of the island. Many of 
the better class who were innocent of 
the rebellion lost their inheritance 
as well from difficulties imposed upon 
them by the Court of Claims in the 
proofs required of their innocence, as 
from a deficiency in the fund for repri- 
sal to English adventurers." 



When some years later another usur- 
per raised the standard of revolt, the 
Puritan settlers and their children were 
the first to draw the sword against their 
lawful monarch, whilst his only faithful 
followers were the Irish Catholics, whose 
rights were so unjustly betrayed, and 
who, by this confiscation, were deprived 
of the means of defending the cause 
they still conscientiously espoused.* 

♦Ibid. p. 445. " 



TRANSPLANTATION CERTIFICATES 

AND ORDERS ON TRANSPLANTORS' PETITIONS. 



1653 — Jan'y 9, Clonmell : An O'Mach- 
ar of Clonyne, widdow, in the countie 
Tipperary, hath on the seven and twen- 
tieth December, 1652, seventy-five per- 
sons, 2 acres summer corne, 4 cowes and 
4 garrons. 

Dated the one and twentieth day of 
January, 1653. 

Signed — Sol. Richards, Chas. Blount, 
F. Vaughn. 

1653, Feb 'y 20, No. 183 Clonmell: John 
Purcell of Loughmo and Edmund O'- 
Meagher of Cloughrale, in the county 
of Tipperary, on the 17th day of Janu- 
ary, 1653, 15 persons, 3 acres of summer 
corne, 6 garrons. 

Dated 16 Jan'y, 1653. 
' Signed — Sol. Richards, Chas. Blount, 
H. Paris. 

1653, Feb'y 24, No. 326 : John O'- 
Meagher of Clonkenny, in the Co. of 
Tipperary, on the 30th of Jan'y, 1653, 
12 persons, J of an acre of winter corne, 
2 cowes, 5 garrons, 15 sheepe, fower 
goats, 2 suine. 

Dated 30 Jan'y, 1653. Clonmell. 
Signed — Sol. Richards, Chas. Blount, 
H. Paris. 



1653: — Transplanted this year; Hon- 
oria Ny Meagher and Daniel O'Meagher; 
Thomas Meagher of Polinstown. 

1653, Feb'y 24, Clonmell : 

Juan Meagher of Killawardy, in the 
Co. Tipperary, on the eight and twenti- 
eth Jan'y 1653, 9 persons one and half 
acre of sommer corne, 2 cows, 2 garrons, 
2 suine. 

Dated the 30 Jan'y, 1653. 

Signed — Sol. Richards, Chas. Blount* 
and H. Paris. 

1 653* Feb'y 24, Clonmell : 

Wee the said Commissioners doo here- 
by certifie that Thomas O'Meagher of 
Lorhane, in the Co. of Tipperary, upon 
the fower and twentieth Jan'y, 1653, in 
pursuance of a declaration of the Com- 
missioners of the Parliament of the 
Commonwealth of England, for the af- 
fairs of Ireland, bearing date the 24 
Oct., 1652, delivered unto us a particular 
in writing containing the names of him- 
self and other persons as are to remove 
with him, with the qualitie and quanti- 
tie of their stocks and tillage, the con- 
tents whereof are as follows : 2 acres of 
winter corne, 2 cows, 6 garrons, 30 
sheepe. 



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TRANSPLANTATION CERTIFICATES, 



93 



Dated the six and twentieth day of 
Jan'y, 1653. 

Signed — Sol. Richards, Chas. Blount, 
H. Paris. 

1653, Feb'y 24, Clonmell : 

Teige Meagher, of Killduffe, in the 
Co. of Tipperary, on the eight and twen- 
tieth Jan'y, 1653, 9 persons, half an acre 
of winter corne, 3 garrons, 3 goates. 

Dated the 30 Jan'y, 1653. 
Signed — Sol. Richards, Chas. Blount, 
H. Paris. 

1653, Feb'y 24, Clonmell: 

Owny Meagher, of Parke, in the Co. 
Tipperary, on the seven and twentieth 
Jan'y, 1653, seven persons, one acre and 
one fowerth of an acre of summer corn, 
2 cowes, 2 garons. 

Dated the eight and twentieth Jan'y, 
1653- 

Signed — H. Paris, Chas. Blount, Sol. 
Richards. 

1653, Feb'y 24, Clonmell: 

Teige Meagher of Gortenane, in the 
Co. of Tipperary, on the nine and twen- 
tieth Jan'y, 1653, 38 persons, 6 acres of 
sommer corne, 8 cowes, 22 garrons, fower 
suine. 

Dated the 30 Jan'y, 1653. 

Signed — H. Paris, Sol. Richards, Chas. 
Blount. 

1654, June 12, Ordered that ye within 
petition of David Meagher be referred 
to ye Governor and Commissioners of 
Revenue at Derry or any three of them 

-to consider thereof, and to examine ye 
allegacion and finding of same to be 
true, to dispense with petitioner's trans- 
plantation until ye first May next. 

Dublin, 12 June, 1654. 

Signed — Thomas Herbert. 

1655, March 25, upon consideration 
of ye above petition of Edmund and 
William Meagher, the commissioners all 
think fit to do nothing thereon, but leave 



petitioners to apply themselves to the 
commissioners of transplantation lately 
appointed in the Co. of Tipperary, by 
them to be proceeded with as shall be 
agreeable to their instructions. 

Dublin Castle 24 March 1655. 

Signed Thomas Herbert, C. C. 

1655. August 22, upon consideration 
of ye petition of William Meagher, it is 
thought fit that it be referred to Mr. 
Batty, Receiver of Public Revenue at 
Conmell, to consider thereof, and if it 
shall appear to him that no payment had 
already been made for the tithes therein 
mentioned, and that it was for ye year 
1653, the said Mr. Batty is hereby order- 
ed to give an abatement of the same not 
exceeding one fourth part of the soil 
payable for ye same, whereof ye Com- 
missioners for ye purpose are to take 
notice. 

Dated at Dublin, 23 August 1655. 

Signed Thomas Herbert, C. C. 

1655. December 3. Ann & John O'- 
Meagher — consideration of the within 
petition be referred to ye Commissioners 
at Lowghrea, who are to proceed thereon 
according to Rule. 

Dublin Castle, 3 Dec. 1655. 

Signed Thomas Herbert, C. C. 

1655, March 30. Morgan Meagher, 
the petitioner, is left to make his appli- 
cation to the Commissioners for trans- 
plantation lately appointed in ye coun- 
tie of Kildare, who will consider of his 
case and provide thereupon according 
to instructions. 

T>ublin Castle 30 March 1656. 

Signed Thomas Herbert, C. C* 

"^Taken from "A book of entries of the 
certificates returned from the Commission- 
ers of Revenue of the seurall precincts in 
Mounster, by the Commissioners of Reve- 
nue in precincts of Clonmell/' P. R. O. Dub- 
lin, and Commonwealth References to Pe- 
titions, Books A 3 p 26, A 9 p 1 26, 348, A 46 
p 288, State Paper Office, Dublin Castle. 



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CIVIL SURVEY. 



CIVIL SURVEY. 

COUNTY TIPPERARY BART, IKERRIN. 

1653 — Denomination of land. Value of lands in 1841 . . . 20.0.0 

Corbally one half of a colpe— Owner Value per annum for a lease for 31 

the Earl of Roscommon, by descent from years 63.15.0 

his ancestor, possessed, 23d October ,. , - . , . r .1. t- 1 i- 

1641, by Roger O'Meagher of Clonene ^ Value of impropriation of the Earl of 

deceased, and now by Joan O'Meagher Roscommon m 1641 20.0.0 

by virtue of a lease not product as valu- Total value per annum for a lease of 

ed in 1641. 31 years 98.15.0 

^ , „ A ^' ^^^ above particulars for so much 

I^^[J^"y ^3 15 agree with the Civil Survey of the Bar- 

r rt 11 ^^ ( ony, remaining of record in his Majesty's 

^^, ' ^ o. \j, otiice. 

Clonene 6 

Mucklone ..... 10 The Civil Survey was commenced in 

the winter of 1653 by the commissioners 

136 II 00 for the affairs of Ireland; they had full 
power to call before them the agents and 
Number of plantation acres, 1025.0.0. tenants of the late owners, and to de- 
Lands plantable and the quantity — mand all maps, rent-rolls and other evi- 
arable 325, in part 100, red bog 600. dence. 



CENSUS OF IRELAND. 



MADE CIRCA 1659. 



The Kilkenny portion of the census 
of Ireland, made probably for Sir Wil- 
liam Petty, shows that in the Barony of 
Galmoy there were 23 Meaghers ; in 
Fassagh Deinin 12 Meaghers ; in Kells 
17 Meaghers ; in Cranagh 18 Meaghers ; 
in the Town of Callan 17 Meaghers. 

The Carlow portion of the census 
shows there were in the baronies of 
Idrone and St. Mollins — which border 
on Kilkenny — 5 Meaghers. The Water- 
ford portion of the census shows there 
were 5 Meaghers in the barony of Decies 
and 6 Meaghers in the barony of Mid- 



dlethird. In the census for the Co. Tip- 
perary it is recorded that there were 14 
Meaghers in the barony of Clanwilliam, 
190 Meaghers in the baronies of Ikerrin 
and Eliogarty ; in the barony of Iff a & 
Off a 21 Meaghers; in the barony of 
Lower Ormond 12 Meaghers; and in the 
barony Slievardagh 40 Meaghers.* 

*The MS. copy of census of Ireland taken 
from the Lansdowne MS. — R, L A, Dublin, 
memo. In 1659 the population of the Co. 
of Tipperary did not exceed 26,684, i. e.» 
1,924 English and 24.700, Irish, but in 1841, 
it numbered 449,050 inhabitants, of whom 
3o»379« lived in the Barony of Ikerrin. 



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THE PALATINATE, 



95 



THE PALATINATE. 



The Palatinate of Tipperary was cre- 
ated by letters patent on the 9th of No- 
vember, 1328, 2d year of Edward III., by 
grant to James Le Botiler, Earl of Or- 
mond, for life, and had been continued 
by various grants and corporations until 
seized for the Crown by "Quo Warranto" 
in 1 62 1 — 19th James I. The original 
jurisdiction embraced the county of 
Tipperary, as it then existed, but did 
not include " the County of the Cross of 
Tipperary," and that of Dough-Arra or 
"McBrien's country." These two dis- 
tricts were united by a Royal Commis- 
sion and award in 1606, the 4th year of 
James I. The following jurors, were 
summoned under this commission from 
the " County of the Cross of Tipperary 
aforesaid," to define certain boundar- 
ies: 

Edmond Butler of Mullenony gent', 
Edmond Butler of Closcully gent', 
John Phelane of Ffitherd burges, John 
Keating of Moorestowne gent', Eustace 



English of Rahin gent*, James Prender- 
gast of Rathogally gent', Thomas Sta- 
pleton of Leynestowne gent', Geffrey 
Mocler of Ballyclerihane gent', John Hef- 
fernan of Lattin gent', James Meaghir 
of Burdensgrandg gent', James Heden 
of Ffitherd burges, James Woodlock of 
the same, burges, Edmond Mocler of 
Bwollynattin gent'. 

On the attainder of James, Duke of 
Ormond, in 1715, the Palatinate was 
abolished by "An Act for extinguishing 
the Regalities and Liberties of the 
County of Tipperary and Cross Tip- 
perary, commonly called the County 
Palatine of Tipperary ; and for vesting 
in His Majesty the estate of James But- 
ler, commonly called James, Duke of 
Ormond ; and for giving a Reward of 
ten thousand pounds to any person who 
shall seize or secure him, in case he shall 
attempt to land in this kingdom."* 

•P. R. Dublin. 



BOOK OF DISTRIBUTIONS. 



This was compiled between the years 
1661-76, pursuant to the Act of Settle- 
ment (14 and 15 Charles IL, Cap 2, 
Sec. 8). 

In the numbered paragraphs are the 
names of the proprietors in 1641. In the 
following paragraphs the denomination 
of the lands forfeited, with the extent 
in plantation acres, as found in the 
Books of the Civil Survey; and in the 
concluding paragraphs the names of 
the grantees, &c. 

The conventional signs used in the 
Book of Distributions are : 



Prot. Pt.— Protestant. 

Ir. Pa. I. P.— Irish Papist. 

I. Pt. — Innocent Protestant. 

C. S. — Civil Survey. 
B — Bishop's Land. 
C-f-. — Church Land. 
M. — Mountain. 

D. S. — Down Survey. 



Plot I. John OMeagher, of Clonaken- 
ny, I. Pa., proprietor in 1641 — Denomi- 
nation by ye Down Survey, Cappulkeagh, 
one colpe containing Killough — number 
of acres of profitable land, 234 ; num- 



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BOOK OF DISTRIBUTIONS, 



ber of profitable acres disposed by said 
Act, 142 — granted to Thomas Lenthal, 
patent dated 20 June, 20 Caro. ; 92 to 
the Duke of Ormond, patent dated 5 
July, 19 Caro. 

bb, James Purcell, of Knockan- 

roe, two parcels of ye same, 37 acres 
profitable land. 

1. 2. Thomas OMeagher of Cloantiffe 
— denomination by D. S., Asseylmore — 
127 acres of unprofitable land. 

2 b, James OMeagher, of ye same, 
252 acres profitable land. 

2. John OMeagher, of Cloantiffe, pro- 
prietor, 119 acres, disposed of by said 
Act to Henry Sympson, by certificate 
dated 10 May, 1667. 

3. John OMeagher, of Clonakenny, 
proprietor — denomination Caraghduffe 
— 86 acres profitable land ; James Pur- 
cell of Knockanroe, 18 acres profitable 
land ; lands of Thomas OMeagher, Cloan- 
tiffe, James and John Meagher of ye 
same, Teige Meagher of Killavarry, 
Donal Teige and Owen OMeagher of 
Kelleagh, I. Pa., granted to the Duke of 
Ormond. 

4. Teige and Owny OMeagher of 
Killeagh, proprietors of part of Gort- 
roan, 86 or in acres of good land, 
granted to Thomas Lenthal, by certificate 
7 July, 1666 ; Barnaballinbeagan, con- 
taining 147 or 122 acres of good land, 
granted to Thomas Bailey, by certificate 
23 Nov., 1666. 

Carrigdarrig, containing 50 or 23 acres 
of good land, granted to Sir Martin 
Noel, by certificate dated May 11, 1666. 

Of ye same, containing 27 or 48 acres 
of good land, granted to Katherine 
Boate, by certificate dated 15 Nov., 1666. 

Bogg to ye whole Parish, containing 
115 acres of unprofitable land. 

The whole parish of Killea, containing 
in all 2 colpes, or 680 acres of good land, 
granted to Sir Martin Noel, by certifi- 
cate dated 9 May, 1666. 



7. Killeagh, containing 140 or 60 acres 
of good land, granted to Katherine 
Boate, by certificate dated 15 Nov., 
1666. 

8. John OMeagher, of Clonakenny, 
Esq., Ir. Pa., proprietor — denomination, 
Lisnardogoban — containing 19 acres of 
good land, granted to Sir Martin Noel. 

9. Teige OMeagher of Killefardy, 
proprietor — denomination, Inchy — con- 
taining 12 acres of good land. 

10. Conor Meagher of Coole Cormuck, 
Teige OMeagher of ye same, proprietors 
of Garraghduff and Inchinalansagh, 
containing 47 and 7 acres of good 
land, granted to Sir Martin Noel. 

11. Cooly McSweny of Kilmocknud- 
dy, proprietor of Coole Cormuck, con- 
taining 45 acres of good land, granted 
to Thomas Bailey, by certificate dated 
23 Nov., 1666. 

12. Thomas Meagher, proprietor parte 
of Gortroane, containing 61 acres of 
good land, and given to Matthew Randall 
by patent 9 Aug., 22 Car.; Gullowneefe 
OMeagher, Phill OMeagher of Killbath- 
hinshin, James Meagher of Grange- 
onnly. 

13. Donal and Conor Meagher of 
Killea, proprietors of Killvardagh. 

b, Teige Meagher of Kilduff, owner 
of Grange of ye same, containing in all 
633 acres, were granted to Sir M. Noel, 
20 to William Buckley, 140 to Thomas 
Bailey, 54 to Thomas Woodcock, to 
Richard Lobb 76, 94 to Richard Yelver- 
ton, to John Arminger 71, to Arthur 
Anneslow 124, by certificates dated Aug. 
22, Oct. 26, Nov. 23, 1666 ; Dec. 18, 23, 
31, 1 668, respectively. 

14. C+. Owney and Conor Meagher 
of Lisenquellin, Ir. Pa., occupiers of the 
glebe lands of Killvardagh, containing 8 
acres ; owners of Lismalin, containing 
35 acres of good land, granted to Sir M. 
Noel, by certificate dated 11 May, 1666. 

15. Grange and mountain of ye same, 
containing 89 and 33 acres of good and 



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BOOK OF DISTRIBUTIONS, 



97 



unprofitable land, gfiven to Katherine 
Boate, by certificate dated Nov. 15^ 1667. 

16. Kilkip and Lehasserybegg, con- 
taining 106 acres, given to Sir Tneophil- 
us Jones. 

17. The same proprietors, aforesaid, 
owners of Killballinamkim, containing 
266 acres of eood land, 112 to Katherine 
Boate, certificate dated 15 Nov., 1667, 
and 154 to Matthew Randall, patent 9 
Aug., 22 Can, 2 di. 

18. Of Skehanagh, containing 104 
acres of good land, 12 gfiven to Henry 
Sympson, certificate May 10, 1668 ; 54 to 
Thos. Lenthall, certificate 2 Jan'y, 1667 ; 
37 to Arthur Anneslow, certificate 23 
Dec., 1665. 

19. Tenekelly, containing 73 acres of 
good land, to Theophilus Jones. 

20. Killincuddihy, 54 acres of good 
land g^ven to Henry Sympson, and 140 
to Katherine Boate; 12 acres of un- 
profitable land were left to the owners. 

21. Burrisno, containing 144 acres of 
eood land, of which 79 were g^ven to 
Katherine Boate, as above, and 63 to 
Samuel Eames, by certificate, 2 James 
n., 1668, while 426 acres of unprofitable 
land were left to the owners. 

22. Gortbraike and mountain, contain- 
ing 592 acres of good land, were given to 
Katherine Boate, certificate dated 23 
Nov., 1666. 

23. Teige Duff OMeagher, Ir. Pa., 
owner, parte of Killduff, containing 136 
acres of good land, g^ven to Thomas 
Woodcock, by certificate Jan'y i, 1668, 
22 acres of unprofitable land being left 
to the owner ; while Ballymoneyn, part 
of the same, containing 74 acres of good 
land, were gfiven to Francis Finch, same 
date. 

Bearnane Parish. 

24. Theobald Purcell, Killoskehane, 
was owner of 1361 acres of good land 
and timber, which were given to Wil- 
liam Buckley, by certificate dated 26 Oct., 
1666, but 725 acres of mountain and 



other unprofitable land were left to the 
proprietor. 

Sir John Morris of Knockagh was 
owner of 383 acres of profitable land. 
He was apparently able to hold his own 
and protect his relatives and dependents 
— Nicholas Morris, of Ballicrier, William 
McEdmund Meagher, Donogh Philip and 
Edmund Meagher, of Bearnane ; but the 
latter had to give up 104 acres of good 
land to Hugh Radcliffe, by order dated 
I Jan'y, 1668. 

25. Theobald Purcell and Wm. Shane 
Meagher, Bearnane, were owners of 941 
acres of good land and mountain, of 
which 277 were given to Samuel Eames, 
by certificate dated 2 Jan., 1668 ; 235 to 
Sir John Morris, in fee, by deed Aug. 
14, 1663 ; 13 acres were set aside for 
church purposes, as glebe ; the rest being 
mostly mountain was left to the owners. 

26. Nicholas Morris, Ir. Pa., of Balli- 
crier-Morris, owned 220 acres of good 
land, but they were given to William 
Buckley, as above ; twenty-one acres of 
woodland were left to the owner. 

BuRRiNE Parish. 

275 acres of good land, given to Kath- 
erine Boate, by certificate dated 15 Nov., 
1667. 

27-30. John OMeagher of Clonakenny 
and Gurteene, owned in this parish nearly 
1,700 acres, of which 122 were given to 
John Crew and others, 266 to'Joseph 
Ruthorne, 86 to Joseph Moland, and 50 
to Samuel Eames, by certificate dated i 
and 2 Jan., 1668 ; 294 acres to Sir The- 
ophilus Jones, 59 to Henry Gossen, by 
certificate dated 28 Nov., 1666 ; 31 to 
Matthew Randall, and 2 to John Weekes 
and Anthony ChapoU, by patent, 9 Aug., 
22 Car. ; 88 to Francis Finch, 1 16 to George 
Clark, 49 acres in Longford to Matthew 
Randall, by crtificates dated i Jan., 
1668. An old castlQ with a bawn or house- 
plot of 7 acres, was given to Katherine 
Boate, by certificate dated 15 Nov., 1667. 
(History does not state who or what this 



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98 



BOOK OF DISTRIBUTIONS, 



Katherine Boate was, nor the nature of 
her services, whether personal or other- 
wise, or to whom rendered.) 

31. The same proprietor owned the 
lands of Balligurteene, Ballihenry, Balli- 
meagher, Loghrane and Gortderryboy, 
including glebe lands, etc., amounting to 
1057 acres, of which Sir Martin Noel 
received 614 acres of good land, the re- 
mainder being unproductive mountain, 
wood and water. Thomas McTeige and 
William OMeagher, Ir. Pa., owned 614 
acres of productive and unproductive 
land in Gortderryboy, Ballipholin, Shan- 
ballinahane and Curraghmeene, of which 
Noel received 428 acres of good land, 
leaving the bad to the owner ; certificate 
dated May 11, 1666. 

38, etc. Thomas OMeagher, Ir. Pa., 
owned 429 acres of good and bad land 
in Ballibane and Banemoydrum, of which 
Noel received over 61, and the Duke of 
Ormond 104 acres of good land, leaving 
the bad to the owner. 

39, etc. Thomas OMeagher, Ir. Pa., 
owned Cappalaheene Gortiglany Booly, 
part of Glanbehagh, containing over a 
thousand acres of good and bad land, of 
which Sam'l Eames received 40, Samuel 
Dobbs 143, and Martin Noel 70 acres of 
good, leaving the balance, consisting of 
mountain, wood, bog and water tracts to 
the owner. 

42, etc. Edward Butler, of Clare, Ir. 
Pa., owned 432 acres of good lands, in 
Bahagh Glash, Rearhureagh and Lisgan- 
behagh, the whole of which were given 
to Sir Martin Noel, by certificates dated 
9 and II May, 1666. 

45. Keadagh OMeagher owned 326 
acres of good and bad land in Ballina- 
kelly, of which the Duke of Ormond 
received 246 acres of good, leaving the 
bad land to the owner. 

46. Pierce, Viscount Ikerrin, Ir. Pa., 
was owner of 514 acres of good and bad 
land in CuUoghill and Balliognagh, of 
which Noel received 220 good, leaving 
the remainder to the owner. 



47. Darby OMeagher owned 205 acres 
of good land in Dungansallagh, which 
were apparently untouched, together 
with a "bogg and commage adiacent," 
consisting of 144 acres ; while the lands 
of Burrisnoe and Beallanabrogg, owned 
by Gerard Ffennell and John OMeagher, 
consisting of 1 269 acres of good and bad 
lands, " were set to claimant ye regicide 
on ye Dublin Ordinance, but not part in 
Court or patent to ye Duke of Yorke ;" 
they were called " Regicide Lands.** 

48, etc. Richard Butler, of Ballinakill, 
Ir. Pa., owned "partes of Lisanbehagh 
and Kearureagh,** of which there is no 
record of " distribution.*' 

52. Thomas and John OMeagher, Ir. 
Pa., owned 135 acres of good, and 39 
of bad land in Tinekelly, of which Henry 
Gosson obtained 89, and Sir Theophilus 
Jones 47 acres, leaving the bad remain- 
der to the rightful owner ; certificate 
dated 23 Nov., 1666. 

CoRBALLv Parish. 

The lands of Cloneny, owned by the 
aforesaid, consisting of 651 acres of good 
land, were given to Antony Piercey, 630 
acres of mountain, wood, bog and water 
wastes, being left to the proprietors. 

53. Roger OMeagher, Ir. Pa., owned 
172 acres of productive and 78 of unpro- 
ductive land in " Derrimoore Wood of 
the same, an Island,** of which the Earl 
of Roscommon, Innocent Protestant, 
received 172 acres, "in fee by deed, 6 
Feb., 1663 — not on Roll of Land.*' 

54-5. The same >^, and Edward But- 
ler, Ir. Pa., >^, part proprietors of Gort- 
mullen and Derrimore Wood ; no record 
of distribution. 

56. Edward Butler, of Clare, I. Pa., 
owned 436 acres of good land in Aghna- 
gere, all of which were given to Sir 
Martin Noel, by certificate dated 11 May, 
1666 ; 33 acres of bad land were left to' 
the owner. 

57. Conor McMeagher, Ir. Pa., owned 



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BOOK OF DISTRIBUTIONS. 



99 



335 acres of good land in Clonerokane, 
all of which were given to Sir Theophil- 
us Jones. 

58. Wentworth, Earl of Roscommon, 
Innocent Protestant, owned 1,826 acres 
of productive and unproductive land in 
Corbally, including the " park " or Castle 
plot. 

59. James, Earl of Ormond, and John 
OMeagher, were part owners of Knock- 
bally-Meagher and Spadernah (Skehan- 
agh ?) containing 669 of good land, form- 
ing the demesne of the Duke of Or- 
mond, and 99 of unproductive land 
(which doubtless was OMeagher's share). 

61. Melaghlin OMeagher and Pierce, 
Lord of Ikerrin, were part owners of 
Tomony, but the Butler got 135 acres of 
productive land, by certificate dated 7 
May, 1667 ; while 415 acres of unproduc- 
tive wood and bog land, fell to OMeagh- 
er*s share; and Edward Butler of Clare, 
and Butler of Ballmakill, received part of 
Booly, Glanbehagh and Lisglanbenagh. 

Rathmouveoge Parish. 

62. Richard Butler owned 423 acres 
of productive land, at Ballmakill and 
Ballislea, all of which were given to Sir 
Martin Noel, by certificate dated 1 1 May, 
1666 ; the owner was allowed to retain 

.200 acres of unproductive land. 

64. John OMeagher, of Cloneakenny, 
owned 159 acres of productive land in 
Rathmouveoge, all of Which were given 
to Noel, as above ; 24 acres of glebe 
land were held by the Protestant minis- 
ter. 

65. John OMeagher, of Cloneakeny, 
also, owned 97 acres of good land in 
Kappicanorane, all of which were given 
to Noel, as above; while 106 acres of 
unproductive land were left to the 
owner. 

66. Richard Butler owned 130 acres 
of productive land in Lackenvontane 
and Ballibeg, which were given to Noel, 
as above. 

67. John Meagher, aforesaid, Daniel 



and Gulleneave McEgan, and Wm. Mc- 
Egan of Beallanamore, were joint own- 
ers of 420 acres of good land in Beallan- 
amore, which were given to Erasmus 
Smith, by certificate dated 11 May, 1666, 
and to Coll. Richard Grace, by patent 
dated 9 Aug., 22 Car., 21 di. 

68. John Maher was part owner of 
the Castle of Ballivehane, together with 
79 acres of productive land, which were 
given to John Weeks and Anth'y Chap- 
pell, by Patent of 9 Aug. 22 car., 21 
di. He was allowed to retain 124 acres 
of unproductive land. 

Castletown Parish. 

69. John OMeagher owned 210 acres 
of productive land in Derricollahane, all 
of which were given to the Duke of 
York (see 71) ; 78 acres of unproductive 
land were left to owner. 

70. The same proprietor was com- 
pelled to give up 69 acres of productive 
land in Cromline, to Sir Theo. Jones, and 

71. Thomas OMeagher's part of 
Cromline, consisting of two parcels of 
productive land, containing, respectively, 
287 and 333 acres, was given, first to the 
"regicides," and then to the Duke of 
York, — the unfortunate owner being 
plundered first by the Cromwellians and 
finally by the Stuarts. 

72. 73. Daniel McEgan, Gullerneafe 
and Wm. McEgan, Ir. Pa., of Ballina- 
moe (67), owned 222 acres of productive 
land in Lisduff, which Erasmus Smith 
and Coll. Richard Grace received by cer- 
tificates dated 2 Jan., 1668, and 20 June, 
1663; and the Duke of York, two parcels 
in Gortinshingan, containing 55 and 8 
acres respectively. These were " origin- 
all y regicides' lands not part in Patent 
or Certificate ;" 47 acres of unproduc- 
tive land were left to the McEgans. 

73W. James Purcell, aforesaid, Ir. Pa., 
owned "parte of Aghavoy, called Gort- 
nagownah wood," of which Sir Martin 
Noel received 200 acres of good land; 199 
acres of bad land were left to the pro- 
prietor. 



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BOOK OF DISTRIBUTIONS. 



74. James Purcell, of Knockanroe, 
Ir. Pa., owned 258 acres of productive 
land at Aghavogue, but Sir Martin Noel 
got all by certificate dated 11 May, 1666 ; 
38 acres of bad land were left to the 
owner. 

74. John Oge Purcell owned 338 
acres of good land in Ballysorrall, alias 
Ballysharold, of which 291 were given to 
Barth. Ffoulkes, 47 to Coll. Carey Dillon 
and George Mathews ; ^^^ acres belonged 
to the glebe. 

75. Richard Butler, of Carrigarig 
Ir. Pa., owned 275 acres of productive 
land in Sheanakill, of which Noel, Bar- 
tholemew Ffoulkes and Coll. Carey Dil- 
lon, received, respectively, 136, 122 and 
17 acres, by certificate dated 30 Nov., 

1666. Two small plots of bad land — 69 
and 35 acres — were left to the proprietor, 
who also owned "Dromard Moyty of 
Clonbuagh," containing 423 acres, which 
were "distributed," to Ffoulkes and 
George Mathews, 309 acres, as above; to 
Lord Ikerrin, 13 acres; to Roger Drake, 
254 acres; to Lord Ikerrin, 273 acres, all 
good land, by certificates dated 22 May, 

1667, n May, 1666; 15s acres of bad 
land were left to the owner. 

75. Pierce, Lord Viscount Ikerrin, 
Ir. Pa., owned " Parte of ye Boggof Mon- 
ely," containing 677 acres, 128 and 36 
acres in Dromard, 297 and 165 acres in 
Clonbuagh, all unproductive. 

75. Parte of Mucklong, now called 
CuUockmore; parte of Mucklonymore, 
called Cullokin Buddoll, owned by Rich- 
ard Butler of Carrickarrig, containing 
134 acres of good land, were given to 
George Matthews. 

75. Donogh and Teige OMeagher, of 
Clonemore, owned 82 acres of good land 
at that place, which were " alleged to be 
decreed to Sir John Morris, but not by 
name in his decree:" 214 acres of un- 
productive land were left. 

75. "Countess of Ormond, pro. part, 
of Clonemore, comon to said Countess 



and ye Meaghers land of ye same,"^ 
owned 67 acres of good land, part of the 
demesne of the Duke of Ormond, while 
the Meaghers were allowed to keep 314 
acres of bad land. 

75. "Comon to the Barrony of Eli- 
ogarty and the Barrony of Ikerrin, called 
Tullogh OCahill, 351 acres of bad land.*" 
157 of Redd Bogg and Killoghy were 
owned by the Countess of Ormond. 

AOHNEMEADULL PARISH, PaRTE. 

76. Colly McSweeny owned 759 acres 
of good land in Borsnefarney, of which 
160 were given to Richard Lobb, cer- 
tificate dated 18 Dec, 1668 ; 444 to Rich- 
ard Floyd, certificate dated 2 Jan'y, 
1668; and 153 acres, "originally Regi- 
cides Lands, but not part in Patent or 
Certificate," to the Duke of Yorke. 

77. George McGrath owned 532 acres 
of good land in Clonekenane, originally 
Regicides' Lands, which were also g^vea 
to the Duke of York ; 133 acres of un- 
productive land were left to the pro- 
prietor. 

Templeree Parish. 

78. Sir John Morris, of Knockagh, 
owned 899 acres of productive and 217 
of unproductive land, at Castleleiny, in 
fee, 4 Aug., 1663, and by intermarriage 
with OMeaghers. 

B 79. Phill Purcell, of Cloue, Ir. Pa., 
owned 86 acres of unproductive land, in 
Castleleiny, which he was allowed to keep, 
but 361 acres of good land, in Gortne- 
magher (81), Gortnedangan and Aghel- 
more, were given to William Bulkeley, 
by certificate, 26 Oct., 1666. This settled 
a controversy between Phill and some- 
body else. 

80. Richard Butler, of Carrigcorrig,. 
owned, in Gortnedangan and Aghel- 
more, 213 acres of productive land, 
which went to Bulkeley, as above. One- 
third interest in Aghelbeg, containing 
ii8acresof unprofitable, and S9of profit- 
able land, of which the latter were given 
to the Duke of Ormond, by patent of 14 



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BOOK OF DISTRIBUTIONS. 



101 



Nov., 22 Car., 2 di ; in Tullo Mcjames 
(88), 757 acres of good land, of which 555 
went to Ormond, by the same patent, 
115 to Roger Drake, by certificate of 
May 22, 1668, 118 to Lord Ikerrin, — the 
owner retaining 32 acres of good land 
(probably because he was a Butler). 

82/. Part of Tullo Mc James, contain- 
ing 1,473 acres of unprofitable land, were 
owned by Pierce, Lord Viscount Ikerrin, 
Ir. Pa., by certificate, as above. 

83. He also owned 688 acres of good 
land, in Long-Orchard and Bearnalisin 
(84), besides 50 acres of unprofitable 
land, in the latter place, by certificate of 
7 May, 1667. 

85. The same, and John Purcell, of 
Cranagh, and William Meagher, of 
Balliknockan, were joint owners of 
Drummane and Listillan, containing 
324 acres of good land, of which 98 were 
distributed to Wm. Thornbury, 21 Dec, 
1668; t;he remainder to Lord Ikerrin, 
after previous reprisal, by certificate, as 
above. 

86. The said John and William 
owned, in Listillan and Cranagh, 174 
acres of unprofitable and 166 of profit- 
able land, of which William Bulkley 
received 100, and William Heather 66 
acres. 

87. The same proprietors owned in 
Balliknockan and Garrymore (88) 53 
acres of unprofitable land, and 396 acres 
of good land, of which William Thorn- 



bury received 142 ; William Heather, 
205 ; and Theophilus Jones, 49 acres. 
The Duke of York is credited with 254 
acres of the same. 

89. Phill Meagher, Ir. Pa., owned, in 
Brickanagh, 56 acres of good land,which 
were gfiven to Wm. Thornbury. 

89 V, The Countess of Ormond and 
Sir George Hamilton appear to have 
been joint owners of the Manor of 
Roscrea, which formed part of the 
demesne of the Duke of Ormond. 

Edward Butler of Clare owned, in 
Ballycreon, 94 acres of good land, 
which were distributed to Sir Martin 
Noel, the proprietor receiving 37 acres 
of bad land for his share. 

The abbey land in Roscrea consisted 
of 40 acres. The glebe lands were 
6 acres. 

Templemore Parish, Barronv 
Eliogartv. 

loi. Teige Meagher, of Killuardagh, 
Ir. Pa., owned 104 acres of good land, 
in Killmarullin, and parte of Rosnariffe, 
of which Isaac Hales received 40, and 
Thomas Page 34 acres. 

Pepperstown Parish, Barronv of 

MiDDLETHIRD. 

37. William Meagher, Ir. Pa., owned, 
in Higginstown, 68 acres of good land, 

all of which was given to Thomas , 

by certificate dated 12 Oct., 1666. 



SUBSIDY rolls: 



COUNTY TIPPERARY 
1662. Barony of Middlethird, 



Meaghei:, Thomas, Newtown, £,1 5 o 

William^ Kiltullagh, 204 

" Thomas, Steffanstown, i 16 o 

" Donogh, Doggstown, 2 17 o 



Barony of Iffay and Offay. 
Meagher, David, Ballyvoge, 

Barony of Clanwiiliam. 
Meagher, William, Cloneliske, £1 10 o 



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102 



SUBSIDY ROLLS. 



Baronies of Eliogarty and Iktrrin. 

Meagher, Daniel, Curraghdufif, J[^2 i8 5 
* " Lishardgoban, 6 18 o 

" Keadage, Skehanagh, o 14 o 
" Conor, Tynekelly, 5178 

" Thomas, Gortderryboy, 250 
" William, Bealanamore, 3 19 9 

Catherine Boat, Clonekeny, 15 08 

Richard Purcell, Gurteen- 

meagher, 2 10 o 

1663. Barony of Shevardagh. 

Meagher, Wm., of Kappagh, ^o 7 o 
" Keadagh, " 270 

" Conor, Gurteen, 2 17 o 

Baronies of Iffay and Off ay. 

Meagher, Daniel, Beallanaha- 

more, ^^4 9 9 

Barony of Middlethird. 

Meagher, Thos. and Kearney 

John, Newtown. ^^ 15 o 



Meagher, Wm.,^Kiltullagh, j[^2 o 3 
" Thos.,' Steffanstown- 

more, \ t^ o 

" Donogh, Doggstown, 2 16 9 

1667. Middlethird. 

Meagher, Thos. and Kearney 

John, j[^\ 14 o 

Wm., Kiltullagh, o 18 o 

" Thos., Steffanstown- 

more, o 11 7 

" Donogh, Doggstown, 167 

Iffay and Offay. 
Meagher, Daniel, Bellanahamore, 150 

1668. Middlethird, 
Meagher, Wm., Cappagh, 

" David, Beallaghanure. 

Wm., Kiltullagh. 
" Thos., Steffanstownmore. 

" Donogh, Doggstown. 

" Thomas, Cashel, Merchant. 

" Donogh, Attycott. 



HEARTH-MONEY ROLLS. 



COUNTY KILKENNY. 



1 664. Barony of Galmoy^ Parish of 
Bawnevat hay lough : 

Meagher, Dermod and Edmond. 
William, Farlogh. 
Glassane. 
John, Ballehane. 
" Darby, Durrow. 

" Roger, Tullaghglass. 

" Dermod, Killmocar. 

" Darby, Castlecomer and 

Foxhill. 
" Daniel, Killtown. 

" Murtagh, Cruit. 

" John, Cruit. 

Barony of Knocktopher : 

Meagher, Teige, Sheepstown. 
" Loughlin, Kilkealy. 



Barony of Kelts : 

Meagher, Edmund, Killdromy. 

" " Caherlesky. 

" Richard, Colaghmore. 

" Teige, Colaghmore. 

" " Graig. 

" Richard, Moclarstown. 

" Edmond, Moclarstown. 

" Keadagh, Colaghabegg. 

Barony of Gowran : 

Meagher, Edmond, Cloghfooke. 
" Philip, Rathcoole and 

Cantwell Court. 
" Nicholas, Madogstown, 

" John, Butlersgrove. 

" Teige, Garraduffe. 

" Conor, Rathduffe. 



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hearth-money rolls. 



103 



Barony of ShilUlogher, 
Meagher, John, Ingielaghan. 

Dermod, " 

Teige, Ballibur. 

Edmond, " 
" Donogh, Balliline. 

" John, Rossmore. 

Patrick, TuUamain. 
" Richard, Legatsrath. 
'' Loughnan, James Green. 

Thomas, " 

" William, St. Johns. 



Meagher, Pierce, Clonemorny. 

Barony of Cranagh . 

Meagher, Thomas, Tullaroan. 
" John, Gortnagapp. 

Teige, 
" Edmond, Gortnagapp. 

" Teige Ballysiedihy. 

" Conor, Adamstown. 

" John, Costowne and 

Brabstowne. 
*' William, Ballinamara. 



1664. Barony Slievemargah. 
Meagher, Donogh, Kileny. 
•" Teige, Killeshin. 

Barony of Ossory. 
Meagher, Donogh, Ballygyhen 
Thos., CulthilL 
" Owen, Raheenleigh. 



QUEENS COUNTY. 

Meagher, Teige, Aharny. 
" Denis, " 

" Gilbert, Templequean. 

" Teige, Killogurken. 

Barony of Cullinagh, 
Meagher, Turlogh, Bolibegg. 
" Darby, Rhencarron. 



1 666-7 . Barony of Eliogarty . 
Meagher, John, Thurles. 
" Donogh, " 

" John, Killinane. 

WiUiam, Cullroge. 
" John, Qilbertstown. 

" David, Thurles. 

" Robert, Over the bridge. 

Darby, " " 

" Teige, Without gates. 

Donogh, 

Teige, Corbally. 
" William, Carberragh. 

Hugh, Killyna. 
** Gerald, Moine. 

James, 
*' Melaughlin, Derryfadda. 

" William, Lahashane, Burris- 

leigh. 
" William, Ballidavid, Bally- 

murrane. 
" Teige, Holycross. 

" William, Cloghrane. 

" Keadagh, Grange. 

" Daniel, Lisnagrange. 



COUNTY TIPPERARY. 

Parishes of Drom and KUfithmoyne. 
O'Meagher, Donough, Rordstown, 



Philip, 

Parishes of Rahelty and Skyane. 
Meagher, Hugh, Athlummon. 

Parish of Loughmoe, 
Meagher, Fergany or Flahut, Browns- 
town. 
" Edmond, Brownstown. 

John, 
Darby, 
" Philip, Loughmore. 

" Connor, Cloghrayle. 

Parish of Killabegg, 
Meagher, Thomas, Killronny. 
Daniel, 
" John, Castletown. 

Parish of Gallbally, 
Meagher, Richard, Ballygriffin. 
Roger, " 



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104 



HEARTH-MONEY ROLLS. 



Parish of Templemore. 
Meagher, William, Borrisbeg. 

William, 
'* Williamoge, Adamstown. 

" William, Lisnavidogue, 

" James, Gortrogan, 

John, 

Hugh, 

Teige, 
" Morgan, " 

" Darby, Knockanroe. 

Parish of Inchiffogurtye, 
O'Meagher, Daniel, Lower Devin. 
" Philip, Moneroe. 

Barony of Ikerrifiy Parish of Bearnane 
Meagher, John, and one forge, Killo- 
skehan. 
" Roger McThomas,Killoskehan 
John McGillernew, " 
John, 
" James, Bearnane. 
Darby, 
John Roe, " 
Dermod, " 
Keadagh, " 
Thomas, " 
Pierce, 

Parish of Corbally. 
Meagher, Daniel, Cloneene. 
John, 
Brian, 
Joan, 
Teige, 
John, 
" Edmond, Knockbaily- 

Meagher and Timoney. 
" Donagh, Corbally. 
" Brian " 

" John, Timowna. 
" Donogh, Upper and Lower 
Grange. 

Parish of Rathmyveoge. 
Meagher, Donagh, Ballinakill. 

Parish of Killavenoge. 
Meagher, Edmond, Balliferre. 
" Thomas, Aghoboy. 



Meagher, Donogh, Shanakill. 
" Edmond, Ballysarrell. 

Philip, 

Parish of Tetnpletouhy. 
Meagher, John, Longorchard. 

Rorye, " 

Cathrin, " 
" Donogh, Dromincha. 
" Donogh, Garrimore. 
" Dermod, Lessenura. 
" Donogh, Thrummin. 

Connor, " 
" Teige, Ballyknockan. 
" Garrett, Garrymoore. 
" Connor, Cloghraile. 
" Philip, Derry. 
" John, Castletown. 
" Edmond, Tullow Macjames. 
" Darby, Killoghan. 
" Edmond Mac, Ballymagan. 

Parishes of Lisduffe and Castletown. 
Meagher, Mathew. 
" Teige. 

Parish of Killea. 
Meagher, James, Killowardy. 
" Anthony, " 
" Ellish, 

" Connor, Garriboolinoe. 

" Thomas, Skehanagh. 

William, 
" Connor, " 

" Dermod, Grange. 
" Dermod, Gormoke. 
" Daniel, Killea and Park. 
" Conor, Coolmulke. 
" Philip, Breanmore. 
" Teige, Killeagh. 
" James, " 
" Edmond, Templeree. 
" Edmond, Gortdangan. 

Parish of Burnie. 
Meagher, Donogh, Ballyphelim. 
" Connor, Ballynagh. 
" Thomas,Loran and Gortderry- 
boy. 
Thomas, 
Donnell, 
Teige, 



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HEARTH-MONEY ROLLS, 



105 



Meagher, Michael, Loran and Gortderry. 
" Dermod, Lismakane. 

Teige, 
" Connor, Gurteen. 
" Thomas, Behaghglass. 
" Philip, Gurteen. 
" William, Ballynabrog. 

Teige, 
" Edmond, Borrisnow. 
" Teige, Clonakeany. 
" Philip, Burrose. 
" James, Gortnaskeagh. 

Parish of Roscree, 

Meagher, Philip, Roscree. 
William, " 
Teige, 
" William, Rathmoveoge. 
Arthur, 

Barony of Upper Ormondy Parish 
of Templederry. 

Meagher, Dermod, Kleghgonane, (Clo- 
honan.) 

Parish of AghameddU, 
Meagher, Hugh, Aghameddle. 

Parish of Nenagh, 
Meagher, Dermod, Nenagh. 
Pierce, " 

" Michael, Ballycahiel. 

Philip 
" John, and one forge. 

Hugh, Tyone. 
" Edmond, Tyone. 

Barony of Lower Ormondy Parish of 
Munsea. 

Meagher, Teige, Ballydrinnane. 
" John, ** 

Parish of Terraglasse, 
Meagher, John, Rorand. 

" Edmond, Kearomorty. 

Parish of Cloghprior, 
Meagher, Widd. 

Parish of Lorrha, 
Meagher, John. 



Barony of Owny and Arra ; Parish 
of Temple-OHallagh and Kilna- 
tullagh, 
Meagher, Thomas, Muldrommy. 
Keadagh, " 

Kedah, 
" Connor, " 

Michael, 
Donogh, 
Teige, 

Thomas, " 

Donogh, 

Barony of Clanwilliam; Parish of 
Kilfeathe, 
Meagher, Donnoll, BallyMcKeade. 

Parish of Tipperary, 

Meagher, Edmund. 

" Neil, Ballinamott. 

Parish of Rathlinan. 

Meagher, Katherin, Dunaskeagh. 

Parish of Clonypett, 

Meagher, John, Braenstreet (Bansha) and 
Ballynard. 
Wm., Toorine. 
" John, Cappagh. 
Philip, 
Darby, 

These were ancestors of the O'Meaghers 
of Kilmoyler. 



Barony of Iffa and Offa; Parishes 
of Tubrid and Whitechurch. 

Meagher, William, Ballyboy. 

" John Broog, Rouskeagh. 

Parish of Kilsheelan, 

Meagher, James, Kilshillane. 
" John, Ballyglasheen. 

Parish of Newtownanner, 
Meagher, John, Garryduff. 

Parishes of Templeniry and Clone- 
life. 
Meagher, Donogh, Balliorman. 



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106 



HEARTH-MONEY ROLLS. 



Parish of Cahyr. 

Meagher, Teige, Ballybraden. 
" Thomas, Cahyr. 

Parish of Carrick. 
Meagher, Daniel. 

Barony of MiddUthird; Parish of 
Drangan, 
Meagher, Thomas, Newtown. 
" Conor, *' 

John, ** 

Philip, " 

William, " 

Richard, " 

" Thomas, Priestown. 
" John, and forge, Drangan. 
" Thomas, " 

Katherine, " 

" Teige, Mogoury. 
" Philip, " 
". Edmond, Clonegea. 
" Katherine, Ballynemaine (Bal- 
lynennane). 

Parish of Mogorbane. 

Meagher, Connor, Carraghtarsny. 
" " Rathkeary. 

William, 
Philip, 

Parish of St yohnstown and Cool- 
eagh. 
Meagher, Patrick, Mortlestown. 

Parish of Red Cittie Colman, St. 
yohn Baptist. 
Meagher, Patrick. 
" Thomas. 



a 


<c 


a 


Edmond 


a 


Teige. 


u 


Donogh. 


(( 


Philip. 


« 


Donoge. 



Parish of Donoghmore. 

Meagher, Richard, Lossinstown. 
John, 



Parish of Pepperstown. 

Meagher, Edmond. 
" William. 

Parish of Cloneen. 

Meagher, William. 
« Edmond. 

Parish of Ballysheane and Gealearty 

Meagher, James, Garrane. 
" Daniel, Synone. 
^< Edmond, Ballisheane. 
" Thomas, Ballytarsna. 
" John, Gleanbean. 

Parish of Mooretown Kirke. 
Meagher, John, Rathdrum. 

Parish of Fethard. 
Meagher, Edmond. 
" Roger. 

" William, Rathcoolmor. 
" « Fethard. 

" Thomas, Slainstown Castle. 

Parish of Kilconnel. 
Meagher, William, Kyltillagh. 

Parish of Religmurry. 

Meagher, Darby. 

" Roger, Ballygriffinstown. 
" Teige, Ballilakin. 

Parish of Tullaghmaine. 
Meagher, Thomas, RathMcCarthy. 

William 

John, 
" Donogh, Tullaghmaine. 
« Thomas, " 

Suibh, 
" James, Ballyknockan. 
** Edmond, Ballyduh. 

Teige, 

Parish of Holycross. 
Meagher, Donogh. 

Parish of St. Patrick's Rock. 
Meagher, Donogh, Cashel. 
Philip, " 



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HEARTH-MONEY ROLLS. 



107 



Barony of Slievardaghy Parishes of 
Gracetown and Ballinure. 
Meagher, Donogh, Gracetown. 

Parish of Kilmainmane, 
Meagher, Thomas, Monichoan. 

" " Cloneguin and Bally- 

lanigan. 
" William, Keappoc and Bally- 

droin. 
" Keadagh, Killitha and Mon- 

anelly. 
" Donogh, Ballynadlea. 
" John, Cappagarran. 
" Donogh, " 
" William, Bally glonigan. 

Parish of GrangemockUr, 
Meagher, Richard, Bleneleen. 

" Thomas, Garrangibbon. 
John, Glankale. 



Parish of Isertkieran, 

Meagher, John. 

** Donogh, Cappagarran. 

Parish of Bowlicke, 

Meagher, Philip. 

" Richard, Moilesane.* 

Parishes of Crohan and Mogmvry. 

Meagher, James, Coolkill (Colquill) 
Castle. 

Parish of Ballingarry. 

Meagher, James, Ballingarry. 
" " Farrenirory. 

^Mellisson, near New Birmingham. This 
Richard was ancestor of the Turtulla Tulla- 
maine Callan and Ballinkeele families, a race 
of horsemen and soldiers. 



TERRIER OF CROWN LANDS. 



COUNTY TIPPERARY, IRELAND. 



Compiled A. D. 16.80 ; preserved in the 
British Museum (Add. 4755 MSS.). 

"Terrier," a collection of acknowl- 
edgements of tenants of a Lordship, 
containing the rents and services they 
owed to the landlord. 

Tenants — Henry White, Charles Min- 
chin, Malcom Crawford. 

Denominations : Barony of Ikerrin — 
Dungansallagh 206 acres, Old Castle, 7 
acres ; Burresnefarney 152 acres ; Clone- 
henenane and Clonecumnane 532 acres ; 
Derrycallaghan, 210 acres. Yearly rent. 

Covenants — By leas ut Sup'r to lay 
out 20S. the first ten years in building on 
the lands of Clonecumnane, and to as- 
certain the bounds and meeres and other 
improvements. Bond of £\to to per- 
form. 



Value : These lands are worth 2s 6d 
per acre per annum. No meeres nor im- 
provements in ye land. The land is 
capable of improvement. 

Tenant — Major John Desborrow. De- 
nominations: Crumlin al Crumlie, Gort- 
nescannal, Gortefinegane, Burrisnoe al 
Ballynebrogg, 620 acres ; yearly rent. 

Covenants, etc. — By leas ut Sup'r, to 
lay out 30s. the first seven years in fenc- 
ing, ditching with quicksetts, ascertain- 
ing the meeres and bounds, and inclosing 
ye same, etc. 

Value — These lands are worth 3s per 
acre, tenants pay ^^135 per annum to ye 
executors of Major Desborrow. No im- 
provements on ye same, nor timber, but 
limestone. 



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108 



FORFEITURES AND CLAIMS. 



FORFEITURES AND CLAIMS. 



1699. The Irish gentry who eluded 
the vigilance of Cromwell, or had been 
restored or permitted to enjoy their 
estates by Ormond, were utterly undone 
by the forfeitures of William. 

A Commission was appointed in 1698 
by the Commons of England to inquire 
into Irish forfeitures. The majority re- 
ported in Dec, 1699, to the House, 
"That they met with great difficul- 
ties in their inquiry ; that nevertheless 
it appeared to them that the persons 
outlawed in England since the 13 Feb'y, 
1698, on account of the late rebellion 
there, amounted in number to 57, and in 
Ireland to 3,921 ; that all the lands in the 
several counties in Ireland belonging to 
the forfeited persons, as far as they 
could reckon by acres, being added to- 
gether, made 1,060,792 acres, worth per 
annum ;^2 11,623, the total value being 
;^2,685,i3o, esteeming a life at six years' 
purchase, and an inheritance at thirteen 
years' purchase, which at the time was the 
value of the lands of that kingdom 
besides the several denominations in the 
several counties to which no number of 
acres could be added by reason of the 
imperfection of survey." "From 1700 to 
1703 a Court sat in Chichester House, 
College Green, to hear claims on estates, 
and auction sales were held from time 
to time until the whole were disposed of. 
A considerable portion was purchased 
by the Hollow Blade Sword Company 
as a speculation for re-sale. Other 
portions were knocked down to Protes- 
tant merchants and English capitalists. 
Where the estates were entailed the 
deferred rights of those in the entail 
were sustained before the Court, and 
later on some of the old stock obtained 
a reversal of their outlawries by grace of 
a special Act of Parliament, but so whole- 
sale and complete had been the transfer 



of the land from the Catholic proprietors 
to the Protestants, that at the begin- 
ning of the eighteenth century when the 
era of summary confiscation by forfeiture 
may be said to close, the former were 
owners of less than one-seventh of the 
whole area of Ireland."* 



Here is a specimen of a claim : 

The claimant was Nathaniel Desbrow, 
administrator of John Desbrow, for the 
years commencing i May, 1671, lease 
dated 20 March, 1671 ; denomination of 
lands, Burisnow, alias Ballynebrogue, 
and Crumlin, in the Barony %i Ikerrin, 
Co. Tipperary, private estate. 

Claimant, Right Honble. Pierce Lord 
Ikerrin ; rent, ;^856 14s. 7d ; arrears of 
rent, ^£195, during a lease lor three lives 
and the fee after that period ; denomi- 
nation, Gortnesookin, Gragagh Islands 
and part of same, Lismallin, in same 
barony and county, formerly owned by 
Thady Meagher. 

Claimant, Humphry Minchin, term of 
31 years from 15 May, 1670 ; denomin- 
ation, Dungansallagh and several others, 
same barony and county ; private. 

Claimant, the same, for the benefit of 
re-entry upon a lease for 21 years from 
May, 1689 ; denomination, Ballynakill 
and several others, in same barony ; 
Constant Conor, the forfeiting leasee. 

An inquisition, taken at Clonmel, on 
the 17th of March, 1624, found that the 
lands of Burrisnoe and Crumlin were 
held in fee by Thadeus OMeagher of 
Lisnahalosky Castle. In 1641 the lands 
of Dungansallagh belonged to Darby 
OMeagher, and Ballynakill to Richard 
Butler. 

♦ Walpolc's Kingdom of Ireland. 



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DISCOVERERS' PETITIONS. 



109 



DISCOVERERS' PETITIONS. 



1700. 

These petitions were filed under the 9th 
Section of the 11 and 12 William III. 
Chap. 2, which provided as follows : 
"And for an encouragement of all and 
every person and persons who shall at 
any time after the first day of November, 
1700, discover to the said Trustees any 
lands, tenements, hereditaments, debts, 
goods, chattels, real or personal estate 
whatsoever concealed until the time of 
such discovery whereof, or wherein any 
person or persons convicted or attainted, 
or who shall be convicted or attainted as 
aforesaid, or any other in trust for them 
or any of them, was or were possessed, 
or interested within the said realm of 
Ireland, on the said 13th day of Febru- 
ary, 1688, or at any time since, every 
such person who shall make any such 
discovery shall have and receive for his 
reward, five shillings out of every twenty 
shillings or the value thereof in personal 
estates so discovered, after seizure, re- 
covery, or receipt thereof, or the value 
thereof, by the said Trustees or any 
other person by them authorized and 
appointed to receive the same, and out 
of all lands, tenements and heredita- 
ments, of the yearly value of twenty 
shillings so discovered, after sale thereof 
by the said Trustees, any such propor- 
tion, not exceeding a fourth part of the 
value thereof, as the said Trustees shall 
think fit." 

Here is a specimen : 

To the Honble. the Trustees ap- 
pointed by Act of Parliament 
lately made in England, en- 
titled an act for the sale of 
forfeited and other interests in 
Ireland. 

The humble Petition and Discovery of 



Thomas Cleare of Drangan in the Co. of 
Tipperary, Esq., showeth 

That your Petitioner hath in his cus- 
tody the following parcel of household 
goods that were the property of Thady 
Meagher, Esq., now outlawed, viz.: 
One old trunk of papers, two old chests 
of drawers, two old feather beds, four 
old leather chairs, one old table, one 
desk, one old suit of handle cloth 
curtains. 

May it therefore please your 
honors to accept of the dis- 
covery of your Petitioner, and 
grant him the benefit of the 
late Act of Parliament, 

Thos. Cleare. 

Thomas Cleare died on the nth Janu- 
ary, 1705, aged 66 years, and was buried 
in the Church of Fethard, and his 
tombstone bears the following in- 
scription : 

Here lyeth the body of Thos. 
Cleare son of Thos. and 
Esther Cleare of Milestown, 
who departed this life ye 
13 Dec, A. D. 1691, in ye 52d 
year of his age. 

Here lyeth Edward Cleare's 
son, who departed this life ye 
21 day of December, 1691, in 
ye 9th year of his age. 

Here lyeth the body of Thos. 
Cleare of Kilburry, who died 
there nth Jan., 1705, aged 
66 years. 

By the death of Edward Cleare the 
extensive property of the Cleares fell to 
his sister, who married, 28 June, 1754, 
Sir William Parsons, Bart., ancestor of 
the Earl of Rosse. 



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110 



REGIMENT IRLANDAIS DE BERWICK, 



REGIMENT IRLANDAIS DE BERWICK. 



(1697-8.) 



Was organized from what remained of 
the Regiment of Athlone, the King's 
Dismounted Dragoons, and the Three 
Independent Companies of King James' 
Army, after the Peace of Ryswick. It 
was granted on the 27th February, 1698, 
to James Fitzjames, Duke of Berwick, 
natural son of James, Duke of York, 



., by 
Duke 



Arabella 
of Marl- 



subsequently James II 
Churchill, sister of the 
borough. 

In 1784 Captain Thaddeus O'Meagher 
was serving in the regiment then sta- 
tioned in the Island of Oleron, Charente 
Inferieure; the chateau of that period 
ranked as a fortress of the third class. 



RECTORS' RETURNS. 



1731- 



Returns made to the Irish Parlia- 
ment by Rectors, Incumbents, 
and beneficed Clergymen, of 
the Protestant and Popish in- 
habitants [showing their sur- 
names, Christian names, etc.] 
residing within their respective 
Parishes. 



Diocese of Clonfert, Co. Gal way; Par- 
ishes of Loughrea, Kilnadooron, 
Killeshill and Kilreckle. 

James Magher (2), of Loughrea. 
Widow Meagher (i), of same. 
Patrick Magher, of Ballybrada. 

United Parishes of Athasol, Relickmur- 
ray, Ballygriffan, Dangandarra, 
Brickendown and Hore Abbey in 
the Diocese of Cashel and Co. Tip- 
perary. 

Michael Mahar Taylor (4 in famiM, 
Mary Maher (2), William Maher ^5^ 
Thomas Maher (4), Thos. Maher (3), 
Thomas Maher (6), Joan M'aher, 
widow (5). 

Protestants, 63; Papists, 2,346. 

Signed Johx Doyle, Rector. 

29th April, 1766. 



The Parish of Rathleyny. 
Thomas Magher. 

Signed, John Lord, 
25 May, 1766. Rector. 

The Parishes of Cahirelly, Carrigpar- 
son, and Kilkellane, Co. Limerick. 
John Meagher. 
Dr. Mathew Mitchell, John Hickey^ 

Alex. Hanley, Papist priests. 
Protestants, 10 ; Papists, 196. 

Signed, Hervev Baylev, M. A. 
1766. Vicar. 

The Parishes of Clogher and Clonoulty. 
John Meagher, Thomas Meagher, 
Thady Meagher. 
Protestants, 7 ; Papists, 108. 

Signed, Peter Neve, 
1766. Minister. 

The Parishes of Sulchoidmor and Sul- 
choidbeg. 

James Maher, John Maher, William 
Maher, John Maher, Philip Maher, 
Thomas Maher, John Maher, Tim- 
othy Maher. 

Thomas Burke, Daniel Neve, and 
Michael Loughnane, Papist priests. 
Signed, Richard Lloyd, 

1799. Minister. 



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RECTOR'S RETURNS. 



Ill 



The Parish of Fethard. 

Edmond Meagher, Philip Meagher, 
Thomas Meagher, David Meagher, 
Cornelius Meagher, Lawrence Mea- 
gher. 

The Parish of Cromps. 
John Meagher. 

The Parish of Kiltynan. 
Michael Meagher. 

The Parish of Killusty. 
Thomas Meagher. 

The Parish of Curraghabranagh. 

Denis Meagher. 

John Ryan, John Lawless, Maurice 
Keane, Denis Ryan, popish priests. 

Protestant families, 6i. Papist fami- 
lies, 720. 

The Parish of Milestown. 
William Meagher, James Meagher. 

The Parish of Ballynaddly. 
Patrick Meagher. 

The Parishes of Gurtnapish and Tubber. 
William Meagher. 

The Parish of Cloran. 

Henry Meagher, James Meagher* Dar- 
by Meagher. 

The Parish of Crushara. (Crohane ? ) 
John Meagher, Thomas Meagher, An- 
drew Meagher. 

The Parish of Ballyntemple. 
James Meagher. 

The Parish of Rathvine (Rathbin Burn- 
church). 
Edmond Meagher, James Meagher, 
James Meagher. 

The Parishes of Carrigeen and Farrana- 
been. 
William Meagher. 



The Parish of Killnockan. 
Patrick Meagher. 

The Parish of Croughlasny. 
Thomas Meagher. 

Protestant families, 86 ; Papist fami- 
lies, 860. 

Signed, Richard Challoner. 
April, 1776. 

The Parishes of Templebeg, Drum, In- 
chiofogarty KillfiUivin, Barnanely, 
Killoskeehan, and Templeree. 

Roger Fogarty, John Ryan, Richard 
Pursil, John Derony (Abbott of Holy 
Cross), popish priests. 

Protestant families, 36 ; Papist fami- 
lies, 858. 

Signed, Benjamin Lane, 

25 March, 1766. Curate. 

The Parishes of Killardy and Grean. 
Mcjohn Meagher,McRichard Meagher. 

Margt. Meagher, John Meagher. 
Robert Ronan, and William Lough- 

nane, popish priests. 
No friar. Protestant families, 13 ; 

Papist families, 405. 

Signed, John Seymour, 
30 April, 1766. Rector of Grean. 

Union of Killnerath. 

Thomas Maher (5), Patrick Maher 

(6). 
No friars or Jesuits. Protestants, 134; 
Papists, 3,926. 

Signed, John Madden, 
21 April, 1766. Rector and Vicar. 

Parish of Knockgraffen. 

Edmond Meagher (4), Michael Mea- 
gher, (4). 

Luke Shee, John Nevil, coadjutor, 
Cornelius Fenely, chaplain to Mr. 
Power of Chancellorstown, popish 
priests. 

Protestants, 60 ; Papists, 600. 



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112 



RECTORS* RETURNS, 



Parish of Newchapel. 

William Meagher and Phil Meagher 
and their wives, father, 2 sons, 2 
daughters, and 2 servants — 11 in all. 

Catherine Meagher, i son, 2 daughters* 
and I servant — 4 in all. 

Protestant families, 4; Papist fam- 
ilies, 97. 
Signed, Francis Stephen Thomas, 

7 April, 1766. Minister. 

Parish of St. John the Baptist Cashel. 

William Meagher, James Meagher, 
Andrew Meagher, Philip Meagher, 
Thomas Meagher, Philip Meagher, 
Michael Meagher, William Meagher, 
Darby Mehar. 

Parish of the Rock. 
David Meagher. 

Parish of Clerehan. 

Edward Meagher, Ed. Meagher, Pierce 
Meagher, Thomas Meagher, James 
Meagher, Michael Meagher, Patrick 
Meagher, Timothy Meagher, Edward 
Meagher, John Meagher. 

Parish of Gale. 

Richard Meagher, James Meagher, 
Redmond Meagher, John Meagher. 

Parish of Ballyshehane. 
Thomes Meagher. 

Parish of Erry (Boherlahan). 

James Meagher, a reputed popish 
priest. 

Protestants, no return. Papists, no 
information. 

Return not signed. 

Parish of Killea. 

Connor Meagher (5), Denis Meagher 
(S), Anthony Meagher (9), Lawrence 
Meagher (8), Timothy Meagher (3), 
Denis Meagher (4), Patrick Meagher 
(7), William Meagher (4). 

Protestants, 64 ; Papists, 817. 



Parish of Templemore. 
Thomas Meagher (4), Patrick Meagher 

(8), and Michael Meagher (8). 
Protestants, 83 ; Papists 329. 
Parish of Killavenoge. 
John Meagher (5), Richard Meagher 
(2), Jno. Meagher (4), Lawrert*ce 
Meagher (3), Andrew Meagher (4), 
Conor Meagher (4), Thady Meagher 
(5), William Meagher (5). 
Protestants, 84 ; Papists, 494. 
Parish of Mealiffe. 
James Meagher (4), Honora Meagher 
(i), Thos. Meagher (5), Thady Mea- 
gher (6). 
Protestants, 76; Papists, 1,116. 

Signed, Robert Holmes, 
Incumbent of the Parishes of 
Killea, Killavenoge, Mealiff^ 
and Templemore. 
29 March, 1766. 

Parish of Templeneery. 
Mathew Maher, Martin Maher. 

Richard Ronane and Loughnane^ 

popish priests. 

Signed, George Baker, 
25 March, 1766, Curate. 

Parishes of Doon, Donoghil and Toom. 
Dermod Maher, Patrick Maher, Denis 
Maher, Thomas Maher, Patrick 
Maher, Denis Maher. 
Denis Heffernan, P. P., of Toon^ 
William Quinlan, P. P., of Donag- 
hill, and William Quinlan, his assist- 
ant, Patrick Treacy, P.P., of Doon, 
popish priests. 

Signed, Plunkett Preston, 
24 April, 1766. Master of Arts. 

Parishe of Tipperary. 
Cornelius Maher. 

John Wall, P. P., Philip Dwyer, his 
assistant, popish priests. 

Parish of Templenoe. 
Darby Dwyer and Joseph Brixton* 
popish priests ; John Dwyer, Augus- 
tine friar. 



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RECTORS' RETURNS. 113 



Parishes of Kilfeacle and Clonbullogue. Parish of Abbeyleix, Diocese of Leigh- 
William Hackett and Richard Ronane, lin. 

popish priests. Patrick Mahar. 

Signed, John Armstrong, Garret Keating, P. P., Dillon, 

C. (curate) of Tipperary. assistant to said Keating. Patrick 

March, 1766. Lalor, reputed friar. 

Parish of Thuries. Signed, John Carter, 

No names given. "^ M^^^^' ^^66. Curate. 

Protestant families, 89 ; Papist fam- ^^^^^ ^^ Dysart-Gallen, Diocese of 

^l^^S' ^''^3. Leighlin. 

Popish archbishop, 4 secular priests, wiUiam Maher, John Maher, John 

4^"^^^- Maher 

Signed, Mil Obins. rr ' . . t_ i- 

... ,, * Keating, popish priest, lives in 

10 April, 1766. p^^.3l^ of Abbeyleix 

Parishes of Latin-Bruis, Shronell, Cor- Signed, Cham. Walker, 

rogue, Clonpet,and Cordangan, Dio- 20th April, 1766. Rector, 
cese of Cashell. 

Thomas Magher. Parish of Graige, Diocese of Leighlin. 

Protestants, 82 ; Papists, 291. Thomas Maugher (6). 

Signed, Robert Baillie, Robt. Rossiter, parish priest of Graige; 

4 April, 1766. Prebendary of Latin. Lawrence Clancy, his assistant. 

Signed, George Cooke, 

Parish of Kilpatrick. ^g j^^^^^^^ ^^^^ ^^^^^^ 

William Meagher. 

Protestant families, 46 ; Papist fami- Parish of Killenean, Diocese of Leighlin. 

lies, 256. " Thomas Magher, Edmond Magher. 

Signed, John Lord, Protestant families, 5 ; Papist families. 



47. 



21 March, 1766. Rector. 

Parish of Kilmore, Diocese of Killaloe. No reputed priest or friar residing in 

William Meagher, Daniel Meagher, the parish. 

Conor Meagher, Patrick Meagher. Signed, Francis Hopkins, 



No other particulars. 



Not dated. Rector. 



Parishes Kinnetty and Roscomroe, Dio- Parish of Broghalstown, Diocese of 

cese of Killaloe. Leighlin. 

Kieran Meagher, Roger Meagher. Bart. Meagher (5). 

No other particulars. Protestants, 312 ; Papists, 2,063. 

Signed, Abraham Downs, 2 Mass houses, i popish priest and 

April, 1766. Minister. ' coadjutor. 

^ ,^., Signed, Richard Brough, 

Parish^of Ballingarry, Diocese of Kila- ^^ ^^^.^^ ^^^^ Curate. 

Daniel Maher. Parish of Wells, Diocese of Leighlin. 

No other particulars. Thomas Magher, James Maher, Philip 

Signed, William Blackford, Magher. 

Not dated. Rector. Return not signed. 



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114 



RECTOHS* RETUJ^NS. 



Parish of St. Patrick, City and Diocese 
of Waterford. 
Timothy Mahar, Thomas Mahan 
James Mahar, James Mahar, Wil- 
liam Mahar, Thomas Mahar, Thom- 
as Mahar. 
Protestants, 1,571 ; Papists, 3,908. 5 
Jesuits, 8 friars, 4 priests. 

Return not signed. * 

Union of Freshford, Diocese of Ossory. 
John Magher (2). 

Protestants, 401 ; Papists, 2,017. O^e 
priest or friar in the parish. 
Signed, Robert Stewart, 
Not dated. Minister. 

Parish of Durrow, Diocese of Leighlin. 
Thomas Magher, Kieran Magher. 
William Shea and Patrick Costigan, 
popish priests. 

Parish of Rathlogan, Diocese of Ossory. 
Pierce Maher (4). 

No deputed popish priest or friar resi- 
dent in the parish. 

Signed, Wm. Willburne. 
Not dated. 



Parish of Shankill, Diocese of Leighlin. 
Thady Magher, Patrick Magher, 

Martin Magher. 
No popish priest or friar residing in 
the parish. 

Signed, Samuel Heydon, 
Not dated. Rector. 

Union of Fiddown, Diocese of Ossory. 
Edmond Mahar. 

No resident priest or friar in the 
parish. 

Signed, Will Watts, 
16 March, 1766. Minister. 

Parish of Grange, Diocese of . 

Darby Maher. 

Patrick Murphy, popish priest, Castle- 
island. Nicholas Butler, friar. 
Protestants, 7 ; Papists, 170. 

Return not signed. 

Parish of Callan, Diocese of Ossory. 
M. Meagher, J. Meagher. 
No particulars ; return not signed.* 

♦ Public Record Office, Dublin. 



THE PENAL LAWS. 



1702-17 14. Before the close of Queen 
Anne's reign the Penal Code began to 
operate upon the social condition of the 
people. At the same time, from another 
cause, there occurred a great change in 
the ownership of landed property which 
completed the depression of the Roman 
Catholic portion. The estates of the 
proprietors who had followed James had 
been confiscated by William, and con- 
ferred upon generals of his army and 
his personal friends. But the English 
parliament annulled his grants, assumed 
the right to dispose of the forfeited lands, 
and vested them in trustees in order 
that they might be sold. Roman Catho- 
lics were disabled from purchasing, and 



thus all this vast extent of territory came 
to be assigned exclusively to Protest^ts. 
- The result of the policy of this period 
was the establishment in every depart- 
ment of a Protestant ascendancy. Ro- 
man Catholics were as numerous as ever, 
but they were dispirited and without 
leaders. Deprived of the power to ac- 
quire landed property, and not allowed 
to rise in the service of the State, they 
turned to the pursuits of trade and com- 
merce. Many in this way became rich; 
the rest, especially those concerned with 
land, did not until about sixty years 
later regain social power or influence.* 

*The Reformed Church m Ireland, by the 
Right Honble. Dr. Ball, p. 176. 



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CONVERT ROLLS. 



115 



CONVERT ROLLS. 



Meagher, Philip. 

Anne, his wife, of Clonmel, certificate 
dated 20 April, 1726. 

Meagher, Charles, of Thurles, certifi- 
cate dated 1740. 

Meagher, Conor, of Cashel, certificate 
dated 26 Sept., 1748. 

Meagher, Margaret, of Cashel, certifi- 
cate dated 10 Feb., 1756. 

Meagher, Joan, of Cashel, certificate 
dated 26 April, 1763. 

Meagher, Rev'd Andrew, of Cashell, 
now of Dublin, certificate dated 23 July, 
1766. 

Meagher, Timothy, now of Dublin, 
certificate dated 14 May, 1768. 

Meagher, Anne, dr. of Daniel Meagher, 
of Cashel, certificate dated Feb'y, 1770. 

Meagher, Michael, of certificate 

dated i July, 1773. 

Meagher, John, of certificate 

dated . 

Meagher, Matthias, Gent., of 

certificate dated 19 Jay., 1778. 

Extracted from Alphabets to con- 
vert Rolls in the office of the 



Ulster King at Arms and Public 
Record office, Dublin. 



The number is infinitesimally small, 
considering the thousands who were ex- 
posed to the persecutions, machinations, 
and temptations, of kings, queens, min- 
isters, puritans, civil and military, red 
hot with zeal for plunder and protestant- 
ism. Many of them only " conformed " 
outwardly, in order to save property 
that might be otherwise " distributed," 
acting like the spunky Miss McMahon, 
who, in order to save the family estates, 
became a protestant — remarking that an 
old maid could run the risk of going to 
h — 11 for such a meritorious purpose. A 
few became protestants by intermar- 
riage, losing their faith through their 
natural affections. Only one of the 

number — Rev. Andrew , who was a 

Doctor of the Sorbonne, a great theo- 
logian, preacher, and learned man, gener- 
ally, could be really deemed sincere; 
but his example was utterly ineffectual, 
and he is remembered only in polemical 
literature, a sort of rotten egg argu- 
ment against pope and popery. (See 
Pope and Maguire Controversy.) 



CATHOLIC QUALIFICATION 
ROLLS/ 



County of Kilkenny, Diocese of Ossory: 
Roll 48. Maher, William, Freshford, 
mercht., Kilkenny Sessions, i Aug., 
1793. 
Roll 57. Maher, John, Freshford, Kil- 
kenny Sessions, i Aug., 1793. 

Roll 569. Maher, John, Nicholastown, 
16 April, 1794. 



Roll 67. Maher, Cornelius, Kil McOli- 
ver, 4 Augt., 1796. 

County of Kildare ; Diocese of Kildare: 
Roll 282. Maher,James, Naas Sessions, 
3 March, 1794. 
Queens County ; Diocese of Ossory : 
Roll 515. Maher, William, Portarling- 
ton Sessions, 10 May, 1796, 



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CATHOLIC QUALIFICATION ROLLS. 



Roll 821. Maher, Daniel, Park; Mary- 
• boro Sessions, 3 March, 1794. 

Roll 238. Maher, Patrick, Middle- 
mount ; Maryboro Sessions, 15 May, 

Roll 682. Meagher, Patrick, Clonburr, 
Maryboro Sessions, 14 Jan., 1796. 

Roll 684. Meagher, Thomas, Clonburr, 
Maryboro Sessions, 14 Jan., 1796. 

Roll 688. Meagher, John, Clonburr, 
Maryboro Sessions, 14 Jan., 1796. 

Roll 690. Maher, William, Clonburr, 
Maryboro Sessions, 14 Jan., 1796. 

Roll 691. Maher, John, Clonburr, 
Maryboro Sessions, 14 Jan., 1796. 

Roll 397. Maher, Timothy, Stradbally, 
Stradbally Sessions, 14 Oct., 1795. 

Roll 147. Maher, Timothy, Garryduflf, 
Rathdowney Sessions, 23 July, 1795. 

Roll 168. Maher, James, Rathdowney, 
Rathdowney Sessions, 16 May, 1796. 

Roll 199. Maher, Philip, Ballinlough, 
Maryboro Sessions, 14 Jan., 1796. 

County of Tipperary, Dioceses of Cashel, 
Emly, Killaloe, and Lismore : 
Roll 1318. Magher Timothy, Clon- 
mel, Innholder, Clonmel Sessions, 
21 May, 1793. 

Roll 1342. Meagher, Pierce, M. D., 

Cashel, Clonmel Sessions, 21 May, 

1793. 
Roll 1343. Meagher, Thomas, Anna- 

cotty, Gent, Clonmel Sessions, %\ 

May, 1793. 

Roll 1383. Maher, Martin, Boulibane, 
Clonmel Sessions, 21 May, 1793. 

Roll 1387. Maher, Nicholas, Esq., 
Thurles Sessions, 29 July, 1793. 

Roll 1390. Meagher, Gilbert, Lough- 

moe, Gent, Thurles Sessions, 29 July, 

1793- 
Roll 1394. Meagher, Charles, Lough- 

moe, farmer, Thurles Sessions, 29 

July, 1793. 



Roll 1408. Meagher, Edmond, Clon- 
mel, Gent, Thurles Sessions, 29 July, 
1793- 

Roll 1437. Meagher, William, Thurles, 
Gent, Thurles Sessions, 29 July, 1793. 

Roll 1406. Meagher, Daniel, TuUow 
McJames, farmer, 29 Aug., 1793. 

Roll 1475. Meagher, John, Ballybegg, 
Nenagh Sessions, 8 Oct., 1793. 

Roll 1507. Meagher, James, Nenagh, 

Merch't, Nenagh Sessions, 8 Oct., 

1793- 
Roll 1506. Meagher, James, Nenagh, 

shopkeeper, Nenagh Sessions, 8th 

Oct., 1793. 

Roll 1627. Meagher, Martin, Clonmore, 
Thurles Sessions, 25 Feb'y, 1793. 

Roll 1657. Maher, Thomas, Killigler, 
Thurles Sessions, 25 Feb'y, 1793. 

Roll 1677. Meagher, , Temple- 

tuohy, farmer, Thurles Sessions, 25 
Feb'y,i793. 

Roll 1679. Meagher, Patrick, Temple- 
tuohy, farmer, Thurles Sessions, 25 
Feb'y, 1793. 

Roll 1720. Meagher, Matthew, Bawn- 

more, farmer, Thurles Sessions, 25 

Feb'y, 1793- 
Roll 1721. Meagher, John, Cranna, 

farmer, Thurles Sessions, 25 Feb'y, 

1793. 
Roll 1752. Meagher, Martin, , 

farmer, Thurles Sessions, 25 Feb'y, 

1793- 
Roll 1753. Meagher, Cornelius, , 

farmer, 25 Feb'y, 1793. 

Roll 1772. Meagher, Daniel, Boulak, 
farmer, Clonmel Assizes, Mar., 1794. 

Roll 1792. Meagher, John, Boulak, far- 
mer, Clonmel Assizes, March, 1794. 

Roll 1806. Meagher, James, Fethard, 
carpenter, Clonmel Assizes, March, 
1794. 



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CATHOLIC QUALIFICATION ROLLS. 



117 



County of Waterford ; Diocese of Lis- 
more : 
Roll 670. Meagher, William, Dungar- 
van, Dungarvan Sessions, 1794. 

Roll 670. Magher, Richard, Dungar- 
van, mariner, Dungarvan Sessions, 
7 Oct., 1794. 

Roll 263. Maher, Rich'd, City of Wat- 
erford, M. D., Waterford Sessions, 
II July, 1798. 

Roll 36. Magher, Edmond, TuUow, 
victualler, TuUow Sessions, 11 July, 
1798. 

County Wexford; Diocese of Ferns. 
Roll 647. Meagher, Edmond, Castle- 
town, Wexford Sessions, 3 March, 
1794. 

County Wicklow: 
Roll 119. Meagher, John, Morrestown, 
farmer, Wicklow Sessions, 23 Aug., 
1793- 



Roll 120. Meagher, Denis, Morrestown, 
farmer, Wicklow Sessions, 23 Aug., 
'793' ^ 

•The 33 George III., Cap. 21 (1793) "An 
Act for the relief of His Majesty's Popish or 
Roman Catholic subjects of Ireland." 

Section XVI. enacts that from the ist 
April, 1793, no freeholder, burgess, freeman 
or inhabitant of this Kingdom being a Papist 
or Roman Catholic shall be capable of giving 
his vote for any Knight or knights of the 
shire for any county within this Kingdom, or 
citizen or burgess, to serve in any Parliament, 
until he shall have first produced to the 
Sheriff of said County or his Deputy, at any 
election ... a certificate of having taken 
and subscribed the oath and declaration 
aforesaid. 

The act 2 George I., of which the above 
is a remedial measure (1715). provided 
that no Papist should vote unless he took 
the oaths of allegiance and supremacy six 
months before the election, or at the election, 
if required, under penalty of ijioo, to the 
King and informer. 



IKERRIN— O'MEAGHER'S COUNTRY 



Was anciently one of the Eight Tuathas 
in Ely^* which got its name from Eile, 
one of its kings in the fifth century. 
Ely O'Carroll comprised the baronies of 
of Ballybritt and Clonlisk in the present 
King's County, and those of Ikerrin and 
Eliogarty in the County of Tipperary ; 
but for many centuries Ely O'Carrol is 
confined to that portion of it now in the 
Kings County,f and at the time Ely 
O'Carroll was reduced to shire grOund,| 
the barony of Ikerrin was not considered 
part of it.§ 

It is situated in the north-east of the 
County of Tipperary, and contains 69,- 
381,3,7 acres of arable land, and land and 
water. 

* Ordnance Survey MSS., Vol. 14. E 4, pp. 
14s to 149. 
fCambrensis Eversus,Vol. I., page 309, nott, 
|A.D. i2ia 
S Ordnance Survey MSS., Vol. 14, p. 143. 



Its population in 1841 was 30,379 ; in 
1851, 28,196; in 1861, 16,195; in 1871,' 
i3>i53> and 1881, 12,150. 

The following description is taken 
mainly from Dr. 0*Donovan*s obser- 
vations, made over fifty years ago : 

Barnane-Ely. — This small parish is 
called in Irish Bearnan-Eile, i>.. The 
Small Gap of Ely, now vulgarly The 
Devil's Bit. 

" Mightily have they peopled the land, 
The O'Meaghers of the territory of 

Hykerrine, 
A people at the foot of Bearnan-Eile, 
No shame to sound their praises. " 

—O'Heerin, 

The castle, owned by Dermod McTeig 
OMeagher in 1622 (see Inquisition, No. 
35), was in Mr. Carden's demesne. On 
its site is now a handsome limestone 
castle, erected by " Woodcock " Carden, 



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118 



IKERRIN— a MEAGHER'S COUNTRY, 



so-called because he was as difficult to 
shoot as a woodcock. 

The old church, now a complete ruin, 
is situated at the foot of the gap in the 
demesne of Barnane. The parish con- 
tains 2,015 acres. 

Burrisnafarney, — This parish contains 
4,138 statute acres, valued at J[yZAZ^ P^*' 
annum, and waste land. The name 
signifies "the borough of the alder plain," 
and the little river Allitrim, or "Alder 
Cliffs," remarkable for its trout, separates 
it from Aghnameadle. Only the site and 
graveyard of the old church is now to be 
seen. This is still called Teampul Eoin 
— John's Church. There are several 
forts or raths in the parish. 

Bourney. — This parish comprises more 
than 9,700 acres. The name signifies 
rocky lands, boirne plural of burren. 
The Rivers Suir and Noir rise here in 
Benduff Mountain, scarcely a mile apart, 
run in opposite directions, and unite 
near Waterford. The Protestant church 
is built on the site of the old, in the 
ancient graveyard, on the townsland of 
Ballyhenry. In the townsland of Clona- 
kenny is the ruin of an old church, and a 
iieat Catholic chapel ; at Knockbally- 
Meagher a Friends* meeting-house, three 
chalybeate springs and a petrifying 
stream. The castle of Boulybawn was 
owned by Thomas O'Meagher in 1639 
(Inquisition, 305). Fifty years ago it 
was occupied by the Carrolls. The stone 
floor of the top story was then intact, but 
the parapet was wantonly wrecked by so- 
called athletes some years ago. 

There is no graveyard attached to the 
old church, and the people believed it to 
be a chapel belonging to O'Meagher's 
Castle of Clonakenny nearby. There is 
a small burial-ground called Boggaun, 
about one mile equidistant from the 
castles of Bawnmadrum and Boulybawn, 
but no sign of a church. 

The Castle of Bawnmadrum, owned 
by Thomas O'Meagher in 1639, (see 
Book of Distributions), is figured on 
Petty 's map in 1685. Here Angus 



O'Daly, while enjoying the hospitality 
of O'Meagher, was skeaned to the heart 
by an attendant, and died bemoaning 
the fate he so richly deserved, and too 
late repenting the bitter satires he had 
uttered against the clans and chiefs of 
Munster. 

Corbally, " odd or hill town" in Irish, 
contains 10,125 acres. Near Roscrea 
are the ruins of a small abbey in the 
form of a cross, and a much frequented 
graveyard in which many generations of 
O'Meaghers are interred. In the towns- 
land of Timoney are the ruins of the old 
church of Garrabawn (fairfield), in good 
preservation, surrounded by a large 
graveyard much frequented. 

On the townsland of Knockballymea- 
gher stood a castle, owned by the clan, 
but occupied by the Hutchinsons (an- 
cestors of Lord Donoghmore) who had 
been planted there by Cromwell. The 
castle sustained many sieges and repeat- 
ed injuries from the Rapparees, who on 
one occasion surprised the garrison and 
carried off the proprietor to Connaught. 

Mona Incha in this townsland signifies 
the "bog of the island." A small, deep 
lake is all that now remains of Loch 
Cre, from which the island was called 
Inis Loch Cre. In 1185 Cambrensis, 
quoted in Camden's Anglica, wrote : 
"In North Munster is a lake containing 
two isles; in the greater is a church of 
ancient veneration; and in the lesser a 
chapel wherein a few monks, called Cul- 
dees, devoutly serve God. In the great- 
er isle no woman or any animal of the 
feminine gender ever enters but it im- 
mediately dies. This has been proved 
by many experiments. In the lesser isle 
no one can enter, hence it is called In- 
sula Viventium or island of the living. 
Often people are afflicted with diseases 
in it, and are almost in the agonies of 
death. When all hopes of life are at an 
end, and the sick would rather quit the 
world than lead longer a life of misery, 
they are put into a little boat and 
wafted over to the larger isle, where as 
soon as they land they expire." 



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IKERRIN—aMEAGHEKS COUNTRY. 



119 



"According to Giraldus," writes Dr. 
Lanigan, " the Colidei who lived there 
were not, properly speaking, monks, for 
he merely calls them r^?//^^j or unmarried 
men. In his time the island was a place 
of pilgrimage ; but afterwards the resi- 
dents removed to Corbally, a place not 
very far from it, without the lake, where 
they became Canons Regular of St. 
Augustine, and had a priory under the 
name of St. Hilary. As to the name, 
Island of the Living, it meant nothing 
more than that it was a place where men 
might live in the service of God, in the 
same manner as monasteries were called 
De Valle SalutiSy De Beatitudine, &c.; 
and the fable of no one dying was un- 
heard of by our old historians and 
annalists. We have an instance of how 
people could and did die there, in the 
case of a very respectable man — Moel- 
patrick O'Drugan — who died in that 
island A. D. 1138."* 

St. Cronan of Roscrea erected a small 
cell, on an island in the lake, before he 
founded his monastery at Roscrea, in the 
year 606. A church was founded on the 
island in the Eighth century by St. Elair 
or Hilary, and in 1143 ^ conventual 
establishment existed here, as may be 
inferred from the Four Masters who 
record " the death of Macraith OTiden, 
head of Loch Crfe." Ware states that 
Mona-Incha became a Priory of Regular 
Canons and was dedicated to the Blessed 
Virgin and St. Hilary; and from an In- 
quisition taken 29th December, 1568, 
it was found "that the Monastery of the 
Virgin Mary in Inchinamo, with all its 
appurtenances and profits, belongs to the 
Queen by virtue of An Act of Parlia- 
ment." 533 acres of land surrounding 
are mentioned in this record as worth 
J[,^ 2S. 2d., and ecclesiastical possessions 
were equally small, owing to the constant 
warfare and neglect of agriculture caused 
by the foreign invasion. 

The remains of Mona-Incha figured in 
Stokes' Christian Inscriptions in the 

* Lanigan's Ecclesiastical History of Ire- 
land, Vol. IV., p. 292. 



Irish Language, page 36, consisting of 
the ruins of a very beautiful church, 
with richly sculptured western doorway 
and chancel arch, probably built in the 
twelfth century, and a portion of the 
shaft of a cross with Celtic ornamental 
design. Three inscribed stones have 
been discovered in the church. 

The Castle of Cloneen in this parish 
was of considerable extent ^nd built by 
O'Meagher, Chief of Ikerrin. It is 
figured in Vallencey's and Petty's maps, 
and the site is picturesque and beautiful. 

The Castle of Glenbaha, ona tullan or 
hillock, was also built by O'Meagher; 
but, in 1 641, Edward Butler of Clare, and 
Richard Butler of Ballinakill, were re- 
corded as owners. (See Book of Distri- 
butions). 

KUlavenoge contains 8,159 acres. The 
name signifies the Cell or Church of St. 
Vinnog or Winnocus, as Colgan calls him. 
The old church ruin is in fair preserva- 
tion, — thanks to the Lidwill family, by 
whom it has been recently "pointed." 
The castle in 1641 was owned by John 
Teig and O'Conor O'Meagher of Cool- 
cormuck. 

In the townsland of Clonbuagh is a 
square castle, and nearby are the ruins 
of a small church called St. Anne's, said 
to have belonged to the castle, and not 
more than three centuries old. In its 
little graveyard only still-born children 
are buried. 

Killea contains 4,972 acres, and signi- 
fies Cill-Aedh, the Church of St. Hugh. 
The old church is a featureless ruin, 
figured in Petty's map in 1685. 

The Castle of Kiltillane and church 
ruins are within the demesne of Temple- 
more Priory. The Castle of Derry- 
lahan was owned by John O'Meagher 
in 1 641. (See Book of Distributions). 
The Castle of Killawardy is pictur- 
esquely situated on Templemore Lake, 
adjoining the ancient church, now 
in ruins, from which an underground 
covered passageway can be traced to the 
castle. The original gateway of the 
castle still exists in the steward's garden. 



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IKERRTN—aMEAGHEKS COUNTRY. 



KUloskehane contains 2,541 acres, and 
signifies the Church of O'Skehan, but 
there are no church ruins, and those of 
the old castle are incorporated in a new 
building. It is figured on Petty's map. 

Rathnaveogty on the engraved map of 
the Down Survey is written Rathmoveog, 
which means the Rath of St. Mobheog. 
The old church ruins are nearly dis- 
integrated. The castle stands on a ris- 
ing ground about three-quarters of a 
mile north of the church. It had four 
floors, all of wood, and was lighted by 
eleven rectangular windows. It has 
three ornamented chimney - pieces of 
limestone, and was owned in 1641 by 
John O'Meagher of Clonakenny, who 
also owned the Castle of Ballymoneen 
nearby. The old Castle of Ballinamoe 
in 1624 was owned by Thadeus 
O'Meagher (see Inquisition 69), and that 
of Ballinakill by Richard Butler in 1641 
(see Book of Distributions). This fine 
mansion stands in a bawn of some eight 
acres in extent, surrounded by a loop- 
holed curtain wall. Petty figured it on 
his map of 1685 as Fort and Bawne. 

Roscrea parish contains 16,179 acres of 
extremely fertile land. The town, which 
in 1841 contained about 6000 inhabitants, 
arose from the foundation of St. Cronan's 
monastery, where St. Canice wrote "The 
Dream of St. Cronan," about the year 
620. In the year 942 the Danes of Lim- 
erick approached the place at the time 
of its great fair, but were beaten back 
by the inhabitants, and 4000 of them 
were left dead on the field. It was de- 
stroyed by fire in 1137 and 1147, plun- 
dered in 1 153, and again destroyed by 
fire in 1 154. Roscrea signifies the "Wood 
of Cre," from Cre, daughter of Eidlecoin 
and the wife of Dola Glas. The modern 
church, dedicated to St. Cronan, stands 
near the site of the ancient abbey, of 
which the only remains are the west 
front, now converted into an entrance to 
the churchyard, in which a fragment of 
a large stone cross, highly decorated, 
and other objects of antiquity have been 
found. 



" The rest of the building was pulled 
down in 181 2, as it was considered an 
unsightly object, as it interefered with 
the approach to the modern church. 
The masonry of this fine fragment of 
Irish Romanesque architecture is of 
square rubble carefully set. There are 
pilasters or antae at each corner which 
are 2 ft. 11 in. in width, by i ft. 11 
in. fn depth ; the angles are fitted with 
a torus moulding, and they are 21 ft. 
in height. The gable measures ^^ ft. 
wide on the outside, and 27 ft. on the 
inside. The doorway is round-headed, 
with inclined side, the porch projecting 
2 ft. 8 in. and covered by a lofty canopy 
or pediment rising to a height of 18 ft. 
and covered with a bold coping orna- 
mented with pellets. In the centre of 
this pediment stands a figure in relief, 
said to represent the founder of the 
Abbey. It is chiselled out of the mas- 
onry of the wall, and on each side there 
is a disc or medallion about i ft. in 
diameter. The Round Tower stands 23 
ft. to right of the gable above described. 
The roof of the building has fallen, so 
that its present height does not exceed 
80 feet. It is 50 ft. in circumference, 
and 8 ft. 3 in. in diameter, and its wall 
4 ft. in thickness. This tower is built of 
sandstone, of moderate size, in irregular 
courses, spirally shaped, and the stones 
are peculiarly notched one into another. 
The interior of the wall below the door 
level is of very irregular worked masonry, 
and evidently intended to be filled to 
the door level. The doorway is 9 ft. 9 
in. from the ground. This aperture is 
on the east side of the building facing 
the abbey. Its dimensions are 5 ft. 3 in. 
in height and 2 ft. i in. at the base, and 
2 ft. at the spring of the arch. It is round 
arched, and the arch is composed of 3 
stones which extend beyond the wall, 
which is 4 ft. thick. There are contriv- 
ances for double doors in this entrance, 
which have been accurately described by 
Dr. Petrie (Eccl. Arch., p. 369). These 
afford valuable evidence that towers 
have been employed as places of defence 
or safety, the second door being evi- 



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IKERRIN— a MEAGHER'S COUNTRY. 



in 




KILT ALLAN CASTLE— 6^r<w«^ Plan. 



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KILTALLAN CASTLE. 



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122 



IKERRIN—0' MEAGHER S COUNTRY. 



dently one method resorted to to pre- 
vent forcible entry. On one of the 
stones on the side of this doorway a 
knot is incised and on the opposite side 
a ship — Noah's Ark — is carved in relief, 
about ^ in. in drop. It is i ft. i in. 
long and is raised above the surface of 
the jamb of the door, and therefore 
original."* 

In 1 213, King John built a castle 
here; and in 1281 Edmund Butler built a 
strong castle, of which a considerable 
part is still remaining. In 1539 it was 
held by Gillernowe OMagher, Capitan- 
eum Sui Nacionis. In 1490 a Francis- 
can friary was founded by Maolruny-na- 
Feasoig O'Carroll and his wife Bibiana, 
which at the dissolution was granted to 
Thomas, Earl of Ormond. 

The town is situated on a small river 
tributary to the Brosna, and contains 
663 houses, which, with the remains of 
castles, ecclesiastical edifices, and round 
tower 80 feet high, convey an idea of 
its former importance, and form a 
picturesque object in the surrounding 
scenery. 

Templemore is partly in the baronies of 
Ikerrin and Eliogarty, and signifies the 
"great church." The old church is in 
the demesne, well preserved and some- 
what modernized. In the choir is a 
monument to the Lanigan family of 
Castle Fogarty. 

Near the lake are the ruins of Kiltil- 
lane Castle, which was most extensive, 
and built by O'Meagher, chief of Iker- 
rin. The present entrance to the de- 
mesne is by the original gateway of the 
castle, which is of considerable height 
but of rather rude architecture. 

Templeree contains 42 11 acres, and is 
supposed to mean the "temple of the 
king." The old church has been razed 
to the very foundations, and was situ- 
ated in the townsland of Ballinree. The 
old castle of Ballina is situated on a 
cnocan or hillock not unlike a moat. 

* From Lord Dunraven's •* Notices of 
Irish Architecture," edited by Miss Stokes, 
M. R. I. A. 



Templetouhyy that is the "temple 
of the territory," contains 7334 acres 
The old church is marked only by its 
foundations and a modern church built 
near its site. There was another old 
church in the townsland of Ballyknock- 
an, but only a fragment of a wall re- 
mains in a deserted graveyard. The 
Castle of Ballyknockan was owned in 
1 641 by William O'Meagher, and figured 
in Petty's map. The Castle of Lisdallan, 
near Templetuohy, was held in 1641 by 
Lord Ikerrin and John Purcell as trus- 
tees for William O'Meagher of Bally- 
knockan (see Book of Distributions). 
The Castle of Drummin is nearly de- 
stroyed, only the first floor remaining, 
and was also held in trust for the pro- 
prietor of Ballyknockan by the trustees 
just named. 

In the townsland of Tullow Macjames^ 
near Templetuohy, there is a square 
castle of considerable dimensions and in 
good preservation. This was one of the 
oldest residences of Clan-Meagher, and 
furnished many distinguished represent- 
atives at home and abroad. In 1641 
Richard Butler of Carrickcarrig was in 
possession (see Book of Distributions). 
The Castle of Cranagh was held in trust 
for William O'Meagher of Ballyknockan, 
by Lord Ikerrin and John Purcell in the 
same year. It is figured on Petty's map. 

Other Castles not Enumerated in the 
foregoing description. 

Carraganeen Forty south of Boulibane 
Castle, in the parish of Bourney, com- 
manded the ford of the River Nore, near 
Gortnagounagh wood. 

Castleleiny, near Templemore, in the 
parish of Templeree, was built by Sir 
Herv^ De Montmorenci, ancestor of Sir 
John Morris of Knockagh, and was own- 
ed by the latter in 1641 (see Book of 
Distributions). Monsieur De La Ponce 
stated, on the authority of the Mont- 
morenci family, that Herv^ de Montmor- 
enci married in 1380 Owny daughter of 
O'Meagher of Templemore, Dynast of 
Ikerrin, and in compliment to his wife 
erected a castle, which he called Castle 



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IKERRIN— a MEAGHER'S COUNTRY. 



123 







RATHNAVEOGE CASTLE. 




CLONAKENNY CASTLE. 



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124 



IKERRIN— a MEAGHER'S COUNTRY. 



Owny, since corrupted into Castleleiny. 

The Castle of Clonmore^ in Templeree, 
was owned by Donogh and Tiege 
O'Meagher in 1641. It is figured on Val- 
lencey's map. 

The Castle of Clonyne^ near Roscrea, 
was also noted on Petty's and Vallencey's 
maps. It is both picturesque and com- 
manding a fine view. Grange, also near 
Roscrea, belonged to Gilleneeve O'Mea- 
gher in 1551 ; it is on Petty's map. 

Lisnahalosky Castle, near Templemore, 
was owned by Thaddeus O'Meagher in 
1624, and Longford was in the possession 
of John O'Meagher in 1641. 

James Meagher occupied Coolquill 
Castle in the Parish of Crohane, near 
Killenaule, in the year 1664 and later. 

Donogh and Thomas Meagher occu- 
pied the Castle of Tullaghmain, near 
Fethard, in 1667. The last proprietor, 
John Maher, brother of Valentine of 
Turtulla, died there in 1850. 

Big John Meagher owned and occu- 
pied the Castle of Slanestown, near 



Fethard, in 1650. He also held the 
Castle of Knockelly, nearby, under the 
Confederation of Kilkenny. After the 
surrender of Fethard and his abortive 
attack on Cromwell, he escaped to the 
Continent and his property was con- 
fiscated. 

St Mary's Church, Thurles, 

St. Mary's Church is mostly in ruins» 
except the tower, and much of this is 
fallen down. It was built in the fifteenth 
century by the O'Meaghers, who placed 
Franciscans in it. Manus O'Fihily, the 
last abbot, recte guardian, would not sur- 
render this church at the suppression of 
monasteries, but was brought a prisoner 
to Dublin where he suffered a long con- 
finement. The view of the church was 
taken from an original drawing in the 
collection of the Right Honble. William 
Conyngham.* There is no trace (1888) 
of St. Mary's left. The archbishop's 
house has been erected upon its site. 



* Grose's Antiquities 
II., p. 85 (179O. 



of Ireland. VoL 



ANTIQUITIES. 



THE BOOK OF DIMMA 

Is a copy of the Gospels said to have 
been written in the Seventh century, as 
it contains the scribe's autograph at the 
end of the Gospel of St. Matthew: 

Finit, Oroit do Dimma rod scrib 

pro Deo et benedictione. 
Finit, A prayer for Dimma, who 
wrote it for God, and a blessing. 
And again, at the close of the Gos- 
pel of St. John, is written : 

Finit, Amen ^ Dimma MacNathi }Sd 
This Dimma was believed to have 
been the scribe mentioned in the " Life 
of St. Cronan," who lived A. D. 654, as 
employed by him to write the copy of 
the Gospels. The book belonged to the 
Abbey of Roscrea, founded by St. Cro- 



nan. It was enshrined in the middle of 
the twelfth century by Thomas, a ceard 
or artist in metal work. The cumdach or 
shrine is made of brass, plated with sil- 
ver and studded with lapis lazuli. It 
disappeared at the time of the dissolu- 
tion of Monasteries. It was found by 
some boys hunting rabbits, in the year 
1789, among the rocks of the "Devil's 
Bit" mountain. The boys who dig- 
covered it picked out some of the preci- 
ous stones, but they feared to touch the 
side of the shrine on which they found 
a representation of the Passion. It came 
into the possession of Dr. Harrison of 
Nenagh, and having passed through 
the hands of Mr. Monck Mason, Sir Wil- 
liam Betham, and Dr. Todd, F. T. C. D., 
was finally purchased for and is now 
in Trinity College Library, Dublin. 



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125 




FIG. 38.*CASE OF DIMMA*S BOOK. 



The popular account of its preser- 
vation is somewhat different from the 
foregoing, and is, that the Rev. Philip 
Meagher, parish priest of Birr, and sub- 
sequently of Tipperary Town, and Vicar- 
General of Cashel and Emly, received 
the relic from his uncle, who had been 



parish priest of Roscrea; that the 
former presented it to Dr. Harrison,who 
gave or sold it to Mr. Mason, from whom 
it passed into the possession of the anti- 
quarians mentioned, and finally to 
Trinity College. 




THE IKERRIN CROWN. 
^Abb^ MacGeoghegan, after describing 
in his Histoire dlrlande this couronne 
d*or en forme de bonnet^ adds, "Cette 



curieuse pi^ce d'antiquit^ fut vendue i 
T^oseph Comerford et doit itre conservie 
(1758) dans le Chateau d*Anglure dont il 
avait achet/ la terre" A contributor to 
the Dublin Penny Journal, August 1832, 
alleged that the couronne was then pre- 
served in the Chateau d'Anglure, The 
editor had enquiries made as to its ex- 
istence in Champagne, and Doctor 
Czernicki, the present owner of Angiure^ 
informed him that his father purchased 
the property in 1832 from Monsieur 



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ANTIQUITIES, 



Tissandier, now represented by Monsieur 
Gaston Tissandier, R/dacUur en Chef du 
Journal La Nature, In reply to inquiry 
this gentleman wrote: "/^ n* at jamais 
eniendu parler de la pihe d^antiquiii que 



vous signalez.** Most Jprobably [it was 
melted down for its intrinsic value 
during the Reign of Terror. It weighed 
about five ounces. The Commerford 
family is extinct. 




THE IKERRIN BROOCH 



was discovered near Roscrea over fifty 
years ago, and is now in the Petrie col- 
lection. Royal Irish Academy. It is 
composed of a metal formed by a com- 
bination of copper and tin, called find- 



ruine or white bronze. The face of the 
brooch is overlaid with various orna- 
mental patterns of the same class as 
those found in Irish illuminated MSS. 




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ANTIQUITIES. 



127 



B 



TUBA OR TRUMPET. 

Among the bronze articles, 
in the Royal Irish Academy 
is a hollow tube 24^ ins. long 
and 1 3^ ins. in diameter. 
It has a moveable ring in 
the middle, is ornamented 
with circles of spikes, four 
in each row, two near the 
centre and one near each 
end, and as shown in the 
accompanying illustration. 

By the collars and rivet 
holes it would appear to 
have been attached to other 
portions. Sir William Wilde 
thought it was part of the 
Rockforest war scythe found 
in 1861 in the bog of Knock- 
ballyMeagher. It is really 
the tuba of a trumpet. 



There is also another portion of a 
bronze trumpet in the Royal Irish 
Academy, which was found at Roscrea. 
It measures 23 J4 ins. on the convex side, 
3^ at the boll, and ^ at the smaller 
end. It is cast in one piece in dark 
metal, and strengthened on both edges 
by lateral projections, and is decorated 
at both extremities, as shown in the 
accompanying cut. 




It appears to have been fitted to a 
tuba similar to the foregoing, of which it 
formed the boll, and when put together 
it resembled an Alpine horn. The 
editor is indebted to the Council of the 
Royal Irish Academy for these illus- 
trations. 



THE DEVIL'S BIT. 



The designation of Barnan-Eli as the 
"Devil's Bit," is thus popularly ac- 
counted for : The Devil, driven to 
frenzy by his want of success among the 
inhabitants of Ikerrin, took a bit of their 
mountain in revenge, but finding it too 
heavy was obliged to drop it in the 
" Golden Vale," where it became the 



Rock of Cashel, afterwards famous as 
the residence of the Kings of Munster, 
and the site of one of the finest cathe- 
drals in the west of Europe. The rock 
would about fill the gap in the mount- 
ain. Another story is that he dropped 
the bit in Queens County, and that the 
Rock of DunaMase was thus formed. 



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BIOGRAPHICAL NOTES. 





Anciint Irish Costume. 



Ancient Irish Armor. 



BIOGRAPHICAL NOTES. 



Oilioll Oluim, King of Munster, for 
sixty years — A. D. 174-234 — was the 
progenitor of the G'Meaghers, and of 
most of the great families of the South 
of Ireland. He was son of Eogan Mor 
by Bera, daughter of Eber Mor, son of 
Midna, King of Castile. He married 
Sabia, daughter of Conn of the Hundred 
Battles, and had "nineteen fleet sons," 
of whom seven were killed at the Battle 
of Magh-Mocrumhi (Mocreevy), A. D. 
19s, as he told in the following verse : 



" Mac-Con has slain my seven sons, 
How sad my bitter piercing wail ! 
Eogan, Dubmercon and Mogh-Corb, 
Lugaidh, Eochaidh, Dithorba, Tadg !" 

Three only left posterity, as the bard 
says : 
" Of them the clans of three survive, 

From whom have sprung our freebprn 
races. " 

He willed that after his death the 
sovereignty of Munster should vest al- 



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129 



ternately in the descendents of his son 
Eogan Mor — the Eoganacts of South 
Munster, and of his son, Cormac Cas — 
the Dalcassians of North Munster. He 
was buried at Duntry league (Duntriliag), 
fortress of three flag-stones^ a cromlech 
which still remains in good preservation 
and is thus described by O'Donovan — 
Tribes of Munster : "On a hill lying to 
the east of Duntryleague Church, there 
is in the middle of the heath a very re- 
markable sepultural monument. It con- 
sists of a cromlech formed of three flag- 
stones standing on the edge, one on the 
north and two on the south side, covered 
over the head by two massive fiag-stones, 
one toward the northwest, the other on 
the southeast, the northeast end of the 
former supporting the latter, the former 
measuring 6 ft. 8 ins. by 5 ft. 10 ins., 
and the latter 6 ft. zo ins. by 4 ft. 5 ins. 
From this cromlech there are "standing 
stones" in north and northeast direction, 
and there are two flag-stones displaced 
which they evidently supported. The 
hill upon which it stands commands a 
panoramic view of the country in every 
direction — of Sliebht^-Eibhlinn^, to the 
north of the Galtees, which lie at no 

treat distance, to the east side of Kenn- 
brat, which lies to the south, and of a 
most beautiful and fertile tract of 
country." O'Curry, in his lectures, says, 
Cormac Cas was also buried here. 
Duntryleague is situated in the Parish 
of Galbally, Barony of Coshlea, County 
of Limerick. 

Kian, youngest son of Oilioll Oluim, 
reigned over the Elian territories, and 
was killed at the Battle of Cnoc Samhna 
(Knocksouna. near Killmallock, County 
Limerick), fought between his brother, 
Cormac Cas, and Eochaidh, King of 
Leinster. Tadg (Thige), his son, succeed- 
ed him, circa 226 A.D. He was a brave 
and powerful prince, and, when Fergus 
Dubhd^hach(Dhuyaidah) came between 
Cormac MacArt and the sovereignty of 
Ireland, Cormac sought his aid, which 
Tadg promised, on condition that he 
should get lands in return therefore 



" I will give thee," said Cormac, "all the 
land thou canst encompass with thy 
chariot on the day thou wilt have 
routed Fergus." They then marched 
with a numerous force to Brugh-mic-an- 
Oigh on the Boyne, at Crinna, where the 
battle was fought. Tadg completely 
vanquished the hosts of Ulster, for he 
routed them seven times, and pursued 
them to Drumiskin, and, although he 
had received three spear-wounds, he 
mounted his car and ordered his chari- 
oteer to drive him towards Tara, hoping 
to encompass its royal ramparts within 
the circuit to be made by his war horses 
that day. But Tadg, having swooned 
several times from loss of blood, failed 
to accomplish his purpose. He wasted 
away for a year afterwards from his 
wound, until a "wise Munster surgeon," 
Finghin Faithliagh (Finyeen Fawlea), 
removed a prickle of barley, some mag- 
gots, and the splinter of a spearhead 
from the wounds, which then healed 
perfectly, and Tadg became well again, 
winning large possessions for his sons 
Connla and Cormac, Gallenga, east and 
west, Kiannacta, north and south, and 
Luigni, east and west. He was acci- 
dentally killed on the brink of the 
Boyne by the antlers of a deer. 

" After this victory, Cormac having 
been proclaimed King of Ireland, granted 
to Tadg, as a reward for his military ex- 
ploits, a barony in Bregia, from Glaisner 
to the hills of Maldod, near the river 
Liffey, denominated Cianacta, from the 
Cianiads or offspring of Cian. 

" The sons of Tadg were Connla, Cor- 
mac Galeng, Muredach, and Connla 
Frithir, the poet, from whom are de- 
scended Muintir Creachan in Mayo, 
Connaught. The sons of Connla, the 
eldest son of Tadg, were Fionnchad 
Huallach and Finnacta, from whom are 
sprung the O'Meaghers." 

\^From Finnchad Coemh {/^eeve), the 
grandson of Finnchad Huallach^ by his son 
Fieg are descended the inhabitants of Cian- 
acta^ above-mentioned in Meath, where, at 
Duleek, the memory of St, Kieran {whom St. 



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BIOGRAPHICAL NOTES 



Patrick habtized in his infamy) is held in 
the highest veneration^ and the inhabitants of 
the Cianacta of Glengiven^ in the County of 
Londonderry y from which O'Connor Ciancut 
is designated, ] 

" Eli, the great grandson of Finnchad 
Huallach, by his son Sabaern, has given 
a name and origin to O'Carroll, Lord of 
EWr— Extract from O' Flaherty* s Ogygia, 
1685. 

The tribe name Kiannacta — descend- 
ants of Kian — included several warlike 
and powerful clans : O'Carroll Eli 
and O'Meagher Ikerrin, O'Corcoran, 
O'Dulchonta, OTlanagan, O'Riordan, 
and MacKeogh, of Ormond, Ikerrin, 
and Eli; O'Casey and O'Kelly, of 
Breagh, in Meath; O'Connor, Keenaught, 
in Derry ; O'Gara and O'Hara, in Lieny, 
Coolavin, and the Route, Connaught. 
Eighteen saints are numbered among 
Tadg's descendants. 

47o^Meachair, the son of Forat, baptiz- 
ed by St. Patrick, in Muscraighe- 
thire, near Bearnan-Eli. 

St. Machar, a pupil of St. Columba, 
was advanced to episcopal dignity 
by his master. He was the found- 
er of the See of Aberdeen, Scot- 
land. 

Meachair, the feast of the daughter 
of Meachair, is held on the 7th 
September; and that of Dermod, 
son of Meachair, on the 6th Janu- 
ary. 

Id I — Meachair Lorcan, son of Echtigh- 
erna, King of the Cinel-Meachair, 
killed by the Danes. 

1280 — Meachair Inghin, daughter of 
Meachair, King of the Cinel- 
Meachair married to the Mac- 
Gilla Patraic. 

1382 — oMaghir Diarmuid, a medical 
treatise written in his house by 
Shane Og, son of Cuathin. 



1385 — oMeaghirTibinia, daughter of the 
Dynast of Ikerrin, married by 
Royal license to Sir Almaric 
Grace, Baron Grace. 

1401 — oMeachair Tadhg, slain at Loch 
Carman by the Danes of Dublin. 

1413 — oMeagher, Chief of Ikerrin, died. 

1462 — oMeagher, Teige, King of Icarin, 
died. 

1472— oMeachair, Tadhg, ruled over the 
Cinel-Meachair. 

1492— oMeachair, the Blessed Thaddeus, 
Bishop of Cork and Cloyne, died 
in Ivrea Piedmont. 

1539— oMaghir, Gullernow, Captain of 
his Nation, entered into a treaty 
with King Henry VIII. of Eng- 
land. 

1556 — oMahery, Brian, "ryses out"" 
against the English Pale. 

1558 — oMaghir, John, layman, received a 
grant of English liberty. 

i566^Lease under Commission to Wil- 
liam OCarroU or OKerroll and 
John his son, of the site of the 
house of the B. V.M., on the Island 
of Lyfe, otherwise Inchnebeo, in 
oMeagher's Country. 

1574 — oMagher, Donnil, appointed to the 
office of Seneschal of oFerrall 
Ban's Country. 

1578 — Lease under Commission to Sir 
William Carrol, Kt., of the site of 
the religious house of the B V M 
on the Island of Lyfe alias 
Inchnebeo in oMeagher's country, 
the lands of Corballie, Kenvultic, 
Cowlestown, Kilcolman, Agherton 
and Kilperson, etc., and the site of 
the house of the friars of Roskre 
in OKarroU's country with land 

, in Roskre. 



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BIOGRAPHICAL NOTES, 



131 



1579 — Machair, Father William S. J. 
This professed Father had taught 
theology for many years at Lisbon. 
He was Superior at Cashel in 
1649, and although 70 years of 
age was of a robust constitution, 
renowned for virtue and har- 
mony, and an admirable preacher. 

1586 — The lands of William oMeagher 
of Clonemore in the liberty of 
Tipperary, escheated* to the Earl 
of Ormonde. 

William McDermod oMaghirof Clon- 
more, Co. Tipperary, gentleman, 
" laid down not to be an offender 
although named in the act of at- 
tainder of Desmond." 

1593 — The son of oMeagher, i.e. John 
of the Glen, the son of Thomas 
oMeagher, died. 

1599— oMagher, Keidagh, joined the 
Rebel Forces with 60 foot and 30 
horse. 

1 60 1— oMeagher, Thadeus, buried in 
Fethard Abbey. His tomb, re- 
cently restored, is decorated with 
a floriated cross in relief, and the 
inscription in raised Gothic 
letters. 

1 601 — oMagher, Keidagh, forces in- 
creased to 300, assisted by But- 
lers and Graces. 

1 601 — oMagher, Dermitius, enters into a 
recognizance for repairs of the 
Parish Church of Nicholastown. 

1603 — oMeagher, Thadeus, of Clona- 
kenny Castle, surrendered to the 
Crown the lands of Clonakenny, 
in order that they might be 
granted to Sir John Davis.f 

♦ Escheat, a reversion to the Lord within 
his manor of lands and tenements through 
failure of heirs. 

fPatent Rolls. 13 James I., Ft. 2, M, 
47 clause. 



1603 — oMeagher, Donal MacConogher 
and his son John, lands of, granted 
to Sir Oliver Lambert, Knight and 
Privy Councillor. 

1615 — oMeagher, Thadeus, had a re- 
assignment from Sir John Davis 
of all his lands.* 

162 1 — oMeagher, Keidagh, received a 
grant of land in Ely OCarroll. 

1622 — oMeagher, Cornelius, of Barnane 
Castle, died leaving Gillaneave 
oMeagher, his son and heir, then 
aged 7 years. 

1624 — oMeagher, John, of Clonakenny 
Castle, chief of his name, found by 
inquisition dated 5th April, 1624, 
that he was heir of Thadeus 
oMeagher, who died in 1615, was 
seized in fee of Clonykenny and 
other lands held by Knight service. 
He was father of Colonel Teige 
oMeagher of the Confederation 
and of Ellen oMeagher, wife of 
Dr. Gerard Ffennel, also of the 
Confederation, and physician of 
the Ormonde family. 

1624 — oMeagher, Thadeus, found by in- 
quisition to be owner in fee of 
Barnane and other lands held by 
Knight service ; that John 
oMeagher was his heir, then 
aged 24, and married. 



1624 — oMeagher, Dermod, executed a 
recognizance for the accomo- 
dation of Richard Coppinger of 
Donogue, Co. Cork. 

1624 — oMeagher, Thadeus, of Bealana- 
moe and Lisnahalosky Castles, 
found by inquisition dated Oct. 
1624, to be owner in fee of the 
foregoing and other lands by 
Knight service. 

^Patent Rolls. 13 James L 



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BIOGRAPHICAL NOTES, 



1627 — oMeagher, T e i g e Geankagh, 
buried in Drangan churchyard, 
near Fethard. His tombstone is 
adorned with a floriated cross in 
relief, in raised Roman letters, 
now obliterated : 

Hic Jacet 

Thaddeus Gbankagh oMeagher, 

Generosus, qui obiit, 19 Decembris, 

A. D. 1627, 

CUJUS ANIMiE PROPITIETUR DeUS. 

He was a persistent rebel, but was 
pardoned in 1573, 1583, 1584, 
and again in 1601. He was the 
remote ancestor of Johanna 
oMeagher, great-grandmother of 
Count de la Poer. 

X 630— oMeagher, John, of Clonyne, 
found by inquisition dated 30th 
May, to be owner in fee of those 
and other lands by Knight service, 
subject to a rent of i-2S., payable 
to John oMeagher of Clonykenny 
Castle and his heirs ; that he was 
the heir of John oMeagher, who 
died 30 years last past. 

1630— oMeagher, Daniel, and Anna 
Stapleton, his wife, sole daughter 
and heiress of Walter Stapleton, 
instituted a suit against John 
Morris to recover the lands of 
Drome and Killvalecurrissee. 

1632 — oMeagher, Thomas, owner of 
Louraine and other lands. Pierce 
oMeagher was his heir and mar- 
ried. 

1632 — oMeagher, Conor, of Cloncrec- 
knie, instituted a suit to establish 
ownership to the lands of Dun- 
gansallagh. 

1632 — oMeagher, Thomas, of Garrymore, 
owner in fee ; William oMeagher 
his heir and married, 

1633— oMeagher, John, was owner of 
Clonyne and other lands ; Roger 



oMeagher was his heir, and John 
oMeagher was the heir of Roger. 

1633 — oMeagher, son of John, had livery 
of possession of the lands of Clon- 
akenny with other lands, at a fee 

Of;^2I.* 

1634 — oMeagher, William, of Garry- 
more, had a special livery made to 
him on the 27th May. 

1635 — oMeagher, Dermod, of Barnane, 
was owner in fee, and his heir was 
Philip oMeagher, married. 

1636— Ny Meagher, Honoria, daughter 
of John oMeagher of Cloneen, 
County of Tipperary, gentleman, 
was married to William Carroll of 
Couloge. 

1636— oMeagher, Thaddeus, was owner 
of KnockballyMeagher, Gort- 
claynoe and other lands, part of 
which he had enfeoffed to Edward 
Wall, 9 Jan'y, 1629. 

1636 — oMeagher, Thomas, was owner of 
Boulibane and other lands. 

1637 — oMeagher, Cnogher McGille- 
neaffe, and John oMeagher, of 
Clonykenny, made defendants in 
a suit instituted by Sir John 
Morris, of Lateragh, to .recover 
part of the lands of Barnane. 

1637— oMeagher, Shane, o f Cromlyn, 
owner in fee of this and other lands, 
held by knight service ; William, 
his son and heir. 

1637 — oMeagher, Pierce, of Lourane, the 
death of, is recorded this year 
in the office of the Ulster King-at- 
Arms. 

1638 — oMeagher, William, of Cromlyn, 
the death of the oldest son of 
John oMeagher, of same, gentle- 
man, descended of the Gurtine 
family, is recorded in the same 
office. 

^ Patent Rolls, 8 Charles II., p. 2. 



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133 



1640 — oMeagher, Father Thomas, born 
at Cashel, in 1579 ; after the death 
of his wife, entered the Jesuiter 
College at Mechlin in 1615, and 
was ordained in the following 
year. In 1618 he was residing in 
Ireland, but exempted from duty 
and engaged in the care and edu- 
cation of his children. He was 
an eminent scholar, and well versed 
in Greek and Hebrew literature, 
sacred and profane history. He 
was a good preacher, and pre- 
pared for the press a volume of 
"inscriptions" on the heroes of 
the Old and New Testaments. In 
1640 he was sent with two com- 
panions to the Royal Army, and 
died of fever the same year. 

1640 — oMeagher, Eveleen, the wife of 
Thaddeus Doherty, of Outrath, 
Oldtown, Coolmoyne, Ballydruid, 
Ballywalter,&c.,CountyTipperary, 
a branch of theODohertysof Inis- 
howen. County of Donegal, caused 
a silver chalice to be made on 
which was the -following inscrip- 
tion : " Ora pro Thadeo Doherty et 
Evelina oMeagher qui fieri fecerunty 
A, D.y 1640." It is now in the 
Dominican Priory, Tallaght, Co. 
Dublin. 

1642— oMeagher, Teige Og, sonne and 
heir to oMeagher of Clonykenny 
Castle, entered Cashell with Pur- 
cell Barron of Loughmo, Colonel 
Philip O'Dwyer and others, "with 
coUors flying, their forces at the 
first blocking up of the castle, 
consisting of 1500 men." 

1646 — oMeagher, The Reverend Philip, 
caused a silver chalice to be made 
which bears the following inscrip- 
tion: Orate pro DPhilippo oMeagher 
sacerdote qui me fieri fecit ^ A. D., 
1646. It is preserved in the treas- 
ury of the church of SS. Michael 
and John, Dublin. 



1649 — oMeagher, Teige, of Keilwardy, 
appointed a commissioner for 
Ikerrin to raise supplies for the 
Irish Confederation. 

1649 — oMagher,John; Maghery, Thomas; 
oMeagher, Thomas ; oMeagher, 
William, were among the "49 
officers " of Charles 11. 

1653 — Ordered to transplant to Con- 
naught : oMeagher, John, of 
Clonykenny Castle ; o Meagher, 
Ann, of Clonykenny Castle; 
oMeagher, Edmund, of Cloghrale; 
oMeagher, Juan, of Killawardy; 
oMeagher, Thomas, of Louraine; 
oMeagher, Teige, of Killadufif; 
oMeagher, Owny, of Parke; 
oMeagher, Donogh, of Barnane ; 
oMeagher, Tiege, of Gortenane ; 
oMeagher, Thomas, of Pollins- 
town ; NyMeagher, Honoria, of 
Limerick City ; oMeagher, Cor- 
nelius, "Innocent"; oMeagher, 
Thady, Esq., of Drangan, "out- 
lawed." 

1653 — Mahir, Loughlin, alias Mackerry, 
of the regiment of Colonel Sad- 
leir, formerly Colonel Culmer's — 
Captain Draper's troop — was 
found entitled to arrears of pay 
^3 3s. I id. and £2 5s. 5d. in sat- 
isfaction thereof, by debenture on 
Colonel Hewson's " loose com- 
panies," portion in Cork, barony 
of Carbury, parish of Fenbolish, 
and townsland of Shonereen, at 
the rate of 8s. per acre, and portion 
in Kerry, barony of Moguinny, 
parish of East Fractions, and 
townsland of Devillagh and Lo- 
mona, at rate of 7s. an acre. 

1653 — oMehair, Don Filipo, served in the 
Duke of York's Regiment in the 
Netherlands, and was granted, on 
the 25th of June, 1653, a license to 
repair to Ireland. 



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BIOGRAPHICAL NOTES. 



1654 — oMeagher, David, his petition to 
dispense with transplantation re- 
ferred to the Commissioners of 
Revenue at Derry. 

1654— oMeagher, William and Thomas, 
whose names were enrolled among 
the "49 officers" who served under 
Charles II. in the wars of Ireland, 
before 1649 were adjudged enti- 
tled to satisfaction of their arrears 
of pay in the counties of Donegal, 
Longford and Wicklow. 

1655 — oMeagher, William, his petition 
referred to the Receiver of Reve- 
nue at Clonmel. 

165s — oMeagher, Ann and John, of 
Clonyne Castle ; their petition 
referred to the Commissioners at 
Lough rea. 

1656 — oMeagher, Morgan ; his petition 
referred to the Commissioners at 
Kildare. 

1658— o'Meagher, Edmund and William; 
their petition referred to the 
Commissioners appointed for the 
County Tipperary. 

1659 — oMeagher, Anthony, of Parke, 
County Tipperary, in a census 
taken this year, is placed among 
the "Titulados," /. e., titled per- 
sons residing in Ikerrin. 

1660 — Meagher, Don Juan, Captain in 
the Spanish Netherlands. 

1660 — Meagher, Lieutenant John, for- 
merly of Grange, barony of Iker- 
rin, was restored to his estates, 
under the declaration of thanks 
by Charles II. for faithful services 
under his ensign beyond the seas. 

1660 — De Meagher Theodore, Marechal 
de camp under Cond^. 

1 660 — oMeagher, Thaddeus, ancestor of 
the Fethard family, interred in 
the Augustinian Abbey there. 

i66i — Macher, Father John, died in 
Presburg, Hungary, this year. 



i66i — Macher, Thomas, born at Pres- 
burg, filled the chairs of Philoso- 
phy and Rhetoric in the Univers- 
ity of Gratz. He preached with 
success at Lintz and Presburg. 
One of his works, " Dank Predig" 
— thank sermon — was published 
by order of the Emperor in 1702. 
He died at Presburg, 1704. 

1668 — Meagher, The Reverend James, 
was Praepositus Conventus de 
Roskre, /. ^., Prefect or guardian 
of the Franciscan Convent there. 

1671 — oMeagher, Ellen, wife of Dr. 
Gerard Ffennell, daughter and 
sole heiress of John oMeagher of 
Clonakenny, chief of his name, 
made an assignment to Jasper 
Ffrende of her estates in Tippe- 
rary and Galway counties. She 
died in 1681, and was buried in 
Holy Cross Abbey, where her 
tombstone may be seen in a good 
state of preservation : 

Hie jacet Ellen A filia et heres 

Viri Joannis oMeagher de Cloinakenny, 

Quae obiit 3 Juini, 1681. 

1673 — Meagher, James, of KillcuUen, 
County Kildare, was commanded 
forthwith after sight to appear 
before His Majesty's Secretary at 
, Dublin Castle, to answer such 
matters as should be objected 
against him. 

1674 — oMeagher, Thady, of Cappoge, 
appointed by powers of attorney 
to represent Lord Cahir and Lord 
Dunboyne. 

1674 — Magher, James, of Kilcullin bridge, 
County Kildare ; a warrant issued 
for his arrest in default of ap- 
pearance in person to order. 

i68o^Meagher, Thomas, high sheriff of 
Limerick, son of Thomas Mea- 
gher, surgeon, whose will was re- 
corded in 1686. 



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135 



1681 — oMeagher, Thady, of Cappoge, 
County Tipperary, filed a bill in 
the Palatine Court of Tipperary 
against Theophilus Jones and 
John Gason, to recover certain 
lands in the Barony of Eliogarty. 

1683 — oMeagher, Thady, of Lismallin, 
County Tipperary, filed a bill in 
the same court against Terence 
Sankey, to enforce agreement for 
a lease of Ballinenane, containing 
270 acres, and another bill in said 
court against William Armstrong, 
to recover the lands of Falenannan 
and Conorvin, containing, accord- 
ing to the Down Survey, 1,689 
acres of profitable and 1,800 of 
common and profitable land, 
which passed by certificate of 
the Commonwealth Court of 
Claims to the Earl of Mount 
Alexander, who conveyed same 
for good and ' valuable consider- 
ations to complainant. 

1683 — oMeagher, Thomas, and other gen- 
tlemen of the County Tipperary, 
presented an address to the Crown. 

1689 — oMeagher, John, appointed 
quartermaster of Sarsfield's 
Horse. 

1689 — oMeagher, Daniel, held the Com- 
mission of Ensign in . Butler's 
Foot. 

1689 — oMeagher, Thady, was returned 
for the Borough of Callan, County 
Kilkenny, to serve in King 
James' Parliament, summoned 
this year. He was one of the 
" six clerks " of the Court of 
Chancery, and Clerk of Errors. 
He was living in Paris in 1699, and 
was described in a certain quit- 
tance as " Thadde oMeagher, 
gentilhomme, Irlandais." His 
estates were conveyed by the 
Commissioners of forfeited 
estates, 1701-3, to Lord Ikerrin, 



John Judkin, John Warburton, 
administrator of Richard Frend 
and Henry Prittie. 

1689 — oMeagher, Henry, also sat in 
King James* Parliament for the 
Borough of Knocktopher, County 
of Kilkenny. 

1689 — oMeagher, Cornelius, Brian, and 
Edmund, held commissions of 
Lieutenant and Quartermaster in 
Purcell's Horse. 

1689 — oMeagher, John, held the Com- 
mission of Captain, and 



oMeagher, - 



-, Lieutenant, and 



oMeagher, Thomas, Ensign in 
Bagnall's Foot. 

oMeagher, Philip, Lieutenant in 
Oxburg's Foot. 

oMeagher, Thomas, served as 
Captain in Mountcashel's Regi- 
ment, which was nearly annihi- 
lated at Enniskillen. 

oMeagher, John, of Grange, Co. 
Tipperary, served as Captain in 
this regiment. 

In King Charles* "Declaration 
of Thanks for Services Beyond 
the Seas," this officer's name is in- 
cluded. 

1 691 — Meagher, Father, entered the So- 
ciety of Jesus this year. A quarto 
M.S. of his De Voto is preserved in 
the Library of Salamanca. 

1 701 — Machar, Sub-Lieutenant, served 
1 701-10, in Prussian garrison of 
Ctlstrin, under the command 
of Lieut-General Faharn Von 
Schlabendorff. 

1702 — Meagher, Thady, estates for- 
feited. 

1703 — oMeagher, Major, entered the 
Regiment de Lee. 



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BIOGRAPHICAL NOTES. 



1704 — Magher, Father Loughlin,of Bally- 
vae, Parish of Villard, County of 
Carlow, aged 64, ordained in 
1667 at Rouen — Sureties Morgan 
Cavanagh, of Borris, and Edward 
Byrne of Cournebban, County 
Carlow — registered as a Popish 
priest under the Act 2 Anne, 
cap. VII. 

1706 — oMeagher, Lieutenant, was ad- 
mitted into Hotel des Invalides, 
Paris, this year. 

1706 — oMeagher, Captain, served in 
Galmoy's Horse. 

1707-10 — Machar,Sub-Lieutenant,served 
in Von Derfinger's Dragoons, 
Prussian Army. 

1709 — oMeagher, Don Guillermo, form- 
erly of the Regiment de Berwick, 
passed into Regimento d'lnfant- 
eria de Waterford, this year. He 
became a Sub-Lieutenant, 17 10 ; 
Lieutenant, 1712 ; Lieutenant of 
Grenadiers, 1718 ; Captain of 
Grenadiers, 1725. 

1 7 10 — Meagher, Don Juan, teniente re- 
formado (lieutenant on half pay), 
served as Captain of Grenadiers 
in the Guards of the Elector of 
Bavaria,and entered Regimento de 
Waterford this year. 

17 1 2 — oMeagher, Don Guillermo, teni- 
ente reformado, Regimento de 
Infanteria de Irlanda, teniente 
reformado de Grenaderos, 17 18; 
Captain of Grenadiers, 1725. 

17 1 2 — oMeagher, Captain, Regiment de 
Lee. 

1714 — Meagher, Denis, ofCloneen, had a 
license to bear arms in the County 
of Tipperary, the arms being one 
sword, one case of pistols, and 
one gun. 

17 1 5— Meagher, Don Tomas, teniente 
Regimento de Infanteria de 
Wauchop. 



1715 — Meagher, Don Guillermo, Lieu- 
tenant of Grenadiers in this Regi- 
ment, and Captain of Grenadiers^ 
1725- 

1718 — Meagher, Don Juan, Supernum* 
erary Lieutenant-Colonel Regi- 
mento de Infanteria de Water- 
ford, 

1734— de Meagher, Thad^e, entered the 
Polish Saxon service this year. 
He was appointed Chamberlain to 
the King in 1739; Colonel of the 
Royal Guards, 1740; Captain 
proprietor of the Swiss Guard, 
1742 ; Major -General, 1744, and 
Lieutenant-General, 1752. 

1735 — oMeagher, Major, Regiment de 
Bulkeley, fell in the battle of 
Lauffeldt, 1747. 

1738 — Meagher, The Very Reverend 
Philip, Master of the Faculty of 
Divinity, Paris, Treasurer of the 
Diocese of Cashel and Emly, and 
Parish Priest of Fethard, certi- 
fied in 1738 the pedigree of John 
Stapleton.* The most Rev'd 
Christopher Butler, son of Walter 
Butler, of Kilcash, and grand- 
nephew of the celebrated Duke of 
Ormonde, gave Dr. Meagher the 
charge of a Seminary he founded 
for the education of candidates 
for the Sacred Ministry. He is 
believed to have been the founder 
in 1774 of bourses in the College 
des Lombards (now College des 
Irlandais), for the benefit of his 
relations, or of persons of his 
name, failing such, of natives of 
the Diocese of Cashel and Emly. 
The archives of this College 
having been scattered in the Revo- 
lution of 1793, the surname only 
of the founder is remembered. 
There is a tradition in Fethard 
that one of the oMeaghers of 

* Vide oMeagher and Stapleton pedigree. 



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BIOGRAPHICAL NOTES 



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Drangan was a distinguished 
member of the Irish College in 
Paris. The sum invested must 
have been considerable, as it pro- 
duced an income of 4,348 francs, 
reduced by the Revolution to 
1,448 francs, and augmented again 
by savings to 2,724 francs. The 
Archbishop of Cashel and Emily 
usually nominates the candidates. 

1745 — oMeagher, Patrick, Lieutenant 
Regiment de Bulkely ; Major, 
1774. 

May nth ; Battle of Fontenoy. The 
following officers, with numbers 
in the rank and file of the several 
regiments of the Irish Brigade, 
were in the grand charge of the 
Brigade at this memorable and 
decisive battle: 

O'Meagher, Major, of Dillon's 
Regiment. He had served over 
thirty years and in as many en- 
gagements, from "Dunkirk to 
Belgrade." 

O'Meagher, Patrick, Major of 
Bulkeley's Regiment, had served 
over thirty years, in twenty-five 
general and other engagements. 

O'Meagher, Philip, Captain in 
O'Brien's Regiment, Knight of 
St. Louis, had served over thirty 
years, in twenty - seven engage- 
ments. 

ly-o— Meagher, William, of Coolagh, 
Co. Tipperary, Irish Bard, " un- 
taught and unlettered," composed 
poems and songs very "racy of the 
soil." At an early age he set out 
on a literary excursion through 
Munster, and returned home after 
an absence of some years loaded 
with all the Fenian lore of the 
Province. He resided at this time 
in Killamory, where he soon ac- 
quired the reputation of being the 
best Irish scholar of the day in 
that part of Ireland. Contempo- 



rary with him was Mr. O'Neill, of 
Owny, Co. Kilkenny, who was 
popularly known for his learning 
and antiquarian turn of mind, 
and in him William Meagher 
found an approver of his favorite 
scheme of publishing in one 
volume his large collection of 
Ossianic poems, and thereby pre- 
serving them from oblivion. At 
Belli ne, William Meagher found 
further encouragement from Mr. 
Peter Walsh, who forwarded the 
project of publishing the work in 
parts by all means in his power, as 
did also Mr. Henry White of the 
parish of Grangemockler, and all 
the respectable farmers of Sliahh 
DiU and Kumshena. " The great 
woman who came over the sea" is 
the name generally given to Mea- 
gher's poem, the Chase of Glen-a- 
Smoil, It was dedicated to Peter 
Walsh. The preface was elaborate 
and showed that Meagher was 
both an antiquary and a linguist. 
Meagher also composed an Irish 
song on the occasion of the mar- 
riage of John, 17th Earl of Or- 
monde, brother of the Most Rev. 
Christopher Butler, Bishop of 
Cashel. Several old people resid- 
ing at the foot of Sliabh-na-miban 
are believed. to possess exemplaires 
of Meagher's work. 

1755 — oMeagher, Philip, Knight of St. 
Louis, captain in the regiment of 
Bulkeley. 

1766 — Meagher, The Rev. Andrew, 
" formerly a priest of the Church 
of Rome and Doctor of Sorbonne, 
but now of the Established 
Church of Ireland, and in Dublin, 
author of (i) " The Popish Mass 
celebrated by a Heathen Priest for 
the living and the dead, several 
years before Christ," (2) and a 
work on surveying. In one of his 
sermons he defined Purgatory as 



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BIOGRAPHICAL NOTES. 



" the priests* toll-gate," quoted in 
the controversy between Pope 
and Maguire. By his will, dated 
the 29th August, 1781, he be- 
queathed his books and works in 
oriental languages to the library 
of the See of Cashel, and directed 
his body to be laid in the church- 
yard of Thurles, in the grave of 
his brother Thomas. 

1767 — oMeagher, Don Miguel, soldado 
distinguido Regimento de Infan- 
teriadelrlanda; Cadet, 1781; Sub- 
Lieut., 1784; Sub-Lieut, of Gren- 
adiers, 1790; Lieut.-Col. of Gren- 
adiers, 1803. 

1774 — O'Meagher, The Very Rev. Philip, 
D. D., of theological faculty of 
Paris, and Parish Priest of Feth- 
ard, founded on 23 August, 1774, 
bourses in the College des Lom- 
bards, Paris, for the education of 
priests for the Diocese of Cashel, 
candidates to be relatives of the 
founder or of the same name. 
Before the Revolution the foun- 
dation produced f. 4348, after the 
Revolution the income was re- 
duced to f. 1448, augmented again 
by savings to f. 2724. 

1775 — O'Meagher, Brian, only son of 
Thaddeus O'Meagfherof Df-jTc:. ... 
• was admit'fui :i n-tc'i lier of '-.e 
Middle 'I <-»tii)io LoikIoii. ;'iis 
yar. Thi.% ^cntl^niaii f' ' ;n a 
Miu.'l 17S7, v.'i,,* .> 'i,.s I- rded 
in liari i.^ "• ! •• « >i)a 'vccol- 
It ;ti(>ii<: "T..r » Ivule Noi 

2 %\cio well exemplified in a duel 
between a friend of mine, the 
present first counsel to the Com- 
missioners of Ireland [Henry Dean 
Grady], and a Counsellor O'Mea- 
gher who was the challenger ; no 
ground was measured ; they fired 

ad libitum. G y never at a loss 

upon such occasions took his 
ground at once and kept it stead- 



ily. O'Meagher began his career 
at a hundred paces, advancing 
obliquely and gradually contract- 
ing his circle round his opponent, 
who continued changing his front 
by corresponding movements ; 
both parties now and then aiming, 
as feints, then taking down their 
pistols. This pas de dux lasted 
more than half an hour as I have 
been informed ; at length, when 
the assailant had contracted his 

circle to firing distance, G y 

cried out suddenly and loudly ; 
O'Meagher obeyed the signal and 

instantly fired, G y returning 

the shot, and the challenger reeled 
back hors de combat,*' Count de la 
Poer, of Gurteen le Poer, is lin- 
eally descended from Johanna the 
only sister of Brian O'Meagher. 

O'Meagher, Father Luke, is also 
mentioned by Barrington as a 
popular priest of the time who 
was called " Saint because he was 
such a good fellow." 

1778 — Maber, John, of Tullamaine Cas- 
tle, near Fethard, born in 1778, 
was the oldest son of Nicholas 
Maher of Turtulla, near Thurles, 
and married to Miss Catherine 
Prendergast of Greenmount. He 
died in 1850 without issue. 

1780 — Maher, Valentine, of Turtulla, was 
born May 17, 1780. He was a 
great hunter, in his day, a Justice 
of the Peace for twenty, and 
Member of Parliament, for several 
years. He died unmarried in 1844, 
His sister Eliza wife of Colonel 
Fallon was quite popular with her 
tenants in Thurles. 

1784 — O'Meagher, Captain Thaddeus, 
was in this year serving in the 
Regiment of Berwick, then sta- 
tioned in the Island of Oleron, 
Department of Charent Inferi- 
eure. 



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1788 — Maher, WiJliam, of Nicholastown, 
Co. Kilkenny, entered the British 
Army in 1808, as an Ensign in 
the 87th Royal Irish Fusiieers. 
After some time he volunteered 
for active service in Portugal, 
and fought in the battles of Vimi- 
era, Corunna, Oporto, Saragossa, 
etc., etc., as Aidecamp to his 
uncle. General Sir John Milley 
Doyle, K.C. B. Major Maher 
died in Freshford, Co. Kilkenny, 
in the year 1836. 

1792 — Maher, Very Rev. James, D. D. 
"Another oak of the forest has 
fallen — another light has gone out 
in Israel. Yesterday the revered 
Parish Priest of Carlovv-Grai- 
gue was called to his rest. He 
saw light on the eve of the fierce 
storm which threatened to shake 
down the edifice of Christianity, 
and to deluge the world with the 
infidel spirit of the French Revo- 
lution. This eminent ecclesiastic 
was over eighty years of age, and 
had for nigh half a century been 
a known and honored figure in 
the land. He received in Carlow 
College the education which quali- 
fied him to play, with so much 
credit to himself and so much 
benefit to others, such a prominent 
part. Father Maher spent many 
years of his early life in Rome, 
and on his return to Ireland held 
in succession the parishes of 
Leighlin Bridge, Paulstown and 
Carlow Graigue, to the latter of 
which he was appointed upwards 
of thirty years ago. It is no ex- 
aggeration to say, that even in the 
ranks of the Irish Priesthood, 
none whose lives have been cast 
in the same era with the late 
Father Maher will bear a more 
exalted example to their brethren 
and to posterity. In every move- 
ment to advance the liberties, 
the happiness and the well being 



of Ireland, which has taken place 
within forty years. Father Maher 
occupied a prominent and dis- 
tinguished position. In the good 
cause of Religious Liberty, and 
the Security of the Tenant, and 
the restoration of Religious Edu- 
cation, he was an earnest, indefati- 
gable and invaluable, laborer. A 
master of great dialectic skill, 
the Irish Tenant had no abler, no 
more zealous advocate ; and his 
letters did genuine service in 
calling public attention to the 
land question, and in obtaining 
for the occupiers of the soil those 
concessions that have been doled 
out to them. Blameless as a man, 
honored as a patriot, loved as a 
priest, his death was regretted 
far and wide throughout the coun- 
try. A long life of labor, of vir- 
tue and of honor, was crowned 
by a happy death, and the name 
of Father James Maher will be on 
the golden tablet whereon are in- 
scribed those who served and 
loved their country. Between 
the dead priest and his nephew. 
Cardinal Cullen, the warmest re- 
lations existed. Father Maher 
was born on the 24th of May, 
1792, and died 2d April, 1874. 
His life has been written by his 
grand nephew. Cardinal Moran." 

1794 — Maher, Martin Charles, of Wood- 
lands, Somersetshire, England, a 
captain in the army, and Captain 
and Adjutant of the West Somer - 
set regiment of Yeomanry Cav- 
alry. He was cousin of the Tulla- 
maine Turtulla and Ballinkeel 
families. 

Meagher, Thomas, of Pallas Green, 
Co. Limerick, contributed to the 
Transactions of the Royal Irish 
Academy a paper on a new di- 
vision of compass for land sur- 
veying. 



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1796 — Meagher, Thomas, born on the 
estate of his father, near the city 
of Waterford, in the year 1796, 
was the son of an eminent and 
wealthy merchant, trading with 
Newfoundland, and owner of 
seven ships. His first public ser- 
vice was rendered at the time of 
the Newport bank failure in 1820, 
when, in conjunction with John 
Harris, Esq., he wound up the 
affairs of that bank so successfully 
that the depositors suffered little 
or no loss. So deeply did he en- 
joy the confidence of his fellow 
citizens, that on the passage of 
the Corporate Reform Act in 
1842, he was unanimously chosen 
the first Mayor of the city, and 
was re-elected in 1843. ^^^ these 
terms he refused to receive any 
salary, but even defrayed the ex- 
penses connected with the office. 
In 1847 Mr. Meagher was unani- 
mously sent to Parliament, and 
for ten years faithfully served 
his constituents, being consider- 
ed one of the ablest financiers 
among the members. Failing 
health alone obliged him to 
retire in 1857. In politics he 
was a consistent follower of 
O'Connell. As chairman of the 
Board of Guardians and City 
Magistrate for several years, Mr. 
Meagher displayed the same 
aptitude forbusiness,impartiality, 
humanity, and tact, giving also a 
large share of his means and at- 
^ '''*-;• * In early life 

Mr. . ?\Iiss Quan, 

d...i^..u^* of a leading merchant 
of his native city, and had two 
sons and one daughter — Thomas 
Francis Meagher, orator, patriot, 
soldier; Henry Meagher, J. P., 
Lieutenan t-C olonel of the 



* A watchful guardian of the Catholic 
Charities of Waterford. 



Waterford Artillery, living in 
Kingstown, Ireland ; and Sister 
Mary Agnes, a nun in Taunton 
Convent, England. Mr. Meagher 
died at Duncairn Terrace Bray, 
February 28, 1874, aged 78 years, 
and is buried in Glasnevin Ceme- 
tery. 

1797 — Meagher, Father Patrick, S. J., 
brother of Rev. John Meagher, 
Toomevara (1854), was born in 
Ballybeg, Parish of Annamartle, 
County Tipperary, Diocese of 
Killaloe, in June, 1797. After re- 
ceiving the rudiments of edu- 
cation, he entered the College of 
St. Patrick, Maynooth, in Septem- 
ber, 1813, where he spent four 
years. He joined the Society of 
Jesus in 181 8, and was dis- 
tinguished in all his classes, par- 
ticularly in that of physics, for 
which he received special 
premiums. After receiving the 
order of priesthood, he was in the 
Society's houses in Clongowes- 
wood, Tullabeg, and Dublin, for 
ten years. Early in 1829, having 
fallen into bad health, his brother 
obtained permission to bring him 
home for the benefit of his native 
air. He died at his brother's 
house in Toomevara, July 8, 1829, 
deeply regretted, aged 32 years. 

Meagher, Very Reverend Mon- 
signor William, Parish Priest of 
Rathmines, and Vicar General 
of the Diocese of Dublin, was 
born in Kilkenny, October 24, 
1797. He was educated in Kil- 
kenny, Maynooth, and Rome, and 
was ordained, Nov. 27, 1820, by 
Archbishop Murray. He estab- 
lished the Academy of St. Lau- 
rence O'Toole, in Jervis St., Dub- 
lin, before Emancipation, and 
conducted it until 1832. He was 
next appointed curate at Phibbs- 
boro, then to Marlborough St. 



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Right Worshipful THOMAS MEAGHER. 

Twice Mayor of Waterford, 1844-46. Member of 

Parliament, 1847-57, 



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>VS^IXW^' 



THOMAS FRANCIS MEAGHER, 

Captain and Acting Major 69th N. Y. N. G. 
July 2ist, 1861. 



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GENERAL THOMAS F. MEAGHER, 
IRISH BRIGADE. 



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Grffn Flag Irish Bru;ade. 



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Chapel, until December, 1848, 
when he was appointed pastor 
of Rathmines, which position he 
held for 35 years. He was a 
great pulpit orator, and preached 
the funeral oration at the ob- 
sequies of the famous Doctor 
Doyle, at Carlow, and at those of 
Archbishop Murray in 185 1. He 
died December 24, 1881, while 
celebrating mass, and almost on 
the altar steps, aged 84 years. 
A fine memorial altar was dedicat- 
ed to his memory, in the Church 
of Our Lady of Refuge, Rath- 
mines, December II, 1884. 

1798 — O'Meagher, Thaddeus, enlisted in 
the 7th Fusiieersso as to avoid the 
consequence of a /r^iraj in which 
he had taken part, when he sided 
with the people against a Yeo- 
manry Corps, drawn up at College 
Green. He was soon promoted 
to the Paymaster's Office. In 
1809 Lieut. -Col.Packenham, being 
desirous to stimulate the 7th Fu- 
sileers, assembled a board of offi- 
cers, with the result that a "Book 
of Merit*' was instituted, in which 
the name of Quartermaster Thad- 
deus O'Meagher was recorded for 
general good conduct and effici- 
ency. He was serving as Acting 
Adjutant in 1810, and was again 
promoted on the field of Albuera 
(181 1), where he was very severely 
wounded. It is related of him in 
his family that after the bugles 
had sounded to cease firing, a 
French aid-de-camp, who was re- 
turning from the English to the 
French camp at Albuera, saw a 
" red coat " contending with a 
French soldier over a bottle of 
brandy. When he made a detour 
for the purpose of cutting down 
the "Connaught Ranger," O'Mea- 
gher rushed forward to prevent 
him. The Frenchman then rode 
at him and dealt him a slash of 



his sabre which cut through his 
Fusileer cap, inflicting a severe 
wound in his temple. O'Meagher 
returned the. blow with such force 
that he lopped off the aide-de- 
camp's leg above the knee. After 
this feat, nothwithstanding his 
own dangerous wound, he rend- 
ered every assistance in his power 
to his adversary, conducted him 
into the English camp, where 
he was carefully tended. The 
French officer eventually recov- 
ered, and as a token of gratitude 
for having saved his life, present- 
ed a pair of silver-mounted pistols 
to his generous enemy. O'Mea- 
gher's sword is still preserved in 
his family. He exchanged into 
the 43d Regiment, 14th May, 1818, 
and was placed on half pay on the 
reduction of the Regiment, 25th 
Dec, 1818. He retired to Bou- 
logne -sur-mer, where he died, 
and was accorded a military 
funeral, January 15, 1820. 

1798 — Meagher, Francis, included in the 
"Banishment Act," with Thomas 
Addis Emmet, Lord Edward Fitz- 
gerald, Henry Jackson, Morgan 
Kavanagh, Wm. Putnam McCabe, 
Wm. James MacNevin, Samuel 
Neilson, Arthur O'Connor, Wm. 
Sampson, and others. 

1798 — Maher, John, of Kilkenny, solici- 
tor, the only son of Thomas 
Maher, a '98 man and "Beauty 
Kavanagh," born in 1798 and 
died unmarried in 1855. He was 
a well-known fashionable forty 
years ago, and was renowned for 
his hospitality. On one occasion 
he made a wager that he would 
give a dinner for twelve, at which 
he would be the only commoner 
present, and won his bet. He was 
fifth in descent from William 
Meagher, of Nicholastown,County 
Kilkenny, who was born in 1697. 



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1799 — Meagher, Father Patrick, S. J., 
brother of Thomas Meagher, 
Mayor and Member of Parlia- 
ment, was borrt in Waterford, 
July 21, 1799. He was educated 
at Stony hurst College, and en- 
tered London University in 1826, 
without, however, proceeding to a 
degree. In Michaelmas, 1827, he 
was called to the English Bar, 
but the following year, on the 24th 
of February, he joined the noviti- 
ate of the Jesuits at Stonyhurst. 
For several years he served in the 
Dublin Mission, and his eloquent 
sermons, which he prepared with 
great care and which were re- 
markable for their polished lan- 
guage, drew crowded congrega- 
tions, wherein might always be 
counted many literary men. Al- 
though possessed of a highly culti- 
vated mind, Father Meagher was 
deeply humble. He filled the 
office of Rector of Bellvidere Col- 
lege from March, 1847, until his 
death on the 17th of April, 1855. 

1800-29 — O'Meagher, Denis James, of 
Toureen and Kilmoyler,with Denis 
Scully, of Kilfeacle, author of 
tracts on the Penal Laws, repre- 
sented the Catholics of Tipperary 
in the struggle for emancipation. 
He married Helen, daughter of 
Stephen Roche, of Limerick, of the 
Fermoy family. At her decease 
he married his cousin Anne, 
daughter of John Doherty, of 
Outrath. 

1801 — Maher, John, of Ballinkeel, Wex- 
ford, born in 1801, died in i860. 
He had been a Member of Parlia- 
ment for the County for several 
years. 

1802 — Meagher, William, Attorney of 
the King's Bench, a citizen of 
Dublin. 



1802 — Maher, Nicholas, of Thurles, suc- 
ceeded his cousin Valentine in 
TurtuUa. He was Member of 
parliament for the county from 
1844 to 1852, and died in 1871. 

1804 — Maher, William, M. D., brother of 
Nicholas, was a popular medical 
practitioner in Thurles where he 
died of fever, contracted from one 
of his patients. The inhabitants 
raised a handsome monument to 
his memory in the churchyard. 

1805 — O'Meagher, James, was the son of 
James O'Meagher and Catherine 
Lloyd. He was born in the Town 
of Tipperary, in 1805. Having 
entered the Cistercian Abbey of 
Mount Melleray, he received the 
Habit on the i6th July, 1852, and 
was professed on the 15th August, 
1853. He died of consumption 
on the 8th May, 187 1. He was 
well educated, and had an ex- 
tensive knowledge of medicine. 
He was a most exemplary man 
during life, and after death his 
Brethren regarded him as a saint. 

1807 — Maher, Major, a member of the 
Turtulla family, joined the 52d 
Regiment — Oxfordshire Light In- 
fantry— ^and was present at the 
battles of Corunna, Busaco, Fu- 
entes d'onor, Ciudad Rodrigo, 
Badajos, Salamanca, Vittoria 
Nivelles, Orthez, Toulon and 
Waterloo. He was a member of 
the Reform Club, and, as he was 
a good raconteur^ his company was 
much sought after. 

1 810— O'Meagher, J. B., left Ireland for 
Spain in the beginning of first 
Carlist war (1835), as an officer in 
the Legion formed to help the 
cause of Queen Isabella II. He 
went through the campaign under 
the General-in-Chief, the famous 
Espartero, in whose army the aux- 



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iliary forces of the Irish Legion 
had been incorporated. 

For his brilliant services he was 
created Knight of San Fernando, 
and Knight of San Carlos, and he 
likewise received especial praise 
from his immediate chief, Sir de 
Lacy Evans. He enjoyed the 
friendship of Espartero, and of 
Don Leopold O'Donnell, after- 
wards Duke of Tetuan, as well as 
that of many renowned Spanish 
Generals. When the war was over, 
he devoted his talents to literature, 
and contributed many articles, 
chiefly on Spanish topics, and 
Spain in general, to the London 
magazines and papers. Among 
these were some biographies of 
the most noteworthy Spanish com- 
manders, both Christinos and Car- 
lists, which at the time attracted 
much attention. Subsequently he 
was engaged as the " Times " cor- 
respondent at Madrid, which post 
he filled till 1856, when he was 
transferred in the same capacity 
to Paris. There he became well 
known in the journalistic and poli- 
tical world. In 1869 he was super- 
annuated and lived afterwards in 
retirement at Lachapaillet Bay- 
onne, where he died in 1880. 

Mr. O'Meagher was loved and re- 
spected by all that knew him and he 
had his full share of Irish wit hap- 
pily blended with Spanish ^racia. 

He married at San Sebastian 
Dona Enriqueta de Brumont, and 
had three children — Don Ernesto 
O'Meagher y Brumont, Doiia 
Enriqueta ni Meagher and Dona 
Adele ni Meagher. Don Ernesto 
was a pupil of Cardinal Newman 
during his Rectorate of the Catho- 
lic University of Ireland, and sub- 
sequently studied under the cele- 
brated Sir William Cubitt, C. E. 
He is a graduate in arts of the 
University of Paris and holds the 



diploma of Civil Engineer of the 
London University. 

Windele, in his history of Cork, 
worthies, says of Mr. O'Meagher : 
"The author of Zedekias, etc., was 
one of the same literary band as 
the two preceding" — Callanan and 
John A. Shea. "Like Mr. Shea, 
he tried his * prentice hand * in 
the local newspapers, until the as- 
surances of his friends informed 
him, he might come forth in a 
more ambitious form. His little 
volume was published in 1837, and 
was received more because of the 
promise it gave of better things 
than for any actual performance. 
Those acquainted with his writings 
have regretted that he did not 
persevere in the vocation of poesy; 
his strains breathe an unconquer- 
able love of universal liberty, and 
a strong ardour (odor?) of pat- 
riotism, much feeling and smooth 
and agreeable versification." 

Meagher, Daniel, Chamberlain 
and Treasurer of Cork City, was 
one of the most popular public 
men, of his day, in the South of 
Ireland. The Cork Examiner writ- 
ingof his career,said : Dan Meagher, 
another of the Cork celebrities, an- 
other of the workers and actors in 
the scenes of a past generation has 
closed his earthly career. To any 
one acquainted with the internal 
affairs of this city there has not 
been for the last fifty years a name 
more familiar than that of Dan 
Meagher. By occupation in early 
life a wine merchant of high 
standing, he plunged from the 
time of his manhood into the vor- 
tex of Irish politics, and held a 
leading position amongst those 
who in the South of Ireland joined 
in the struggle for Catholic Eman- 
cipation and Repeal of the Union. 
Indeed every movement in which 



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O'Connell was engaged found him 
a vigorous supporter and an effi- 
cient ally. In election times, es- 
pecially, he became a man of mark, 
his own warm enthusiasm render- 
ing him a general favorite with 
the people. Mr. Meagher was 
Treasurer of Cork City since the 
formation of the new Corporation. 

1813 — O'Meagher, Samuel and William, 
Barristers-at-Law, Dublin. 

1823 — Maher, Father William Joseph, 
S. J., born in Bristol, 30th March, 
1823, was educated at Stony hurst 
College; entered the Society at 
Hodder, 7th Sept., 1841, and was 
professed of the four vows, 15th 
August, 1843; took his degree of 
B. A. at the London University 
in 1846. After teaching and study- 
ing at Stonyhurst, he was sent 
in 1846 to the College of the 
English Province in Malta, where 
he spent four years as Pre- 
fect and Master; studied his the- 
ology at St. Buenos College, 
North Wales, and was ordained 
Priest in 1856. In the following 
year he was Minister at Mount St. 
Mary's College; in 1859 was a 
missioner in London, chiefly en- 
gaged in giving public and private 
missions and retreats; in 1868 he 
became Spiritual Father of Stony- 
hurst College; in 1869, Missioner 
at Liverpool; in 1872 returned to 
London, and died in Paris on his 
way to the shrine of our Lady of 
Lourdes, to seek her aid in his 
lingering and most distressing 
sickness, 19th July, 1877, aged 54. 
He was a man of varied talents 
and a Religious of great vir- 
tue, and one universally beloved 
and lamented, as was proved by 
the crowded congregation which 
attended his Requiem Mass, in the 
church of the Immaculate Con- 



ception, London, amongst whom 
but few dry eyes were to be 
found. 

Father Maher was an excellent 
musician, and composed several 
Masses and a volume of Benedic- 
tion Services and other music. 
He was for some years the Central 
Director in England of the Con- 
fraternity of the Apostleship of 
Prayer, and Editor of the monthly- 
serial connected with it — the Mes- 
senger of the Sacred Heart. 

Meagher, Thomas Francis, was born 
in the City of Waterford, Ireland, 
on the 3d of August, 1823. At the 
age of II years he was placed 
under the care of the Jesuits, at 
Clongoweswood, County Kildare, 
where he displayed studious tend- 
encies and oratorical talents. He 
was then sent to Stonyhurst 
College, in Lancashire, England, 
under the same order, and, after 
an elaborate course of general 
study, including classics, mathe- 
matics, history and literature, he 
completed his education in 1843. 
His first appearance in public life 
is thus described by Mr. D. B. 
Sullivan, M. P. : "Early in 1846, 
when the Repeal Association was 
still powerful, ere yet the country 
had ceased to throb to the magic 
of O'Connell's voice, a well fea- 
tured, graceful young gentleman 
rose on the crowded platform, in 
Conciliation Hall, towards whom 
the faces of the assembly turned 
in curiosity. Few of them had 
heard of his name ; not one of 
them — if the chairman, William 
Smith O'Brien, be excepted — had 
the faintest idea of the talents 
he possessed. He addressed the 
meeting on an ordinary topic, 
and at first, a seeming affectation of 
manner, a semi-Saxon drawl, and a 
total lack of suitable gesture, pro- 



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duced an unfavorable impression. 
He was boyish, conceited, and too 
fine a gentleman, the audience 
thought; but, warming with his 
subject, and casting off the re- 
straints that hampered his utter- 
ances at first, he poured forth a 
stream of genuine eloquence, vivi- 
fied by the happiest allusions, and 
enriched by imagery and quota- 
tions as beautiful as they were 
appropriate, he conquered all pre- 
judices and received the enthusi- 
astic applause of his audience. 
O'Brien complimented him warm- 
ly, and thus the orator of Young 
Ireland made his debut on the 
political platform. When the 
'peace resolutions* were intro- 
duced, Meagher found himself 
called on to subscribe to a doctrine 
which his soul abhorred, — that the 
use of arms was at all times un- 
justifiable and immoral, — and de- 
livered a speech on that occasion, 
which for brilliancy and lyrical 
grandeur has never been surpassed. 
Alluding to O'Connell he said : * I 
am not ungrateful to the man who 
struck the fetters from my limbs 
while I was yet a child, and by 
whose influence my father, the 
first Catholic that did so for two 
hundred years, sat for the last two 
years in the civic chair of my native 
city. But the same God who gave to 
that great man the power to strike 
down one odious ascendency, and 
enabled him to institute in this 
land the laws of religious equality 
— the same God gave to me a 
mind that is my own, a mind that 
has not been mortgaged to the 
opinion of any man or set of men, 
a mind that I was to use and not 

surrender There are 

times wjien arms alone will sufiice, 
and when political ameliorations 
call for *a drop of blood,* and for 
many thousand drops of blood. 



. . . The soldier is proof against 
an argument — but he is not proof 
against a bullet. ... It is the 
weaponed arm of the patriot that 
can alone prevail against battali- 
oned despotism. . . Then I do 
not condemn the use of arms as im- 
moral, nor do I conceive it profane 
to say that the King of Heaven — 
the Lord of Hosts ! the God of 
Battles — bestows his benediction 
upon those who unsheathe the 
sword in the hour of a nation's 
peril. From that evening on which, 
in the valley of Bethulia, He nerv- 
ed the arm of the Jewish girl to 
smite the drunken tyrant in his 
tent, down to this our day, in which 
He has blessed the insurgent chiv- 
alry of the Belgian priest. His 
almighty hand has ever been 
stretched forth, from His throne 
of light, to consecrate the flag of 
freedom — to bless the patriot*s 
sword ! Be it in the defence, or 
be it in the assertion of a people's 
liberty, I hail the sword as a sacred 
weapon ; and if it has sometimes 
taken the shape of the serpent, 
and reddened the shroud of the 
oppressor with too deep a dye, 
like the annointed rod of the High 
Priest, it has, at other times, and 
as often, blossomed into celestial 
flowers to deck the freeman's brow. 
"Abhor the sword — stigmatize 
the sword ? No, for in the passes of 
the Tyrol it cut to pieces the ban- 
ner of the Bavarian, and, through 
those cragged passes, struck a path 
to fame for the peasant insurrec- 
tionists of Innsbruck ! Abhor the 
sword — stigmatize the sword ? No, 
for at its blow a giant nation start- 
ed from the waters of the Atlantic, 
and by its redeeming magic, and 
in the quiverings of its crimsoned 
light, the crippled colony sprang 
into the attitude of a proud Re- 
public — prosperous, limitless, and 



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invincible ! Abhor the sword — 
stigmatize the sword? No, for it 
swept the Dutch marauders out of 
the fine old towns of Belgium — 
scourged them back to their own 
phlegmatic swamps — and knocked 
their flag and sceptre, their laws 
and bayonets, into the sluggish 
water of the Scheldt. 

" I learned that it was the right 
of a nation to govern itself, on the 
ramparts of Antwerp; I learned 
the first article of a nation's creed, 
upon those ramparts, where free- 
dom was justly estimated, and 
where the possession of the pre- 
cious gift was purchased by the 
effusion of generous blood. I 
honor the Belgians for their cour- 
age and their daring, and I will 
not stigmatize the means by which 
they have obtained a citizen King, 
a chamber of deputies," 

This was all he was allowed to 
say, for though the audience were 
electrified and applauded enthusi- 
astically, moral force resolutions 
were passed,and O'Brien, Meagher, 
Duffy, Reilly and Mitchel left the 
hall forever. Thenceforth " Mea- 
gher of the Sword," a designation 
typical of his leonine courage, an- 
cestral escutcheon, and a presage 
of his military career in the United 
States, became the virtual leader 
of " Young Ireland." In 1848 he 
was one of the three delegates ap- 
pointed to present an address of 
congratulation to the French Re- 
publican Government, and, in a 
speech delivered before his de- 
parture, he counselled his country- 
men to send a deputation to the 
Queen, asking her to convene the 
Irish Parliament in the Irish capi- 
tal. " If the claim be rejected, if 
the throne stand as a barrier be- 
tween the Irish people and the 
supreme right — then loyalty will 
be a crime and obedience to the 



executive will be treason to the 
country. . . If the Govern- 
ment of Ireland insist on being a 
government of dragoons and bom- 
bardiers, of detectives and light 
infantry, then, up with the barri- 
cades and invoke the God of Bat- 
tles! " 

After an abortive attempt to put 
up barricades in Tipperary, in con- 
junction with O'Brien and others, 
they were arrested, tried for trea- 
son in Clonmel and sentenced to 
be "hanged, drawn and quartered." 
This sentence was commuted to 
transportation for life. His speech 
in the dock has since become a uni- 
versal popular recitation. "I do 
not despair of my poor old countr)' 
— her peace, her liberty, her glory. 
For that country I can do no more 
than bid her hope. To lift this 
island up, to restore her native 
powers and her ancient constitu- 
tion — this has been my ambition, 
and this ambition has been my 
crime. Judged by the law of Eng- 
land, I know this crime entails 
upon me the penalty of death, but 
the history of Ireland explains that 
crime and justifies it. Judged by 
that history I am no criminal, and 
deserve no punishment: judged by 
that history, the treason of which 
I stand convicted loses all its guilt, 
has been sanctified as a duty, and 
will be ennobled as a sacrifice. To 
my country I offer as a pledge of 
the love I bore her, and of the sin- 
cerity with which I thought and 
spoke and struggled for her free- 
dom, the life of a young heart; 
and with that life, the hopes, the 
honors, the endearments, of a 
happy, a prosperous and honorable 
home. Proceed, then, with the 
sentence which the law directs — I 
am prepared to hear it — I trust 
I am prepared to meet its execu- 
tion. I shall go, I think, with a 



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light heart before a higher tribunal 
— a tribunal where a Judge of in- 
finite goodness, as well as infinite 
justice, will preside, and where 
many of the judgments of this . 
world will be reversed." 

On the 29th July, 1849, ^^ ^^s> 
with O'Brien, McManus, and O'- 
Danohue, sent to Tasmania, where 
he was alowed considerable liberty, 
and married a daughter of a gentle- 
man named Bennett who had been 
a '98 rebel. 

Early in 1852 he made his escape 
and landed in San Francisco, ar- 
riving in New York in the latter 
part of May. He was tendered a 
a public reception which he de- 
clined to accept, " because of his 
country remaining in sorrow and 
subjection," and " so many of his 
companions being still in confine- 
ment." He soon became a popu- 
lar lecturer, and in 1853 published 
a volume of his speeches on " The 
Legislative Independence of Ire- 
land." 

His wife died in Waterford, 1854, 
leaving a son, Thomas, Jr., now in 
San Francisco. 

In September, 1855, after pre- 
liminary study with Judge Emmet, 
he was admitted to the New York 
Bar, and shortly afterwards made 
a famous effort in the United States 
Court, in the case of Fabens and 
and other Nicaragua "filibusters." 
From this episode, doubtless, he 
conceived the idea of an expedi- 
tion to Central America, which he 
undertook with Don Ramon Paez, 
son of President Paez of Venezuela. 
As a result, he wrote " Holidays in 
Costa Rica " for Harper's Maga- 
zine, and made a report on the 
feasibility of a canal through the 
isthmus by way of Nicaragua. 

On the loth November, 1855, he 
was married to Elizabeth Town- 
send, a lady of high social stand- 



ing and more than ordinary mental 
endowments, combined with rare 
personal charms, unfaltering devo- 
tion, and profound religious con- 
victions. 

In 1856, he started the "Irish 
News," which, with assistance of 
John Savage and the Lalor broth- 
ers, was continued for several years. 

On the secession of the Southern 
States, in 1861, he threw himself 
with ardor into the contest for 
union and liberty. He raised a 
company of Zouaves for the 69th 
N. Y. Regt., and at Bull Run was 
acting Major with characteristic 
gallantry, having his horse shot 
and barely escaping death, wounds, 
or capture, amid the general dis- 
aster and disorder of that fateful 
day. He next organized the Irish 
Brigade, and was untiring in his 
support of the Union cause, by 
voice, pen and military service, at 
a time when treason was rampant 
in New York and other Northern 
States, and thousands were in 
doubt what course to follow. 
"Never," he declared, "never, I 
repeat it, was there a cause more 
sacred, nor one more great, nor 
one more urgent ; no cause more 
sacred, for it comprehends all that 
has been considered most desir- 
able, most valuable, most enob- 
ling to political society and hu- 
manity at large ; no cause more 
just, for it includes no scheme of 
conquest or subjugation, contem- 
plates no disfranchisement of the 
citizen, excluding the idea of pro- 
vincialism and inferiority." He 
delivered addresses in different 
parts of the country, urging his 
countrymen to rally under the 
federal flag and repay to their 
adopted country the debt they 
owed for a priceless citizenship. 

On the i8th November, i86i,he 
left New York for Washington 



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with the first regiment of the Irish 
Brigade and the others followed 
in rapid succession. In February 
1862, he was appointed Brigadier 
General, and in the Peninsular 
Campaign his brigade especially 
distinguished itself at Mechanics- 
ville, Fair Oaks, Peach Orchard and 
Malvern Hill, while reinforcing 
Keyes, Porter and Kearney in the 
nick of time; at Antietam where it 
sustained the hardest fighting in 
the "Sunk Road," of which Greely 
in his history writes of " Caldwell's 
and Meagher's steadiness and gal- 
lantry." An eye-witness thus de- 
describes its services at Fredericks- 
burg, Dec. 13, 1862: "To the Irish 
division commanded by General 
Meagher was principally commit- 
ted the desperate task of bursting 
out of the town, and forming under 
the withering fire of the Con- 
federate batteries, to attack Marye's 
Heights, towering immediately in 
the front. Never at Fontenoy, 
Albuera, or at Waterloo, was more 
undoubted courage displayed by 
the sons of Erin than during those 
six frantic dashes which they di- 
rected against the impregnable 
position of their foe. . . The 
bodies which lie in dense masses 
within forty yards of the muzzles 
of Colonel Walton's guns, are the 
best evidences of what manner 
of men they were." At Chancel- 
lorville Meagher and his brigade 
were also distinguished by hold- 
ing the broken line, steming the 
tide of retreat, and dragging 
into action a ba^ttery of artillery, 
when the horses and gunners were 
killed and wounded ; and finally 
bringing up the rear of the retreat- 
ing army, for the second time, as 
once before on the Peninsula. By 
this time the brigade was so re- 
duced in numbers that, failing to 
receive permission to recruit it, he 



resigned. He was shortly after- 
wards appointed to the command 
of the Etowah district, headquar- 
ters at Chattanooga, Tenn., with 
a force composed of infantry, ar- 
tillery in field and forts, and a 
regiment of cavalry, all amount- 
ing to a division. His district 
was overrun with guerillas, and he 
had to furnish supplies to divisions 
of the army through an unpro- 
tected country. On the conclusion 
of the war, he was appointed 
Secretary and Acting Governor 
of Montana, where he was again 
actively engaged in raising forces 
against the hostile Indians then 
on the warpath. While thus en- 
gaged, he retired to rest on the 
steamer Thompson at Fort Benton, 
on the Missouri River, where he 
wrote letters to his wife, then in 
Helena, to Harper's Magazine, in- 
closing an instalment of his "Rides 
in Montana," and others. He was 
suffering from a bowel complaint 
at the time, and in consequence 
had to make frequent visits to the 
office on deck. In one of these, 
having to pass a place unprotected 
by a guard-rail, he must have 
slipped or tripped over a coil 
of rope and fallen into the river, 
rapid, swollen and turbid after 
recent rains. A sudden splash, a 
faint and then a loud outcry, the 
hungry waters closed over him, 
and the rapid rolling current, run- 
ning ten miles an hour, swept away 
his lifeless corse, July 5th, 1867. 
The finished scholar, the genial 
friend, the matchless orator, the 
ardent patriot, the brave soldier, 
was no more, Thomas Francis 
Meagher was dead." (D. B. Sul- 
livan.) 

Every effort to recover his body, 
made by his devoted wife, officials 
and friends, was utterly fruitless. 
But a solemn requiem mass was 



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celebrated in St. Francis Xavier's 
Church, New York, under the di- 
rection of the surviving soldiers 
of the brigade, and was attended 
by representative citizens of all 
denominations. 

General Meagher received sev- 
eral valuable testimonials, on vari- 
ous occasions. At the dinner 
given him in the Astor House, 
New York, June 25, 1863, a mag- 
nificent gold medal was presented 
to him by the citizens of New 
York. It is about three inches in 
diameter; in the centre a Celtic 
Cross ; round the outside, and 
bound with wreaths of sham- 
rocks to the points of the cross, 
is a scroll of gold edged with 
enamel, and bearing the motto of 
the General's family, ^^ In periculis 
audacia et firmitas in coelo — Boldness 
in dangers and trust in Heaven j " 
behind this appear golden rays 
typifying the " Sunburst." A red, 
white and blue ribbon, edged with 
green, is attached with two pins 
and bars, the upper one bearing 
the words " Irish Brigade, U. S.," 
the lower one is formed of a bun- 
dle of Sgians and Sparths^ bound 
together by a wreath of laurel, 
which forms the loop for the 
ring of the medal. On the ribbon 
are twelve clasps, each bearing the 
name of one of the battles in 
which the Brigade was, thus far, 
engaged. On the reverse is the 
inscription — "To General Meagher 
from the Citizens of New York, 
June, 1863. 

The officers of the Brigade also 
presented him a splendid gold 
medal, depicting the Irish harp 
resting on American and Irish 
flags, surrounded by a wreath of 
shamrocks. The presentation was 
made at the residence of General 
Meagher, Fifth avenue. New York, 
by Colonel Nugent, in the pres- 



ence of several officers of the 
Brigade, and a number of dis- 
tinguished citizens. 

The hospitalities of the city 
were tendered by the Civic Coun- 
cil, through a committee headed 
by Mayor Opdyke, at the Astor 
House ; and, on that occasion, the 
"Kearny Cross," on which was 
the inscription — "To General Mea- 
gher, Kearny's friend and com- 
rade," was presented by Alderman 
Farley, in behalf of General Bir- 
ney, commanding Kearny's Divi- 
sion. These medals are now in 
the Museum of Arts, Central Park, 
New York, having been presented 
by Mrs. Meagher, with character- 
istic wisdom, for the public bene- 
fit. She also presented other rel- 
ics to the City of Waterford,where, 
on the ist of August, 1886, a very 
extraordinary demonstration oc- 
curred. The inhabitants, in a 
monster procession, headed by the 
Mayor and Civic Council, fol- 
lowed by Civic societies, and 
swelled by delegations from ad- 
jacent cities, towns and villages, 
numbering in all about 100,000, 
marched through the principal 
streets, under triumphal arches, 
the houses profusely decorated 
with evergreens, American and 
Irish flags, bands of music playing 
national airs, proceeded to the 
City Hall, where a portrait of 
General Meagher, in the uniform 
of a Major-General, painted by T. 
F. Gallagher, of New York, a 
native of Waterford, presented 
by him and other citizens of New 
York, with two swords presented 
by Mrs. Meagher, one given him 
by the officers of the Brigade, and 
the other, a valuable Revolution- 
ary relic, used by him at Fred- 
ericksburg and Chancellorsville ; 
the Brigade battle-flag with the 
motto — " Death if you will — vic- 
tory if God will, but no defeat 



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and no retreat," and a " sprig of 
green" similar to that worn in 
their caps by the soldiers of the 
Brigade at Fredericksburg, by 
which their dead bodies were 
recognized after the battle, as 
nearest to the enemy's works, 
were all duly unvailed amid re- 
peated outbursts of enthusiastic 
applause and universal rejoicing. 
To make room for the popular 
and patriotic presentation, the 
portraits of Kings William III. 
and of the Georges II. and III. had 
been removed, and in their places 
Meagher's portrait and relics were 
solemnly installed, beside the por- 
trait of his honored father. Never 
was such political and poetical 
retribution seen in Waterford ; 
the Irish rebel, convict, felon, 
fugitive, outlaw, had returned in 
triumph to his native city in the 
garb of an American general, ter- 
ritorial governor and republican 
citizen, and in one charge knocked 
out three royalties into the lumber 
room or the auction shop! The 
inspiration of the whole move- 
ment originated with the artist, 
an enthusiastic Nationalist, who 
was assisted by the veterans of 
the Brigade and other citizens of 
New York, more especially Mr. 
Ford of the Irish Worlds who or- 
ganized and equipped the delega- 
tion from New York. On the 
other side, the "Young Ireland 
Society" took the initiative, and 
they were powerfully assisted by 
the Mayor, Richard Power — late 
member of Parliament, and re- 
cently deceased — the Civic Coun- 
cil, Civic Societies and citizens of 
Waterford generally. The "Urbs 
Intacta"— ancient Cuan-Na-Grian, 
" Harbor of the Sun," covered it- 
self with a halo of glory that may 
never fade, until the " Sunburst " 
of Independence illumines the 
whole island. 



1802-16 — Meagher, William, Attorney, 
practising in Kings Bench Com- 
mon Pleas and Exchequer, Dublin. 

1813 — Meagher, Sarah, married to 
Thomas Lane Baker, Coroner and 
subsequently County Cess Collec- 
tor, Killenaule, County Tipperary. 
Her daughters were married to 
William Latham, of Fethard, 
Richard Griffith, of Killenaule, 
and Terence Alt, of Borrisokane. 

1 82 1 — Meagher, Jeremiah, was Vice Con- 
sul at Lisbon. His son, Rev. 
George A. Meagher, was pastor 
of Lansingburg, N. Y., United 
States, in 1885. 

182$ — O'Meagher, Dennis James, of 
Toureen, and Dennis Scully, 
(Author of Tracts on the Penal 
Laws), represented the Catholics 
of Tipperary in the struggle for 
emancipation. Mr. O'Meagher 
married Helen, daughter of Wil- 
liam Roche, of Limerick, belong- 
ing to the Fermoy family, its first 
Catholic representative in Parlia- 
ment, after the repeal of the Penal 
Laws. His children were Stephen, 
of Kilmoyler, William, Sarah, 
Maria and Anastasia. 

1831 — O'Meagher, Edward, of Marlhill, 
Tipperary, was married to his 
cousin Anastasia, of Toureen. 

1835— O'Meagher, Thady, of Marlhill, 
son of Edward, died unmarried in 
i860. He was a thorough gentle- 
man, by principle and education, 
but he was too fond of racing 
which eventually ruined him. 

1840 — O'Meagher, Stephen, of Kilmoy- 
ler, Justice of the Peace and 
Deputy Lieutenant for the county, 
was educated at Salamanca. He 
too was fond of horses, racing and 
hunting; proud, hospitable, gen- 
erous, and, of course, extravagant. 
He built a handsome chapel on 
his estate for the use of the family, 
domestics, tenants and immediate 
neighbors. 



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BIOGRAPHICAL NOTES. 



151 



1 841 — O'Meagher, Thomas, born in 
Fethard, son of Thomas M6r, was 
at the height of his fame, as a 
classical teacher, at this period. 
Both father and son were noted 
for their scholarly attainments, 
in the ancient classics, modern 
languages, and for rigid discipline, 
administering the "humanities" 
and rattan, in about equal 
proportions. The latter was ac- 
customed, during recitations, to 
march up and down the school- 
room, with hands and rattan be- 
hind his back, translating, ex- 
plaining, scanning, and frequent- 
ly emphasizing with the rod, les- 
sons from the various Greek and 
Latin authors, without the aid of 
book or memorandum — he knew 
them all "by heart." His only 
rival was Thomas Walsh who kept 
a similar school in Killenaule, six 
miles off, with whom he occasion- 
ally had a fierce contest, a regular 
" battle of the books." They were 
well matched in classical and 
modern languages, resounding 
rhetoric and vigorous vitupera- 
tion. 

These schools were unique in 
their way, and famed throughout 
the country, from every part of 
which " scholars " flocked, most 
of whom were preparing for the 
priesthood, the ministry, or other 
learned professions. They were 
boarded and lodged free in the 
villages, towns, and country ad- 
jacent, and many of them were 
afterwards distinguished in Car- 
low, Thurles, Maynooth, and Trin- 
ity, Colleges; the medical schools 
in Cork, Belfast, and Dublin; in 
the Sorbonne, Louvain, and 
Rome. 

1842 — O'Meagher, William, of Kilmoyler, 
was a barrister-at-law and prac- 
tised on the Leinster Circuit. His 
widow died in Dublin, June 1878. 



His sister Sarah was married 
t o Mr. Preston, o f Ballinter, 
County Meath, brother of Lord 
Gormanston. 

1846 — Maher, Mathias Aidan, of Ballin- 
keel, was born in 1846. He is 
Justice of the Peace and Deputy- 
Lieutenant for the County of 
Wexford, a keen sportsman and 
owner o f several celebrated 
steeple-chasers. 

1847 — Maher, John, Barrister-at-Law, 
was Clerk of the Crown for the 
County of Louth. 

Meagher, James, Queen's Counsel, 
Dublin, was a good lawyer in his 
day, eloquent and successful. 

1848 — Meagher, William, of Windgap, 
County Kilkenny, was deprived 
of a handsome pension conferred 
for distinguished service, because 
of his adhesion to the national 
cause. 

1 849 — Maher, William, Freshford, 
County Kilkenny, was Coroner of 
the County, at this period. 

1850 — Meagher, Francis, lawyer, prac- 
tised on the Leinster Circuit with 
distinction. He was a native of 
Nenagh. 

185 1 — Meagher, John Francis, born in 
Carrick-on-Suir; was arrested for 
Fenianism, February 21, 1866, 
when only fifteen years old. His 
father, Dennis Meagher, 63 years 
old, was arrested at the same 
time, and also his brother William 
Meagher, who died two years 
later in Mountjoy Prison. Since 
his liberation from prison, after a 
long and severe term, Mr. 
Meagher has devoted himself to 
literary pursuits, as Editor of the 
Water ford Celty Legends of Southern 
Ireland^ A History of Carrick-on- 
Suir^ etc. His father died Janu- 
ary I, 1879. 



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BIOGRAPHICAL NOTES. 



1852 — Meagher, Michael, of Monamore, 
Coroner for the North Riding of 
Tipperary. A devoted patriot and 
follower of O'Connell. 

O'Meagher, James, Lieutenant of 
Coast Guards, and his brother 
Charles lived at Crusheen, County 
Clare in 1852. 

1853— Meagher, Francis O'Carroll, of 
Ballinderry, near Borrisokane, 
County Tipperary, was the son of 
Francis Meagher, Q. C, of Dub- 
lin, a distinguished lawyer, by 
Kate, daughter of Thomas Ne- 
ville Bagot, of Bally more, County 
Gal way, born in 1853. His great 
grandfather was Colonel John 
Meagher, of Grange. His grand- 
father, Francis, was married to 
Elizabeth, daughter of Captain 
John Carroll, of Ballinderry. He 
died November 15, 1886, and was 
succeeded by his sister Ellen. 

1854 — Maher, Victor Julian, Lieutenant, 
French Army. 

Maher, Pierre Jean Baptiste, Chef 
d'escadron (Brevet Lieut.-Colonel) 
decor^, French army. 

1855 — Meagher, Right Hon. William, 
Lord Mayor of Dublin, January, 
1884, is a native of Ikerrin, and a 
prominent merchant of Dublin 
for a number of years. His pop- 
ularity and devotion to the public 
interests is evident from his of- 
ficial record, which includes nearly 
every position of honor, trust and 
responsibility, in the gift of his 
fellow citizens and countrymen 
outside. 

Elected Guardian of the North 
Dublin Union, 1855, and subse- 
quently chairman ; Town Coun- 
cillor, April, 1865 ; Alderman, 
November, 1877 ; Lord Mayor, 
January, 1884 ; Member of Parlia- 
ment for Royal Meath, February, 



1884. Is Alderman and Justice of 
the Peace ; Chairman of Public 
Health Committee, and of Public 
Libraries Committee ; Deputy 
Chairman of Water Works and 
Fire Brigade Committee. 

On retiring from the chair of 
the North Union, owing to ill- 
health, he received a most grate- 
ful testimonial from the board, 
signed by John Carolin, Chair- 
man, and Thomas H. Atkinson, 
Clerk of the Union. This address 
recorded his popularity with all 
creeds, classes and parties, devo- 
tion to public duties, wise and 
prudent counsel, economy, hu- 
manity, various and valuable ser- 
vices, fidelity to principles, cour- 
tesy and impartiality, care for the 
sick, poor, infirm and aged, con- 
sideration for tax - payers, and 
efforts to reform abuses in every 
department of the City Govern- 
ment. The address was artistic- 
ally illuminated and framed, and 
accompanied by a pair of bronze 
statuettes (after Foley) of Ed- 
mund Burke and Oliver Gold- 
smith. 

On April 17, 1884, he opened 
Tara street to the Swivel Bridge, 
and on the same occasion laid the 
foundation stone of the public 
baths and wash houses in Poolbeg 
street. 

1858— Maher, Valentine, M. D., Dublin. 

Maher, Valentine, Assistant Sur- 
geon in the Army, a graduate in 
medicine and surgery, Dublin 
and Edinburgh. 

1859 — Maher, P. J. B., Major, with dec- 
oration, in the French Army. 

Maher, V. J., Lieutenant. 

Maher, Marie Victor, Captain Com- 
mandant 2d Regiment des 
Sapeurs Mineurs. 



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Right Honorable WILLIAM MEAGHER, 

Lord Mayor of Dublin and Member of Parliament 

for Meath, 1884. 



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BIOGRAPHICAL NOTES 



153 



1861 — Maher, Nicholas, M. D., a gradu- 
ate in Medicine and Surgery, 
Dublin and Edinburgh. 

1866 — Maher, Newenham, M. D.. Queen's 
University, Ireland. 

1866— Maher, Nicholas, M. D., Wal- 
worth, Surrey, S. E. England. 

1869 — O'Meagher, Joanna, a native of 
Ballyluby, Tipperary, an active 
sympathizer with the Manchester 
Martyrs, and Kelly, Deasy, O'Mea- 
gher Condon, and other prisoners, 
died in Liverpool, June 22, 1869. 

1870 — Meagher, Joseph Stanislaus, M.D., 
London. 

1875 — Meagher, Henry, Major and Bre- 
vet Lieutenant - Colonel Water- 
ford Artillery, second son of the 
late Thomas Meagher, Mayor 
and Member of Parliament for 
Waterford, and brother of the 
late Gen'l T. F. Meagher. Col. 
Meagher was at one time a 
member of the Guardia Nobile to 
Pope Pius the Ninth, and High 
Sheriff of Waterford. He married 
Marian, daughter of Chas. Murphy, 
Esq., of Kilcairn House, County 
Meath, and has two promising 
sons and one daughter. 

1877 — Maher, Very Rev. Dr., resigned 
the Vice-Rectorship of the Irish 
College, Rome, to become secre- 
tory to his uncle. Cardinal Cullen, 
Archbishop of Dublin. 

1879 — Meagher, Dennis, died at Carrick- 
on-Suir, on New Year's Day, aged 
76. In 1865 ^^ suffered imprison- 
ment, and his sons William and 
John F. were arrested, with Serg- 
eant McCarthy and comrades, 
Feb. 2, 1866. William died of 
reputed cholera, aged 15, on the 
23d Dec. of the above year, his 
younger brother John, aged 14, 
being liberated, after a long and 



severe incarceration in Mountjoy 
Prison. For the past twenty 
years the Meaghers identified 
themselves with the advanced 
national movement, risking life 
and property for what they con- 
sidered the best means of serving 
Ireland. 

1882 — O'Meagher, Joseph Thaddeus, 
of Philipstown Manor, Co. Car- 
low, married Alicia, daughter of 
Don Juan Brett, Captain of Gren- 
adiers in the Regiment of Hiber- 
nia, and Brevet Colonel in the 
Spanish Service, died in 1882. 

1882— Meagher, E. P., M. D., Medical 
officer of the Union, died in Tem- 
plemore, of fever contracted from 
a poor patient. 

1882 — Maher, Francis E., of the Munster 
Bank, Kenmare, elected a member 
of London Institute of Bankers. 

1884 — Maher, J., passed a successful ex- 
amination for Surgeon, Army 
Medical Service, London. 

1884 — Maher, Valentine J., M. D., died 
December 2 2d, formerly of the 
41st and 99th Regiments, son of 
the late William Maher, M. D., 
Thurles. 

1889 — Meagher, John, J. P., Bath-hurst, 
Sidney, Australia, and 

O'Meagher, Patrick, of Auckland, 
New Zealand, both fervent na- 
tionalists, and staunch defenders 
of Faith and Fatherland. 



MISCELLANEOUS NOTES. 

1 850-1 890 — Maher, Patrick, Clounstown, 
Co. Meath, extensive land owner. 

Maher, James, Clomoney House, 
Borris, Co. Carlow, land owner. 

Maher, James, Rosetown, Co. Meath, 
land owner. 



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154 



BIOGRAPHICAL NOTES. 



Maher, Patrick, Tyrrellstown, Co. 

Dublin. 
Maher, William, Rathcairn, Meath. 
Maher, James, Enfield House, Kildare. 

Maher, Michael and Thomas, Solici- 
tors, Birmingham, England. 

Maher, William T., Kylemore, Gal- 
way. 

Maher, Henry, Ivy Lodge, Callan, 
Co. Kilkenny. 

Maher, John, SHebawn, Wexford. 

Maher, J. De Pentony, Enniscorthy, 
Wexford. 

Maher, G. M., Captain 7th Dragoon 
Guards, Enniscorthy, Wexford. 

Maher, Daniel Dudley Valentine, 
Captain 8th Hussars. 

Maher, Martin, retired lieutenant, on 
half pay. 

Maher, Charles Lennox, Lieutenant 
R. N. 

Maher, Rev. James, D. D., Vice-Rec- 
tor, Irish College, Rome, nephew 
of Cardinal Cullen,grandnephew 
of Father James Maher, Carlow- 
Graigue, and cousin of Cardinal 
Moran. 

Maher, William, Inland Revenue, 
Isle of Wight. 

Maher, Matthew, of the Munster 
Bank, Kenmare. 

Maher, M., Harbor Master, Arklow, 
County Wicklow. 

Maher, Patrick, J. P., Ballyellen 
House, Kilkenny. 

Maher, Louis I. Rue Jeanne Hach- 
ette, Beauvais, France. 

Maher, John F., Ballymackin, Queens 
County. 

Maher, James, Rev., London. 

Meagher, Stephen, Merchant, Dor- 
chester, England. 

Meagher, Henry, Tulloghea, Carrick- 
on-Suir. 

Meagher, Patrick, Alderman City of 
Kilkenny. 



Meagher, Rev.J. S. J., Middleborough, 

Yorkshire, England. 
Meagher, Richard, Monamore, Tip- 

perary. 
Meagher, William, Bawnmadrum, 

Tipperary. 
Meagher, P. S., Sarsfield Terrace, 

Limerick. 
Meagher, Dennis, Castletown, Queens 

County. 
Meagher, Rev. Martin, Edinburgh, 

Scotland. 
Meagher, James C, Lieutenant R. N. 

Meagher, Henry, of Kilbury, Tipper- 
ary, son of Robert, an extensive 
farmer. 

Meagher, Henry, of Cloneen, Tipper- 
ary, an extensive farmer. 

Meagher, Cornelius, Liverpool. 

Meagher, Michael, Merchant, Cork, 
Ireland. 

Maher, R. J., Merchant, Dublin, Ire- 
land. 

Maher, P., Kilrush, Kildare. 

Maher, William, Clarinda Park, 
Kingstown, Ireland. 

Maher, Thos. R., Dublin. 

Meagher, William, Mitchelstown, Co. 
Cork. 

Maher, J., Ballyhenry, Tipperary. 

Maher, E., Killeny, Mounthrath, 
Queens County. 

Maher, Thomas, J. P., Moyvoughly, 
Co. Westmeath. 

Meagher, Charles, Killarney, Kerry. 

Meagher, P. K., Kingsland, Co. Kil- 
kenny. 

Maher, James, Knockroe, Tipperary. 

Meagher, John R., Dublin. 

Meagher, T. F., Kingstown. 

O'Meagher, William, Custom Office, 
Hobartown, Tasmania. 

Maher, Daniel, Thurles, Agent for 
Mr. Nicholas Maher, Turtulla. 

Maher, Dennis, his brother, emigra- 
ted to America. 



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BIOGRAPHICAL NOTES. 



155 



CLERGYMEN IN IRELAND, ETC. 
1889 — Maher, Charles, Dublin. 
Maher, Cornelius, Limerick. 
Maher, C. F., Clonmel. 
Maher, Daniel, Clonegall, Carlow. 
Maher, Edward, Waterford. 
Maher, John, Parish Priest, Roscrea. 
Maher, John, Parish Priest, Kilglas, 

Kildare. 
Maher, J., Phibbsboro', Dublin. 
Maher, J., Rosenallis, Kildare. 
Maher, J., Stradbally, Queen's Co. 
Maher, Martin, S. J.. Dublin. 
Maher, Martin, Rosenallis, Kildare. 
Maher, P. J. C, Dublin. 
Maher, Thomas, Newport, Tippe- 

rary. 
Maher, T., Dundalk. 
Maher, William, Parish Priest, Dun- 

kerron, Tipperary. 
Maher, William, Clonmel. 
Meagher, Edmund, Parish Priest, 

KilUloe. 
Meagher, Patrick, Parish Priest, 

Borrisoleigh, Tipperary. 
Meagher, R., Loughrea. 
Meagher, William, Canon and Parish 

Priest, Templemore, Tipperary. 
Meagher, Martin, Canon and Parish 

Priest, Portobello, Scotland. 
Maher, James, London, England. 
Meagher, J., S. J., Middleborough, 

Yorkshire. 



CLERGYMEN IN AUSTRALIA. 

1890— Rev. P. Meagher, P. P. (Mait), 

Newcastle, N. S. W. 
Rev. M. Meagher, P. P. (Goulb), 

Crookwell, N. S. W. 
Rev. M. Maher, P. P. (Adel), Nar- 

racourte, S. A. 
Rev. James Maher, P. P. (Adel), 

Pekina, S. A. 



1891 — Rev. Edmund Hogan, S.J., the 
distinguished historian, has lately 
discovered that the notorious 
M i 1 e r McGragh, Bishop o f 
Clogher, Waterford, Killala, and 
Achonry, and Archbishop of 
Cashel, an apostate Franciscan 
friar, was married according to 
English law to Nanny O'Meagher, 
by whom he had four- sons and 
four daughters, whom she brought 
up Catholics, and, on his death 
bed, she got him to recant. Miler 
was born about 1522, and died 
in December, 1622. 

In a note to his work ^^ Ireland in 
iS9^y* quoting from Cotton's Fasti^ 
it is recorded that " he married 
Anny, daughter of O'Meara of 
Lisany Co. Tipperary, and had 
issue — Turlogh, Redmond, 
Bryan, Mark, Mary, Cicely, Anne 
and Eliza. His sons, or at least 
some of them, relapsed to Popery." 
Similarity of names may have 
caused the discrepancy. 



THE ACT OF UNION. 



1799-1800 — This measure was vehe- 
mently opposed by a majority of 
the leading men of Clan-Meagher, 
a few only, who were allied by 
family or other ties to the nobility 
and gentry, favoring the Union. 
The leading men at this period 



were : John Maher, Freshford ; 
John Maher, of Nicholstown, Co. 
Kilkenny ; the Meaghers of Clon- 
burr. Queens Co.; Dr. Pierce 
Meagher, Cashel ; Nicholas 
Maher, Thurles ; Gilbert Meagher, 
Loughmoe ; Edmond Meagher, of 



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156 



THE ACT OF UNION. 



C 1 o n m e 1 ; William Meagher, 
Thurles ; Daniel Meagher, Tul- 
low mac James, Thomas Meagher 
and Richard Meagher, M. D., 
Waterford ; Samuel and William 
O ' Meagher, Francis Meagher, 
Thadeus O'Meagher, Dublin; 
John O'Meagher, Fethard ; John 
Maher, Tullamaine Castle ; Pat- 
rick Meagher, Slanestown Castle ; 
James Meagher, Coolquill Castle; 
the Meaghers of Cloneen and Kil- 
bury ; John and Nicholas Mea- 
gher, Ballymorris; William O'- 



Meagher, Tourine ; Denis O'- 
Meagher, Kilmoyler ; Edward O'- 
Meagher, Marlhill ; Francis O'- 
Meagher, Bansha; Thomas O'- 
Meagher, M. D., Tipperary ; Mea- 
gher of Snugboro, Co. Limerick ; 
O'Meaghers of Clonyne and Clo- 
nakenny, of Roscrea and Temple 
More, of Templetouhy and Barn- 
an ; Brian O'Meagher, of Dran- 
gan ; the Meaghers of Kilkenny 
and Callan ; Mahers of Carlow 
and Meath, etc. 



EMANCIPATION. 



1828-9 — The clan was well represented 
throughout this struggle, nearly 
all of the foregoing supporting 
O'Connell up to the last moment, 
when success crowned his efforts. 
This success was due not alone to 
the justice of the claim but to the 
unanimity of the people, and the 
generous assistance of their Prot- 
estant fellow-countrymen, especi- 
ally the great Duke of Wellington 
and his brother Marquis Welles- 
ley. 

1828, August 12. — A requisition to call 
a Munster provincial meeting to 
consider a plan to forward the 
claims of Irish Catholics to civil 
and religious liberty, signed by 
Stephen O'Meagher, Kilmoyler. 
John Maher, Tullamain. 

1828, August 25 and 26. — At an aggre- 
gate meeting of the Catholics of 
Munster, held in the New Chapel, 
Clonmel, pursuant to public re- 
quisition, William Roche, of Lim- 
erick, moved and Stephen O'- 
Meagher, of Kilmoyler, seconded 
a resolution that if Daniel O'Con- 
nell, when thus elected by almost 
the unanimous and unbought 



suffrages of a great county and 
by the voice of Ireland, be not 
permitted to exercise in behalf of 
his neglected country the high 
functions and holy trust thus 
delegated to him, we will con- 
sider ourselves unrepresented in 
the British Parliament, and bound 
to redouble our exertions to 
control the illegal abuses of 
power. * 

1828, November. — William O'Meagher, 
of Bleakfield, Borris - in -Ossory, 
Queens County, signed the Loyal 
Protestant Declaration in favor of 
Emancipation. 

1829, January. — John Maher, of Bellevue 

Waterford, and Charles James 
Maher signed a requisition to hold 
a meeting at the Rotunda, Dub- 
lin, to consider the resolution of 
69 Peers and the Loyal Protest- 
ant Declaration in favor of Eman- 
cipation. 
Later on a meeting was held in the 

♦Alluding to the efforts of the electors 
of Clare, " considered the noblest exercise of 
the Elective Franchise, and the greatest 
offering that has yet been made to the Free- 
dom of our Country." 



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EMANCIPA TION, 



157 



Chapel of Tipperary, presided 
over by the Rev. Dr. Patrick 
Meagher, P. P., to favor a petition 
for total and unqualified Emanci- 
pation. 

1829, February. — Nicholas Maher and 
John Maher signed a requisition 



to convene an aggregate meeting 
in the Corn Exchange, Dublin, of 
the friends of Civil and Religious 
liberty, to adopt the most ad- 
visable plan to carry into effect 
adequate measures, and to pay 
Daniel O'Connell, M. P., a tribute 
worthy of the nation and the man. 



AMERICAN NOTES. 



The number of Meaghers in the United 
States and Canada is estimated to be 
about 7,000, judging from state, city, and 
town directories. They appear in all 
the avocations of civilized life — farmers, 
mechanics, laborers, merchants, store- 
keepers, traders, miners, brokers, bank- 
ers, contractors, teachers, clerks, clergy- 
men physicians, lawyers, few sporting 
men, and very few politicians or idlers. 
The name appears in the Army and 
Navy of the United States, from the 
war of the Revolution to the present 
day. And during the late war, about 
1,500 are estimated to have served in 
both arms of the service. 



War of the Revolution. 

1777 — Patrick Maher, of Middletown, 
Ct., served in Captain Bernard's 
Company, 3d Regiment of " The 
Connecticut Line," from January, 

1777, to the end of the war. He 
was in the fight at Danbury, 
April 26th ; in Camp at Peekskill, 
N. Y., in May ; served in Parsons' 
First Brigade, under Putnam, 
along the Hudson, until January, 

1778, when the Brigade took post 
at West Point, and later began the 
construction of permanent works 
there ; in the Summer of 1778, en- 
camped at White Plains, N. Y., 
with Washington's main army ; 
wintered, ' 78-9, at Redding; dur- 
ing operations of '79 served in 



General Heath's wing, on east 
side of Hudson; wintered '79-80 
at Morristown, N. J., and served 
on the outposts with the main 
army, on the Hudson, in 1780. 
When the regiment was reorganiz- 
ed, he was transferred to the 
Invalid Corps, Nov. ist, 1780. 

James Maher, of Hartford, served in 
in the same regiment, engage- 
ments, operations and campaigns, 
from February 3d, 1777, to March 
29, 1781. 

1812-13 — Maher, Burr, served in Captain 
Comstock's Company of the Conn. 
State Militia at Hartford. 
Maher, Joseph, served in Captain 
Augustine Lathrop's Company, at 
New London, from June ist, 1813. 



War of the Rebellion. 
1861-5 — Maher Patrick and John, served 

in unassigned independent 

Companies. 
1865— Maher, Thomas, enlisted at New 

London for 3d U. S. Artillery ; 

discharged on term, January, 

1868. 
1 861 — Maher John, of Derby, 9th Conn. 

Infantry, Nov. 10, 1861, died 

August 14, 1862. 
Maher, John, of East Windsor, 9th 

Regt., Conn. Infantry, November 

9, 1861, died Oct. 21, 1862. 



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AMERICAN NOTES. 



1855- 



Maher, John, of New Haven, nth 
Conn. Infantry, October 22, 1861; 
wounded at Antietam, Md., 
September 17, 1862; discharged 
for disability, Dec. 30, 1862. 

1864 — Maher, John, of New Haven, 15th 
Infantry, wounded and captured 
at Kinston, N. C, March 8, 1865; 
transferred to 7th Infantry, April 
3d, 1865; mustered out on term. 

1862-3 — Maher, Patrick, of New Haven, 
commissioned Major 24th In- 
fantry, October 3d, 1862; muster- 
ed out September 30, 1863. Major 
Maher had been in the State 
Military Service since 1852. He 
was First Lieutenant of the Wash- 
ington Erina Guards, until they 
were disbanded by Governor 
Minor, during " Know Nothing " 
times, in 1855. He then helped to 
organize the Emmet Guards in 
1857. This was a splendid organ- 
ization, hospitably entertained by 
the 69th N. Y. N. G., Colonel 
Corcoran commanding, and en- 
tertained them in turn. The 
Emmet Guards recruited three 
full Companies for the war and 
furnished a full line of brigade 
officers. Colonel Cahill of the 9th 
Regt., was its first Captain, and 
Captain Maher, the second. Two of 
the companies were transferred to 
the 9th Regt., and one to the 24th 
Infantry. Though engaged in a 
prospering business and newly 
married. Captain Maher, already 
serving his State at home, resolved 
to go to the front, and at once rais- 
ed a Company at his own expense, 
at a time when state finances were ^ ^ — 
at a low ebb. He wa^ appointed 
Major; served in Louisiana in the 
years 1862-3; ^^ was in action at 
Irish Bend, supporting a battery, 
and subsequently participated in 
the Siege of Port Hudson, from 
May 23d to July 8th, when the 



fort surrendered ; and on July nth 
was ordered to Donaldsonville, 
where the enemy was in force, 
for the pupose of cutting off the 
Union supplies by burning steam- 
boats and transports; commanded 
the regiment during the illness of 
the Colonel and Lieutenant- 
Colonel ; served without a day's 
absence to the end of the regi- 
ment's term of service. 

Maher, John, brother of Major 
Maher, was Captain Co. D 2d 
Regt. National Guard, but Gov- 
ernor Minor disbanded the Com- 
pany in 1855. He was elected to 
the Common Council of New 
Haven, in 1857, and held office 
for a long term, and subsequently 
a Selectman. He is now a merchant 
of Chicago. 

1 864— Maher, Timothy, of Goshen, 2d 
Regiment Conn. Heavy Artillery, 
Jan. 2d., promoted July 20, 1865. 

1861 — Maher, William, of Derby, First 
Heavy Art. Discharged for 
disability. 



1864- 
1862- 

1864—: 



1863— 



-Maher, James, of Milford, 9th 
Conn. Infantry. 

-Maher, James, of Middletown, 
14th Regt.Conn. Infantry; wound- 
ed at Fredericksburg, Va., Dec. 
13, 1862; discharged for disability, 
March 17, 1863. 

Maher, John, of Chatham, First 
Conn. H. Artillery; promoted, 
May 10, 1864; mustered out 
September 25th, 1865. 

■Maher, John, of Lyme, 5th Conn. 
Infantry; captured, Feb. 28, 1865, 
at Liberty Hill, S. C. Paroled and 
in parole camp May 11, 1865. 

■Maher, John, of Branford, 
7th Conn. Infantry; transferred to 
15th Regt; and mustered out 
Julv 20, 1865. 



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1864 — Meagher, John, of New Haven, 
served in the U. S. Navy, 1864-5. 

1862 — Maher, William, of Sunbury, Co. 
E, 25th Conn. Infantry; wounded 
April 14, 1863, at Irish Bend, La; 
mustered out, August 26, 1863; 
reenlisted in First Regt. Artillery, 
Dec. 8, 1863; killed at Petersburg, 
Va., January 16, 1865. 

1863 — Meagher, Alexander, of Meriden, 
First Conn. Artillery, August 29, 
1863; discharged July 27, 1865. 

1 861 — Meagher, Daniel, of Canton, Co. 
B, Second Conn. Infantry, served 
full term. 

1863 — Maher, Dennis, of Ridgefield, 
served in i6th Conn. Infantry, 
from Oct 21, 1863, to end of term, 
August 21, 1865. 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEERS. 

Marr, Michael, Salem ; 4th Battery, Light 
Artillery. 

Meagher, Thomas F., Boston; 6th 
Battery, Light Artillery. 

Marr, William, Chelmsford; 7th Battery, 
Light Artillery 

Marr, James, Stoneham; 2d Heavy 
Artillery. 

Marr, Francis, Stoneham; 2d Heavy 
Artillery. 

Meagher, Richard, Webster; 3d Heavy 
Artillery. 

Meagher, James F., 4th Heavy Artillery. 

Maher, James, Pittsfield; Co. K, ist 
Cavalry. 

Maher, Philip, Abington; Co. I, 2d 
Cavalry. 

Marr, Frederick, Co. K, 3d Cavalry. 

Marr, Reuben, Co. F, 4th Cavalry. 

Meagher, Thomas, C, ist Infantry. 

William, G, " " 



Meagher, William, D, " 
Marr, James, Lowell; C, 6th Infantry. 
Marr, William, Lowell; C, 6th Infantry. 
Maher, James, Lowell; A, 6th Infantry. 

Maher, Edward, Newburyport; A, 8th 

Infantry. 
Maher, Jeremiah, E, 9th Infantry. 

O'Meagher, Patrick, F, 9th Infantry. 
Killed at Gaine's Mills, Va., June 
27, 1862; from Providence, R. I. A 
brave warm hearted and loyal 
soldier ; God rest his soul. 

Magher, Jeremiah, Co. E, 9th Infantry. 

Maher, Samuel, G, nth Infantry. 

Meagher, Francis P., I, nth Infantry. 

Maher, Dennis, F, 13th Infantry. 

Maher, Patrick, J, 15th Infantry. 

Meagher, Dennis, A, i6th Infantry. 
Killed Aug. 29, 1862, at Manasses,Va. 

Meagher, Dennis, (No. 2) E, i6th 

Infantry. 
Maher, William, E, 17th Infantry. 
Meagher, Patrick, B, i8th Infantry. 

" Richard, C, 19th " 

Maher, Thomas, E, 19th Infantry. 

" Dennis, B, 21st " 

" " C, 2 ist " 

" Thomas, C, 22d " 
Meagher, Mathew, C, 22d Infantry. 
Maher, Philip, G, 2 2d Infantry. 
Meagher, John, I, 26th Infantry. 

" John, (2d) I, 26th Infantry. 

Maher, James, G, 27th Infantry. 

" James, (2d) G, 27th Infantry. 

Maher, John, ist Lieut. 28th Mass. 

Volunteers. 
Maher, John, B, 28th Mass. Volunteers. 

Maher, Michael, C, 38th Mass. 
Volunteers. 



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AMERICAN NOTES, 



Meagher, John F., H, 28th Mass. 
Volunteers, died of wounds, at 
Washington, D. C. 

Maher, John, K, 28th Infantry. 

Meagher, Francis, K, 28th Infantry. 

Marr, Chas. A., A, 30th Infantry. 

Meagher, Luke, A, 30th Infantry. 

Meagher, Joseph, I, 30th Infantry. 

Maher, James, I, 30th Infantry. 

Maher, Stephen, I, 30th Infantry. 

Maher, Chas., E, 30th Infantry. 

Marr, Samuel, D, 33d Infantry. 

Marr, Geo., F, Co., 33d Infantry. 

Maher, Michael, H, 34th Infantry. 

Maher, William, Boston; B, 43d Infantry. 

Meagher, Mathew, Boston; A, 44th 
Infantry. Killed at Whitehall, N. 
C, Dec. 16, 1862. 

Meaher, Michael, Chicopee; D, 46th 
Infantry. 

Meagher, Thomas F., Worcester; I, 50th 
Infantry. 

Maher, Martin, Oxford; G, 51st Infantry 

" Martin, A, 57th Infantry. 

" Samuel, A, 58th, died at Fred- 
ericksburgh in 1864. 

Maher, Christopher, C, 58th, died in 
hospital. 

Maher, Edward, C, 58th, killed in battle. 

Maher, Mathew, C, 58th, died of wounds 
on June 3, 1864. 

Maher, Roger, K, 59th Infantry. 

Maher, J. W., E, 61st 

Maher, James, Veteran Reserves, 
Taunton. 

Maher, James, Veteran Reserves, Boston. 

Maher, John, " " Woburn. 

Meagher, Thomas, Veteran Reserves, 
Boston. 



Magher, James, 4th U. S. Artillery, 
Buckland. 

Maher, Thomas, ist U. S. Artillery, 
Charlestown. 

O'Maher, James, General Service. 

Marr, Michael, Salem ; 13th Mass. Co., 
unattached. 

Maher, James, transferred to 4th U. S. 
Artillery. 



NEW YORK VOLUNTEERS. 
Owen Maher, G, ist N. Y. Volunteers. 
John " " nth " 

James " F, 12th " 

Henry " I, 14th " 

William Maher, B, 15th N. Y. Volunteers. 
Thomas Maher, B, 15th N. Y. " 
Jeremiah Maher, E, 1 8th N. Y. " 
John Maher, Drum. i8th N. Y, " 

" " H, 26th 

Michael Meagher, I, 31st 
Peter Maher, C, 32d, 
John " D, " 
James ** G, " 
Michael Maher, I, 33d 




William O'Meagher, Surgeon, 37th and 
69th N. Y. Volunteers, Surgeon-in- 
Chief Berry's Brigade, Kearney's 
Division ; Surgeon-in-Chief 
Meagher's Brigade, Hancock's Di- 
vision. 

Thomas Meagher, B, 37th N. Y. Vols. 



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161 



John Maher, H, 40th N. Y. Volunteers. 

John Meagher, A, 42d " " 

John Maher, D, 42d N. Y. 

Dennis Maher, G, 42d N. Y. " 

William Maher, G, 42d " " 

John Meagher, C, 43d N. Y. Volunteers. 

William Meagher, E, 43d N. Y. Vol- 
unteers, Canajoharie. 

John Maher, 43d N. Y. Volunteers, 
Albany. 

Thomas Maher, H, 49th, Medina, New 
York. 

Mathew Meagher, D, 51st, Dobbs Ferry. 

Michael Maher, K, 53d, New York. 

Dennis Maher, K, 53d, Poughkeepsie. 

Mathew Maher, B, SSth, New York. 

Edward Magher, G, 59th, New York. 

John Magher, J, 59th, New York. 

Philip Maher, E, 60th, Ogdensburg. 

Peter Maher, E, 60th, Malone. 

Morris Maher, B, 62d, New York. 

Daniel H. Maher, Captain, 63d, New 
York. 

Patrick Maher, ist Lieutenant, 63d, New 
York; killed in actioii. 

Jeremiah Meagher, 2d Lieutenant, 63d, 
New York. 

Jeremiah Maher, E, 63d, New York. 

Patrick Maher, C, 65th, New York. 

Laurence Maher, H, 66th, New York. 

Owen Maher, I, 66th, New York. 

John Maher, E, 67th, Brooklyn. 

John Maher, K, 73d, New York. 

Thomas Maher, G, 82d, New York. 

Garrett Maher F, 86th N. Y. Vols.. 
Corning. 

James Maher, K, 87th N. Y. Vols., 
Brooklyn, E. 




John Meagher, A, 69th, New York. 

Louis Maher, C, 69th, New York. 

Michael Maher, E, 69th, New York. 

Patrick Maher, F, 69th, New York. 

Thomas Maher, H, 69th, New York. 

James Meagher, I, 69th, New York. 

Thomas F. Meagher, Captain, Co. K, 
69th New York. 

James Meagher, K, 69th New York. 

James F. Meagher, K, 82d, New York. 

Patrick Maher, B, 88th, N. Y. Vols., 
New York. 

Owen Meagher, H, 88th N. Y. Vols., 
New York. 

William Maher, K, 88th N. Y. Vols., 
New York. 

John Maher, D, 95th N. Y. Vols., 
New York. 

Francis Meagher, I, 98th N. Y. Vols., 
Canandaigua. 

Thomas Maher, H, 99th N. Y Vols., 
Canandaigua. 

Patrick Maher, A, io2d N. Y. Vols., 
New York. 

Michael Maher, H, io6th N. Y. Vols., 
Malone. 

Thomas Maher, B, 107th, N. Y. Vols., 
Elmira. 

John Maher, K, io8th N. Y. Vols., 
Rochester. 



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AMERICAN NOTES, 



John Maher, K, 113d N. Y. Vols. 
Albany. 

C. W. Mehar, G, i22d N. Y. Vols. 
Elbridge. 

Con. Mahare, G, 12 2d N. Y. Vols. 
Elbridge. 

William Mahar, H, i22d N. Y. Vols. 
Camillus. 

Edward Maher, K, 131st N. Y. Vols. 
New York. 

Jeremiah Maher, B, i32d N. Y. Vols. 
New York. 

Michael Maher, G, i32d N. Y. Vols. 
New York. 

Patrick Magher, H, 135th N. Y. Vols. 
Morrisania. 

William Mahar, G, 139th N. Y. Vols. 
Binghamton. 

John Meagher, G, 139th N. Y. Vols. 
Brooklyn. 

Michael J. Maher, F, 140th N. Y. Vols. 
Rochester. 

James Maher, I, 141st N. Y. Vols. 
Elmira. 

Charles Maher, D, i42d N. Y. Vols. 
Malone. 

Peter Maher, F, i42d N. Y. Vols. 
Dickenson. 

John Maher, C, 145th N. Y. Vols. 
New York. 

William Maher, D, 145 N. Y. Vols. 
New York. 

Martin Meagher, C, 149th N. Y. Vols. 
Syracuse. 

Thomas Maher, B, 151st N. Y. Vols. 
Lockport. 

Henry Marr, I, i52d N. Y. Vols. 
Hartwick. 

William Meagher, C, 155th N. Y. Vols. 
New York. 

Edward Meagher, F, 155th N. Y. Vols. 
New York. 



John Magher, G, 155th, N. Y. Vols. 
Brooklyn. 

William Maher, H, iS5th N. Y. Vols., 
New York. 

Patrick Marr, I, 155th N. Y. Vols., 
Buffalo. 

James Mahar, K, 155th N. Y. Vols., 
Buffalo. 

James A. Mar, E, 158th N. Y. Vols., 
Brooklyn. 

Sergeant Jeremiah Maher, B, i6oth N. 
Y. Vols., Macedon. 

Daniel Maher, B, i6oth N. Y. Vols., 
Farmington. 

Corporal James Maher, C, i6ist N. Y. 
Vols., Elmira. 

Owen Maher, B, i62d N. Y. Vols., 
New York. 

James Meagher, B, 164th N. Y. Vols. 
Summerset. 

Patrick Meagher, B, 164th N. Y. Vols., 
Summerset. 

William Meagher, B, 164th N. Y. Vols., 
Ridgeway. 

Thomas Meagher, B, T64th N. Y. Vols., 
Newlane. 

John Magher, E, 164th N. Y. Vols., 
New York. 

John F. Maher, K, 164th N. Y. Vols., 
Brooklyn. 

Thomas F. Maher, B, 164th N. Y. Vols., 
New York. 

Patrick Meagher, I, i68th N. Y. Vols., 
Newburg. 

Mathias Meagher, I, 169th N. Y. Vols., 
Troy. 

Gabriel E. Maher, D, 170th N. Y. Vols., 
New York. 

Daniel Maher, F. 170th N. Y. Vols., 
New York. 

Michael Maher, H, 170th N. Y. Vols., 
New York. 



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Michael Maher, B, 174th N. Y. Vols., John Maher, K, 69th N. Y. 
New York. New York. 

Owen Mahar, B, 175th N. Y. Vols., 

Albany. NEW JERSEY VOLUNTEERS. 

Jeremiah Meagher, B, 175th N.Y. Vols., Maher, Patrick, B, 7th Infantry. 
Albany. 



Mil., 



Thomas F. Maher, A, 177th N. Y. Vols., 
Albany. 



Maher, " K, 8th 

Meagher, Peter, B, 9th 



Robert J. Maher, C, 177th N. Y. Vols., ^^'"^^ ^^^^» C, 14th Infantry. 



Schenectady. 

Edward Meagher, E, 177th N. Y. Vols., 
Albany. 

Edward Meagher, A, 178th N. Y. Vols., 
Rochester. 

William Maher, A, i82d N. Y. Vols., 
New York 

Morris Maher, E, i82d N. Y. Vols., 
New York. 

John Meagher, F, 193d N. Y. Vols., 
Fowler. 

Capt. Richard B. Mahar, D, 194th N. Y. 
Vols., Elmira. 

Charles Meagher, I, 17th N. Y. Vet. 
Vols., Brooklyn. 

Peter, Meagher, K, 17th N. Y. Vet. 



eag 

.,N 



Vols., New York. 



Maher, Patrick, A, 25th Infantry. 

" Thos., Sergt, C, 2Sth " 

'* Michael, F, 26th Infantry. 

" James, D, 39th " 

" Patrick, B, 2d Cavalry. 

" Thomas, B, 33d Infantry. 

" James, B, 39th Infantry, died of 
wounds, April 23d 1865. 

Maher, Daniel, B, 33d Infantry. 
Maher, James, E, 4th Regt, Hancock's 
Corps. 

Maher, Patrick, D, ist Cavalry, died of 
wounds in Alexandria, Va. 

Maher, Patrick, general service. 

" Thomas, F, 2d Cavalry. 

" William, general service. 



Michael Maher, C, 8th N. Y. Mil., Meagher, Thomas, U. S. Steamer Don. 
New York. 



Patrick Maher, G, 25th N. Y. Mil., 
Albany. 

Thomas Maher, Engineer, 69th N. Y. 
Mil., New York. 

William Maher, A, 69th N. Y. Mil., 
New York. 

Michael Maher, A, 69th N. Y. Mil., 
New York. 

Bryan Maher, F, 69th N. Y. Mil., 
New York. 

Stephen Meagher, G, 69th N. Y. Mil., 
New York. 

James Maher, K, 69th N. Y. Mil., 
New York. 



OHIO VOLUNTEERS. 

Marr, W. L., E, 2d, Infantry. 

Maher, James, F, 17th Infantry, transfer- 
red to Invalid Corps, Feb. 15, 1864. 

Marr, Lewis P., D, 13th Infantry, died 
in camp and buried in Grafton, W. 
Va.— Roll of Honor. 

Maher, Wm. T. Columbus, G, 25th 
Infantry; killed at camp Alleghany, 
Dec. 13, 1861, buried at Grafton, W. 
Va.— Roll of Honor. 

Marr, Samuel A., Hamilton, B, 35th 
Infantry; discharged for disability, 
Feb. 20, 1864. 



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AMERICAN NOTES. 



Maher, Nicholas, Columbus, Sergt., K, 
31st Inftry; killed at Chickamauga, 
Sept. loth, 1863, and buried at 
Chattanooga, T e n n . — Roll o f 
Honor. 

Mahar, Thomas F., Columbus, G, 26th 
Infantry, disabled Aug. 26, 1862. 

Mahar, Michael, E, 26th Infantry; dis- 
charged for disability, May 26, 1865. 

Mahar, Edward S., Columbus, E, 31st 
Infantry. 

Meagher, Daniel, Columbus, Captain H, 
40th Infantry; died at home of 
wounds received in battle, and 
buried in City Cemetery at Liberty, 
August 15, 1864. — Roll of Honor. 

Mahor, Mathew, Columbus, A, 40th 
Infantry, served four years. 

Maher, Kenneth, Cleveland, Second 
Lieutenant, B, 41st Infantry. 

Mahur, Philip, B, 43d " 

Mahar, John, D, 50th Infantry; served 
three years. 

Maher, William, D, 67th Infantry; served 
four years, discharged for disabil- 
ity, May 25, 1865. 

Maher, James, H, 68th Infantry; served 
four years. 

Meagher, George, 1, 70th Infantry ; served 
two years. 

Maher, Michael R, Newark, First 
Lieutenant, E, 76th Infantry. 

Maher, William, E, 76th Infantry; dis- 
charged for disability, Dec. 20, 1862. 

Meagher, Mathew, C, 79th Infantry; 
served three years. 

Maher, Edward, D, 83d Infantry; served 
three years. 

Mawer, Thomas, Toledo, First Lieut., 
looth Infantry, March 13, 1863; 
captured at Limestone Station, 
Tenn.; promoted to Captain, Jan. 
2, 1865. 



Maher, John, E, 89th Infantry; killed in 
battle at Chickamauga, buried at 
Chattanooga, Tenn., Sept. 26, 1863. 
— Roll of Honor. 

Maher, John, I, 93d Infantry; discharged 
for disability, June 20, 1863- 

Mawer, George, D, iiith Infantry; died 
at Bowling Green, Ky., Jan. 5, 1863. 
— Roll of Honor. 

Mars, John, K, 144th Infantry; died at 
Salisbury, N. C, prisoner of war, 
October 20, 1864. 

Maher, Martin, K, 113th Infantry; served 
2 years. 

Marr, William, H, 129th Infantry. 

" David, C, 134th " 

Mear, J. W., H, 136th 

Mars, John, K, 144th Infantry; died in 
prison at Salisbury, N. C, Oct. 20, 
1864. 

Marr, Frederick, A, 154th Infantry. 

" James, C, Surgeon 173d Infantry. 
Mahar, Thomas, A, i82d Infantry. 
Maher, Patrick, K, 184th ** 

" Nicholas, B, 191st " 

Mahar, Geo. W., I, ist Heavy Artillery. 

Meagher, Daniel, E, 2d " ** 

Mahar, Martin, Sergt., 17th Battery, 
Light Artillery; served 2 years. 

Mahar, John, Sergt., 23d Battery, Light 
Artillery; served 4 years. 



PENNSYLVANIA VOLUNTEERS. 

Meagher, Geo. D., Huntingdon, Co. I, 
loth Penn. Vols. 

Meagher, Thomas, A, nth Penn. Vols. 

Marr, G, Philadelphia, First Lieutenant, 
A, 28th Penn. Vols. 

Maher, John, Phila., C, 69th Penn. Vols. 

Marr, Thomas P., Phila.,H,sist " " 



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Maher, Martin, Huntingdon, C, 53d 
Penn. Vols. 

• 

Marr, John, H, 55th Penn. Vols.; died, 
a prisoner, at Andersonville, N. C, 
Sept. 30, 1864. 

Maher, Michael, K, s6th Penn. Vols. 

Marr, H. S., Bradford, H, 57th " 

Meagher, John, Phila., A, 60th " 

Maher, Thos., Luzerne, D, 6ist " 

Magher, John, Phila., K, 65th " 

Marr, Peter M, " E, 67th " 

" Geo., Phila., E, 67th " 

" Benj., " " " " 

Mahar, Samuel, Phila., E, 70th " 

Marr, Benjamin, G, 78th " 

'* George, " " " 

Magher, John B., K, 8ist " 

« Denis, I, 84th " 

Maher, Chas., F, 88th « 

Marr, Archy, K, 88th Penn. Vols. 

Mawher, Joseph, K, i2Sth " " 

Meagher, Thomas, A, 89th " " 

Marr, David, C, 89th Penn. Vols. 

Mahar, Frank, D, 89th " " 

Denis, F, 93d " " 

Marr, James, B, 98th " " 

" Lewis, K, " " " 

Meaher, John, E, io2d " " 

Meagher, Thomas, A, io8th Penn. Vols. 

« Thomas B., L. io8th " " 

Marr, James, F, 109th Penn. Vols. 

Meaher, Thomas, A, iioth Penn. Vols. 

Maher, John, D, iiith Penn. Vols. 

" Thomas, H, 113th Penn. Vols. 

Maher, Michael, I, " •• " 

Maher, William, C, 121st " " 

Richard, B, 133d " " 



Maher, John, D, i52d Penn. Vols. 
Maar, William, E, « *' « 

Meagher, Joseph, C, 159th " " 

Marr, C. H., L, i6ist Penn; Vols. 

« Joseph, M," " " 

" Jas. A., G, i62d " " 
Maher, J. R., K, 163d, " " 

" Philip, L, 163d " " 
Meagher, James, G, 187th Penn. Vols. 

" Philip, E, " " " 

Marr, John, C, i88th " '• 

Marr, Geo., M, i92d Penn. Vols. 

" A, 194th " 
Maher, Patrick, E, 198th Penn. Vols. 
Meagher, Richard, I, 198th " " 

" William, K, « '• " 

Maher, Timothy A.,E, 199th Penn. Vols- 
Marr, George W., B, 204th " " 

« Andrew, H, 2osth " " 

Maher, Thos. C, D, 206th " " 

Marr, William, C, 210th " " 

George, K, " 

Maher, James, G, 211th 

Marr, James, G, 214th Penn. Vols. 
« William, H, 8th U. S. C. L 



it it 



M <4 



ILLINOIS VOLUNTEERS. 

Charles Maher, F, loth Infantry. 

Steven Maher, E, nth " 

Edward A. Maher, D, nth Infantry; 
died of wounds, Feb. 20, 1862. 

Jonathan Marrs, B, 14th Infantry. 

Simon Marrs, B, 14th Infantry. 

John Maher, E, i8th Infantry, wounded 
at Shiloh. 

John Maher, F, 19th Infantry. 

Henry W. Maher, B, 20th Infantry. 



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AMERICAN NOTES. 



Joseph Maher, Captain, 21st Infantry. 
Edward Maher, B, 23d Infantry. 
Dennis Maher, B, " " 

Andrew Meagher, F, 23d Infantry, 

Lasalle. 
Dennis Maher, G, 23d Infantry, Lasalle. 
Patrick Maher, I, " " Chicago. 

Patrick Meagher, D, 23d " " 

Paul Maher, D, 24th " 
John Maher, D, 28th " 
John Marrs, 2d Lieutenant,3oth Infantry, 

Chicago. 
Patrick Marrs, I, 33d Infantry; died at 

Terre Bonne, La, Aug. 24, 1864. 
John Maher, Chicago, K, 33d Infantry. 
Daniel Maher, " " " " 

Theodore Meeker, K, 37th Infantry. 
John Maher, Wilmington, A, 39th 

Infantry; died at Cumberland, Md., 

January 16, 1862. 
John Magher, Chicago, K, 39th Infantry, 

Veteran. 
Samuel R. Mahor, Logansport, C, 40th. 
Thomas Meagher, Mattoon, D, 41st 

Infantry, Veteran. 
Henry Maur, A, 43d Infantry. 
William Henry Marr, B, 44th Infantry. 
John Meagher, H, 46th Infantry, Veteran. 

Thomas Meagher, K, 53d Infantry, 
Veteran. 

William Marrs, C, 54th Infantry, Veteran. 
Jonathan Marr, I, " 
Charles ' Magher, D, 58th Infantry; 
promoted to Sergeant and 2d Lieut. 
Peter Marr, D, 59th Infantry. 
Thomas Marrs, D, S9th Infantry. 
Henry Meagher, F, 59th " 



John Marr, D, 60th Infantry, Veteran. 

Jerry Maher^ A, 64th " 

John Maher, A, 69th " 

Thomas Meaher, G, 79th Infantry. 

Dennis Maher, F, 83d Infantry. 

John Maher, A, 95th Infantry; discharged 

for wounds. 
George W. Macker, C, 97th Infantry. 
Thomas F. Meaher, H, 112th " 
Michael Mahar, C, 113th Infantry. 
Michael Meagher, K, 115th " 
Edward Maher, B, ii6th " 
Michael Maher, C, 120th " 
John Maher, C, 127th Infantry. 
Samuel Mars, B, 128th Infantry. 
George S. Marr, B, i3Sth Infantry. 
Michael F. Marr, A, 139th Infantry. 
Joseph Marr, I, 141st Infantry. 
Joseph Magher, G, 147th Infantry. 
George M. Macker, D, 148th " 
Michael Maher, E, 156th Infantry; died 

at Memphis, Tenn., Aug. 18, 1865. 

John Maher, K, 156th Infantry. 

Michael Meagher, 4th Cavalry. 

John I. Mauer, M, 9th " 

John Maughor, G, loth Cavalry. 

Patrick Maughar, G, loth Cavalry, 
Veteran. 

John T. Marrs, L, loth Cavalry; died at 
Quincy, Ills., March 9, 1862. 

Greenup Marrs, L, loth Cavalry. 

Michael Mayher, B, loth " 

Patrick Maher, F, nth " 

Patrick Maher, D, 2d Lieutenant, 12th 
Cavalry. 

Edw rd Meagher, I, 12th Cavalry. 



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NEW HAMPSHIRE VOLUNTEERS. 

John Marr, K, 2d Infantry; wounded at 

Gettysburg, July 2, 1863. 
Lewis Maiher, 3d Infantry. 
Michael Maher, 5th Infantry. 
John Meaher, 5th Infantry. 
John Maher, E, ytn " 
William Maher, E, 7th Infantry. 
John Mayher, 7th Infantry; wounded 

May 10, 1864. 
James Meagher, Manchester, K, 8th 

Infantry; wounded October 27, 

1862; reenlisted veteran. 
James Meagher, Nashua, 8th Infantry. 
John Maher, nth Infantry. 
Richard Maher, Concord, ist. Light 

Battery. 



MAINE VOLUNTEERS. 
William Maher, Gardiner, 3d Infantry. 
Allen J. Maher, Northport, 3d " 

John Maher, Machias, U. S. Navy. 
Jared Marr, Georgetown, D, 7th Infantry. 
N. H. Maher. B, nth Infantry. 
Thomas F. Marr, F, nth Infantry. 
Gilmore P. Marr, B, 15th " 
John Marr, B, 15th Infantry. 
James Marr. B, 15 th " 

Thomas Meagher, Waterboro, isth 

Infantry. 
A. H. Marr, 17th Infantry. 
E. H. Maher, Vinal Haven, 19th Infantry. 
John Marr, Portland, B, 19th " 
Andrew R. Maher, Belfast, D, 19th 

Infantry, 

Calvin E. Marr, Georgetown, K, 19th 
Infantry. 



Hiram Marr, Southport, I, 20th Infantry. 
Charles F. Marr, Alna, I, 21st Infantry. 
James Maher, Brownfield, K, 23d " 
William W. Marr, Gorham, K, 25th 

Infantry. 
Alfred Marr, Dixmont, H, 26th Infantry. 
Patrick. Maher, Albany, N. Y, D, 26th 

Infantry. 
Horatio P. Marr, Swansville, K, 26th 

Infantry. 
Cyrus G. Marr, Cornish, H, 27th 

Infantry. 
Freeman Maher, jr., Cutter, C, 28th 

Infantry. 
F. A. Marr, K, 30th Infantry. 
E. Marr, E, 2d Cavalry. 
John Marr, general service. 
Simon Mahar, general service. 
George William H. and Alexander, 

Marr, Commissioned officers. 



MINNESOTA VOLUNTEERS. 
Michael Maher, 4th Infantry. 
Rufus E. Mars, ist Heavy Artillery. 
Michael Maher, 32 d Infantry. 
Michael Maher, D, 35th Infantry. 
Edward Maher, E, " " 

Thomas Magher, A, nth Cavalry. 
Thomas Maher, A, N. B. Brigade, 

Emmet County. 
James Maher, B, 7th Cavalry. 
John W. Mars, First Battery. 
James G. P. Meagher, Dubuque, F, 12th 

U. S. Infantry. 



Other State military records are at 
present inaccessible,because unpublished 
or not yet in the public libraries. 



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ROSTER OF THE SIXTY -NINTH 
N. Y. NATIONAL GUARD. 

1861 — Colonel Michael Corcoran,* 
taken prisoner at Bull Run ; released ; 
Brigadier General commanding the 
Corcoran Legion, 1863. 

Lieutenant Colonel Robert Nugent, 
Captain and Major U. S. A., Colonel 69th 
N. Y. Vols., Irish Brigade ; Provost Mar- 
shal, New York, 1863, Brevet Brigadier 
General commanding Irish Brigade, 
1865. 

Major, James Bagley.* 

Adjutant, John McKeon. 

Surgeons, Robert Johnston,* James 
L. Kiernan,* subsequently on the staff 
of General Fremont ; Major 6th Mis- 
souri Cavalry ; Brigadier General ; U. S. 
Consul to China, etc ; Patrick Nolan* 
and Paschal Smith.* 

Quartermaster, Joseph B. Tully.* 

Paymaster, Matthew Kehoe. 

Commissary, Lieutenant Richard 
Dov.- ni hg. 

Chaplains, Rev. Thomas Mooney* and 
Rev. Bernard O'Reilly. 

NON-COMMISSIONED STAFF. 

Sergeant Maj or, Arthur Trac y ,* 
wounded. 

Quartermaster Sergeant, John Bell,* 
subsequently Lieutenant, (Corcoran Le- 
gion. 

Ordinance Sergeant, Frank Page,* 
subsequently Lieut. Corcoran Legion. 

First Color Bearer, John Murphy,* 
wounded and taken prisoner. 

Second Color Bearer, James Reilly. 

Right General Guide, Thomas 
Sweeny.* 

Left General Guide, Robert Eagan.* 

Corporals of Color Guard, Patrick 
Ahearn, J. W. Herbert and John Car- 
roll.* 

Hospital Steward, Patrick Murray. 

* Deceased. 



Drum Major, Maurice Murphy.* 
Principal Musician, Thos. Manahan. 
Company A — Captain James Haggerty, 

killed while acting Lieutenant Colonel 

at Bull Run. 

First Lieutenant, Theodore Kelly.* 

Second Lieutenant, Daniel Straine.* 

Third Lieutenant, Dennis Sullivan. 

First Sergeant Andrew Birmingham, 
killed in Meagher's Brigade. 

Captain Thomas D. Norris of this 
company served in the Corcoran Le- 
gion. The Veterans of the Regiment, 
of Meagher's Brigade and Corcoran 
Legion, are indebted to him for valuable 
services constantly rendered. 

Company B — Captain Thomas Lynch. 

First Lieutenant, William M. Giles.* 

Second Lieutenant, Thomas Leddy;* 
subsequently served in Meagher's 
Brigade. 

Third Lieutenant, Laurence Cahill,* 
served in the brigade and was wounded, 
transferred to the Invalid Corps and 
died of his wounds. 

John Kerr* of the Company became 
Captain of Company K ("Meagher 
Guards.") 

John R. Nugent became ist Lieuten- 
ant in Meagher's Brigade ; lately Coro- 
ner of New York and local leader in 
the Republican party. 

Company C — Captain James Cavanagh, 
Major in Meagher's Brigade, wounded ; 
now Colonel of the Regiment. A thor- 
ough soldier. 

First Lieutenant, James J. Smith, 
Adjutant and Lieut. Colonel 69th Vols. 
Meagher's Brigade, badly wounded but 
still lives — one of the coolest, bravest 
and most efficient officers in the service. 

Second Lieutenant, Michael O'Keefe. 

Third Lieutenant, Jasper M. Whitty,* 
served in Meagher's Brigade. 

Corporal Timothy Carr, wounded and 
a prisoner, now Armorer 69th Regiment. 

♦ Deceased. 



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Murtha Murphy* of this Company 
was subsequently Captain of the 69th 
Vols. Meagher's Brigade. 

Gregory O'Neill, late Commander 
Meagher Post G. A. R. 

Maxwell O'Sullivan,* Captain, Meagh- 
er's Brigade. 

Company D — Captain Thos. Clarke.* 
First Lieutenant, Thomas Fay.* 
Second Lieutenant, Richard Dalton. 
Third Lieutenant, Michael O'Boyle.* 
First Sergeant Michael Maguire be- 
came Captain in the Corcoran Legion. 
Michael C. Murphy, Colonel in the 
Corcoran Legion. 

Company E — Captain Patrick Kelly,* 
subsequently Colonel 88th Vols. Meagh- 
er's Brigade ; killed before Petersburg. 

First Lieutenant, John Bagley. 

Second Lieutenant, William G. Hart. 

Third Lieutenant, Wm. S. McManus. 

Sergeant John McDonogh subse- 
quently became Captain with Corcoran 
Legion. 

Michael Doheny, son of Michael 
Doheny, the patriot, served afterwards 
as Lieutenant in the Corcoran Legion. 

Company F — Captain John Breslin, 
wounded. 

First Lieutenant, Patrick Duffy.* 
Second Lieutenant, Michael Breslin. 
Third Lieutenant, John Duffy.* 

Company G — First Lieutenant William 
Butler* commanding, wounded and a 
prisoner. 

First Lieutenant, Henry J. McMahon.* 
Second Lieutenant, Matthew Murphy, 
afterwards Colonel in the Corcoran Le- 
gion ; died of his wounds. 

Company -^—Captain James Kelly,* 
subsequently Colonel 69th Vols., Meagh- 

* Deceased. 



er's Brigade ; badly wounded ; died 
while serving as Captain in the Regular 
Army. 

First Lieutenant, William Butler,* 
detailed to the command of Company G. 

Second Lieutenant, James Gannon. 

Third Lieutenant, J. Lowery.* 

Corporal Terence Scanlan, subse- 
quently 2d Lieut. 69th Vols., Meagher's 
Brigade. 

Luke Brennan, subsequently 2d Lieut, 
in the Brigade. 

Company /—First Lieutenant, John 
C o o n a n commanding ; subsequently 
Colonel in the Corcoran Legion. 

Second Lieut., Thomas M. Canton ; 
Colonel commanding Veteran Corps. 

Third Lieutenant, William Fogarty.* 

First Sergeant Thomas Scanlan, sub- 
sequently Captain 69th Vols., Meagher's 
Brigade. 

Thomas L O'Donoghue, Sergeant 
Major 69th National Guard, and Colonel 
commanding Veteran Corps. 

Peter Kelly, afterwards Lieutenant 
69th Vols., Meagher's Brigade. 

James P. Mclvor, afterwards Captain, 
Colonel and Brevet Brigadier General 
in the Corcoran Legion. 

John Stacom, afterwards Captain in 
the Corcoran Legion. 

Company K — "Meagher's Zouaves" — 
Thomas F. Meagher* Captain and act- 
ing Major; Colonel 88th Vols.; Briga- 
dier General commanding Irish Brigade; 
Brevet Major General commanding 
Division of the Etowah ; acting Gov- 
ernor of Montana, etc. 

First Lieutenant, Edward K. Butler,* 
killed at Cold Harbor as Captain in the 
Corcoran Legion. 

Second Lieutenant, Maurice W. Wall,* 

* Deceased. 



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afterwards Captain in the 88th and 69th 
Vols., Meagher's Brigade. 

Third Lieutenant, Edmund Connolly. 

Sergeant William O'Donohue, after- 
wards Captain 88th Vol., Meagher's 
Brigade. 

Sergeant William Hogan,* afterwards 
Captain commanding the Brigade Bat- 
tery. 

John O'Connell Joyce,* afterwards 
Captain 88th Vols., Meagher's Brigade. 

Dennis F. Burke, afterwards Lieuten- 
ant, Captain, Lieutenant Colonel, Colo- 
nel and Brevet Brigadier General, do. 

John J. Blake,* afterwards Captain 
in Meagher's Brigade ; killed in battle ; 
a model soldier, brave and beloved. 

John W. Byron, afterwards promoted 
to every rank up to Colonel 88th Vols., 
at times commanding the Brigade. 

Patrick F. Clooney,* afterwards Cap- 
tain 88th Vols., Meagher's Brigade ; 
killed in battle ; no braver soldier. 

William J. O'Connor,* afterwards 
Lieutenant in Meagher's Brigade. 

John Smith,* afterwards Captain in 
Meagher's Brigade. 

John Sparks,* afterwards Lieutenant 
88th Vols., Meagher's Brigade ; died of 
wounds at the field hospital, May 5th, 
1864. 

Thomas Stanley. 

Engineer CorpSy Captain J. B. Kirker.* 

First Lieutenant, James Quinlan, 
afterwards Major and Lieutenant Colo- 
nel 88th Vols., Meagher's Brigade; 
decorated with Medal of Honor for gal- 
lant service. 

Second Lieutenant, Peter McQuade. 

P. R. Dunne,* afterwards Captain and 
Major in Corcoran Legion. 

Richard Morony,* a Mexican veteran, 
afterwards Captain and Major com- 
manding 69th Vols., Meagher's Brigade. 

• Deceased. 



The 69th Regiment built Fort Corco- 
ran, Arlington Heights. 

At Bull Run the regiment fought 
with characteristic bravery, although 
Colonel Corcoran was sick, but con- 
tinued in command until taken prisoner. 
They charged several times on masked 
batteries and infantry, losing heavily, 
zouaves especially, owing to their 
bright uniforms and headlong bravery. 
In one of these charges Meagher had 
his horse killed and narrowly escaped 
death or capture. 

The 37th N. Y. V. (Irish Rifles) was 
organized early in April, 1861, and con- 
tained many of those who were unable 
to go with the 69th. They were order- 
ed up from Washington late in the day, 
to Bull Run, and were wild to reinforce 
that regiment, but for some reason they 
were kept in reserve, and marched back 
to Alexandria next day. Subsequently 
Gen. Meagher endeavored to have the 
regiment attached to the Brigade, but 
General Kearny brusquely refused, say- 
ing, "You can have my other arm " — [he 
lost the left in Mexico], "but not that 
regiment." 

The 37th built Fort Richardson, near 
Alexandria, Va, 

THE IRISH BRIGADE. 

(The following is a brief memoir of 
the Brigade, condensed from General 
Meagher's report to the War Depart- 
ment and Conyngham's history) : 

Head Quarters Irish Brigade, ) 
Before Fredericksburg, Va., > 
February 19, 1863. ) 
To the Honorable Secretary of War, Wash- 
ington : 
Sir — I have the honor to request that 
three regiments of the Brigade I com- 
mand be temporarily relieved from duty 
in the field, for the following reasons : 

The Brigade nominally consists of five 
regiments — the 69th, 88th and 63d New 
York, ii6th Pennsylvania and 28th Mas- 



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sachu setts, Volunteers. Their aggregate 
strength is : 

1 1 6th P. V. consolidated to a battalion, 
28th Mass. Vols., 48 officers, 527 

enlisted men .... 575 
69th, 88th and 63d New York V., 

officers, 91, enlisted men, 531, 622 



Total aggregate. 



1197 



The 69th, 88th and 63d Regiments left 
New York in the months of November 
and December, 1861, fully 2,250 strong, 
including two batteries of three officers 
and one hundred and fifty enlisted men 
each. Assigned to Major General Sum- 
ner's Division, these regiments entered 
immediately on active duty. 

Early in April, 1862, they embarked 
for Ship Point, on the York River, where, 
after several days of laborious activity 
in the Commissary and Quartermaster's 
Departments of the Army, they pro- 
ceeded to the front, and were engaged 
at once in the operations for the reduc- 
tion of Yorktown. 

The battle of Fair Oaks was the first 
general engagement in which these regi- 
ments fought, and these were the only 
regiments then constituting the Brigade. 

A fortnight subsequently the Brigade 
was reinforced by the 29th Mass. Vols., 
and did severe duty before Richmond — 
to defend the front of the army at Fair 
Oaks, throw up extensive earthworks, 
perform picket duty every third day, 
support the command of General Hooker 
on three occasions, when he was forcibly 
pressed by the enemy, and, ultimately, 
hastening to the relief, and covering, in 
conjunction with the brigade command- 
ed by General French, the retreat of 
the army corps under Major General 
Fitzjohn Porter at Gaines' Hill. 

On the retreat of the army from Rich- 
mond, the Brigade was engaged at 
Peach Orchard, Savage's Station, White 
Oak Swamp, Glendale, Malvern Hill, 



and suffered severely, the loss of com_ 
missioned officers being more, propor 
tionately, than of enlisted men. 

Reduced to an average of about three 
hundred men to each regiment, the 
Brigade arrived at Harrison's Landing, 
on the James River, and the undersigned 
was ordered by Major General McClel- 
lan to proceed to New York for the pur- 
pose of procuring recruits. 

From thence the Brigade made a 
rapid and sultry march to Newport 
News, by way of Williamsburg and 
Yorktown, then to Acquia Creek and 
Falmouth, reporting by order to Gen- 
eral Burnside, in command of the forces 
l^efore Fredericksburg. Forty-eight 
hours afterwards, they were ordered to 
repair to Alexandria, and, after a short 
rest at Fort Corcoran, hurried to the 
support of General Pope, then engaged 
with the enemy on Manassas Plains. On 
the retreat from Manassas, the Brigade 
formed a portion of the rear-guard, and 
experienced a good deal of harassing 
from the light artillery and cavalry of 
the enemy. 

First in the advance on the march 
through Maryland to the battle-field of 
Antietam, they supported General 
Hooker at South Mountain, and two 
days after, under the immediate com- 
mand of General Richardson, were con- 
spicuously engaged in that great attack 
which compelled the enemy, defeated 
and humbled, to recross the Potomac. 

Since then the Brigade, reinforced by 
the ii6th Penn. Vols., and having the 
29th Mass. Vols, replaced by the 28th 
of the same State, took part in the re- 
connoisance of Charlestown and the in- 
tervening and adjacent country beyond 
Bolivar Heights, so brilliantly and suc- 
cessfully conducted by General Han- 
cock, commanding the division. 

In the subsequent advance to the Rap- 
pahannock, the Brigade was frequently 
in the van, and, on the evening of the 



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17th, was ordered by General Sumner 
to ford the river and capture the guns 
which, opposite to Falmouth, lately had 
been silenced and dismounted by Cap- 
tain Pettit's battery. The order, how- 
ever, was countermanded, after the 
Brigade had begun with a dash to exe- 
cute it, the General deciding not to 
throw a force across the river until the 
main army had arrived in front of Fred- 
ericksburg.* 

The records of the Brigade, thus far, 
close with the day on which the assault 
was made on the enemy's lines and 
works at Fredericksburg. 

From the official statistics of the five 
regiments, I think, I am fully justified 
in assuming that no brigade in the army 
of the United States has more assidu- 
ously, unremittingly, bravely, nobly, 
done its duty. 

Grounding the application — for the 
return of the three New York regiments 
to be recruited — on these statistics and 
these facts, that the Brigade has ceased 
to be only a colonel's command in num- 
erical strength, and with an honest and 
generous view of the still greater effi- 
ciency of the military power of the 
government, I respectfully and earnestly 
beg that they be temporarily relieved 
from duty in the field, and have the op- 
portunity of restoring their exhausted 
ranks, as has been done in the case of 
depleted regiments of Maine, Massachu- 
setts and Connecticut. 

I have the honor, etc., 

Thomas Francis Meagher, 
Brigadier General commanding 
Irish Brigade. 

• He could have occupied Marye's Heights 
even by a small force in November, before 
they had been rendered impregnable, and 
thus saved the Brigade and the army from 
the terrible defeat of December. 



THE SPWG OF GHEEN. 



At Fredericksburg on that great day, 

Ere yet the strife began, 
Along the battle lines of blue 

The general's order ran : 
" Win we or lose, our country's curse 

Upon the wretch who shirks ; 
But honor to the man that dies 

The nearest to the works." 

Before them rose the giant range 

Of hills, in martial round, 
From whose grim tops all bodefully 

The bristling cannon frowned. 
No break within that iron line, 

But death from left to right. 
As Meagher with his Irish lay 

In front of Marye's height. 

No gloom was there, but every face 

As careless and as bright. 
As if it was a wedding morn. 

And not a day of fight. 
And in their caps, though all around 

Nor tree nor shrub was seen. 
They wore, Heaven knows from whence 
procured. 

Each man a sprig of green."^ 

Not long they waited for the sound 

That told the strife begun ; 
Hark ! from the river's further side — 

It is the signal gun ! 
A thousand cannon from the hills 

Thundered in fierce acclaim. 
And all the mighty line of blue 

Swept upward through the flame. 

Of what avail are words to paint 

The strife that none can tell ; 
The cheering from the Union host. 

The wild Confederate yell ; 
The sabres' clank, the horsemen's tramp. 

The scream of shot and shell. 
And groans of dying men that went 

To make the mimic hell. 



♦ By Gen. Meaffber*s order, in a mument of inspiralioo. 



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All day against those awful heights 

Our lines were hurled in vain. 
All day the shattered ranks closed up 

But to be torn again, 
Until the sun withdrew his light, 

As if from very shame, 
And night came down upon the field 

To end the bloody game. 

The morning broke all fair and bright 

Upon the dead array. 
And lovingly, on hill and plain. 

The blessed sunbeams lay. 
The fight was done, the field was won. 

The blue had lost the day ; 
And from their works all curiously 

Swarmed down the men in g^y. 

Thick lay the slain, like sheaves of grain. 

Ripened by battle suns ; 
But one had died beyond the rest — 

A stone's cast from their guns. 
They raised him softly — for the brave 

Respect the brave, I ween — 
And in his cap, unwithered still, 

They found a sprig of green. 

Of all the thousands lying round. 

Close locked in death's embrace. 
What one, though all were brave and true, 

From death had got such grace ? 
No bearded soldier, old in wars. 

Had won the happy place. 
He who died nearest to the works 

Had but a stripling's face. 

They buried him just where he fell. 

These foemen, with rude art; 
They said that he had earned the place 

By his undaunted heart. 
And one, a poet in his soul. 

Though rough in garb and mien, 
Planted upon the simple mound 

The dead boy's sprig of green. 

The brave man dies ; but brave men's deeds 
With death will not be found. 

And travelers say that to this day 
The children playing round 



Can point the stranger to the spot — 

The fairest on the scene — 
The grave where sleeps the Irish boy 

Who wore the sprig of green. 

— Boston Leader. 



Notwithstanding Meagher's reason- 
able request, the Brigade was compelled 
to remain in camp, performing all ne- 
cessary duties cheerfully and well ; 
celebrated St. Patrick's Day by a grand 
steeple chase, etc., witnessed by thou- 
sands of spectators, including soldiers, 
civilians, and ladies, and followed by a 
bountiful entertainment. 

At Chancellorsville, May 2d and 3d 9 
the Brigade did efficient service, in 
holding the broken lines, saving guns, 
where the horses were killed, repulsing 
the victorious enemy, and finally taking 
the post of danger, as on previous oc- 
casions, by bringing up the rear. Mea- 
gher had several narrow escapes, but he 
seemed to have a charmed life. Shortly 
afterward he resigned, the command 
being reduced to about five hundred 
men. 

At Gettysburg the little brigade was 
commanded by Colonel Patrick Kelly, 
and, as usual, was in the hardest part of 
the fight. A fine Celtic Cross was sub- 
sequently erected by the survivors of 
the Brigade on the spot. 

After an abortive campaign, in Vir- 
ginia, across the Rapidan and Mine 
Run, the army settled down in winter 
quarters, and at last, the War Depart- 
ment, learning sense from dear-bought 
experience, allowed the Brigade to re- 
turn and recruit, in December, 1863. 

The veterans were entertained by 
General Meagher and the other officers, 
at a banquet in New York, Jan. 16, 
1864, and, when the brigade was par- 
tially recruited, they returned to the 
field, at Stevensburg, Va., under com- 
mand of Lieutenant Colonel James 
Kelly, of the 69th. He was succeeded by 



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Colonel Thomas A, Smyth of the First 
Delaware, a brave and efficient officer. 

Early in May, 1864, the army moved 
across the Rapidan, and on the sth en- 
gaged the enemy. On the loth the 
brigade and division had a decided suc- 
cess, capturing a thousand prisoners 
and spiking several guns. Then Sheri- 
dan's cavalry turned the enemy's right. 
On the 1 2th Hancock's Corps renewed 
the fight, with so much energy, that by 
eight o'clock in the morning he had 
routed Ewell's Stonewall division, cap- 
turing three generals, thirty guns, and 
about four thousand prisoners, and fol- 
lowed up the broken columns for four 
miles. 

On the isth,the Brigade and the Cor- 
coran Legion fought side by side, and 
hundreds were killed and wounded. 

The Brigade was next engaged at 
Tolopotomy Creek on the 26th, and near 
Hanover Court House on the evening of 
the 31st. 

On the 3d June the Brigade and Le- 
gion suffered severely at Cold Harbor, 
charging up hill, holding the crest for 
two hours, but obliged to fall back, for 
lack of support, apparently. Col. Byrnes, 
commanding the Brigade, fell mortally 
wounded, and Col. McMahon of the 
Legion, was shot dead on the enemy's 
entrenchments where, "with his own 
hands he planted the colors." Then 
Colonel Patrick Kelly took command of 
the Brigade. 

After a short rest the army crossed 
the James River and marched to Peters- 
burgh, where, on the i6th, the Brigade 
suffered severely, while charging a posi- 
tion from which a converging fire deci- 
mated their ranks. In this charge fell 
Colonel Patrick Kelly, a thorough 
soldier, whose cool courage modesty 
simplicity and honesty had endeared 
him to his comrades. On the 22d, near 
the Weldon Railroad, the Brigade, ow- 
ing to a gap between the 2d and 6th 
Corps, was attacked on the flank, and 



lost several in killed, wounded and pris- 
oners — so far, it had lost one-third of its 
entire strength, about one thousand offi- 
cers and enlisted men. In the Legion 
the losses were also numerous. 

In the Brigade, after Colonel Kelly's 
death, the several commands were re- 
duced to battalions under the command 
of Major J. W. Byron of the 88th, and 
Captain Morony of the 69th Regiment. 
It was engaged at Deep Bottom, in July 
and with the corps captured four Par- 
rott guns and two hundred prisoners. 
Another expedition to Deep Bottom, in 
August, resulted in the Brigade taking 
the first line of the enemy's works. The 
Legion was engaged in another part of 
the line. 

At Ream's Station of the Weldon 
Road, the Brigade and Legion were en- 
gaged, losing several prisoners, with 
killed and wounded. 

Early in September, General Meagher 
visited the Brigade, prior to his depart- 
ure for his new command in the South- 
West, and was entertained by General 
Hancock, the Division Commanders, and 
by the Brigade, celebrating its third an- 
niversary. 

During September and October the 
Brigade and Legion were constantly en- 
gaged and suffered severe losses. In No- 
vember, Colonel Nugent took command 
of the recruited and reorganized com- 
mands, which were engaged in several 
minor conflicts up to January, 1865, 
when the army rested in winter quar- 
ters. Only for a short time, for on the 
Sth of February, the Brigade was en- 
gaged at Hatcher's Run, against Ma- 
hone's and Finegan's Confederate brig- 
ades. During the intervals of fighting, 
there was no picket firing, by tacit con- 
sent, and the men, on both sides, min- 
gled freely, exchanging shannachas^ to- 
bacco, coffee, and whiskey. 

The Brigade at this period mustered 
about sixteen hundred, and the Legion 
about half that number. 



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St. Patrick's Day was celebrated with 
all the honors and accompaniments — 
flat and hurdle races and a banquet, at- 
tended by Meagher and several other 
generals. 

On the 25th was fought the battle of 
Skinner's Farm, in which the Brigade 
and Legion were engaged in different 
parts of the line. From this time up to 
the end, there was no cessation in the 
fighting, for Sheridan was in command 
of the cavalry and infantry, striking the 
enemy on the Boydton and Whiteoak 
Roads, at Gravelly Run, Five Forks, 
and other places. 

On the First of April an attack was 
made along the whole line, advancing 
right, left and centre, Sheridan every- 
where fighting with dismounted cavalry, 
light infantry and flying artillery. Even 
the hospitals were constantly on the 
move. At Jettersville he rode suddenly 
up to the head of the marching column, 
and asked Colonel Nugent : " What 
command is this?" "The Irish Brig- 
ade. " " Ah, indeed ! Take a position 
there," pointing to an adjacent ridge, 
and rode off, amid a ringing cheer from 
the men. Off again in the morning to 
Amelia Springs, marching and fighting; 
to Sailor's Creek, where the remnants 
of Ewell's corps, himself and four other 
generals, with baggage, stores, artillery, 
small arms, and thirteen colors, were 
captured, and placed in charge of the 
Brigade. At High Bridge, Old Stone 
Road, Farmville and Appomattox, the 
flying enemy made a fighting halt, but 
all in vain. Sheridan headed them off 
and made a last charge on the 8th of 
April, with cavalry and infantry. Then 
a flag of truce issued from the Confed- 
erate lines, and Lee's army surrendered 
on General Grant's magnanimous terms. 
The armies fraternized on the field. 

At Burkesville, on the return march, 
the army was stunned by the news 
of President Lincoln's assassination, and 
marched through Richmond back to 
Alexandria. 



On the 23d of May a grand review of 
the army took place in Washington, in 
presence of an immense concourse of 
citizens, and in July the Brigade re- 
turned to New York, assisted at the 
celebration of the 4th, and was soon 
afterwards mustered out of service. 
General Meagher's Division in the South 
West was mustered out later, and he 
was appointed Secretary and acting 
Governor of Montana. 

Here he displayed his usual energy 
and conscientious discharge of duty, 
alternately fighting and conciliating 
the hostile Indians; raising a fighting 
force from a sparse population of miners, 
farmers and adventurers; administering 
the civil government, with tact and 
judgment, and helping to establish mis- 
sions, in which latter work he was 
zealously aided by his courageous and 
devoted wife. Thus were established 
several missionary centres, schools for 
Indians, finally, the first bishopric in 
Montana. In this work he only followed 
the example of race and family, and the 
dictates of his own highly moral and 
intellectual instincts, thus crowning a 
most brilliant civic and military career 
with a halo of holiness, meet for a mis- 
sionary martyr and pioneer of civiliza- 
tion. 

BIOGRAPHICAL NOTES. 



1784 — James Meagher was born at Rath- 
cash, within four miles of Kil- 
kenny Ireland, February 2, 1784. 
His father Thiege O'Meagher was 
• a wealthy country gentleman, 
whose father had served in Spain, 
and grand father in King James' 
Parliament. James was educated 
for an engineer but he preferred 
navigation, and, though pressed 
to enter the English Army, re- 
fused, saying that none of his 
family ever wore a red coat. He 
embarked secretly on his uncle's 
vessel, bound for America, land- 



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ing in Newfoundland, where he 
remained for a few years and 
finally migrated to Maine. Here 
he learned the trade of mason, 
and at the age of twenty - five 
married Susan Flanders Millay 
daughter of a Revolutionary pa- 
triot, who had served in the Mar- 
rine Corps, and then retired to a 
farm of two hundred acres in 
Bowdoinham, where his descen- 
dants still continue to reside, as 
well as in other parts of the State. 
His wife was also a representative 
of the Eastman family, one of the 
first settlers in the colony. After 
his marriage he lived some time 
in Boston, but returned and set- 
tled down on a farm in White- 
field, where he lived actively, as a 
mason and farmer. While build- 
ing the Catholic Church in 
Whitefield, he was severely in- 
jured and lost a leg in consequence, 
but notwithstanding this disabil- 
ity he was enabled to follow his 
occupation of farming, support 
and educate a large family, end- 
ing his life in the homestead, 
honored, respected and devotedly 
tended by his children, up to the 
time of his death, which occurred 
in the year 1867. His faithful wife 
was a woman of great energy, 
good sense and domestic affec- 
tions, a zealous Catholic from 
study and conviction, having been 
received into the Church by 
Bishop Cheverus. She, too, died 
in the homestead, in 1876, at the 
ripe age of 84 years, devotedly 
attended by her children. 

Mr. Meagher was cousin of the 
Rev. Patrick Byrnes, who built 
the Convent in Charlestown, near 
Boston, which was subsequently 
burned by a Knownothing mob. 
He is referred to as " Priest B " in 
the sensation story — "six months 



in a Convent." He had emigrated 
shortly after his cousin, and be- 
longed to the Byrnes of Bayswell, 
near Kilkenny, who were nearly 
related to the Meaghers of Kil- 
kenny, Wexford and Tipperary. 

James M. Meaher the eldest 
son, kept a large grocery store, in 
Gardiner, Me, from early man- 
hood up to 1850, when he moved 
with his family to Mobile, Ala. 
His first wife was Alice Landers 
of Portland, Me, by whom he had 
three children, of which the eldest 
died in infancy. Dennis A. 
Meaher, the second son, lives in 
Portland where he is a prosperous 
lawyer, having had the degrees 
of M. A., and L. L. B., from Man- 
hattan College, New York; Fred. 
F. Meaher, deceased, a prominent 
druggist in Portland was the 
third. Their mother died in 
Mobile at the early age of twenty- 
eight years, a devoted wife and 
mother, whose sole ambition was 
to bring up her children in the 
faith of their fathers. In this she 
was cordially assisted by her 
husband. In 1854 he married 
Sarah E. Waters, of New Castle, 
Me., niece of ex-Governor Edward 
Cavanagh. Of several children 
born of this marriage three are 
now living. — John P. Meaher, who 
is married and lives in the home- 
stead near Mobile; Joseph T. B. 
Meaher, a merchant in Cleveland, 
O., and Mary Christine Meaher, a 
young lady living with her 
mother in Cleveland. 

Mr. Meaher, senior, in company 
with his brother Timothy, was 
extensively engaged in the saw- 
mill business, near Mobile, in 
plantations, timber lands and 
steamboats, employing many 
mechanics and laborers. He was 
entirely devoted to business, and 



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of sterling integrity and capacity, 
and the firm of " Jim and Tim," 
as it was popularly designated, 
commanded the utmost confi- 
dence everywhere, even in their 
weightiest transactions. The Civil 
War entailed considerable losses 
which were offset by renewed 
activity and attention to their 
milling timber lands and manu- 
facturing interests. James was 
president of the Mobile Trade 
Company, for several years, but 
most of his time was devoted to 
office business, for which he was 
specially adapted by education, 
(having taught school in his 
youth), to the saw-mill business, 
and the West India trade in pine, 
and cypress timber. He was 
frugal, prudent, punctual, indus- 
trious, and energetic, a thorough 
American, of Northern grit and 
Southern sympathies, a model for 
the younger generation. He died 
February, 12, 1885 

Timothy,his junior by two years, 
was born in 1812 ; went to Mo- 
bile in 1836, and was employed on 
a river steamboat. He soon be- 
came mate, and in 1847 built a 
steamer for himself. After that 
he built three others, which were 
pioneers in Mobile ; five others 
and the schooner Sarah E, Mea- 
her followed. The Republic was 
the last boat built by the firm, 
and was the largest steamboat 
that ever ran on the Alabama 
river. Captain Meaher landed in 
Mobile, during his career on the 
rivers, 1,700,000 bales of cotton. 
In 1847 he built one of the largest 
saw-mills, at the time in the South, 
near Chikesabogue creek. He 
married in 1855, and of several 
children born two only survive — 
James K. Meaher, of Cleveland, O. 
(residing in Paris), and Augustine, 
of Mobile. 



In 186 1 a cargo of slaves from 
the west coast of Africa was land- 
ed in Mobile, of which the firm 
received thirty. These were hu- 
manely treated and settled near 
the Meaher residence, on the 
Telegraph road, where they mix 
very little with other negroes, pre- 
serving many of their native cus- 
toms, speaking English with diffi- 
culty and being ruled by a queen 
of their own choosing. They en- 
joy a high reputation for honesty 
and industry, and the "African 
Colony" is justly regarded as one 
of the curiosities of Mobile. * 

Like many others of Northern 
birth and conection, settled in the 
South, the Meahers were ardent 
Southerners, trusted, respected, 
and beloved by all their fellow 
citizens. 

Captain Tim died at his home 
on Telegraph Road, near Mobile, 
March 3d, 1892. His funeral took 
place on the 5th, and was largely 
attended. Rev. Father Cassidy 
officiated, and the remains were 
interred in the Catholic Cemetery. 

William T. Meaher, the third 
son, was born September 12th, 
1816, and died, unmarried, Decem- 
ber 3rd, 1850. He was a favorite 
steamboat Captain, on the line 
between Mobile and Montgomery. 
His death caused general mourn- 
ing in Mobile, flags were placed 
at half mast, and a monument 
was erected by subscription over 
his grave in the Catholic Cemetery. 

Mary Meaher was born June 10, 
181 8, and died in the homestead 
at Whitefield, Me., November 4th, 
1890. She married Colby Cooper, 
a farmer, who died before her. 
Their only daughter, Mrs. Abby 
Carleson, owns and occupies the 
old homestead. 

Mrs. Cooper was of a generous 
disposition, a liberal friend of 



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the poor, several of whose children 
she brought up to be useful mem- 
bers of society. When her own 
means were inadequate for the 
purpose, she was constantly as- 
sisted by her sister Mrs. Parrott. 

Patrick Byrnes Meaher, fourth 
son, was a veteran steamboat cap- 
tain on the Alabama rivers, a man 
of fine physique, six feet three in 
height, kind, generous and impul- 
sive. He married in Albany, 
N.Y., and left two children, Abby 
and William Meaher, now living 
near Mobile, Ala. He was indus- 
trious, frugal, and saved a fair 
share of his earnings. During the 
last years of his life, he was in 
charge of the Government works 
in deepening the channels of the 
Alabama rivers. He died in 1889. 
His wife Helen, who was a school 
teacher, a very prudent and cap- 
able woman, survives him, living 
with her family on a large planta- 
tion near Mobile, in easy circum- 
stances. 

John Cheverus Meaher was born 
April 24, 1825, in Whitefield, Me., 
and died, unmarried, October 9, 
1853. He was a fine specimen of 
manhood, six feet three inches 
high ; was educated by his elder 
brothers, James and Timothy, at 
Mount St. Mary's College, Md., 
and intended for office and other 
work of the firm. He took sick 
in Mobile and died there, a few 
years after finishing his education. 

Dennis Ryan Meaher was born 
in Whitefield, Me., May 10, 1827, 
and died, unmarried, April 15, 
1845. He was first a clerk to his 
uncle James, in Gardiner, Me., 
and was subsequently employed 
by the firm in Mobile, to which 
he rendered valuable services. He 
was a fine penman, fond of hunt- 
ing, and a good shot ; a young 
man of fine promise and original 



views, whose premature death was 
sincerely deplored. 

Mrs. Abby Meagher Parrott is 
one of the youngest of this dis- 
tinguished family, a lady of cul- 
ture, a good linguist and a practi- 
cal Catholic, of high social stand- 
ing, but unassuming, rigidly plain 
in dress, and benevolent in the 
extreme. She is the widow of 
John Parrott, the banker, of San 
Francisco, who was well known 
in New York and other financial 
centres. Mr. Parrott inherited a 
fortune from his father, and in- 
creased it by wise investments and 
prudent management. He was on 
the committee with Hon. Nathan 
Clifford, ex-Justice of the U. S. 
Supreme Court, under the Treaty 
of Mexico, and subsequently lo- 
cated in California, where he 
bought valuable mining land, and 
secured the possession of a valu- 
able stream of quicksilver. He 
became a Catholic after his mar- 
riage, and died at an advanced 
age, leaving his widow and seven 
children — one son and six daugh- 
ters. These are now married, and, 
at the last family reunion, sixteen 
grandchildren brightened the 
home of Mrs. Parrott, in San 
Mateo, CaL, where time and clime, 
family and religion, all combine 
to bless and prolong her precious 
and exemplary life. 

Dennis A. Meaher, lawyer, of 
Portland, Me., the senior male 
representative of this remarkable 
family was born in Gardiner, Me., 
February 21, 1847, son of James M. 
and Alice L. Meaher. When quite 
young, his parents moved to Mo- 
bile. At the age of eleven, he was 
sent, together with his brother 
Fred., two years his junior, to De 
La Salle Institute, now Manhattan 
College, New York, where he 
graduated July, 1867. Returning 



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to Mobile, he was at once employed 
by his father's firm, and in time 
became Superintendent, until the 
West India War caused stagnation 
of trade. He then went to Port- 
land, Me., began the study of law 
in 1874, and was admitted to the 
Bar, in Augusta, for general prac- 
tice in the State and Federal 
Courts. He is a Notary and Jus- 
tice of the Peace, a volunteer in- 
terpreter for French, Spanish, 
Portuguese, and other witnesses 
in the courts. He was married 
in 1 891 to Miss Alice L. Gallison. 
Fred. T. Meaher, his brother, 
died in Portland, February 8, 
1882, leaving a widow and three 
children. He was a man of much 
promise, an accomplished linguist, 
pharmacist and polished gentle- 
man, beloved by all, both relatives 
and fellow-citizens. 

1832— William O'Meagher, M. D., a 
native of Co. Tipperary, of the 
Fethard Coolmore and Slanestown 
family, received his preliminary 
education, in the Modern Lan- 
guages, Classics and Mathematics, 
at home and in public schools. 
In 1849-50 was Scholar in Arts 
and first prizeman in Galway Col- 
lege. In 1 85 1 passed the Apothe- 
caries' Hall, Dublin, and was 
apprenticed to a Licentiate of the 
London College of Surgeons. In 
185 1-2 was Scholar in Medicine 
and prizeman in Cork College, 
and in 1852, medical officer of the 
Ship Iowa from Liverpool and 
Cork to New York, where he 
settled and attended the Univer- 
sity Medical College, graduating 
in 1857. In 1859, in conjunction 
with his brother-in-law. Dr. James 
L. Kiernan, he started and edited 
the New York Medical Press, the 
first weekly medical journal in 
the United States, while acting 
as House Physician and Surgeon 



to Vincent's Hospital, and visit- 
ing Physician to the New York 
Dispensary. In 186 1-3, he was 
Surgeon of the 37th N. Y. Vols., 
and Surgeon in chief of brigade. 
During this term of service, he 
was twice a prisoner, with the 
wounded on the field; at Centre- 
ville, after the second battle of 
Bull Run, September 1862, in 
charge of Federal and Confederate 
wounded, and an immense store 
of hospital supplies, considerable 
of which were saved by stratagem; 
and again at Chancellorsvilley in 
May 1863. Afterwards served as 
special hospital surgeon at Fort 
Schuyler General Hospital, New 
York, and in December 1863 was 
commissioned Surgeon of the 69th 
N. Y. Vols. Irish Brigade, in which 
he served to the end of the war, 
as opeVator, Surgeon in charge 
of First Division Hospital, and 
member of the 2d Corps Examin- 
ing Board. In 1864, was left in 
charge of the wounded after the 
battle of the Wilderness, May 
5th, and again a prisoner, but 
soon paroled and conveyed the 
wounded to Fredericksburg, estab- 
lishing temporary hospitals, in the 
Catholic Church, theatre and a 
tobacco warehouse. Thence pro- 
ceeded to the front and was 
actively engaged in the subsequent 
campaign, with the field hospitals, 
and as Surgeon in Chief of the 
Irish Brigade, to the close of the 
war, performing his last military 
operation, on the field near Ap- 
pomattox, April 1865. 

Returning to New York he 
resumed private practice in Staten 
Island, where he was appointed 
Sanitary I nspector, e x - o ffi c i o 
Drainage Commissioner, and 
Examining Surgeon for pensions. 
Leaving here, owing to ill health, 
he started again in New York 



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City, and in 1872, joined the 69th 
Regt. National Guard, as Surgeon, 
but resigned, owing to press of 
private business. In 1881, he was 
appointed Visiting Physician to 
St. Vincent's Hospital, and in 1885, 
Deputy Coroner to his friend and 
comrade, Coroner John R. Nu- 
gent of the Irish Brigade. In 
1892 he again accepted the posi- 
tion of Surgeon to the 69th Regi- 
ment, at the request of his friend 
and comrade. Colonel Cavanagh. 
In the Medical and Surgical 
History of the war he is frequently 
credited with important contribu- 
tions, operations and reports. 

1835— Gregory O'Maher, son of T. 
O'Maher, Military Storekeeper at 
West Point, died there, while a 
cadet, shortly before graduating. 

183s — Rev. Michael Meagher, S. J., 
Pastor of St. Bridget's Church, 
Memphis, Tenn., died there, in the 
summer of 1878, of yellow fever, 
contracted in the discharge of his 
ministerial duties, a martyr to his 
sublime devotion to duty, for 
which he had voluntered his 
services, during an epidemic of 
the fell disease. He had been 
previously on the mission in 
Quebec, Canada, and in New 
York. He was a native of Temple- 
derry, Co. Tipperary, and though 
far away from native land, never 
faltered in his love and devotion 
to her cause. 

1840 — Rev. James Raymond Meagher, 
O, P., was born in Ikerrin, Tip- 
perary, July 25, 1840, died at the 
residence of the Dominican 
Fathers, Philadelphia, where he 
had been conducting a Mission. 
He came to the United States, 
when a boy, and was educated 
at St. Rose's Convent, near 
Springfield, Ky., and was ordained 
in 1866. He was assistant pastor of 



St. Vincent Ferrer's Church in 
New York, for sixteen years, until 
his death, Nov. i, 1889. His 
remains were taken to Springfield, 
Ky., where they were interred at 
the Convent of St. Rose. 

1848 — Rev. James Luke Meagher is the 
second son of John Meagher, of 
Priestown, and Bridget, daughter 
of James C. Connolly, of Prospect 
Hall, near Ballingarry, Co., 
Tipperary, Ireland, and was born 
there in 1848. 
The family emigrated to Canada, in 
1849, and after short sojourns in 
Watch Point, Vt., Ticonderoga, 
and the Adirondacks, N. Y., finally 
settled in i860, on a farm near 
Port Henry, so as to be near 
church and school. James soon 
developed studious and literary 
tendencies, and, after some 
desultory travels in the Southern 
and Western States, returned 
home, resumed his studies at the 
High School, and studied medicine 
under Dr. Nicholas of Port Henry. 
In 1869 he entered St. Mary's Col- 
lege, Montreal, where he taught 
for one year. His health failing, 
he was obliged to rest, but soon 
resumed his studies in the classic 
and modern languages, philosophy 
and the natural sciences. In the 
Fall of 1872 he entered the Grand 
Seminary for the study of Divinity, 
and was ordained December 8, 
1875. Going to Albany, N. Y. 
Father Meagher was assigned to 
St. Joseph's Church where he 
labored for four years and still 
continued his studies,ecclesiasticai 
and scientific. 
Easter, 1879, found ^i"^ ^^ St. Mary's 
Church, Oswego, where he began 
a course of instruction on the 
ceremonies of the Mass. The 
people from all parts of the city 
flocked to hear him, and as a result 
he published a work entitled : 



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Pastor, Caznovia, N. Y. 
Author of Religious and Philosophical Works. 



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Teaching Truth by Signs and 
Ceremonies^ which in a short time 
went through 29 editions. 
Promoted to the parish of Marathon, 
he next published The Festal Year; 
the Great Cathedrals of the World; 
the Seven Gates of Heaven^ as 
represented by the Seven Sacra- 
ments. Later, he took charge of 
the parish of Oneida, and after- 
wards removed by appointment 
to Cazenovia, where he wrote 
Man the Mirror of the World — 
Chrisfs Kingdom on Earth. More 
than 50,000 volumes of his works 
have been sold throughout the 
world, among all denominations 
of Christians. 
Has made a translation of the decree 
of the late Council of Baltimore 
relating to the liquor question. 
This law was made by the whole 
Episcopacy of the United States 
and it was immediately approved 
by His Holiness Leo XHL The 
decree deals trenchantly with the 
evils of the abuse of intoxicating 
drink ; asks for the aid of the 
clergy in discountenancing by 
precept and example the danger- 
ous practice ; and appeals to the 
faithful who are engaged in the 
business to seriously think with 
what and how great dangers and 
occasions of sin their business is 
surrounded, although it is not in 
itself forbidden. They must 
never sell to children, to those 
who are not their own masters, 
nor to those whom they foresee 
are going to abuse drink. They 
must close their bar-rooms on 
Sundays ; at no time must they 
allow cursing, swearing or im- 
modest talking within the walls of 
their saloons. 
1852 — O'Maher, Timothy, a native of 
Fethard, Co. Tipperary, was for a 
number of years Military Store- 
Keeper at the Military Academy, 



West Point. His son, Gregory, 
studied there as Cadet, but died 
before graduating, and his 
daughter Mary, was married to 
Quincy A. Gilmore, the dis- 
tinguished Union General and 
Artillery officer. Their sons Quincy 
O'M., and Richard, are officers of 
the Regular Army. 
1854 — Maher, Denis, a native of Thurles, 
Co. Tipperary, and brother of 
Daniel Maher, agent for his name- 
sake Nicholas of Turtulla, settled 
in Thomaston, Schuylkill Co., Pa., 
where he became head clerk for 
the Thomaston Coal & Iron Co. 
He then moved to Ashland in the 
same county where he started a 
general store which was very 
successful. Elected Recorder of 
Deeds, for one term, and subse- 
quently Sheriff of the County, 
holding office, in both positions, 
for eight years. He was then 
induced to run an extensive store 
in Williamstown, Dauphin Co., in 
connection with the coal mines 
there, from which he realized 
considerable money. He was a 
man of fine physique, 6 feet two 
inches in height, active, temperate, 
and devoted to his family and 
business. He died July 12, 1873, 
leaving two sons and one daughter. 
Dr. Andrew J. Thomas Francis 
and Anna Maria, now living with 
their mother in Philadelphia. 

1854 — Meagher, James, M. D., was a pop- 
ular medical practitioner of King- 
ston, Canada West, and member 
of Parliament for several years. 

1855 — Meagher, Hon. Thomas, was 
member of Parliament for Bona- 
venture, Quebec, at this period. 

1857 — James J. E. Maher, M. D., of Mc- 
gill University, Canada, is a na- 
tive of Albany, N. Y., and resident 
of New York City, where he has 
a large and lucrative practice. He 



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is a general scholar and linguist, 
a contributor to current medical 
literature, and an inventor of sur- 
gical instruments. His father 
was a native of Cashel, Tipperary, 
Ireland, where he carried on a 
general mercantile business, which 
he subsequently continued in Al- 
bany, N. Y. 

1858 — Maher, James, laid out the public 
grounds, in Washington, D. C. 

1859 — Rev. James Meagher, a native of 
Waterford, died in Mendota, Ills. 
He served on the Mission at Pitts- 
burg, Pa., Columbus, O., and in 
Chicago. He was everywhere 
beloved for his piety and good- 
ness of heart, and his premature 
death, due to exposure during his 
ministerial duties in a new parish, 
was deeply lamented. 

1863— O'Meagher, William, M.D., of the 
Marlhill family, practiced in New 
Orleans, and at the outbreak of 
the Rebellion was commissioned 
Surgeon by the Confederate Gov- 
ernment. He was detailed to at- 
tend the Union prisoners at Shreve- 
port, and was distinguished for 
his humanity and attention to 
those under hii charge. 

1863 — Thomas W. Meagher, of Ken- 
tucky, graduate of the University 
Medical College, New York, 1853 
— served in the Confederate army. 

1863— Civil War. 

Patrick Meagher, First Lieu- 
tenant 13th Infantry, Brevet Cap- 
tain for gallant and meritorious 
services during the siege of 
Vicksburg. 

1863 — John Meagher, born in New York, 
enlisted when about 19 years old, 
in the 69th N. Y. Vols., Irish 
Brigade, and was severely wound- 
ed at Fredericksburg, Dec. 13, 
1862, spending two months in 



hospital at Washington, and re- 
turning to the regiment partially 
disabled. He was at the battles 
of Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, 
Bristow Station, Rapidan, Mine 
Run, The Wilderness, Spottsylva- 
nia. Laurel Hill, Cold Harbor, 
Petersburg, Deep Bottom, Ream's 
Station, Deep Bottom (2), Skin- 
ner's Farm, Hatcher's Run, Suth- 
erland's Station, where he was 
again wounded and sent to hos- 
pital, reporting to the regiment 
June I, 1865. Was promoted to 
corporal, sergeant, and second 
lieutenant. 

1864 — ** Michael Mars, an able seaman 
of the Confederate steamer 
Alabama, was a gallant son of 
Erin and appropriately named. 
His admirable gallantry was first 
displayed in the Indian Ocean. 
One of the crew had been on the 
sick list for a long time, was con- 
valescent, and ordered by the 
surgeon to be carried on deck for 
sun and fresh air. While reclin- 
ing on the forecastle, a heavy sea 
was shipped, washing the man 
overboard to leeward. Immedi- 
ately, on the cry of * Man over- 
board,* the vessel was ordered to 
be brought to a standstill, while 
the struggling invalid was some 
. distance astern, battling with fee- 
ble strength for life. Mars took 
in the situation in a moment, 
seized a grating, rushed to the 
gangway, throwing it overboard, 
and plunged in, before the vessel 
had been hove to. Meanwhile, 
the First Lieutenant ordered Mars 
to desist in such a dangerous sea, 
saying that one man was enough 
to lose. But he replied : * Keep 
cool, Mr. Kell, I will save the 
poor fellow,' and swam rapidly to 
the now nearly exhausted sailor. 
He reached him and, shoving the 
grating under him, awaited the 



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life-boat, which was not long in 
taking them both in, the invalid 
being more dead than alive, and 
the rescued and rescuer were re- 
ceived on board with yells of de- 
light and admiration. When 
order was restored, Captain 
Semmes called the officers and 
crew to the quarter-deck, and, 
mounting the horse-block, in a 
speech of ten minutes, paid a flat- 
tering tribute to the superb gal- 
lantry of the man, and called on 
the rest of the officers and crew 
to emulate his example in all 
hours of trial and danger. 

" Mars distinguished himself in 
the memorable fight with the 
Kearsage, off Cherbourg, France, 
as compresserman of the after 
pivot gun, manned by twenty- 
two men, ten on each side, and 
two captains in the rear. The 
gun had just been loaded and run 
out to fire, and Mars had stooped 
to his knees to retard recoil, when 
an eleven inch shell from the 
enemy struck full in the middle 
of the first man on the port side 
of the gun, passing through the 
entire nine men, piling upon the 
deck a mass of human fragments, 
arms, legs, heads and bodies. 
Mars at once rose to his feet un- 
injured, and seizing a shovel, soon 
had the ghastly mass of flesh and 
bones overboard and the deck re- 
sanded. Later in the action, 
when the Alabama had settled, 
her spar deck flush with the water, 
and all hope had been abandoned, 
the order was given, * All hands 
save yourselves,' Semmes sent for 
Mars and telling him that he 
(Semmes) was unable to save his 
diary, because his left arm had 
been shattered by a piece of shell, 
asked him to take care of it. The 
seaman accepted the trust, and, 
easing himself down in the sea. 



holding the book high in the air. 
He reached a boat of the yacht 
Deerhound in safety; Semmes, the 
writer and others followed. We 
were soon steaming in the yacht 
to Southampton, where the hero 
Mars left us, sailor like, for an- 
other cruise. As the years roll 
by, the writer often thinks of 
Mars and his probable fate, 
whether he who did such gallant 
deeds was at last swallowed up 
by the insatiable ocean, or whether 
we shall meet again, and tell each 
the other his later pilgrimage 
through life. If toiling here yet, 
may God, as in the past, keep 
watch and ward over the gener- 
ous and brave fellow." — Lieuten- 
ant A. Sinclair, in Baltimore Sun 
— Irish Worldy July 9, 1892. 

1865 — May 9 — Judge James D. Meagher 
presided at a mass meeting of 
the citizens of Virginia City, 
Nevada, followed by a torchlight 
procession, in honor of the escape 
of James Stephens, the Fenian 
leader. 

1872 — Dr. William P. Meagher, son of 
the late Michael Meagher, Hali- 
fax, N. S., deceased. 

1872 — Thomas F. Meagher, Jr., son of 
General Meagher, cadet at West 
Point; now, 1892, in San Fran- 
cisco ; married Miss Carpenter, 
daughter of the late Dr. Carpen- 
ter, of that city. 

1875 — Meagher, James D., born in Cool- 
more, Co. Tipperary, in the year 
1827, emigrated to the United 
States in 1847; settled in New 
York, and went to California in 
1849. He started a hotel in 
Sacramento, but, when the city 
was devastated by floods, moved 
to Virginia City, Nevada, where 
he served in the Legislature, and 
was next elected first Recorder of 



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AMERICAN NOTES. 



the City. He died there of pneu- 
monia, October 8, 1875. 

1886 — Dr. Jerome J. Meagher, of Texar- 
cana, Texas, a graduate of St. 
Louis Medical College. 

1888 — Albany, New York, May 26. — Sir 
Thomas Henry Grattan Esmonde 
came up from New York this after- 
noon, and in the Mayor's office 
was presented by Mayor Edward 
A. Maher with a copy of the Com- 
mon Council resolution extending 
to him the freedom of the city, 
engrossed on parchment and in- 
closed in a silver box, on the lid 
of which was engraved the city's 
coat of arms and its seal. Sir 
Thomas made an eloquent re- 
sponse. Mr. Maher served in the 
State Legislature, for two terms 
and was then elected Mayor of 
Albany, Capital of the Empire 
State. 

1891 — Nicholas H. Meagher, lawyer, 
lately attorney for the United 
States in the Fishery Disputes, 
Halifax, N. S. 

1892 — Captain James W. Meagher, pro- 
prietor of the Mountain House, 
Cornwall, N. Y., a devoted friend 
of General Meagher, having 
serverf with him in the south-west 
during the war. 

1892 — Dr. Andrew Maher, Philadelphia 
Pa. 

1892 — Dr. Stephen I. Maher, M. A., New 
Haven, Ct. 

Married. — Maher — Murphy. — In Dub- 
lin, Francis E. Maher, Drogheda, 
son of the late Edward J. Maher, 
Littlefield, Jenkinstown, Co. Kil- 
kenny, June, 1892, to Ethel, 
daughter of Nicholas J. Murphy, 
Drogheda, late of 56 Abingdon 
Road, Kensington, London, and 
granddaughter of the late Jere- 
miah J. Murphy, Lota Park, Cork. 



Death of Mr. Thomas Meagher, of 
Manchester. — Dublin, June 29, 
1892. — ^We regret to see by our 
obituary columns the death of 
the above gentleman, so well and 
favorably known both in this city 
and throughout Ireland as being 
Irish agent for Messrs. Banner- 
man, of Manchester, for over 35 
years. He died on the 20th inst, 
at his residence in Manchester. — 
Freeman, 



CLERGYMEN IN THE UNITED 
STATES. 

1889— Rev. Daniel Meagher, C a r s o n 
City, Nev. 

Rev. Daniel J. Meagher, St. Louis, 
Bertrand's Ch., 6th St , Louis- 
ville, Ky. 

Rev. James L. Meagher,Cazenovia, 

N. Y. 

Rev. M. Meagher, Ackley, Iowa. 

Rev. Martin Meagher, Hontzdale, 
Pa. 

Rev. Michl. Meagher, Ridgeway, 
Pa. ' 

Rev.Wm. Meagher, 1337 Catherine 
street, Phila., Pa. 

Rev. Thomas Meaher, Van Buren, 
Me. 

Rev. Dominick Maher, Benicia, 
Cal. 

Rev. Jas. F. Maher, South Adams, 
Mass. 

Rev. Richard Maher, Notre Dame, 
Ind. 

Rev. T. F. Maher, Notre Dame, 
Ind. 

Rev. Timothy Maher, Danbury, 
Iowa. 

Rev. W. M. Maher, Sioux Falls, 
Dakota. 



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MISCELLANEA. 



185 



Very Rev. William Maher, Cathe- 
dral, Hartford, Ct., Vicar-Gen- 
eral. 

Rev. P. Meagher, Dewitt, Iowa. 



Rev. William Maher, Sacred Heart 

Church, New Haven. 
Rev. J. D. Marr, St. John's Church 

Eager St., Baltimore, Md. 



MISCELLANEA. 



1623 — Virginia Colonial Records. 
Deaths recorded for the year end- 
ing February 16; Westover, about 
a mile from Berkely Hundred : 
At Mr. Owen Machar's house — 
Owen Machar, Garret Farrell. 

1776 — Revolutionary War — New York 
Line. 

James Mahir, sergeant in Ran- 
dall's Company, Van Rensellaer's 
Regiment. 

John D. Mahir, Conine's Com- 
pany, Willett's Regiment. 

William Mahir, in Mynderse's 
Company, Wemple's Regiment. 

Solomon Marr, in Hermance's 
Company of Graham's Regiment. 

John Magher, in Grey's Com- 
pany, Van Rensellaer's Regi- 
ment. 

Samuel Meher, in Broadhead's 
Company of Piatt's Regiment. 

Daniel Meher, in Van Duzer's 
Company of Piatt's Regiment. 

Daniel and Robert Meher, in 
Veeder's Company of Fisher's 
Regiment. 

1776— Pennsylvania Line : 

John Marr ; died a pensioner in 
Columbia, Pa., in 1815. 

1777— Patrick Marr ; retired to Invalid 
Corps in 1784. 

1 781 — William Marr, in Stokely's Com- 
pany of Rangers. 

181 2— Peter Marr, First United States 
Infantry. 



1812 — William Magher, in Major Spark's 
Battalion. 

1813 — Ensign William Marr, 33d U. S. 
Infantry. 

1890— John L. Meagher, Post Masters 
Marysburg, Wis. — T. C, Jame, 
F. and John Meagher, merchants, 
San Francisco, Cal. — C. T. and 
John Meagher, merchants, Frank- 
fort, Ky.— W. H. Meagher, St. 
Louis, Mo. — Hon Michael Meagh- 
er and M. W. Meagher, Brooklyn, 
N. Y.— Henry O'Maher, Donald- 
sonville. La. — Joseph A. Maher, 
Dover Plains, N. Y.— Peter Meagh- 
er, Utica, N. Y.— W. Meagher, 
Reading, Pa. — Hon. John F. 
Meagher, banker, Mankato, Minn. 
— Thomas Meagher, Dallas Cen- 
tre, la. — Thomas Meagher, killed 
in the Imperial Gold Mine, Nev., 
Sept. 16, 1880.— Daniel O'Marr, 
merchant, Akron, O.-7-Bridget 
O'Meagher, Auburn, N. Y.— E. 
P. Meagher, Des Moines, la. — Alice 
O'Maher, Elmira, N. Y.— Thomas 
Meagher, Erie, Pa. — John Meagh- 
er, Cincinnati, O. — Anthony 
Meagher, Seattle, Wash. — Richard 
B. Mahar, Globe Hotel, Seneca 
Falls, N. Y.— Stephen F. Meagher, 
Newark, N. J. — Dennis Meagher, 
Newton, Mass. — James Meagher, 
Norfolk, Va.— £. J. Meagher, Oil 
City, Pa.— Marc C. and Chas. E. 
Meagher, Omaha, Neb. — John 
Meagher, Ottawa, Can. — P. C. 
Meagher, Patterson, N. J. — L. W. 
Meagher, Memphis, Tenn. — P. 



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MISCELLANEA. 



O'Maher, Meriden, Ct. — Meagher 
Bros., merchants, Montreal, Can. 
— Dennis Meagher, New Albany, 
Ind. — W. T. and John J. Meagher, 
New Bedford, and Thomas F. 
Meagher, Boston, Mass. — Joseph 
O'Meagher, New Orleans, La. — 
W. Maher, merchant, Blair, and 
William Meagher, Lincoln, Neb. — 
Jeremiah Meagher, Portland, Ore. 
— W. E. Meagher, Providence, R. 
I. — A. C. Meagher, Richmond, Va, 
— Patrick Meagher, Rochester, N. 
Y. — Frank T. Meagher, Sacra- 
mento, Cal. — John Meagher, St. 
Joseph, Mo. — P. F. Meagher, St. 
Paul, Minn.— F. T. Meagher, San 
Rafael, C a 1 . — J a m e s O'Marr, 
Peabody, Mass. — James Meagher, 
Waterbury, Ct. — Michael Meagh- 
er, Springfield, 111. — Meagher 
Bros., Philadelphia, Pa.— P. F. 
Maher, Pittsburg, Pa. — F rank 
Maher,John and Lewis J.Meagher, 
Baltimore, Md. — Albert J. Maher, 
Rev. Michael Meagher, S. J., Wal- 
ter S., John J., Thos. F. and Wil- 
liam Meagher, Chicago, 111. — P. 
H. Maher, Greenville, John E. 
Meagher, Sandusky, O. — F. B. 
Meagher, Frederickton, N. B., 
Can.— M. F. Meagher, Battle 
Creek, Mich. — Meagher Bros., 
Henry E., merchants, Jas. Meagh- 
er, builder, Patrick Meagher, 
William F. Meagher, Lawyer, 
New York. — William J. Maher, 
St. Jean, Man., brother of Francis 
E. Maher, of Drogheda, Ireland. 

Medals of Honor 
were conferred on General Meagher by 
the City of New York; on Captain Dan- 
iel J. Meagher, of the New York Fire 
Department, for saving life at fires ; and 
on officer John Meagher, of the New 
York Police Department, for arresting 



disorderly persons, although danger- 
ously wounded. 

The Name 

O Meachair, O'Meagher, Meagher or Ma- 
her, is pronounced broad, like father, 
farther, rather, heart, hearken, etc., the 
g being silent, as in the words higher, 
nigher, sighing, or proper names, O*- 
Dougherty, O'Donoghue, Croghan, Vau- 
ghan. Brougham, etc. It was first borne 
by Meachair "King of El^," who ruled 
over the Elian territories in the 5th cen- 
tury, and was baptised by St. Patrick. 

It is generally said to be derived from 
"Machair, a plain or field of battle,'* 
and, on this account, anglicized O'Ffield, 
Field, Fielding and Fielder. The late 
learned Professor Eugene O'Cavanagh 
favored this derivation, but the late 
learned and gallant knight J. B. O'Mea- 
gher (p. 142), derived it from " Meach, 
hospitality," while others refer it to the 
Oriental or Aryan designation of prince 
or lord, such as Maherajah, Omar Pasha, 
or the Phoenician Maiherbal. All are 
alike ancient and honorable. 

The following places are called after 
the name in Ireland : 

KnockballyMeagher, GurteenMaher, 
in Ikerrin ; Mahereigh in Lower Or- 
mond ; Mauherslieve, in Owny and Arra, 
Tipperary ; Rath Maher, in Cork. 

In the United States: Maherville, 
Barton Co., Kansas ; Meagher, a post 
ofiice in Illinois ; Meagher County in 
Montana, so called after General Mea- 
gher; Mars Bluff, in South Carolina; 
Marr's Landing, in Tennessee. 

In Canada: Meagher's Head, a dan- 
gerous rocky promontory, on the coast 
of Nova Scotia, where the steamship At- 
lantic was wrecked and 450 passengers 
lost, in 1873 ; Meagher's Grant, a post 
village, in Halifax County, on the Mus- 
quodoboit River. 



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CORRBSPONDBNCB. 



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CORRESPONDENCE. 



Extract from a Utter of Canon Giovanni 
Saroglia^ Vicar General of Ivrea, 

" I am truly moved by your very great 
kindness in sending me those memorials 
of your illustrious family. 

I inhabit chambers that are over the 
sacristy of the Cathedral where repose 
the glorious remains of your kinsman, 
Blessed Thaddeus. When reciting three 
times per day the holy office around the 
High Altar, under which rests the coffin 
of the Saint, O how it pleases me to 
think that I stand near one of your re- 
lations — the greatest glory of your 
family. When the coffin was opened for 
the purpose of extracting that invaluable 
relic that my Lord Bishop sent you, I 
was astonished at seeing those holy 
bones decayed a little, but entire, and 
almost as in life. I kissed them with 
veneration. O how I wish that in place 
of a coffin they were encased in a splen- 
did reliquaire. It pains me that I have 
nothing to return you for the gracious 
gift made me, but I promise to pray to 
the Blessed Thaddeus that he may heap 
on your head, and on the heads of all 
your noble and illustrious family, all the 
blessings of Heaven." 

Extract from a letter of Geraldine O'Meara. 

" I wrote your message to Kathleen.* 
She spoke to Mgr. Kirby about the 
bourses, but he could give no informa- 
tion, nor did he seem to remember about 
the Blessed Thaddeus. She then told 
him all I had said. However, the other 
day, when she had her private audience 
of the Holy Father, she brought up the 
Blessed Thaddeus : 

^Kathleen O'Meara, author of Isa^s Story, 
Woman's Trials, Life of Ozanam, Memoir of 
Dr. Daniel, Salon of Madame Mohl, etc 



'' Saint P^re, ce serait un grand 
bonheur pour V Irlande, si vous voulez 
canoniser le bienheureux Thad^e O'Mea- 
gher," " Quel est le Bienheureux ? " 
"Saint Pere, le Cardinal Cullen en a parl^ 
k SS. Pio Nono etk Mgr. Kirby. Voulez 
vous me permettre de dire k Mgr. de vous 
en parler?" " Oui Oui, je vols Mgr. 
Kirby presque toutes lessemaines. Par- 
lez lui en." 

" Holy Father, it would be a great 
favor to Ireland if you would canonize 
the Blessed Thaddeus O'Meagher." 

" Who is this blessed man ?" 

"Holy Father, Cardinal Cullen has 
spoken of him to his Holiness, Pius IX., 
to tell Mgr. Kirby to speak to you on the 
and to Mgr. Kirby. Will you permit me 
subject ? 

" Yes, yes, I see Mgr. Kirby almost 
every week. Speak to him about it." 

" So you see Kathleen took the bull by 
the horns." 



Extract from a letter of Archbishop Kirby. 

" I have to apologise to you for having 
so long deferred acknowledging the re- 
ceipt of your esteemed letter and of your 
work, " Historical Sketches of the O'- 
Meaghers," but I felt reluctant to do so 
until I should be able to fulfil your com- 
mission. I have now the great pleasure 
to inform you that on yesterday I had 
the honour to present to His Holiness, 
Leo Xni., your erudite work, and he 
was pleased to accept, most graciously; 
and, although he does not understand 
English, he took some time to look 
through it, and examined some of the 
sketches. The figures of the military 
officers especially attracted his atten- 
tion. I briefly explained to him the 
scope of the work and remarked, 



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CORRESPONDENCE, 



amongst other things, that the Blessed 
Thaddeus, who is interred in Ivrea Ca- 
thedral, was a member of the O'Meagher 
family. He was pleased at the end of 
the audience to charge me to send you 
his Apostolic Blessing." 

Translation. 
Most Illustrious Sir: 

I am fortunate enough to possess as a 
precious thing a letter written me by 
your most serene Lordship on the 14th 
May, 1885, as well a valuable book pub- 
lished by you in 1887. 

Now in\ return I make bold to send 
you a photograph which reproduced the 
parchment recording the death of the 
Blessed Thaddeus (O'Machar), and an- 
nouncing to you, at the same time, that 
we will initiate as soon as possible the 
procedure to obtain the recognition of 
the"Cultus." 

In giving you this information I think 
it will afford you pleasure. The expense 
will not be small, but I hope Divine 
Providence will come to our help. 

If it will be pleasing to you I will send 
you afterwards other details relative to 
the Blessed Thaddeus (O'Machar), whose 
body we possess. 

Most excellent sir, please to accept 
the expression of esteem of your most 
humble servant, 

Canon Giovanni Saroglia, 
Ivrea (Piedmont), 16 Jan'y, 1892. 
Casimir O'Meagher. 



NOTE. 

1890 — The following notice of Blessed 
Thaddeus O'Meachair appears in Dr. 
Bollesheim's History of the Catholic 
Church in Ireland, 573, Maintz, 1890: 

Ireland and also Piedmont venerates 
as a saint Bishop Thaddeus Machar of 
Cork. Appointed bishop by Innocent 
VIII., in the year 1490, he was unable to 
take possession of the See, owing to the 
machinations of the Geraldines, who. 



having given large donations to the 
bishopric, were unwilling to allow any 
but their relatives to enjoy its reve- 
nues.* Appealing for protection from 
Innocent the Eighth in Rome, he ob- 
tained the Pope's Rescript,! July, 
X492, assuring him protection and 
threatening ecclesiastical punishment 
for all the Bishop's enemies. Upon his 
return, stricken with a fatal illness, in 
the town of Ivrea (Eporedia), sanctified 
by the memory of St. Patrick, the de- 
voted prelate, descended from royal an- 
cestors, was taken to the public hospital 
of St. Antonius, where, on the 24th of 
October, 1492, he died a Christian death. 
Wonderful apparitions of light which 
illumined his death chamber, proved his 
sanctity beyond a doubt, inconsequence 
of which the clergy and laity followed 
his remains in solemn procession to the 
Cathedral, and enrolled the Irish bishop 
among the number of their patron 
saints.^ 

RESUME OF THE RESULTS OF 
INQUIRIES MADE IN REGARD 
TO THE MILITARY SERVICES 
AND OTHER AFFAIRS OF FOR- 
MER OFFICERS NAMED " MEA- 
GHER, MARRE, MAHER, OR MAU- 
GHER." 

To Mr. Casimir O'Meagher, 

Dublin, Ireland. 

In the list of officers of the year 17 15, 
a Colonel Pierre Lamar is mentioned, 
who figures in the budget of the year 

*They had attempted a similar invasion of 
the diocese of Ardfert, but were restrained 
by the Pope's Rescript. Theiner*s Vet. Mon. 
506. 

tScepage29. 

{Malone II. 186. — The tombstone in the 
Cathedral of Ivrea displays this inscription : 

Inde Thaddeus adesc quern misit Hiberniap 
praesul 

Sospite quo veniet saepe petita salus. 
Regia progenies alto de Sanguine OMachar. 



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da valenti archeologi giudicata riferibile agli ultimi anni del XV oppure ai primi del XVI secob 

Copy of parchment from Tomb of Blessed Thaddeus O Machar, "Adjudged by able 
archeologists to be referable to the last years of the 15th or first years of the i6th century." 



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CORRESPONDENCE. 



189 



1 717 as royal adjutant-general, with a 
monthly pay of 100 thaiers. In those 
conscription lists of 1681-1721 — as are 
stiJl extant — he is, however, not found in 
any of the branches of the service. The 
name is written variously Lamar, (as 
above) La Mar, La Marre, Lamare, and 
de la Maar. A document bearing on his 
nationality is not extant, but in regard 
to his military career the records of the 
year 1717 show that he was promoted to 
colonel on November 4th, 17 15. Exhibit 
I shows his appointment as major-gen- 
eral, and in a royal special decree of 
April 22, 1738, it is ordered " that the 
pension heretofore drawn by the lately 
demised Major-General de la Marr shall 
cease and revert to the War Treasury." 
The date when he was pensioned, as well 
as the date of his death, can nowhere be 
ascertained, nor can it be established 
whether the above-named was related to 
the lieutenant-colonel, 

Thadeus Meagheb, 
in the service of the King of Poland and 
Electoral Prince of Saxony, who, accord- 
ing to the conscription lists of the staff 
of the first two battalions of the body- 
guard (April 30, 1739), was a native of 
Ireland, and at the time mentioned, about 
44 years of age. Before his entrance into 
the service of the King of Saxony, he 
had served 26 years in France, was after- 
wards promoted — as is seen in Exhibit 
II — on May 25, 1752, to the rank of lieu- 
tenant-general, and died apparently at 
Dresden, in May, 1765. 

No records of the settlement of his es- 
tate are to be found in the archives of 
this city, but from the special decree — 
as copied in Exhibit III — it appears that 
Lieutenant -Colonel von Browne* was 

* Two distingiiished officers of this name, of Irish 
birth or descend are prominently recorded at this pe- 
riod. One was General George Count Browne— in 
the Russian service — who died Governor of Livonia, 
in 1792. The other was Field-Marshal Ulysses Maxi- 
milian Count Brown, of the Austrian service, who died 
of wounds received in battle, June 26th, 1757. As 
General Meagher died in 1765, &e field-marshal could 
not have been his heir. It was probably the great 
Russian general, or one of the same name and nation- 



the sole heir of Lieutenant-General de 
Meagher. 

Other information concerning the 
family could not be found. 

Von Fabrice, 

Minister of War of Kingdom 
of Saxony. 

Dresden, April 28, 1882. 



Copy. 



L 

No. 3010. 
Dated May 22d, 1738. 



Rec'd Aug. 17th, 1738. 

Frederick Augustus, by the Grace of 
God, King of Poland, Duke of Saxony, 
Julich, Cleves, Berg, Engern and West- 
phalia, Electoral Prince, etc., etc.: 

Loyal Counsellors, beloved, faithful : 
Whereas, his Majesty, our father, now 
sleeping in the Lord, graciously promot- 
ed, on the 25th day of August, 1729, Col. 
and Adjutant-General Lamare, by rea- 
son of his brave and faithful services in 
the field, rendered to our house during 
many years, and by reason of his expe- 
rience thereby acquired, to the rank of 
major-general of the cavalry, in such a 
manner that other colonels, who, by 
length of service enjoy priority over him, 
shall, when promoted to major-generals, 
retain their rank before him, as Lamare 
is entitled to rank before Major-General 
von Berner. 

Therefore, we desire that ye will 
henceforth treat and address him as such. 
This will be done in accordance with our 
judgment and wish, and we extend to 
you our gracious devotion. 

Giveaat Dresden, May 22d, 1738. 

Baron von Zech. 
To the Ministry of War. 

ality, in the Polish-Saxon service. (See Biog. Univer- 
selle). 



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CORRESPONDENCE. 



II. 

Copy. No. 4973. 

Dated June 25, 1739. 

Rec'd Aug. 24, 1739. 
Frederick Augustus, by the Grace of 

God, King of Poland, etc., etc. : 

Loyal Counsellors, beloved, faithful : 
Whereas we have appointed lieutenant- 
colonel of our body-guard infantry Tha- 
die Meagher ^Xo be our chamberlain, in gra- 
cious appreciation of his good qualities 
and faithful and brave services, there- 
fore, we graciously desire that ye will 
on all future occasions treat and address 
him as such. This will be done in ac- 
cordance with our wish and judgment, 
and we extend to you our gracious de- 
votion. 

Given at Dresden, June 25, 1739. 

Baron von Zech. 

To the Ministry of War. 

No. 4340. 

Dated July i, 1740. 

Rec'd Sept. 9, 1740. 
Frederick Augustus, by the Grace of 

God, King of Poland, etc. : 

Loyal Counsellors, beloved, faithful : 
As on the i8th of December, 1738, we 
graciously promoted Lieutenant-Colonel 
of the first corps of our body-guard, 
Thadeus de Afeagher, to the rank of Col- 
onel of the Infantry, we therefore gra- 
ciously desire that you will henceforth, 
on all occasions, treat and address him 
as such. This will be done in accord- 
ance with our judgment and wish, and 
we extend to you our gracious devo- 
tion. 

Given at Dresden, July i, 1740. 

Baron von Zech. 

To the Ministry of War. 

No. 5314. 

Dated Sept. 7, 1742. 
Rec'd Oct. 15, 1742. 
Frederick Augustus, by the Grace of 
God, King of Poland, etc., etc. : 
Loyal counsellors, beloved, faithful : 
Having graciously appointed Thadeus 



de Meagher^ hitherto our chamberlain, 
and colonel of infantry, captain of our 
Swiss Guard, and accorded him the 
rank of staff officer, such as his predeces- 
sor. Baron von Diesbach, occupied, we 
graciously decree that you will hence- 
forth treat and address him as such. 
This is our will and judgment, and we 
extend to you our gracious devotion. 

Given at Dresden, Sept. 7, 1742. 

Baron von Zech. 
To the Ministry of War. 



No. 410. 
Dated Dec. 19, 1744* 

Rec. Feb. 11, 1745- 
Frederick Augustus, by the Grace of 

God, King of Poland, etc., etc. 

Loyal counsellors, beloved, faithful : 
Having graciously promoted, on Oct. 
17th, of the present year, Thadeus de 
Meagher Captain of our Swiss Guard, 
and colonel, to the rank of major-gen- 
eral of infantry, it is our gracious wish 
that you henceforth treat and address 
him as such, etc. 

Given at Dresden, Dec. 19, 1744. 

Baron von Zech. 

To the Ministry of War. 



III. 



Order to the Lieutenant, Captain, 

AND Major-General Count von der 

Herst. 

On the settlement of the estate of the 
late Swiss Captain and Lieutenant, Tha- 
deus de Meagher, Major von Weisen- 
bach is commanded to separate all docu- 
ments, bills, receipts, moneys, and other 
properties belonging to the Swiss 
Guard, to take possession thereof, and to 
pay to Meagher's sole heir, Lieutenant- 
Colonel von Browne, against his receipt, 
the salary of the vacant Swiss captaincy, 
no thalers 12 grochens p. month, suc- 
cessively, until the 4,400 thalers which 
were the amount of de Meagher's insu- 
rance (policy) shall have been paid off. 

Given at Dresden, May 23, 1765, un- 
der his majesty's own signature. 



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PEDIGREES. 



191 



PEDIGREES. 



MECHAIR, The Daughter of. 

Her pedigree is thus given by the 
learned author of Loca Patriciana: 

56. Oilioll Oluim, King of Munster. 

57. Cian, King of Eiie. 

58. Thadg. 

59. Connla. 

60. Foret or Fiannachta. 

61. Mechair. 

62. Ingena, daughter of Mechair ; 
Feast day, 28th April. 



ST. BENIGNUS. (Beonna) 

Benignus, successor of St. Patrick in 
the See of Armagh, was fourth in de- 
scent from Oilioll Oluim. His pedigree 
is thus given in the Martyrology of 
Donegal : 

56. Oilioll Oluim. 

57. Cian. 

58. Sescnen and Sodelbh, daughter 
of Cathair Mor. 

59. Benignus. Feast-day 9th Novem- 
ber. 

ST. CRONAN. 

St. Cronan's descent from Oilioll 
Oluim, King of Munster, is thus given 
by the author of Loca Patriciana: 

56. Oilioll Oluim. 

57. Cian, King of Eile. 

58. Thadg. 

59. Connla. 

60. Fiancaem Uailach. 

61. Fiac. 

62. Fincadh, 

63. Sebernech. 

64. Eire. 



65. Imcadh. 

(it. Eile-righ-derg. 

6>. Amrath. 

68. Olcu. 

69. Fuirg. 

70. Amergin. 

71. Odran. 

72. Cronan, Abbot of Roscrea; Feast 
day, 28th April. 



POSTERITY OF CIAN, SECOND 

SON OF OILIOLL OLUIM. 
His son, Teige, 



« 


Lugaidh, 






« 


Niacorb, 


« 


Artcorb, 




« 


Ithguirig, 




« 


Loin, 


Does not agree with 


« 


Dala, 


received pedigree. 


« 


Diermoid, 




a 


Finnbar, 




a 


Ceannfaola, 


it 


Flaithna, 


a 


Beice, 


u 


Soergus, 


u 


Aara, from whom O'Hara. 


CON LA, (second son of Cian.) 


His son, Finnchad Huallach, 


(( 


Eire, 


« 


Imcadh, 


« 


Sawreany, 




€t 


Larek, 




U 


Limridearg, 


Does not agree 


« 


Druro, 


with received 


« 


Aulig, 


pedigree. 


*t 


Keirc, 




u 


Maghair, 
Fail, 


it 


a 


Inig, 


a 


Lonain, 


u 


Aillini, 







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192 



PEDIGREES. 



His son Ultar, 
" Maolroona, 
" Aingeadha, 
'' Seachnusach, 
" Maenach, 
" Cnamhim, 
Dublaoy, 
" Cearuail, from whom O'Carroll. 



CONLAS SECOND SON WAS 

FINNAGHTA. 

His son Echanforbharglas, 
Keing, 
" Lugaigh, 
Fiegha, 
Feilim, 
" Donncuone, 
" Luig, 
" Fergus, 

Hugh, 
" Maghair, 

from whom 0*Meagher, 
29 generations from Cian to Cearuail. 

Descents of Irish families formed by 
sundry collections made in 1617 by the 
Earl of Thomond. Carte MSS., p. 245. 



Descent of O'Magher in the County 
Tipperary, circa 1617. 

WILLIAM MAC HELE O'MAGHER. 
His son Dermond, 
Philip, 

" Hugh, 

" Dermond, 

" Hugh, (second son) 

" Rorye, 

" Melaghlin, 

" Rorye and Philip, 

" Donalglas, (third son) 

" Gilleneue, 

" Shanegrangine, 

" Teige Gearin. 

Pedigrees of Irish Nobility, Harlean, 
MSS. 1425, p. 58, British Museum. 



WILLIAM MAC HELEO'MEAOHER- 

His son Dermond, 
Phillipe, 
" Hugh, 
" Dermond, 



« 
« 



Hugh, (second son) 
Rorye, 
Melaghlin, 
" Rorye and Phillipe, 

** Donalglas, (third son) 

" Gillaneva, 

" Shaneguary, 

" Teige yenrin. 

From "a booke of pedigrees wherein 
most of the descents of either the meere 
Irish or of the English families in Ireland 
are mentioned." Carew MSS., Tome 
626, folio 84, Lambeth Library. 



PEDIGREE OF O'MEAGHER OF 
IKERRIN. 
This pedigree is to be found in a fac- 
simile copy, page 664, made in 1836 by 
Eugene O'Curry for the Royal Irish 
Academy from the Autograph of Dud- 
ley MacFirbis* Book of Pedigrees, com- 
piled in 1650 and now in the possession 
of the Earl of Roden. 

Tadhg. 
Son of Gillananaom, 
Gillananaom, 
Gillananaom, 
Tadhg, 
Piers, 
Diarmait, 
Maelsechlainn, 
Donnchad, 
Gillananaom, 
Gillananaom, 
Finn, 

Maelsechlainn, 
Muirchertach, 
Donnchad, 



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PEDIGREES. 


193 


Son of larann. 




Son oi 


I Tadhg, 


t( 


Fiacha, 




ti 


Gillanaom, 


u 


Mechair 6%^ 




it 


Piers, 


u 


Murchad, 




it 


Gillanaom, 


it 


Domhnall, 




li 


Diarmaid, 


ti 


Eghnech, 




a 


Finn, 


it 


Tadhg, 




ti 


Maelsechlain, 


(C 


Dlutach, 




ti 


Muirchertach, 


ti 


Caellaidhe a quo Ui Caellaidhe, 


it 


Donnchad, 


ti 


Oilioll (or Cu-Coille) 




it 


larann, 


it 


Mechair (a quo the sept) King 


it 


Fiacha, 




of Ele, 




it 


Mechair, 


it 


Aedh mor, 




a 


Murchad 6g, 


it 


Fergna, 




it 


Domhnall, 


it 


Lugaid, 




it 


Eighnech, 


ti 


Donchuan, 




a 


Tadhg, 


ti 


Feidlimidh, 




a 


Dluthacht, 


ti 


Fiacha, 




it 


Mechair, 


it 


Lugaid, 




ti 


Caellaidhe, 


it 


Etchu (orColgu) 




a 


Cu-aille, 


ti 


Eochaidh Faebhasdcrg, 




it 


Mechair (a quo Ui Mechair), 


a 


Finnachta, 




a 


Aedh mor, 


it 


Connia, 




a 


Fergna, 


a 


Tadhg, 




ti 


Lugaid, 


it 


Cian* 




a 

it 


Donnchuan, 

Feidlim, 

Fiacha, 


FED] 


[GREE OF O'MEAGHER 


OF 


it 




IKERRIN 




ti 
it 


Lugaid, 
Etchu, 


Thi 


is Pedigree is recorded in a 


MS. 


it 


Eochaid Faebharglas, 


preserved in the Library of the Royal 




Fionnachta, 
Connia, 
Tadhg. 
Cian, 


Irish 


Academy, catalogue 23 E 26 


page 


a 


104. 


O'Curry, in his Catalogue of Irish 


a 


MSS. 


, Hodges & Smith's Collection, 


a 


Olill Oluim. 



Series I, Vol. I, page 325, states the con- 
tents in general of this MS. are the Six 
Ages of the World, the Book of Munster, 
Pedigrees, Poems, &c.,and that the first 
seven pages were written in the year 
171 7 by Richard Tipper and the remain- 
der in the beautiful handwriting of John, 
son of Torna O'Mulconry, who lived near 
Bunratty, Co. Clare in the year 1660. 

John. 
Son of Gillanaom 6g, 
*' Gillanaom mor, 
" Gillanaom, 



Cormac-Galeng, from whom are O'Hara, 
O'Gara and O'Conor Keenaught, was 
brother of ConnJa. 



PEDIGREE OF O'MEAGHER OF 
IKERRIN. 
This Pedigree is to be found in a MS. 
quarto volume in the Royal Irish Acad- 
emy, Catalogue D 2317, page 208, and 
described in O'Curry's Catalogue of 
Irish MSS., Hodges & Smith's Collection 
Series I., Vol I., page 325, as being in the 



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194 



PEDIGREES. 



handwriting of Cucogry O'Clery, ¥|rhose 
will, bequeathing his Irish MSS.,is to be 
found in his own handwriting at page 
271. This MS. contains the Pedigrees 
of all the Milesian families of distinction 
in Ireland, and of the leading Anglo- 
Norman families, too — coming down to 
the year 1664, when it was compiled. 
John. 
Son of Tadg, 

" Gillananaom 6%^ 

" Gillananaom, 

" Gillananaom, 
Tadhg, 

*' Gillananaom, 

** Gillananaom, 

" Piers, (or Peter) Piarrais, 

" Gillananaom mor, 

" Diarmaid, 
Finn, 

** Maelsechlainn, 

" Muirchertach, 

" Donnchad, 

" larain, 

" Fiach, 

" Mechair, 

" Murchad 6%^ 

" Domhnall, 

" Eighnech, 
Tadg, 

" Dlutach, 

" Mechair 
Caellaidhe, 

" Cucoille, 

" Mechair a quo the Sept,* 

" Aedh-mor, 

** Fergna, 

" Lugaid, 

" Donncuan, 
Feidhlim, 

" Fiacha, 

* From the Comarb of Cronan. The steed 
and battle dress of every Lord of them belong 
to the Comarb of Cronanp and of Inchanam- 
boe, and these must go thrice round him 
[the chief of the O'MeachairsJ when pro- 
claiming him Lord, and the Comarb should 
be at his shoulder, and he [the O 'Mechair] 
should rise before the Comarba and that 
Meachair was King of Ele. 



Son of Etchu, 
" Eochaid Faebharglas, 
" Finnchad, 
" Connla, 

Tadhg, 

Cian, 

Olill Oluim, 



PEDIGREE OF OMEAGHER OF 
IKERRIN. 

This Pedigree is to be found in a MS. 
volume in the Royal Irish Academy 
Catalogue G 231, page 290, and de- 
scribed in O'Curry's Catalogue of Irish 
MSS., Hodges & Smith's collection, as 
containing a fine copy of Keating's His- 
tory of Ireland, a synchronism of the 
Patriarchs, Eastern Emperors, Holy Fa- 
thers, Popes to 1612, and Kings of Ire- 
land, the genealogical portion of the 
Book of Munster, and several historical 
and other poems, 239 pages of the vol- 
ume being in the handwriting of Der- 
mod O'Mahony, and the remaining part 
having been transcribed in 1709 by Ar- 
thur O'Keefe for Father Richard Hart- 
nett. 

John 
Son of Gillanaom 6%y 

** Gillanaom mor, 

" Gillanaom, 

" Tadhg, 

" Gillanaom, 

" Piers, 

" Gillanaom, 

" Diarmaid, 

" Finn, 

" Maelsechlainn, 

" Muirchertach, 

" Donnchadh, 

" larann, 

" Fiacha, 

" Meachair, 

" Murchadh 6^^ 

" Murchad, 

" Domhnaill, 

" Eighnech, 

" Tadhg, 

" Dlutach, 



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PEDIGREES. 



195 



Son of Meaghar, (a quo plebs), 

Caellaidhe, 

Cuchaille, 
" Meachar, 
" Aedh mor, 
" Fergna, 
" Lugaidy 
" Donnchuan, 

Fedhlim, 

Fiacha, 
" Lugaidh, 
" Eathchu, 
" Eochaidh Faebharglas, 
" Finnachta, 
" Connla, 

Tadhg, 

Cian, 

Oilill Olum. 



PEDIGREE OF O'MEAGHER. 

This genealogy is recorded in a folio 
MS. preserved in the Library of Trinity 
College, Dublin, H 2, 5, page 109, vol. 2, 
written by Dermod 0*Conor, 1712. 

John 
Son of Gillenanaom, 

Gillananaom mor, 

Gillananaom, 

Tadg, 

Gillananaom, 

Diarmuda, 

Find, 

Mealseachlain, 

Muirchertach, 

Donn, 

larn, 

Fiacac, 

Meachr, 

Murchad 6^^ 

Donmhall, 

Eigneg, 

Tadg, 

Dhulang, 

Feacg, 

Coille, 

Cucoille, 

Meachr, 

Fergna, 

Lugaigh, 



Son of Duancuan, 
Feidlim, 

" Fiaca, 

" Lugaigh, 

" Earcon, 

" Each Farbarglas, 

" Fiannach, 

" Connla, 

" Tadg, 

" Ceinn, 

" Oiliel Olum. 



PEDIGREE OF O'MEAGHER, OF 
IKERRIN. 
This Pedigree is to be found in a 
small quarto volume of 217 written 
pages in the Library of the Royal Irish 
Academy, and catalogued 23, L 4, page 
72, and described in 0*Curry*s Cata- 
logue of Irish MSS., Hodges & Smith's 
Collection, Volume IL, page 285, to be 
a historical and genealogical account of 
the Milesians according to the Psalter 
of Cashel, and as having been copied in 
17 13 by the transcriber of Keating's 
History of Ireland, Dermod O'Connor, 
whose name appears in English at the 
foot of page 7. 

John, 
Son of Gillananaom, 
** Gillananaom mor, 
'' Gillananaom, 
" Tadhg, 
'' Gillananaom, 
" Diarmaid, 

Finn, 
^' Maelsechlainn, 
" Muirchertach, 
" Donnchad, 
" larann, 

Fiacha, 
" Meachar, 
" Murchad 6g, 

Domhnall, 
" Eignech, 
" Tadhg, 



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196 



PEDIGREES. 



Son of Dlutach, 
Mechar, 
Callaidhe, 
Cuchaille, 

Mechair (a quo plebs) 
Aedh mor, 
Fergna, 
Lugaid, 
Donnchuan, 
Feidhlime, 
Fiacha, 
Lugaidy 
Etchu, 
Eochaid Faebarglas, "of the 

sharp sword." 
Fianachta, 
Connla,* 
Tadhg, 
Cian, 
Oilioll Oluim. 



PEDIGREE OF O'MEAGHER, OF 
IKERRIN. 

This pedigree is copied in English in 
the handwriting of the Collector of 
O'Ferrall's Linea Antiqua, at page 142, 
now deposited in the office of Ulster 
King of Arms. The Linea Antiqua was 
compiled in 1720. 

John O'Meachair, 
Teige O'Meachair, 
Gilla-na-neeve og O'Meachair, 
Gilla-na-neeve O'Meachair, 
Gilla-na-neeve O'Meachair, 
Teige O'Meachair, 
Gilla-na-neeve O'Meachair, 
Gilla-na-neeve O'Meachair, 
Pierse O'Meachair, 
Gilla-na-neeve mor, 
Dermod, 
Fionn, 
Malachi, 

♦ This Connla's brother was Core (sic-sed) 
vide Cormac Gailing, from whom came 
O'Hara, O'Gara, and O'Conor of Cianecht. 



Murtogh, 

Donogh, 

larnan, 

Fiaac, 

Meachair, (a quo the surname), 

Morrough, 

Donald, 

Eighneach, 

Teige, 

Dlutach, 

Meachair, 

Ceallach, 

Cucoille, 

Meachair, 

Aedh, 

Fergna, 

Lughaid, 

Donncuan, 

Felira, 

Fiach, 

Lugaid, 

Etchow, 

Eochaid, 

Fionnachta, (second 

son of Conla), 
Conla (eldest son of 

Teige), 
Teige, 
Cian, 



PEDIGREE OF O'MEAGHER OF 

IKERRIN. 
This Pedigree is to be found in a 
small paper folio volume of 169 pages, 
catalogued 23, Q 4, page 137, in the 
handwriting of Dermod O'Connor, the 
transcriber of Keating's History of Ire- 
land, and described by O'Curry in his 
Catalogue of Irish MSS., in the Royal 
Irish Academy, Hodge's & Smith's col- 
lection, volume III, page 769, as con- 
taining a good copy of the Book of 
Genealogies and History of Munster, 
besides some pedigrees of families who 
were settled in other parts of Ireland, 
the text and pedigrees being corrected 



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PEDIGREES. 



197 



in several places in the handwriting of 
Peter O'Connell. 

John, 
Son of Gillanaom 6%y 
" Gillanaom mor, 
•' Gillanaom, 
" Tadgh, 
" Gillanaom, 
" Diarmaid, 
" Finn, 
" Maelsechlain, 
** Muirchertach, 
<' Donnchad, 
" larann, 
" Fiacha, 
** Meachar, 
" Murchad 6g, 
«* Domhnall, 
** Eighnech, 
" Tadgh, 
" Dluthach, 
" Meachar, 
" Caellaidhe, 
" Cuchaille, 
" Meachar a quo ui 

Meachair, 
" Aedh mor, 
" Fergna, 
" Lughaidy 
" Donnchuan, 
" Feidhlim, 
" Fiacha, 
" Lugaid, 
" Eatchu, 
" Eochaidh Faeb- 

harglass, 
" Fiannachta, 
" Connla, brother 

of Co r m a c 

a quo O' Haras, 

& O'Garas, &c. 
" Tadhg, 
" Cian, 
" Oilill Oluim. 



PEDIGREE OF O'MEAGHER OF 

IKERRIN. 
This pedigree is to be found in a neat 
quarto volume of 435 pages in the beau- 



tiful handwriting of Tadhg O'Cronan, 
called an seancha muinthnechy which prin- 
cipally treats of the principal families of 
Munster, and it was written in Cork in 
1739. It is preserved in the Library of 
the Royal Irish Academy, and cata- 
logued 23, N 30, page 212. 
John, 
Son of Gillananaom, 

'' Gillananaom mor 

** Gillananaom, 

" Tadhg, 

" Gillananaom, 
Piers, 

" Gillananaom, 

" Diarmaid, 
Finn, 

" Maelsechlainn, 

" Muirchertach, 

" Donnchad, 

" larran, 

" Fiacha, 

" Meachar, 

" Murchad 6^^ 

" Domhnall, 

" Eignech, 

" Tadhg, 

" Dlutach, 

" Meachar (a quo 
plebs) 

" Caellaidhe, 

" Cucriche (sic), 

" Meachar, 

" Aedh mor, 

" Feargus, 

" Lugaidh, 

" Donnchuan, 

" Feidhlim, 

" Fiacha, 

" Lughaidh, 

" Etchu, (eatchu 
ms.) 

" Eochaid Faeb- 
harglas, 

" Fiannacht, 

" Connla, 

" Tadhg, 

" Cian, 

" Oilium Olum, &c. 



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198 



PEDIGREES, 



PEDIGREE OF O'MEAGHER OF 

IKERRIN. 
This pedigree is to be found in a neat 
quarto volume of 435 pages in the beau- 
tiful handwriting of Tadhg O'Cronan, 
called an seancha muimnechy which prin- 
cipally treats of the principal families of 
Munster, and it was written in Cork in 
1739. It is preserved in the Library of 
the Royal Irish Academy, and cata- 
logued 23, N 30, page 212. 

John, 
Son of Gillananaom, 
" Gillananaom mor, 
'' Gillananaom, 
" Tadhg, 
'' Gillananaom, 
" Piers, 
" Gillananaom, 
" Diarmaid, 

Finn, 
" Maelsechliann, 
" Muirchertach, 
" Donnchad, 
" larran, 
" Fiacha, 
" Meachar, 
" Murchad 6%y 
" Domhnall, 
" Eignech, 
" Tadhg, 

Dlutach, 
** Meachar, (a quo plebs), 

Caellaidhe, 
** Cucriche (sic), 
" Meachar, 
" Aedh mor, 
" Feargus, 
" Lugaidh, 
" Donnchuan, 
V Feidhlim, 

Fiacha, 
" Lughaidh, 
" Etchu, (catchu ms.) 
" Eochaid Faebharglas, 
" Fiannacht, 

Connla, 
" Tadhg, 



Son of Cian, 
" Oiliume Olum, &c. 



PEDIGREE OF O'MEAGHER OF 

IKERRIN. 
This Pedigree is to be found in a 
fragment of 112 written pages pre- 
served in the Library of the Royal Irish 
Academy, catalogued 23, H i, pag^e 89. 
There is nothing to indicate the name 
or time of the transcriber, but O'Curry 
in his Catalogue raisonniy volume III, 
page 616, says it is a MS. of the middle 
of the last century, say about 1750. 
Page 27 commences imperfectly the 
genealogical poem of Cathan OTHinnin^ 
on the families of Munster, written on 
the occasion of the inauguration of 
Teige the generous O'Donohue, in the 
year 1320. 

Gillananaom, 

Son of Tadhg, 
" Gillananaom, 
" Gillananaom, 
" Piers, [mor, 

'* Gillananaom 
" Diarmaid, 

Finn, 
" Maelsechlainn, 
" Muirchertach, 
** Donnchad, 
" larann, 
" Fiacha, 
" Meachar, 
" Murchad, 
" Domhnall, 
" Eighnech, 
** Tadhg, 
" Dlutach, 
" Meachar, 

Caellaidhe, 
" Cuchaille, 
" Meachar (a quo 

O'Mea chair) 

King of Ele 
" Aedh mor. 



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PEDIGREES. 



199 



Son of Fergna, 
Lugaidy 



Donncuan, 
Feidhlim, 
Lugnidh, 
Etchu, 
Eochaidh Faeb- 

harglass, 
Fionnachta, 
Connla, 
Tadhg, 
Cian, 
Oilill Oluim, &c. 



PEDIGREE OF O'MEAGHER OF 
IKERRIN. 

This Pedigree is to be found in a 
small quarto volume of 221 pages in the 
Library of the Royal Irish Academy, 
Catalogue 23, L 173, and is described 
in O'Curry's Catalogue of Irish MSS., 
Hodges & Smith's Collection, vol. II., 
p. 441, as a miscellaneous collection 
of Poetry, Prose, Romance and Geneal- 
ogy, in the writing of several persons, 
and written apparently at the beginning 
of the present century ; at page 218 it is 
signed by John Breen. 

John, 

Son of Gillananaom 6%^ 

* * Gillananaom mor, 

** Gillananaom, 

** Tadhg, 

** Gillananaom, 

" Piers, 

** Gillananaom, 

** Diarmaid, 

** Finn, 

** Maelsechlain, 

** Muirchertach, 

" Donnchad, 

•* larann, 

" Fiacha, 

** Meachar, 

** Murchad 6g, 

** Domhnall, 

** Eighnech, 



Son of Tadhg, 


(( 


Dlutach, 


a 


Meachar (a quo 




plebs), 


a 


Caellaide, 


ti 


Cuchaille, 


a 


Meachar, 


i( 


Aedh mor. 


it 


Fergus (sic). 


a 


Lughaidh, 


it 


Donnchuan, 


a 


Feidhlim, 


it 


Fiacha, 


it 


Lugaidh, 


it 


Cahchu, 


it 


Eochaidh Faeb- 




harglass. 


it 


Fianachta, 


it 


Connla, 


tt 


Tadhg, 


1 1 


Cian, 


tt 


Oilioll Oluim. 



Eoghan Mor, called Mogh-Nuadadh, 
slain in battle of Mogh-Nua-Dadh, by 
Conn of the 100 Battles. 



PEDIGREE OF THE O'MEA- 

GHERS, THE STAPLETONS, 

AND ST. JOHNS. 

Taken from the Archives of the 
Kingdom of ^^Igxnm^Collectionfrivh Car- 
tofiy No. loyy. These Pedigrees were 
drawn up to show the claims to seven 
Burses established in the Irish Pastoral 
College at Louvain, by The Very Rev. 
Dr. Thos. Stapleton, ^^ Recteur Magni- 
fiqueP of the University of Louvain. 
The claimants were John Stapleton, 
Edmund Ryan, Edmund Stapleton and 
Edmund St. John. The claimants were 
required to show they were related to 
the founder, or natives of the Parish of 
Fethard, Co. Tipperary. In 1846 

the annual revenue of the foundation 
amounted only to 745, now (1888) i,ioo 



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200 



PEDIGREES. 



francs. Nominators: The Burgo-Master 
of the City of Lou vain, the Cur^ of St. 
Michel, and the relatives of the founder 
residing in Louvain — if any. 

John O'Meagher, of Barnane, Co. Tip- 

perary, born 1500. 
His son Cornelius Rufus, born 1525, 

married Honoria Bourdan. 

His son John, born 1557 ; daughter 
Winefred, married John Staple- 
ton, of Rorrestown, Co. Tipperary. 

His Son James, born 1580; his daughter 
Honoria Mary, born 1600, married 
Richard Stapleton, of Corrigeen- 
veigh, Co. Tipperary, and was 
mother of the Rev. Dr. Stapleton ; 
their son, John Stapleton, married 
Johanna O'Meagher. The children 
of the latter were : James, married 
Johanna Hogan ; Mary married 
Conn Ryan ; Margaret, married 
Patrick Stapleton ; Rev. Edmund 
Ryan, son of the former, born 
1724, died 17491 

Philip O'Meagher of Barnane, son of 
James, born 1613. His son Thad- 
deus, born 1656. Joanna, daughter 
of the latter, born 1699, married to 
— St. John, of Cappagh, Co. Tip- 
perary. Their son Edmund St. 
John was living in 1735. 

John Stapleton, of Corrigeenveigh ; his 
son William ; his son was — Staple- 
ton ; daughter Alice married to — 
St. John. The former succeeded 
his father, and was succeeded by 
his son Patrick, who was succeeded 
by his son Walter, who was succeed- 
ed by his son Patrick, who married 
Margaret, daughter of John Staple- 
ton, and Johanna O'Meagher, and 
was succeeded by his son John, 
who was living in 1735. 

Thomas Stapleton, of Corrigeenveigh ; 
Thomas S., Jr., married a daughter 
of Cummins, of Kilconnell, High 
Sheriff of Tipperary, and agent or 
proctor of Purcell, Baron of Lough- 



moe. Their son Richard married 
Honoria M. O'Meagher, and their 
son was Very Rev. Dr. Thomas 
Stapleton, Recteur Magnifique of 
the University of Louvain, born 
1620, died 1694 ; their daughter 
Catherine married — Hogan, and 
their daughter Johanna married 
James Stapleton, son of John 
Stapleton, and Johanna O'Meagher, 
whose son Walter, of Ardatrissane, 
Co. Tipperary, married Esther Ted- 
rington, whose son, Rev. George 
Stapleton, was ordained by the 
Most Rev. James Butler, Archbishop 
of Cashel, 1738. 

Copy of Inscription on Rev, Dr. Stapleton' s 
Monument, St. Peter's Churchy Louvain, 

(A large slab of black marble is in- 
serted in the wall, bearing an epitaph- 
Above is a finely executed bust in white 
marble'; on either side are two allegori- 
cal figures and one overhead.) 

DOM 

Et Memoria 

Viri Clariss D TnoMiE Stapletoni, 

Fidardiensis Iberni Presbyteri 

luris Utriusque Doctoris 

ET 

S Canonum Professoris Ordinarii, 

Hujus Ecclesiae Canonici Senioris 

Ac Collegii Myliani Praesidis 

Academiae Vicibus Denis 

Rectoris Magnifici, 

Hie Sepulti 

Haeredes Ac Executores 

Testament! Et Pise Fundationis Ejus 

Posuerunt 

Obiit Septuagenario Major 

XIX Kal Septemb CIo, loC, XCIV. 

Requiescat in Pace. Amen. 



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PEDIGREES. 



201 




Monument to Dr. Stapleton in St. 
Peter's Church, Louvain. 



TRANSLATION. 

"In honor of Almighty God, and in 
memory of the most illustrious Father 
Thomas Stapleton, Presbyter of Feth- 
ard, Ireland, Doctor of Civil and Canon 
Law, Regular Professor of the Sacred 
Canons, Senior Canon of this Church, 
and President of the Mylian College, of 
the Academy ten times "Rector Mag- 
nificus,*' here buried, the heirs and exe. 



cutors of his will and pious endowment' 
have placed [this monument.] He died 
over seventy years old, on the 19th of 
the Kalends of September, 1694. May 
he rest in peace. Amen." 



MAKERS OF CO. KILKENNY. 

William Meagher of Nicholastown, Co. 
Kilkenny, born 1697, married, 1727, Mary 
Dunne (Aunt to Doctor Dunne, after- 
wards Bishop of Ossory), and had issue. 

ist, John ; and, William ; 3rd, Thomas; 
and three daughters, Mrs, Byrne, Mrs. 
Lalor, and another. 

John (the eldest), born 1728, married, 
i7S5> Catherine Kearney, of Tipperary, 
and had: — William, born 1756, died 1803, 
married Catherine Brennan of Shralee 
and had issue, Major Maher, 87th Regi- 
ment, who died 1836, unmarried. — Eliz- 
abeth, married J. CulHnane, M.D., 2nd 
Richard* (M. D., Waterford, who was 
the first to change the name from Mea- 
gher to Maher,) married Anna Bowars, 
neice tQ. Lieut-General Sir John Doyle, 
and died without issue. 

3rd, John, of Bally ragget, married 
Miss Phelan, and had issue, Ellen, Cath- 
erine, Anne, and others, all unmarried. 

4th, Thomas, who was directly impli- 
cated in rebellion of '98, and fled to 
America, where he died, a large reward 
having previously been offered by the 
Government for information as to his 
whereabouts, was married to Miss 
Kavanagh of Kilkennv, commonly called 
"Beauty Kavanagh,' and had issue: 
John, born about 1793, afterwards an 
attorney in Kilkenny, and known as 
'^handsome Jack Maher," who died un- 
married about 1850 or 1855, and Joanna, 
who died in America. 

5th, James, an apothecary, of Dublin, 
died unmarried. 

6th Pierse, 7th Dennis, died in America, 
8th, Catherine, married to Garrett Bren- 
nan, of Eden Hall. 

IL William, of Tennylenton, second 



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202 



PEDIGREES. 



son of William Meagher, of Nicholas- 
town, born 1729; Married, 1766, Ellen 
Fitzpatrick of Gurteen, and had issue : 
I St, William Maher, of Kileany, Queen's 
Co.; 2nd, John Maher, of Freshford, and 
four daughters, Mrs. Cassin, Mrs. Ward, 
Mrs. Lalor, and Kate, a nun. 

ist, William (of Kileany) born, 1767 ; 
died 1830. Married, 1790, Catherine, only 
daughter and heiress of Captain Hannell, 
Lissaroon, Co. Tipperary, by his wife 
Ann Scully had issue: ist, William, 2nd, 
James Hannell, 3rd, John, 4th, Edward 
James, 5th, Anne, 6th, Mary, 7th, Frances, 
8th, Ellen. 

ist, William, the eldest, born 1791, 
died 1867. Married ist, Mary Byrne, of 
Ballyspellan, and had issue. Charles 
went to America, and Mary Anne married 
Jeremiah Scully, of Freshford; 2nd Eliza 
Savage, Dublin, and had issue, Catherine 
Hannell, and James William, now of 
Clenchwarton and Kings Lynn, Norfolk, 
England. 

II. James Hannell, born 1798, late of 
Clenchwarton, Norfolk, died, 1884, un- 
married. 

III. John died unmarried, 1829. 

IV. Edward James, Littlefield, Jen* 
kinstown, Co. Kilkenny; born 1813, 
died, 1881. Married, 1851, ist, Mary 
Ann, daughter of Francis Moffitt, of 
Raheen House, Queen's Co., (late Captain 
14th Reg't); 2nd (1881), Kate Mackey, 
neice of Sir James Mackey, J. P., D.L., 
Dublin, and had issue of the first mar- 
riage, Mary, married, 1877, Henry 
Loughnan, J. P.,Crohill, Kilkenny, Wil- 
liam, born 1855, Francis Edward, born 
1S56, Anne, married, 1885, Michael 
Corcoran; Edward, C. E.,born i860. 

V. Anne, married, 1841, William J. 
Maher and had no issue. VI. Mary (a 
nun). VII. and VIII. Frances and Ellen, 
died unmarried. 

IL John Maher, (second son of Wil- 
liam Maher of Tennylenton), born 1769, 
died, 1836. Married, 1792, Alicia Murray 
of Kilkenny, (Grand-daughter of Philip 



Murray, a prominent adherent of 
*• Charles Edward," at Culloden) ; 2nd, 
1809, Jane Harold of Limerick, and had 
issue of first marriage, William J., born 
1800, married, 1841, Anne Maher, and 
died without issue, 1875. Emanuel Mur- 
ray, born 1802, died unmarried; Mary, 
Ellen, (a nun), Adelaide, and Michael 
who died in America. Issue of second 
marriage, Kate, Margaret, (a nun) Eliz- 
abeth, (a nun), Jane, (a nun) Fanny, (a 
nun). 

II. Thomas the son of William Mea- 
gher, of Nicholastown, born 1731, left 
home at the age of 23, and was lost 
sight of. 

William J. Maher, of St. Jean, Man- 
itoba, is another member of this distin- 
guished family. He served nine years 
in the 17th Lancers, through the Zulu 
War, having received a medal and clasp 
for the battle of Ulundi; resigned in 
1884; emigrated to Manitoba in 1885; in 
1886, married Eleanor Mary, daughter 
of H. J. Harrison of Ballyroan, Queens 
Co., and has issue (1893) two girls and 
two boys. 



MEAGHERS OF ARDNURCHER. 

James F. Meagher, lawyer, of Chicago, 
son of James, was born in Brooklyn, 
N.Y., in 1858. His ancestors were set- 
tled in and near Kilbeggan, Co. West- 
meath, for two hundred years. His 
mother was a member of the Nagle fam- 
ily, whose founder was Sir Richard 
Nagle, Attorney-General for Ireland, in 
the reign of James II. He is also des- 
cended from the McGeoghegans, Lords 
of Moycashel and Fertullagh, one of 
whom, William McGeoghegan, at the 
head of his own and neighboring clans, 
defeated the English of the Pale, with 
great slaughter, at Ardnurcher, on the 
9th of August, 1328. Mr. Meagher mar- 
ried Miss Pauline Hayes, and has one 
son, now (April, 1893), about a year old. 

The modern name of Ardnurcher is 
« Horseleap." 



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PEDIGREES. 



203 



MAHERS OF BALLINKEEL, TUR- 

TULLA, TULLAMAINE, AND 

WOODLANDS. 

John Maher, of Tullowmacjames, died 
1761. 

(i). His son, Nicholas, of Turtulla, 
Co. Tipperary, died in 1810. Issue, two 
sons and two daughters, viz., John, of 
Tullamaine Castle, died 1850, without 
offspring. Valentine, of Turtulla, born 
1 781, sometime Member of Parliament 
for Tipperary, died unmarried 1844. 
Margaret and Eliza married Lorenzo 
Smith and Colonel Fallon. . 

(3). Mathias of BallymuUen, Q.C., died 
1824. His son, John, of Ballinkeel, born 
1801, sometime member of parliament 
for Co. Wexford, died i860. His son, 
Mathias Aidan Maher, D.L., born 1846, 
still lives in Ballinkeel (1893.) 

(3). Gilbert Maher, of Loughmoe. 
His daughter, Margaret, married Dr. 
Martin Maher, of Cashel, and had one 
son, Nicholas V., who succeeded his 
cousin Valentine, of Turtulla, was some- 
time member of Parliament for Tipper- 
ary Co., and died 187 1, leaving issue. 

Maher, of Woodlands, Co. Somerset, 
England. Martin Charles Maher, a cap- 
tain in the army, and Captain and Adju- 
tant of the West Somerset Cavalry, born 
August, 1794 ; married first, in April, 
1824, Mary Anne, daughter and coheir 
of Henry F. Wintle, of Walworth, Sur- 
rey, in right of whom he became pos- 
sessed of landed estates in the counties 
of Sussex, Gloucester, Middlesex, and 
the City of London, and by whom he 
had four sons ; Charles Lenox, born 6th 
February, 1825, an officer in the 8th regi- 
ment; Valentine, H. S., born in 1826, 
died in 1827 ; Milo Valentine, born in 
1827, a student in the Royal Military 
College ; Edward F., born in 1830, de- 
ceased. Captain Maher married second- 
ly, Feb. 18, 1836, Matilda Pugh, third 
daughter of Chas. Mackenzie, of E. I. C. 
Civil Service, and widow of Captain 
Blair, whose two daughters were co- 



heiresses to considerable property in 
Scotland, and by her had issue, Daniel 
Dudley Valentine, born Feb. 1838; Ken- 
neth, K. T,, born Aug. 1839; Martin, F. 
J., born June, 1841, Eliza Mary Anne. 

This family and those of Tullamaine, 
Turtulla and Ballinkeel derive from a 
common ancestor. 

Daniel Maher (eldest son of Martin 
Maher, of Great Woods, Co. Tipperary), 
married Margaret Byrne, daughter of 
Charles Byrne, of Booleybeg, descended 
from the Byrnes of Timogue, in the 
Queen's County, died an officer of the 
Irish Brigade in the West Indies, in the 
year 1796, and left issue Martin Charles, 
and Julia who married P. Phelan, de- 
puty assistant Commissary General, 
who died at Brussels, subsequently to 
the battle of Waterloo. 

Arms — Az, two lions rampant, combat- 
tant, or, supporting a sword in pale, of 
the last ; in the base, two crescents arg. 

Crest — An eagle, or, perched on its 
prey. 

Mottoes — In periculis audax ; and Fir- 
mitas in coelo. 

John Maher, of Tullamaine Castle, 
Co. Tipperary, married Miss Catherine 
Prendergast, of Greenmount. 

John, of Tullow McJames, married 
Catherine, daughter of William Lanigan, 
of the County Kilkenny, by Mary, his 
second wife, daughter of Charles Gore, 
of Goreyhiggen, sixth son of Sir Paul 
Gore, and had three sons and one daugh- 
ter : (i), Nicholas ; (2), Mathias, of Bal- 
lymuUen House, Queen's Co., married 
Miss O'Donnell, of Carrick-on-Suir, and 
had, with two daughters, one married 
to Pentony O'Kelly, two sons, John, of 
Ballinkeel, late M.P. for County Wex- 
ford, married Miss O'Kelly, and Ma- 
thias; (3), Gilbert, of Loughmoe, married 
Miss Burke, of Summer Hill, and had 
issue — (i), John, who married Mary, eld- 
est daughter of John Byrne, of Booly- 
beg, and died in 1822; two daughters, 
Mary Anne, married to William S. 
Lough nan, and Margaret, married to 



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204 



PEDIGREES, 



Robert McGarry, of Cappagh, near 
Dublin ; (2), Margaret, who married Dr. 
Thomas Maher, of Cashel, and had a 
son Nicholas, who succeeded his cousin 
Valentine in his unentailed property, 
and was sometime member of Parlia- 
ment for the county. 

The eldest son, Nicholas of Turtulla, 
married Miss Smyth, of Callan, and had 
issue, John, of Tullamaine Castle; Valen* 
tine, of Turtulla, born 17th May, 1780, 
for twenty years a magistrate and mem- 
ber of parliament for the county. He 
died unmarried in 1844, and was suc- 
ceeded in Turtulla by his cousin Nicho- 
las ; Marianne, who married Edmond 
Smyth, of Callan, and had issue, two 
sons, Edmond and Lorenzo ; Eliza, 
married to Colonel Fallon. Arms, crest, 
and mottoes the same as those of Maher 
of Woodlands. 



THE MAHERS OF KILRUSH, CO. 

KILDARE. 

Patrick Maher, of Kilrush, had three 
sons, William of Gallow Co. Meath, 
Thomas, and Very Rev. James Maher, 
D.D., P.P., of Carlo w-Graigue, (see p. 

139)- 

William was succeeded by his son Pa- 
trick, and the latter by his son James. 

Thomas, son of Patrick, senior, was 
succeeded by his son William A. Maher. 
His second son, Rev. Dr. Maher, was 
vice Rector of the Irish College in 
Rome, and -subsequently Secretary to 
his cousin Cardinal Cullen, Archbishop 
of Dublin. 

Matthew Maher, of Clonmore-Ossory, 
born about 1800, of a collateral branch, 
was drowned in the ship Royal Adelaide, 
from Cork to London, 30th March, 1851, 
on his way to the marriage of his cousin. 
Miss Blair, daughter of Captain Martin 
Charles Maher, of Woodlands, Somerset, 
England. His family then emigrated 
to America, and settled in the vicinity 
of New York. Two of his sons, Daniel 
and Lewis, served in the army during 



the late war, the former dying from dis- 
ease contracted in the service, and the 
latter from wounds received at Antie- 
tam, Md., September 17, 1862, resulting 
in the amputation of his right leg. He 
served with the 69th N. Y. Vols., Irish 
Brigade, and died September 30th, 1889. 
Their mother, now (1893), 83 years old, 
lives in Brooklyn, the last survivor of a 
large family, poor, but proud of a long 
list of distinguished relations, among 
whom she numbers two cardinals, Arch- 
bishops Cullen and Moran, bishops De- 
lany, of Kildare and Leighlin, Dunn 
and Lanigan, of Ossory, and Attorney 
Delany, of Urlingford, Co. Kilkenny, 
&c. 



MEAGHERS OFBALLYBRONACH, 
CO. TIPPERARY. 

The maternal pedigree of the Meagh- 
ers of Ballybronach, Co. Tipperary, com- 
municated by Mr. McCarthy, Chairman 
Town Commissioners, Fethard : 

Richard Meagher, called " Richard of 
the beads," married Miss Meagher, of 
Ballyvane. 

His son John married Alice Purcell, 
daughter of Patrick Purcell, of Donas- 
keagh, and niece of Baron Purcell, of 
Lough moe. 

Their son Thomas married a daugh- 
ter of Michael Brennan, of Newtown. 

Their son John married Johanna Shea. 
Their children were John, Richard, Ed- 
mund, James, William, Pierce, and three 
daughters. 

Edmund Butler, of Kildalton, or Bess- 
boro, married a daughter of William 
Burke, called Gal Fasserlough, of Bal- 
linguile, Co. Kilkenny. 

Nicholas Shea, of Sheastown, married 
Alice Dalton, whose brother Edward 
married Johanna Butler, daughter of 
Edward Butler, of Cloughmurtagh, Co. 
Kilkenny, and niece of Lord Mountgar- 
ret and Sir Oliver Blanchfield. Their 
daughter, Johanna, married John 
Meagher, of Ballybronach, as above. 



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ADDENDA. 



205 



MEAGHERS OF KILLAMORY. 

Meagher, of Barnane, fled from the 
fury of Morgan O'Brien to Killamory, 
Co. Kilkenny, and there found an asy- 
lum for himself and his followers, under 
the protection of the Ormonde family. 



He was connected by marriage with 
Cornelius Meagher, of Tinorane, one of 
the ancestors of John Shea, of Rour, and 
also with the Meaghers of Ballycullen. 
He was interred at Killaraory, and a 
cross marks the place of his interment. 



ADDENDA. 



Rev. Thomas F. Meagher was or- 
dained at St. Mary's, Price Hill, Cincin- 
nati, O., June 15, 1892, for the diocese of 
Covington, Ky. 

Married — O'Rorke and O'Meagher — 
October 5, 1892, at the Pro-Cathedral, 
Dublin, by the Rev. Daniel McCarthy 
Downing, William Edward O'Rorke, 
B.A., Barrister-at-Law, younger son of 
Daniel O'Rorke, of Tinamara, Greenis- 
land and Ballybollan, Co. Antrim, Esq., 
J.P., to Mary Nuala, only daughter of 
Casimir O'Meagher, of 45 Mountjoy 
square, Dublin, Officier d'Academie 
(Fran^aise), M.R.I.A. 

Hon. Thomas H. Maher, State Sena- 
tor, San Francisco, Cal., January, 1893. 

Married — Kelly — Maher — At Johns- 
town, Michael J. Kelly, Knockdrumnah, 
Myshali, Co. Carlow, to Elizabeth, 
daughter of Daniel Maher, Rathlogan, 
Johnstown, Kilkenny, February, 1893. 

Very Rev. J. P. Maher, Prior Capitu- 



lar of the Franciscan Convent, Ennis, 
Co. Clare, engaged in building a new 
church, February, 1893. 

Died — At Danganriagh, Roscrea, in 
the 59th year of his age, Michael Maher, 
February, 1893. 

John J. Maher died at his home in 
Barnewell, S.C, February 10, 1893, after 
a long illness. He was Judge of the 
State Circuit Court from 1872 to 1876. 

Rev. Richard Maher, C.S.C, died 
February, 1893, at the University of 
Notre Dame, Ind. 

Rev. T. Maher is a member of the 
same learned and zealous community, 
March, 1893. 

Also, Very Rev. William Corby, ex- 
President of the University, formerly 
Chaplain of the Irish Brigade, whose 
sublime devotion endeared him to thous- 
ands of soldiers of every creed, during 
the war of the rebellion. 



ERRATA. 



At page 21, for aboard read abroad. 

<< << 261 for Melesian read Milesian. 

" " 34, for Sanairds read Span- 
iards. 

At page 45, in last paragraph, read 
M.A., 1887, after B. A., 1884. 

At page 51, for Thurbes read Thurles. 

" « 68, for 6t read 1766. 

" " 86, for aforeaid read afore- 
said. 

" " 102, for Shevardagh read Slie- 
vardagh. 

" " 140, for Taunton Convent read 



Benedictine Nunnery, Princethorpe. 

At page 159, for brother read cousin 
of Lord Gormanston. 

At page 153, for member of the Guar- 
dia Nobile, read Honorary Chamberlain; 
for Charles read Francis Murphy, of Kil- 
cairn Park. 

At page 198, O'Cronan's copy of 
O'Meagher's pedigree is repeated, the 
printer and proofreader being evidently 
dazed and dazzled by the Fenian phan- 
tasmagoria, like Macbeth by the shadowy 
procession of MacDufTs descendants. 



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NOTICES. 



NOTICES. 

This admirable work reflects credit on 
the patriotism, ability, and research of 
the author, adding a bright page to his 
country's history and rescuing a dis- 
tinguished clan from obscurity. Its 
value is very much increased by colored 
lithographs of the flag, arms and uni- 
form of the Irish Brigade, a map of 
0*Meagher*s Country and several en- 
gravings of abbeys, churches, castles, 
and antiquarian relics. — Limerick Re- 
porter and Tipperary Vindicator. 

It is not a mere family history but 
contains much general information. 

— Western Antiquary. 

The author has done good and valu- 
able work in gathering together the 
records of Clan-Mbagher, from all the 
best authorities, giving considerable in- 
formation of this and other clans. 

— Cork Examiner. 

Mr. O'Meagher has ransacked the 
public records of the Capitals of Europe, 
thus making a collection of very interest- 
ing information. In appendices are given 
several curious papers. — Irish Times. 

The Irish have been as particular as 
the Jews in tracing their ancestry, and, 
in this beautiful history, the general 
reader can learn much of the national 
events which have operated injuriously 
and otherwise on ancient Irish families. 
— Yorkshire Notes and Queries. 

The author of this beautiful brochure 
has good reason to be proud of his clans- 
men, whose varied fortunes and expliots 
he faithfully records, at home and 
abroad. — Dublin Evening Mail. 

The Editor traces the history of his 
sept from the 3rd century, A. D. ; the 
times of St. Patrick, St. Columba, and 
St. Machar; through Danes, Normans 
and Saxons ; the wars of the Confedera- 
tion and of O'Neill; their services on the 
Continent, and in the New World. 

— Literary World. 



This book contains vivid pictures of 
Ireland during the semi-independent 
period. — London Graphic. 

The editor in his researches, cites one 
of the absurdly tyrannical laws, enacted 
by England for unhappy Ireland, making 
it high treason for an English man to 
marry an Irish woman. 

— Revue Celtique^ Paris. 

The illustrations are unique and 
beautiful, many of which we would like 
to see copied in the "Annals of Hereford- 
shire." — Ross-Herefordshire Gazette. 

Great Britain can boast of genea- 
logical works in abundance, but in 
Ireland, though the materials are ample, 
such works are rare. In the present 
instance, patriotism and devotion to his 
clan have induced the author to publish 
an attractive volume. One of the most 
interesting of the notices is that of 
Blessed Thaddeus O'MEACHAiRy Bishop 
of Cork and Cloyne 1490, who died in 
the odor of sanctity 1492, at Ivrea, among 
the Italian Alps. 

— Irish Ecclesiastical Record, 

A new and enlarged edition of the in- 
teresting history of "The O'Meaghers," 
which was published three years ago by 
Mr. Casimir O'Meagher, of this city, is 
now being brought out in America by 
Dr. William O'Meagher, of New York, 
war surgeon of the Irish American Bri- 
gade. An introduction to the original 
edition was written by the late lamented 
Rev. C. P. Meehan, and the American 
edition will be much enlarged by ma- 
terials supplied by Mr. O'Meagher. 

— Dublin Nation. 

Great credit is due to the learned ed- 
itor and his co-laborer in America, for 
their patriotic work. If others would 
follow their example, Irish history and 
literature would be vastly benefitted. — 
M. Cavanaghy Author of " Memoirs of Gen- 
eral T. F. Meagher:' 

Similar notices have been given by the 
Irish American^ Democrat^ and Freemaris 
JourncU^ of New York, 



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INDEX. 



207 



INDEX. 



Act for Relief of Catholics, 117. 

" of Settlement, 55, 91. 

" of Union, 155. 
Aberdeen and St. Machar, 14, 25. 
Adam nan's Life of St. Columba, 14. 
Addenda, 205. 
Ahern, Mary, 71. 
American Notes, 157. 
Ancient Irish Costumes, 128. 
Anglo-Normans, 15, 19. 
Antiquities of Ikerrin, 124 
Archer, 37, 52, 67. 
Art, King of Leinster, 15. 
Augustus, King of Poland, 43. 
Bagot, Thomas Neville, 152. 
Barnane Eli, 20, 117. 
Barry, Viscount, 34. 
Bath, Don John, 37. 
Bera, Princess of Castile, 128, 
Battles from Dunkirk to Belgrade, 40-44, 
Blair, 203. 
Blanchfield, 204. 
Bourke, 15, 20, 39, 42, 52, 53, 54, 64, 67, 

68, 70, 79, 80, 81, 86, 89. 
Bolane, 68. 

Bonaght, meaning of, 18. 
Birch, 66. 
Bourdan, 200. 
Bowars, 201. 
Boynton, 69. 
Boyton, 81, 83, 84. 
Brady, 36. 
Brehon, 69. 
Brehon Laws, 23. 
Breen, 198. 
Brennan, 201, 204* 
Brett, 41, 53- 
Brittyn, 64. 
Brixton, 112. 

Brown, 43, 68, 69, 82, 189. 
Burghley*s Pedigrees, 13. 
Burkes, of Connaught, 54. 
Burke, 53, no, 203, 204. 
Butler, 14, 19, 20, 52, 53, 64, 78, 80, 88, 
89, 114, 131, 200,204, 



Byrne, 70, 136, 176, 201, 202, 203. 

Byron, 174. 

Cahill, 158. 

Cahir, Lord, 134. 

Callans, 20. 

Cant well, Ellen, 52, 65. 

Capel, 36. 

Carden, "Woodcock," 117. 

Carew, 13, 19, 52, 53, 54, 192. 

Carlyle on General De Meagher, 22, 42. 

Carroll, 67, 75, 152, 130. 

Cashel taken by Confederate forces, 78. 

Cassin, 201. 

Castles of Clan-Meagher, 38, 39, 118, 119, 

120, 121, 122, 124. 
Castlehaven Memoirs, 53. 
Catholic Claims, 156. 

" Disabilities, 114. 

" Emancipation, 143. 

" Proprietors, 108. 

" Qualification Rolls, 115. 
Cavanagh, 85, 136, 176, 180. 
Census of Ireland, 94. 
Charles I. and IL and the Catholics, 41, 

9i> 134. 
Chichester, 55. 
Chiefs seem to submit, 17. 

" defeat the English, 52. 
Cian, 129, 191. 

Ciannacta of Glengiven, 130. 
Clancy, 43. 
Clan-Rickard, 34. 
Clare Election, 156. 

" Lord, 91. 
Clarence, Duke of, 15. 
Classes of Irishmen, 34. 
Clergymen in Ireland, etc., 155. 

" " the United States, 184. 

Cnocbally Meagher, 76. 
Colgan, 14. 
Colman, 36. 

Colpe of land. Meaning of, 72. 
Columbus, 16. 
Comarb of Cronan, 13, 199. 
Comerford, 64, 125. 



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208 



II^DEX. 



Cond6, Prince de, 21. 

Confederation, 20, 88. 

Confiscation, 17, 21. 

Cong^ Militaire, 22. 

Conn Cead Cathach, 128, 199. 

Connell, 68. 

Connor, 108. 

Conroy, Archbishop, 35. 

Convent burned by a mob, 176. 

Convert Rolls, 115. 

Conway, 37, 71. 

Coppinger, 131. 

Corby, Very Rev. William, 173, 205. 

Corcoran, 158, 174, 202. 

Cormac Cas, 129. 

*' Galeng, 129. 

" Mac Art, 129. 
Cornyn, 66. 
Correspondence, 187. 
Costigan, 114. 
Creagh, 81. 

Cromwell, 21, 39, 82, 108, 118, 124. 
Culdees, 118. 
CuUen, 66, 67, 187, 203. 
Cullinane, 201. 

Cumdach of Dimma's Book, 124. 
Cummins, 200. 
Dalcassians, 129. 
Dalton, 204 
Danes defeated, 120. 
Daniel, 36, 66. 
Davis, Sir John, 131. 
DeBourg, 36. 
DeBrumont, 143. 
DelaHoyd, 137, 
DelaPoer, 132. 
Delany, Bishop, 203. 
De Fraigne, 43. 
De Montmorenci, 26. 
De Villa, 17. 

Depositions against Confederates, 77. 
Dermod, Son of Meachair, bishop, 14. 
Derony, Abbot of Holy Cross, iii. 
Descent, evidence of, 23. 
Desmond, Earl of, 49, 50, 52, 131. 
Devil's Bit Mountain, 13, 127. 
Dillon, 100, 113. 
Discoverer's petitions, 109. 
Doherty, John, 133, 142. 
Donnally, 70. 
Doyle, 139, 1411 201. 



Downing, 205. 

Duel k la Gal way, 138. 

Duigan, 66. 

Duflfy, Charles G., 145. 

Dunamase, Rock of, 127. 

Dunbar, Bishop of Aberdeen, 25. 

Dunboyne, Lord, 78, 134. 

Dunne, Bishop, 203. 

Dunraven describes Roscrea Abbey, 120. 

Duntryleague, Cromlech of, 129. 

Dwyer, 70, 82, 112. 

Dymoke describes O'Meagher's forces,i9 

Eber Mor, 37. 

Elphinstone, Bishop of Aberdeen, 25. 

Ely O'Carroll, 117, 131. 

Emmet, Thomas Addis, 141. 

Judge, 147- 
English Planters in Ikerrin, 21. 
English, 66, 95. 
Errata, 205. 
Everard, 61, 90. 
Fahie, Father Thomas, 63. 
Fallon, Colonel, 203. 
Farrell, 67, 185. 
Fennelly, 64, iii. 
Fergus Dubhdehach, 129. 
Fethard, Surrender of, 124. 
Fiants for pardons and fines, 33-56. 
Finghin Faithliagh, 129. 
Fisher, 37. 

Fitzgerald, 49, 59, 141. 
Fitzmaurice, "Irish Champion," 19. 
Fitzpatrick, 64, 71, 201. 
Flann, son of Malachy Killed, 14. 
Flanagan, 67. 
Fogarty, 68, iii. 
Fontenoy, Battle of, 148. 
Forbes, Bishop of Aberdeen, 26. 
Ford, 150. 

Forfeitures and Claims, 108. 
Fox, 69. 

Frederick the Great and Chevalier Mea- 
gher, 43. 
Fredericksburgh, Battle of, 150, 172. 
French Service, 40, 
Gaedhel, The, 28. 
Gaelic of Mandeville's Itinerary, 27. 

" Medical MS., 49. 
Gahan, 71. 
Galenga, 129. 
Gallagher, 150. 



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Google 



INDEX. 



209 



Garlan, 37. 

Garrigliattiy Mgr., 17. 

Geraldines, 36, 51. 

Geraldus Cambrensis, 24. 

George I. and III., 117. 

Gettysburg, Battle of, 173. 

Gleana Smoil, Chase of, 137. 

Gold Cap or Crown, 13, 125. 

Gordon, Bishop of Aberdeen, 25. 

Gore, 203. 

Grace, 19, 26, 53, 54, 89, 130, 131, 

Grady, Henry Deane, 138. 

Grey, Lord Deputy, 17. 

Green, The Sprig of, 172. 

Green, 70. 

Griffin, 66. 

Griffith, 150. 

Gustavus Adolphus, 55. 

Racket, 79, 113. 

Hamilton, 79, loi. 

Hanley, no. 

Hannell, 201. 

Hanraghan, 67. 

Harrison, Dr., 124. 

Harrold, 203. 

Hartnett, 194. 

Hayes, 202. 

Hearth-Money Rolls, 102. 

Heber, 38. 

Heden, 95. 

Heffernan, 95, 112. 

Henry H., 34. 

" VIIL, 17, 32. 
Herbert, 40, 93. 
Hickson, Miss, 20. 
Hidalgos, Irish, 34. 
Historical Notices, 49. 
Hogan, 36, 155. 
Holland, 37. 

Holy-Cross Abbey, 19, 54, 65, 106. 
House of the Blessed Virgin, 57, 130. 
Huntley, Earl of, and St. Machar's Ca- 
thedral, 25. 
Hurley, 36. 

Idlemen — clan swordsmen, 54, 
Ikerrin, Petty's Map of, 40. 

" Viscount, 21, 39, loi. 

" Crown, 15, 125. 

" Brooch, War Scythe, and Trum- 
pet, 126. 
Inchenambeo, 24, 116. 



Indenture between Henry VIIL and O'- 

Mahyr, 32. 
Innocent VIIL and Bishop Thaddeus 

O'Machar, 29. 
Inquisitions post mortem, 71. 
Irish-American Soldiers, 157, 
Irish Armor and Costume, 128. 

" Brigades in America, 147, 170. 

" " " Europe, 40. 

'' Legion in Spain, 142. 

" College in Paris, 137. 

" Confederates transplanted, 21. 

" MSS. in Rennes, 15. 

" Swordsmen in foreign service, 54. 

" in Spain, 34. 

" Territories for planters, 90. 
Jacob to Salisbury, 54. 
James I. and 11. , 54, 72. 
Jackson, 141. 
Jones' Commission to try rebels, 39. 

" in Ikerrin, 97. 
Kavanagh, 141, 201. 
Kealy, 66. 
Keane, in. 

Kearney, 37, 70, 79, 81, 170, 201. 
Kearney Cross, 160. 
Keating, 68, 89, 113. 
Keefe, 70. 

Kelly, Colonel, 173, 205. 
Kent, 66. 

Kian, Kiannacta, 129. 
Kildare, Earl of, 34. 
Kilkenny Confederation, 20, 88. 

'* Statute of, 15. 
Kilmartin, 68. 
King Henry VIIL & OMechayr, 17 

** James' Army, 21. 

" John sells part of Tipperary, 150. 
Kinsale, Siege of, 54. 
Kirby, Mgr., 187 
Knockbally Meagher, 118. 
Knockelly Castle, 89. 
Knocksouna, Battle of, 129. 
Lacey, Piers, joins OMeagher, 53. 
Laffan, 89. 
Lalor, 67, 147, 201. 
Landers, 176. 

Lanigan, 66, 67, 119, 122, 203. 
Lawless, iii. 

Leo XIII. & Blessed Thaddeus OMachar, 
187. 



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210 



INDEX, 



Leighton, 25. 

Lidwill, 67, 119. 

Lincoln, President, 175. 

Lindsay, 25. 

Lingard on alleged massacres, 77. 

Lombard, Archbishop, 36. 

Lorcan, King of Cinel Meachair, 14. 

Loughmoe, Baron of, 81, 204. 

Loughnan, 70, 203. 

Lloyd, 67, 142. 

Lou vain College, 199. 

Mackenzie, 203. 

Mackey, 203. 

McBrien, 50, 

McCabe, 141. 

McCarthy, 28, 36, 50. 

McCoughlin, 52, 60. 

McDermott, 64. 

McDolany, 70. 

McDonnell, 36. 

McEgan, 73, 74, 89, 99. 

McFirbis, Duald, 13, 24, 192. 

McGanns, 26. 

McGarry, 203. 

McGilla Patraic, 13, 130, 

McGennis, 36. 

McGeoghegan, 100, 125, 202. 

McGrath, 89, 155. 

McKenna, 55. 

McMahon, 50, 52, 53, 55, 173. 

McManus, 140. 

McNamara, 15, 51, 53. 

McNevin Dr., 141. 

McPhilip, 83. 

McShane, 80, 83, 86. 

McSweeny, 96, 100. 

McSwyny, 71, 73, 76, 

Machair, 131. 

Machar, 185. 

Macher, 134, 135. 

Magher, 136, 185. 

Magh-Mocrumbi, Battle of, 128. 

Maher, Andrew, 184. 

** Burr, 157. 

** Charles, 155. 

L,i56. 
L., 154. 

" C. F., 155. 

'* Cornelius, 155. 

" Daniel, 154, 155. 

** Dennis, 159, 181. 



Maher, Dominick, 184. 

" Edward, 154, 155, 164, 184. 

*• Francis, 153, 184. 

'* G.M., 154. 

^ Handsome Jack, 139. 

" James, 139, 153, 154, 157, 181, 184. 

" John, 99, 142, 151, 153, 154, 155, 

156, 158. 

" Kenneth, 164, 203. 

" Louis, 154. 

** Major, 142, 158. 

" Martin, 139, 154, 155. 

" Mathew, 154. 

<* Mathias, 151 

" Michael, 154, 155, 

" Newenham, 153. 

" Nicholas, 142, 153, 157. 

** Patrick, 153, 154, 155, 157, 158. 

" Pierre, 152. 

« R. J., 154, 184. 

** Stephen J., 184. 

" Thomas, 154, 155, 157, 184. 

" Timothy, 158, 184, 

" Valentine, 138, 152, 153. 

" Victor Marie, 152. 

" William, 139, 142, 151, 153, 154, 

i55» i5S» i59» 185- 
" of Kilkenny, 201. 
" of Ballinkeel TurtuUa, Tulla- 

maine and Woodlands, 203. 
'' of Kilrush, 204, 
Mahir, 185. 
Malachy, King, 14. 
Mandevil, 15, 87, 89. 
Mangan, Clarence, 48. 
Marr, 185. 
Mars, Michael, 182. 
Mass, saying or hearing of, penal, 60. 
Mathew, Archbishop, 35. 
Maugher, 68. 
Meachair, King of Ele, 13. 

" The Daughter of, 14, 191. 

" baptized, 130. 

" Dermod, Bishop, Moy tura, 1 30. 

" Inghin, daughter of, 130. 

Meaghers of Ardnurcher, 202. 
" ** Ballybronach, 204. 
" " Killamory, 205. 
Meagher, Adele, 143. 
" Alexander, 159. 
" Andrew, 137. 



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Google 



INDEX, 



211 



Meagher, Bernardo, 41. 

" Charles, 154. 

" Conor, 96, 103. 

" Cornelius, 154. 

** Daniel, 102, 143, 156, 159, 164, 

184. 

" Darby, 102. 

" David and Dermod, 93, 103. 

" Dennis, 151, 154. 

" Donal, 96. 

" Donogh, 97, 103, 124. 

" Edmond, 93, 103, 155. 

" Ellen, 152. 

" Enriqueta ny, 143. 

" Father, 135. 

" Francis, 141, 151, 152. 

" George, 150. 

" Gilbert, 155. 

" Guillermo, 41. 

« Henry, 140, 154. 

" Honoria ny, 92. 

" James, 95, 112, 134, 154, 156, 184. 

" Jeremiah, 150, 161. 

" John, 55, 89, 102, 134 151, 152, 

iS3> i54» i56> ^59» 185- 

" Joseph, 152. 

" Juan, 41, 92. 

" Keadagh, 86, 102. 

" Loughlin, 102, 103, 136. 

" Martin, 154, 155, 184. 

" Michael, 152, 154, 184. 

•' Morgan, 95. 

" Murtagh, 102. 

" Nicholas, 103, 156. 

" Owen, 93, 161. 

" Patrick, 103, 140, 142, 154, 155, 

156, 157, 185. 

" Philip, 97, 102, 125. 

" Pierre, 103, 155. 

" Richard, 89, 103, 154, 156. 

" Roger, 102. 

" Stephen, 154. 

" Sarah, 150. 

" Teige, 93, 102. 

Thady, 135. 

'' Thaddeus de, 21, 42, 188. 

" Theodore de, 21. 

*' Thomas, 89, 92, 96, 102, 124, 

134, 139, 140, 144, 154, 156. 

" William, 93, 97, loi, 103, 137, 
142, 151, 152, 154, i5S»J56, 184 



Meaher, Dennis, Fred. F., J. M., John, 

Jescph, Mary C, 176; Thomas, 184. 
Meehan, Rev. C. P., 5. 
Mernes' Sacrilege avenged, 25. 
Midna, King of Castile, 128. 
Millay, Susan, F., 176. 
Miscellaneous Notes, 153, 185. 
Mitchel, Dr. Mathew, no. 

" John, 145. 
Mockler, Geoffrey, 71. 

" Edmund, 95. 
Moffit, 203. 
Molloy, John, 69. 
Mooney, Fray Donato, 36. 
Monarch's Book, 23. 
Monaincha, 116, 119. 
Montmorenci, Sir Herv^ de, 26, 122. 
Moran, Cardinal, Archbishop, 203. 

** Honor, 70. 
Morris, Sir John, 64, 100. 

** Catherine and William, 67. 
" Nicholas, 97. 
Morrison, Fynes, 19. 
Morony, Major Richard, 174. 
Mountgarret, Viscount, 19, 51., 204, 
Mountjoy, Lord Deputy, 19. 
Mountmorres, Viscount, 26. 
Muinech and Mechair converted, 14. 
Mullony, Mary, 68. 
Munster, Book of, 193. 

" Plantation of, 53, 
Murnane, John, 68. 
Murphy, Barnaby, 69. 

" Francis and Marian, 153. 

'* Rev. Patrick, 112. 
Murray, Archbishop, 140. 

" 203. 
Muscraighe-tire, 14, 130. 
Nagle, Sir R., 202. 
Name, Meachair, explained, and places, 

186. 
Nash, Catherine, 66. 
Neilson, Samuel, 141. 
Neve, Rev Daniel, no. 

" Samuel, 68. 
Neville, Rev. John, in. 
Newman, Cardinal, 143. 
Noah's Ark Sculptured in Roscrea, 120. 
Noel, Sir Martin, 96, etc. 
Norfolk, Duke of, 17. 
Nugent. General Robert, 149. 



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212 



INDEX, 



Nugent, Fathers Christoval, Dominick, 

Nicholas and Robert, 36. 
Nugent, John R., 180. 
O'Boe, EUicc, 66. 
O'Brien, 15, 16, 28, 50, 52, 64, 89. 205. 

** William Smith, 144, etc. 
O'Bryan, Slainy, 79. 
O'Byrne, 17, 51, 52. 
O'Cahan, 55. 
O'Cahill, 22, 100. 

O'Carroll, 17, 18, 28, 50, 51, 54, 122, 192. 
O'Carran, 63, 64. 
O'Casey, 130. 
O'Cavanagh, 28. 
O'Clery, 13, 14, 194. 
O'Connell, Daniel, 140, 144, 156, 157. 

'* Peter, 197. 

O'Connor, 16, 17, 28, 50, 53, 130, 141, 

19s, 196. 
O'Corcoran, 130. 
O'Cronan, Teige, 197. 
O'Curry, Professor, 23, 192, 193. 
O'Daly, iEngus, 19, 48. 

" Don Rosario, 36. 
O'Dohcrty, 36, 55, 133. 
O'Donnell, 16, 19, 28, 36, 54, 55, 143. 
O'Donoghue, 50, 198. 
O'Donovan, Dr. John, 48, 117, 119, 
O'Drugan, 119. 
O'Dulchonta, 130. 
O'Dunnin, Cathan, 198. 
O'Dwyer, 50, 52, 53, 79, 81, 82, 83, 84, 85, 

86, 87, 89, 90, 133. 
O'Dwyer's Brigade, 20, 39. 
OTarrell, 130. 

OTerral's Linea Antiqua, 196. 
O'Fidcn, Macraith, 24, 119. 
O'Fihely, Manus, 124. 
O'Flaherty, 130. 
O'Flanagan, 130. 
O'Fogarty, 53, 79. 
O'Gara, 82, 130, 193, 196. 
O'Grady, 50. 
O'Hagan, 89. 
O'Hanlon, 36, 55. 
O'Hara, 130, 193, 196. 
O'Hiflfernan, 49. 
O'Huidhrin, 15, 117. 
Oilliol Oluim, 128, 193, etc. 
O'KeefiFe, Arthur, 194. 
O'Kelly, 16, 28, 130. 



O'Kennedy, 49, 51, 52, 82, 89. 
O'Kerin, 49. 
Ollamhs, 23. 
O'Madden, 29, 52. 
O'Mahony, 16, 28 36, 50. 
O'Maher, Alice, 185. 
*' Gregory, 180. 
" Henry, 185. 
" Timothy, 181. 
O'Meachair, King of Ele, 13. 

" " Ikerrin, 14. 

" Inghin weds MacGilla Pat- 

raic, 
Tadhg King of Ikerrin, 15. 
" Tibinia weds Baron Grace, 15 

'' Gilla-na-naemh, 16. 

" Blessed Thaddeus, Bishop of 

Cork, 16, 30, 31. 
and Henry VIII, 17. 
" to be punished, 18. 

" harried by the Butlers, 19. 

O'Meagher, pardoned, and independent, 
19. 
'' Keadagh in rebellion, 19. 

" and Angus O'Daly, 20, 48. 

*' and the Inquisitors, 20. 

" raised regiments in 1641, 48 

" surrendered and executed, 

39. 

'* declares for King James, 21. 

*• Ownia weds de Montmor- 

enci, 26. 

" of Clonyne and Grange, 

pedigree of, 44. 

" sold out by Henry VIII, 49- 

" entertains a learned phys- 

ician, 49. 

" Chief Captain of his Nation, 

50. 

" saves religious houses, 51. 

" and O'Carroll pay bonn- 

aught, 52. 

" and other chiefs drive ov^^ 

the English, 52. 

" joins O'More and O'Con- 

nor, 52. 

" Shane Beg hanged, 52. 

" hospitable to rebels, 54. 

" guards Red Hugh O'Don- 

nell, 54. 

" repulses the Bourkes, 54. 



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Google 



INDEX. 



213 



O'Meagher, speeds O'Donnell to Kinsale, 

54. 

" Adele, 143. 

" Ann and John, 31, 92, 132. 

" Brian, 130, 138, 156. 

" B rigid, 188. 

" Captain, 136. 

'' Casimir, 188. 

" Conor, 52, 95, loi. 

" Cornelius, 72, 131, 135. 

" Darby, 71, 95, loi. 

" David, 92. 

'' Dennis James, 142. 

" Dermod, 76, 131. 

" Donal, 130, 131, 132, 135. 

" Donogh, 95, loi. 

'' Edmund, 40, 92. 

" Edward, 150, 156. 

" Ellen, wife of Dr. Gerald 

Fennell, 64, 65, 131. 

" Enriqueta, 143. 

" Don Ernesto, y Brumont, 143. 

" Eveleen, wife of Thaddeus 

Doherty, 133. 

" Don Felix, 36. 

" Francis, 156. 

" Gillananeave, 72, 95, loi, 130, 

" Don Guillermo, 41. 

" Henry, 135. 

" Honoria, 49, 92, 132. 

Hugh, S3- 
" James, 53, 142, 152. 

" Joanna, 92, 94, 153, 200. 

John, 53, 55, 65, 72, 75, 90, 
loi, 130, 131, 132, 133, 13s, 
i5S» *oo. 

Joseph, 153, 185. 

J. B., 38, 142. 

Keadagh, 54, 95, loi, 131. 
" Lieutenant, 36. 

" Luke, 138. 

Major, 41, 135. 
" Melaughlin, 73, 95, loi. 

" Don Miguel, 138. 

" Nanny, 155. 

" Ownia, 26, 

" Owny, 92, 95, loi. 

" Patrick, 41, 153, 159. 

Philip, 41, 53, 72, 73, 95, loi, 
i33» i35» 137, 200. 



O'Meagher, Pierce, 75, 132. 
" Roger, 75, 94. 

" Samuel, 144. 

" Sarah, 151. 

" Shane, 52, 76, 132. 

" Stephen, 156. 

Teige, 64, 78, »«, ^% 9«. 9S» 
loi, 132. 
" Thaddeus, 53, 55, 72, 76, no, 

A31. 132, 134, i35» 138, 141, 
" 150, 155. 

" Thomas, 75, 88, 92, 95, loi, 

i33» i3S»iSi» 155- 
" William, 71, 76, 92, 95, loi 

i3i» i32> i33» M4, i5i> ^54, 
i55» 156, 179. 182. 
O'Meagher's Country, 1 17-124. 

" " distributed to 

Planters, 95-101. 
" descent from Oilliol Oluim, 

128. 
" kindred clans, 130. 

" at Fontenoy, 137. 

" in the French, Polish, Prus- 

sian, and Spanish service. 
40-42. 
" in King James' army, 21. 

" St. Mary's, Thurles, found- 

ed by, 124. 
" thanked for services to 

Charles IL, 55. 
" transplanted, 92. 

" pedigrees of, 191-200. 

O'Meara, territory of, for planters, 90. 
" Geraldine and Kathleen, 187. 
O'Molloy, 17. 
0;More, 17, 26, 37, 52, 53. 
O'Morris, Edmond Boy, 87. 
O'Morrogh, 34. 
O'Mulchonry, Torna, 193. 
O'MuUen, 55. 
O'Mullony, 82. 
O'Murphy, 36. 
O'Mulrian, 84. 
O'Nachtcn, 52. 

O'Neale, Artog and Shane, 55. 
O'Neill, Hugh, 19, 90. 

" Mr.. 137. 
Ormond, Earl of, 19, 39, 53, 60, 62, 99, 

100, loi, 122, 130, 137. 
Ormond, Duke of, 25, 96, 98, 136. 



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214 



INDEX, 



O'Reilly, 36, 55. 

O'Riordan, 130. 

O'Ryan, 26, 49, 50, 52, 53, 79- 

O'Rourke, 34, 36, 205. 

O'Shanahan, 90. 

O'SuUivan Bere, 16, 36, 50. 

Oxburgh's Infantry, 135. 

Palatinate abolished, 95. 

Pale, The, 41. 

Papal Brief for Bishop OMachar, 29. 

Papists enumerated, 110-112. 

Parliament of the Pale, 15. 

" " King James, 135. 

" against King, 80. 

Parrott, Abby Meagher, 178, 
Parsons, Sir William, 107. 
Felham, Lord Justice, 114. 
Penal Laws, 114. 
Perkin Warbeck, 16, 
Petty, Sir W., 40, 118, 120. 
Phelan, 95, 201. 
Philip II and IV of Spain 38. 
Planters in Munster wiped out, 53. 
Polish-Saxon, Service. 42. 
Pope Adrian, 34. 

'' Clement VII, 25. 

** Gregory, 25. 

*• Innocent VIII, 16. 

" Leo XIII, 187. 
Portugal, service in, 139. 
Power, 63, 150. 
Prendergast, 95, 138. 
Preston, Don Thomas, 37. 
" of Ballinter, 151. 
Price, H., 69. 

Protestant Ascendency, 108, 114. 
Prussian Service, 43, 
Pullein, Dr., 81, 88. 

Purcell, Baron, 39, 78, 83, 92, 200, 203. 
Purcells, 52, 54, 89, 96, 97, 100, III, 122. 
Purtil, Anastasia, 53. 
Putnam, General, U. S. A., 157. 

8uan, Miss, 140. 
ueen Anne, 114. 
" Elizabeth. 18, 52, 53. 
" Isabella II, 142. 
Quinlan, Rev. W., 112. 
Quinlivan, 68. 
Quinnigan, 66. 
Radcliffe, Sir Henry, 18. 



Raggutt, Father Paul, 37. 

Rathmoveoge Castle, 123. 

Rectors' Returns, 110-114. 

Redmond, 68. 

Regicides' Lands, 98, 99, 100. 

Regiment of Athlone (Berwick's), no. 

Bagenal's, 21, 135. 

Betagh's, 41. 

Bourke's, 42. 

Bulkley's, 41. 

Butler's, 21. 

Charlemont's, 40. 

Clare's (O'Brien), 41. 

Conacia, 42. 

Dillon's, 40. 

Duke of York's, 133. 

Fitzgerald's, 41. 

Galmoy's, 40, 136. 

Grenadier, 42. 

Hibernia, 41. 

Irlanda, 41. 

Lee's, 40. 

Meade's, 41. 

Mountcashel's, 40. 

O'Meagher's, 20. 

Oxburg's, 21. 

Purcell's, 21. 

Queen's Dragoon, 20. 

Royal Guards, 41 . 

Sarsfield's, 21. 

Swiss, 42. 

Sadlier's, 133. 

Wanchop's, 42. 

Waterford, 41. 

37th New York, 170. 

69th « " 168. 
Religious Houses suppressed, 50. 
Richard II, 15. 
Rising of 1641, 39. 
Roberts, Margaret, 69. 
Roche, Fathers, 36. 

" James, 79, 82, 84, 85, 86. 
" Viscount, 34. 
" William, Bishop of Cork, 16. 
" William, 156. 
Rock of Cashel, 127. 
Roden, Lord, 13. 

Roll of Honor, American, 157, 175. 
Ronan, iii, 113. 
Roscrea, 18, 19, 24, 39, loi, 105, 118, 120. 



Digitized by 



Google 



INDEX, 



215 



Rossiter, Rev. Robert, 113. 

Rothe, Captain, 37. 

Russia, Tsar Feodor of, 55. 

Ryan, 68, 82, 83, 85, 86, 89, iii, 199, 200. 

Sabia, wife of Oilioll Oluim, 128. 

St. Andrew, 17. 

^' Augustine, Canons of, 119. 

** Antonius' Hospice, 16. 

** Benignus, 191. 

" Buenos College, 144. 

" Bernard, The Great, 16. 

** Canice, 120. 

** Columba, 14, 25, 130. 

** Cronan, 117, 118, 191. 

** Eremon, 38. 

'* Eusebius and Hugh, 17. 

'* Hilary, 119. 

" Johns, 67, 119, 199, 200. 

** Kieran of Duleek, 129. 

" Laurence O'Toole, 140. 

** Machar, 14, 25, 130. 

** Mary's Church, Thurles, 124. 

" Margaret, 25. 

" Mobheog, 120. 

" Patrick, 14. 

** Patrick.s Day, 173, 174. 

** Vinnog, 119. 
Salamanca College, 38. 
Sails, The, 39, 86, 88. 
Sampson, William, 141. 
Sankey, 20, 88, 130. 

Saroglia, Canon Giovanni, 16, 187, 188. 
Sarsfield, Patrick, 20. 
Savage, John, 147. 
Saul, Eilice, 65. 
Saxon Military Records, 189. 
Scully, 67, 150. 
Shea, 114, 143. 
Shee, Luke, iii. 
Sheridan, Catherine, 67. 
" General, 175. 
Shrewsbury, Countess of, 67. 
Siege of Fethard, Clonmel, etc., 90. 
Sitruic, King of the Danes, 14, 
Slanestown Castle, 90, 124. 
Smyth, General Thomas, 174. 
Sovereignty of Munster, 128. 
Spain and Ireland, 34, 143. 
Spanish fleet at Kinsale, 54* 

** service, 41. 
Spellans of Ballyspellan, 90. 



Spens, Bishop of Aberdeen, 25. 
Spenser's tractate, 38. 
Stanihurst, Capt. Thomas, 37. 
Stapleton, Rev. George, 200. 

" " Dr. and Monument, 200, 

201. 
Stapletons, 62, 66, 71, 95, 131, 199, 200. 
State of Ireland in 15 14, 49. 
Stephen, Bishop of Meath, and O'Maher, 

15. 
Stokes* Christian Inscriptions, 119. 
Stonyhurst College, 142, 144. 
Subsidy Rolls, loi. 
Suir and Nore rivers, 118. 
Sullivan, D. B., 14^. 
Surnames first used, 23. 
Sussex, Earl of, 18, 51. 
Sweeny, Don Horatio, 36. 
Sweetman, William, 79. 
Sydney, Sir Henry, 18. 
Tadhg, King of Ele, 129, 
Tara, 23, 129. 
Tedrington, Esther, 200. 
Temple, Sir John, 77. 

" Eoin, 118. 
Templederry, 105. 
Templemore, 87. 
Templetouhy, 19, 70, 104, 116. 
Terrier of Crown Lands, 107. 
Thomond, Earl of, 13, 35. 
Thurles, 39, 79, 113, 116. 
Tipper, Richard, 193. 
Tipperary, passim, 
Tissandier, Gaston, 126. 
Tobyn, James and Thomas, 89. 
Todd, Rev. Dr., 124. 
Transplantation Certificates, 40, 92. 
Treacy, Rev. Patrick, 112. 
Townsend-Meagher, Elizabeth, 147. 
Tribute paid by the English of the Pale, 

15- 
Tuathas or Territories of Ele, 117. 
Tullamaine Castle, 106, 124. 
Tullowmacjames, 39, 70, 116, 122, 203. 
Tryconnell, Earl of, 36. 
Tyrone, Earl of, 34, 36. 
Tyrrel, Captain, 53, 54. 
Ulster, 19, 129. 
Upper Ossory, Baron of, 54. 
Vallencey, Col., 40, 124. 
Valori and General de Meagher, 43. 



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INDEX, 



Virginia Colonial Records, 185. 
Von der horst, Count, 43. 

" Diesbach, Baron, 190. 

" Einsiedel, Count, 44. 

" Fabrice, Saxon Minister of war, 189. 

" Schlabendorff, Lieut. Gen. 135. 

" Weisenbachy Major, 43. 

" Zech, Baron, 42, 190. 
Wadding, Father Luke, 37. 
Wall, 76, 112. 
Walsh, 37, 70, 137. 
Walpole's Kingdom of Ireland, 108. 
Warner's History of Civil War, 77. 
Washington's Army, 157. 



Waters, 176. 

Wellesley, Marquis, 156. 

Wellington, Duke of, 156. 

What Ireland is, and how much,* 51. 

White, 64. 

Wilde, Sir William, 127. 

William III., forfeitures, 108. 

Wills, Father Andrew, 37. 

Wills memoranda, 63. 

Windele's Cork Worthies, 143. 

Wolseley, 55. 

Woodlock, James, 95. 

York, Duke of, 21, 98, 100. 



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